Downtown Elizabethton, looking east toward Lynn Mountain.
|Nickname: The City of Power|
Map spot for Elizabethton, Tennessee. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name.
|- Mayor||Curt Alexander|
|- Total||9. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically Tennessee ( is a state located in the Southern United States. ImageTennessee_population_mappng|450px|right|poly 4 198 64 199 68 156 62 154 61 153 56 153 53 155 27 153 23 157 24 162 18 163 18 169 25 171 25 175 22 177 24 182 19 180 16 182 13 190 6 Carter County is a County located in the US state of Tennessee. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 4 sq mi (24. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 3 km²)|
|- Land||9. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 2 sq mi (23. 7 km²)|
|- Water||0. 2 sq mi (0. 6 km²)|
|Elevation||1,593 ft (465 m)|
|- Density||1,459. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 5/sq mi (563. 5/km²)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1328127|
Elizabethton is a city in and the county seat of Carter County, Tennessee, United States. The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Area Code 423 is an Area code in Tennessee that covers two separate areas of East Tennessee. Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States. Carter County is a County located in the US state of Tennessee. Tennessee ( is a state located in the Southern United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the It is also the site of the first independent American settlement west of both the Eastern Continental Divide and the original thirteen British colonies in America. The Eastern Divide or Eastern Continental Divide (ECD is a Continental divide in the United States that separates the Gulf of Mexico and British colonization of the Americas (including colonization under the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland before the 1707 Acts of Union created
Time offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC): UTC-5 (Eastern Standard Time). UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 4 square miles (24. 3 km²), of which, 9. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 2 square miles (23. 7 km²) of it is land and 0. 2 square miles (0. 6 km²) of it (2. 35%) is water. 
The elevation at Elizabethton Municipal Airport is 1,593 feet (486 m) ASL (the highest point of elevation in Carter County is at Roan Mountain with an elevation of 6,285 feet (1,916 m) ASL) and the airport is located on the eastern side of the city along State Highway 91 Stoney Creek Exit. Roan Mountain is the highpoint of the Roan-Unaka Range of the Southern Appalachian Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States  Elizabethton is also connected to larger commercial, shuttle, and cargo flights out of Tri-Cities Regional Airport located adjacent to the main campus of Northeast State Technical Community College at nearby Blountville, Tennessee. Tri-Cities Regional Airport, also known as Tri-Cities Regional Airport TN/VA, is a public Airport located adjacent to Blountville, Tennessee Northeast State Technical Community College is a public comprehensive Community college based in Blountville, Tennessee, offering technical education and Blountville is a Census-designated place (CDP in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States.
Lynn Mountain reaches 2,380 feet (730 m) ASL at the summit (36. 350°N, 82. 191°W) and is located immediately across the U. S. Highway 19-E from the downtown Elizabethton business district.
Elizabethton also shares a contiguous western border with Johnson City. Johnson City is a city in Carter, Sullivan, and Washington Counties in the U
|Avg °F (°C)||34. 0°F (1. 1°C)||37. 4°F (3. 0°C)||47. 2°F (8. 4°C)||55. 2°F (12. 9°C)||63. 4°F (17. 4°C)||71. 1°F (21. 7°C)||74. 4°F (23. 6°C)||73. 6°F (23. 1°C)||67. 9°F (19. 9°C)||56. 7°F (13. 7°C)||47. 0°F (8. 3°C)||38. 2°F (3. 4°C)||55. 5°F (13. 1°C)|
|Avg high °F (°C)||43. 7°F (6. 5°C)||48. 0°F (8. 9°C)||58. 9°F (14. 9°C)||67. 4°F (19. 7°C)||75. 2°F (24. 0°C)||82. 2°F (27. 9°C)||84. 6°F (29. 2°C)||84. 1°F (28. 9°C)||79. 1°F (26. 2°C)||69. 1°F (20. 6°C)||58. 2°F (14. 6°C)||48. 1°F (8. 9°C)||66. 6°F (19. 2°C)|
|Avg low °F (°C)||24. 3°F|
|35. 4°F (1. 9°C)||43. 0°F (6. 1°C)||51. 6°F (10. 9°C)||59. 9°F (15. 5°C)||64. 1°F (17. 8°C)||63. 1°F (17. 3°C)||56. 6°F (13. 7°C)||44. 2°F (6. 8°C)||35. 9°F (2. 2°C)||28. 2°F (-2. 1°C)||44. 4°F (6. 9°C)|
|Rain (inches)||3. 2in.||3. 4in.||3. 7in.||3. 3in.||3. 8in.||3. 5in.||4. 3in.||3. 2in.||3. 3in.||2. 6in.||2. 9in.||3. 4in.||40. 7in.|
|Snow (inches)||5. 2in.||4. 2in.||2. 3in.||0. 4in.||<0. 05in.||<0. 05in.||0. 0in.||0. 0in.||<0. 05in.||0. 0in.||0. 9in.||2. 6in.||15. 6in.|
The Doe River forms in Carter County, Tennessee near the North Carolina line, just south of Roan Mountain State Park. The Doe River is a naturally flowing river in northeast Tennessee that forms in Carter County near the North Carolina line just south of Roan Mountain Carter County is a County located in the US state of Tennessee. North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States Roan Mountain State Park is located in Northeast Tennessee along the Tennessee - North Carolina border The river initially flows north and is first paralleled by State Route 143; at the community of Roan Mountain, Tennessee, it then continues to flow west and is at this point paralleled by U.S. Route 19E. This article is about the community of Roan Mountain Tennessee a census-designated place US Route 19 is a north-south US Highway. Despite encroaching Interstate Highways the route has remained a long-haul route connecting Lake Erie with The Doe River flows to the east of Fork Mountain; the Little Doe River flows by the Fork Mountain to the west. The Little Doe River is a river located in Carter County Tennessee.
Below the confluence of both the Doe River and the Little Doe River at Hampton, and the Doe River then travels roughly in a northern downstream direction through the Valley Forge community, and is rejoined by U. S. Route 19E. Pushing through a mountain gap just north of Hampton, the volume of the river is amplified by the waters flowing from McCathern Spring.
Just before its mouth into the Watauga River at the Carter County seat of Elizabethton, the Doe River is spaned by a wooden covered bridge that is found within the Elizabethton historical downtown area. The Watauga River is a Stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee. A covered bridge is a Bridge, often single-lane with enclosed sides and a roof Further downstream of the Elizabethton Covered Bridge, you will also find two identical concrete-arch bridges across above the Doe River in Elizabethton — the first being the Elk Avenue Bridge and the latter being the Broad Street Bridge — that were completed in 1928. The confluence of the Doe River and the Watauga River is approximately twenty minutes downstream from the Broad Street Bridge.
Two Tennessee Valley Authority reservoirs in Carter County — each impounded behind TVA Watauga Dam (forming Watauga Lake) and TVA Wilbur Dam (forming Wilbur Lake) — are located southeast and upstream of Elizabethton on the Watauga River. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA is a federally owned Corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide Watauga Lake, located in rural northeastern Tennessee, was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA The Appalachian Trail crosses over the Tennessee Valley Authority reservation in Carter County to the southeast of Elizabethton. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A 
The Watauga River flows past Elizabethton. The Watauga River is a Stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee. Elizabethton lies on the south bank of the Watauga and along either side of its principal tributary, the Doe River. The Doe River is a naturally flowing river in northeast Tennessee that forms in Carter County near the North Carolina line just south of Roan Mountain The downtown business district is located approximately one-quarter mile upstream of the confluence of both the Doe River and the Watauga River. Confluence, in Geography, describes the meeting of two or more Bodies of water. The Doe River flows underneath the historic wooden covered bridge that is located within the Elizabethton downtown business district. A covered bridge is a Bridge, often single-lane with enclosed sides and a roof
The Bee Cliff Rapids — a popular summer destination on the Watauga River for whitewater rafters during the summer months — are located southeast of Elizabethton and downstream of the TVA Wilbur Dam. The Bee Cliff is a prominent northeast Tennessee geological Limestone feature with high Caves that overlooks the Watauga River and the Siam community Rafting or whitewater rafting is a challenging recreational activity utilizing a Raft to navigate a River or other bodies of water
The Watauga River downstream of the western side of Elizabethton has one of the only two sections of trophy trout streams across the entire state of Tennessee. Trout is the common name given to a number of Species of Freshwater Fish belonging to the Salmonidae family
Elizabethton itself lies within a river valley basin mostly surrounded by mountain ridges and significant hills, such as Holston Mountain, the southern end of which lies just northeast of Elizabethton. Holston Mountain is a Mountain in northeast Tennessee and southwest Virginia, in the United States. Panhandle Road is located off State Highway 91 in Carter County and ascends Holston Mountain for three miles (5 km) from the eastern side and ends four miles (6. 5 km) along the ridge southwest of Holston High Point. During periods of heavy snow and ice, the National Forest Service closes off Panhandle Road with an iron gate.
Located near the Cherokee National Forest boundary and to the left of Panhandle Road is a parking area and foot trail that leads down the slope to the Blue Hole Falls (approximately 45 feet (14 m) high). The last three miles (5 km) of Panhandle Road are filled with washouts, steep drop-offs, and no turnarounds. Vehicle travel on those last three miles (5 km) is at the driver's risk.
Early broadcasters in the 1950s and 1960s quickly realized Holston Mountain would be a prime radio-television transmission location because it is the highest visible point that faces most of the major cities in Northeast Tennessee in the surrounding valley between Knoxville, Tennessee, to southwest of Roanoke, Virginia. East Tennessee is a name given to approximately the eastern third of the state of Tennessee, one of For the metropolitan area see Roanoke Metropolitan Area. Roanoke is an Independent city located in the Roanoke Metropolitan Area in As a result, the Holston Mountain ridge is the transmitter site for three television stations in the Tri-Cities, Tennessee Television Designated Market Area (DMA). In Tennessee and Virginia the name " Tri-Cities " refers to the region comprising the cities of Kingsport, Johnson City and Bristol A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the Population The broadcasting antenna for WCYB-TV, Channel 5, Bristol, Virginia is on Rye Patch Knob, with the top of the antenna 341 feet (104 m) above ground, 2,431 feet (741 m) above the surrounding valley floor, and 4,533 feet (1381. WCYB-TV Channel 5 is the NBC television affiliate serving the Tri-Cities of Tennessee and Virginia ( Bristol Virginia - Tennessee 6 m) above mean sea level. The single tower that antenna sits on, is the highest and tallest man-made structure on the mountain. The television towers for WJHL-TV, Channel 11, Johnson City, Tennessee, and WKPT-TV, Channel 19, Kingsport, Tennessee, are standing side by side in a common broadcasting antenna farm on the southwest slope of Holston High Point, one mile (1. WJHL-TV ( NewsChannel 11) is the CBS television affiliate in Johnson City Tennessee, serving the greater Tri-Cities region of Tennessee and Virginia Johnson City is a city in Carter, Sullivan, and Washington Counties in the U WKPT-TV "ABC 19" (Analog Ch 19 & Digital Ch 27 is the ABC television affiliate located in Kingsport Tennessee. Kingsport is a city in Hawkins and Sullivan counties in the U 5 km) southwest of Rye Patch Knob. The antenna for WJHL-TV stands 200 feet (61m) above ground, 2,319 feet (707m) above the surrounding valley floor, and 4,370 feet (1,332m) above mean sea level. WJHL-TV ( NewsChannel 11) is the CBS television affiliate in Johnson City Tennessee, serving the greater Tri-Cities region of Tennessee and Virginia The antenna for WKPT-TV next door stands 193 feet (58. WKPT-TV "ABC 19" (Analog Ch 19 & Digital Ch 27 is the ABC television affiliate located in Kingsport Tennessee. 8m) above ground, also 2,319 feet (707m) above the valley floor, and 4,366 feet (1,331m) above mean sea level. The stations' digital antennas are also on their respective towers.
Holston Mountain is also the transmitting site for three FM Class C radio stations: WTFM-FM 98.5, Kingsport, Tennessee; WXBQ-FM 96.9, Bristol, Virginia and WETS-FM 89. WTFM (985 FM, "Soft Rock 985" is a Radio station broadcasting an Adult Contemporary music format WXBQ-FM is one of several Tri-Cities Country music formatted Radio stations WXBQ-FM is owned by Bristol Broadcasting Company with "twin" radio WETS-FM (895 FM) is a Public radio station operated as a partnership between East Tennessee State University and the station’s listeners 5, Johnson City, Tennessee. All three antennas and the backup antennas are located at the antenna farm on the southwest slope of Holston High Point. Also located on the ridge are the antenna for one FM Class C1 radio station, WHCB-FM 91.5, Bristol, Tennessee, located at Rye Patch Knob; one FM Class C2 antenna for radio station WCQR-FM 88.3, Kingsport, Tennessee, and one FM Class D antenna for radio station W214AP-FM 90. WHCB is a Religious formatted broadcast Radio station licensed to Bristol Tennessee, serving the Tri-Cities, VA / TN WCQR-FM (883 FM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Christian Contemporary music format 7, Johnson City, Tennessee, both transmitting from the antenna farm on the southwest slope of Holston High Point. Various U. S. federal, Tennessee state, Sullivan, Washington and Carter County governmental agencies, along with utility microwave relay stations, also transmit base-to-mobile communications from the Holston High Point antenna farm and Rye Patch Knob.
The Federal Aviation Administration also maintains a navigational beacon at the Holston Mountain summit. The Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA) is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation with authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of
Interstate 26 Exit 24 then east to Elizabethton. Interstate 26 (I-26 is a nominally east-west (but physically more north-south main route of the Interstate Highway System in the Southeastern United States.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,372 people, 5,454 households, and 3,512 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 1,459. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 3 people per square mile (563. 6/km²). There were 5,964 housing units at an average density of 650. 9/sq mi (251. 4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95. 30% White, 2. 47% African American, 0. 16% Native American, 0. 55% Asian, 0. 01% Pacific Islander, 0. 49% from other races, and 1. 02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 18% of the population.
There were 5,454 households out of which 26. 6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46. 6% were married couples living together, 14. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35. 6% were non-families. 32. 6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 24 and the average family size was 2. 82.
In the city the population was spread out with 20. 5% under the age of 18, 10. 8% from 18 to 24, 24. 5% from 25 to 44, 23. 1% from 45 to 64, and 21. 0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 82. 3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76. 8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,909, and the median income for a family was $33,333. Males had a median income of $26,890 versus $20,190 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,578. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 15. 2% of families and 19. 4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 8% of those under age 18 and 16. 1% of those age 65 or over.
The area now known as Tennessee was first settled by Paleo-Indians nearly 11,000 years ago. Paleo-Indians or Paleo-Americans were the ancient peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last Ice Age. The names of the cultural groups that inhabited the area between first settlement and the time of European contact are unknown, but several distinct cultural phases have been named by archaeologists, including Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian whose chiefdoms were the cultural predecessors of the Muscogee people who inhabited the Tennessee River Valley prior to Cherokee migration into the river's headwaters. The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern
When Spanish explorers first visited Tennessee, led by Hernando de Soto in 1539–43, it was inhabited by tribes of Muscogee and Yuchi people. This article is about the Spanish explorer soldiers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuriesfor other uses see Conquistador (disambiguation A Conquistador The Yuchi, also spelled Euchee and Uchee, are a Native American Indian Tribe previously living in the eastern Possibly because of European diseases devastating the Native tribes, which would have left a population vacuum, and also from expanding European settlement in the north, the Cherokee moved south from the area now called Virginia. The Cherokee (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ a-ni-yv-wi-ya, in the Cherokee language) are a people native to North America, who at the time of European contact As European colonists spread into the area, the native populations were forcibly displaced to the south and west, including all Muscogee and Yuchi peoples, the Chickasaw, and Choctaw. The Chickasaw' are Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States (Mississippi Alabama Tennessee The Choctaw are a Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States ( Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana) From 1838 to 1839, nearly 17,000 Cherokees were forced to march from "emigration depots" in Eastern Tennessee, such as Fort Cass, to Indian Territory west of Arkansas. Fort Cass, established in 1835, was an important site during the Cherokee removal known as the Trail of Tears. The Indian Territory, also known as The Indian Country, The Indian territory or the Indian territories, was land set aside within the United States This came to be known as the Trail of Tears, as an estimated 4,000 Cherokees died along the way (Satz, Ronald. The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation of Native Americans from their homelands to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma in the Western United States Tennessee's Indian Peoples. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1979. ISBN 0-87049-285-3).
In 1759, a young James Robertson accompanied explorer Daniel Boone on his third expedition to lands beyond the Alleghany Mountains. James Robertson ( June 28, 1742 – September 1, 1814) was a North Carolina farmer and explorer of the 18th century Daniel Boone ( &ndash September 26 1820 was an American pioneer and hunter whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) &mdash informally the Alleghenies &mdash is part of the vast Appalachian The party discovered the "Old Fields" (lands previously cultivated by generations of Native Americans) along the Watauga River valley at present day Elizabethton, in which Robertson planted with corn while Boone continued on to Kentucky. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States The Watauga River is a Stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee. Maize (ˈmeɪz ( Zea mays L. ssp mays) known as corn in some countries is a cereal grain domesticated in Mesoamerica The Commonwealth of Kentucky ( is a state located in the East Central United States of America.
Robertson later returned to North Carolina, and married Charlotte Reeves in 1767. After the Battle of Alamance in 1771, many North Carolinians refused to take the new oath of allegiance to the Royal Crown and withdrew from the province. The Battle of Alamance ended the so-called War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control Instead of taking their new oath of allegiance, James Robertson led a group of some twelve or thirteen families involved with the Regulator movement from near where present day Raleigh, North Carolina now stands. The War of the Regulation (or the Regulator Movement was a North Carolina uprising lasting from approximately 1764 to 1771, where mostly lower class citizens Raleigh (pronounced rah-lee) is the Capital of the State of North Carolina and the county seat of Wake County, USA In 1772, Robertson and the pioneers who had settled in Northeast Tennessee (along the Watauga River, the Doe River, the Holston River, and the Nolichucky River met at Sycamore Shoals to establish an independent regional government known as the Watauga Association. The Doe River is a naturally flowing river in northeast Tennessee that forms in Carter County near the North Carolina line just south of Roan Mountain The Holston River is a major River system of southwestern Virginia and East Tennessee. The Nolichucky River is a major Stream draining the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina and East Tennessee. Sycamore Shoals is a stretch of the Watauga River near Elizabethton Tennessee, USA offering a ford crossing of the river The Watauga Association (sometimes referred to as the Republic of Watauga or the Watauga Settlement) was a semi-autonomous government from 1772 to 1777 in what is 
However, in 1772, surveyors placed the land officially within the domain of the Cherokee tribe, who required negotiation of a lease with the settlers. The Cherokee (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ a-ni-yv-wi-ya, in the Cherokee language) are a people native to North America, who at the time of European contact Tragedy struck as the lease was being celebrated, when a Cherokee warrior was murdered by a white man. Robertson's skillful diplomacy made peace with the irate Native Americans, who threatened to expel the settlers by force if necessary. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States Carter County is named in honor of Landon Carter, Chairman of the Court as defined by the articles of the Watauga Petition and Speaker of the defunct Franklin Senate. The State of Franklin was an autonomous, Secessionist United States territory created not long after the end of the American Revolution, from Elizabethton is the county seat and is named for Landon's wife, Elizabeth MacLin Carter, as well as Elizabeth McNabb, the wife of David McNabb who, with Landon, were members of a committee appointed by the Tennessee Assembly in 1796 to locate and name the county seat of Carter County.
Landon Carter was the son of early Carter County settler, John Carter. John Carter's circa 1780 home known as the Carter Mansion still serves as a tourist attraction. The oldest frame house in Tennessee, this former frontier plantation home is located on the Broad Street Extension on the eastern side of town above the banks of the Watauga River. A landscape painting of a Virginia plantation that was discovered underneath ancient layers of paint covering the wall surface above a fireplace mantle suggest that John Carter may have possibly been an illegitimate son of the wealthy Virginia plantation owner Robert "King" Carter and half-brother to Virignia plantation owner Landon Carter. Robert Carter also known as King Carter (1663 &ndash August 4 1732 of Lancaster County was a Colonist in Virginia and became one of the Landon Carter (1710-1778 was a planter from Virginia, best known for his account of life before the American War of Independence, The Diary of Colonel Landon
Elizabethton (at Sycamore Shoals) was also the Fort Watauga site of the Transylvania Purchase. Sycamore Shoals is a stretch of the Watauga River near Elizabethton Tennessee, USA offering a ford crossing of the river Shelby Isaacjpg|right|thumb|120px| Lieutenant Colonel Issac Shelby]] Fort Watauga was an American Revolutionary War Fort in what is now Carter Transylvania was a short-lived colony primarily in what is now the U In March 1775, land speculator and North Carolina judge Richard Henderson met with more than 1,200 Cherokees at Sycamore Shoals, including Cherokee leaders such as Attacullaculla, Oconostota, and Dragging Canoe. Richard Henderson (1734&ndash1785 was an American pioneer and merchant who attempted to create a colony called Transylvania just as the American The Cherokee (ᎠᏂᏴᏫᏯ a-ni-yv-wi-ya, in the Cherokee language) are a people native to North America, who at the time of European contact Attacullaculla of Chota-Tenase Principal Chief of the Cherokee, (ca Oconostota (ca 1710-1783 was the Warrior of Chota and the war chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1775 to 1780 Dragging Canoe (c 1738 &ndash March 1 1792 was an American Indian war leader who led a dissident band of young Cherokees against the United States in In the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (also known as the Treaty of Watauga), Henderson purchased all the land lying between the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Mountains, and the Kentucky River, and situated south of the Ohio River. Transylvania was a short-lived colony primarily in what is now the U The Cumberland River is an important waterway in the Southern United States. The Cumberland Mountains are a mountain range in the southeastern section of the Appalachian Mountains. The Kentucky River is a tributary of the Ohio River, 259 mi (417 km long in the U The Ohio River is the largest Tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. The land thus delineated, 20 million acres (81000 km?), encompassed an area half as large as the present state of Kentucky. Henderson's purchase was in violation of North Carolina and Virginia law, as well as the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which prohibited private purchase of American Indian land. The Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763 by King George III following Great Britain 's acquisition of French territory Henderson may have mistakenly believed that a newer British legal opinion had made such land purchases legal.
Before the Sycamore Shoals treaty, Henderson had hired Daniel Boone, an experienced hunter who had explored Kentucky, to travel to the Cherokee towns and inform them of the upcoming negotiations. George Caleb Bingham ( March 20, 1811 &ndash July 7, 1879) was an American artist whose work depicted his view of American life in the frontier Daniel Boone ( &ndash September 26 1820 was an American pioneer and hunter whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes Afterwards, Boone was hired to blaze what became known as the Wilderness Road, which went through the Cumberland Gap and into central Kentucky. The Wilderness Road was the principal route used by settlers to reach Kentucky for more than fifty years Along with a party of about thirty workers, Boone marked a path to the Kentucky River, where he established Boonesborough (near present-day Lexington, Kentucky), which was intended to be the capital of Transylvania. The Kentucky River is a tributary of the Ohio River, 259 mi (417 km long in the U Lexington (officially Lexington-Fayette Urban County is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 68th largest in the United States. Other settlements, notably Harrodsburg, were also established at this time. Harrodsburg is a city in and the County seat of Mercer County, Kentucky, United States. Many of these settlers had come to Kentucky on their own initiative, and did not recognize Transylvania's authority. A Daniel Boone Trail historical marker is found just outside the downtown Elizabethton business district.
Early during the American Revolutionary War, Fort Watauga at Sycamore Shoals was the attacked in 1776 by Dragging Canoe and his warring faction of Cherokee opposed to the Transylvania Purchase (also referred by settlers as the Chickamauga), and the surviving frontier fort on the banks of the Watauga River. The Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War was the central area of operations in the second half of the American Revolutionary War Sycamore Shoals is a stretch of the Watauga River near Elizabethton Tennessee, USA offering a ford crossing of the river Dragging Canoe (c 1738 &ndash March 1 1792 was an American Indian war leader who led a dissident band of young Cherokees against the United States in Transylvania was a short-lived colony primarily in what is now the U The Chickamauga wars (1776&ndash1794 were a series of back-and-forth raids campaigns ambushes minor skirmishes and several full-scale frontier battles that were a continuation of The Watauga River is a Stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee.
The Overmountain Men fought with the British at the Battle of Musgrave's Mill in South Carolina, and later, Fort Watauga served as the September 26, 1780 staging area for the Overmountain Men who were preparing to trek over the Blue Ridge Mountains at Roan Mountain (Roan Highlands) to both engage, and later defeat, the British Army Loyalist forces and later at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina. South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 1780 ( MDCCLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Overmountain Men were American colonial militiamen in the American Revolutionary War from west of the Appalachian Mountains, mainly in areas that The Blue Ridge, or Blue Ridge Mountains, is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division In general a loyalist is one who maintains loyalty to an established government political party or sovereign especially during war or revolutionary change The Battle of Kings Mountain, October 7, 1780, was an important Patriot victory in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary
Prior to the American Revolutionary War very little gunpowder had been made in the United States; and, as a British Colony, most had been imported from Britain. In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain, was a State in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800  In October 1777, the British Parliament banned the importation of gunpowder into America. TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those Five hundred pounds of black powder was manufactured for the Overmountain Men by Mary Patton and her husband at their Gap Creek powder mill, and the Overmountain Men stored the Patton black powder on that first rainy night in a dry cave known as Shelving Rock that is located nearby the Roan Mountain State Park at present day Roan Mountain, Tennessee. Gunpowder is a an explosive mixture of Sulfur, Charcoal and Potassium nitrate (also known as saltpetre/saltpeter that burns rapidly producing volumes Roan Mountain State Park is located in Northeast Tennessee along the Tennessee - North Carolina border This article is about the community of Roan Mountain Tennessee a census-designated place  During January 1781, the Overmountain Men also fought the British at the Battle of Cowpens in South Carolina. The Colonial force The Colonial forces were commanded by Brigadier-General Daniel Morgan.
On the recommendation of Military Governor of Tennessee Andrew Johnson, Elizabethton native and U. Samuel Powhatan Carter ( August 6, 1819 &ndash May 26, 1891) was a United States naval officer who served in the Union Army Andrew Johnson (December 29 1808 – July 31 1875 was the seventeenth President of the United States (1865-69 succeeding to the Presidency upon the assassination S. naval officer Samuel Powhattan (S.P.) Carter was promoted to the brevet rank of brigadier general and assigned by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln to engage cavalry based in Kentucky against Confederate held railroad lines and bridges in Tennessee during the Civil War. Samuel Powhatan Carter ( August 6, 1819 &ndash May 26, 1891) was a United States naval officer who served in the Union Army In the UK and US military brevet referred to a warrant authorizing a Commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily but usually without receiving Brigadier General is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South
In early 1861, after receiving a letter from Carter assuring his loyalty to the Union should a civil war break out, Tennessee Governor Andrew Johnson used his influence in the United States Department of War for Carter to organize and train militia within East Tennessee. Andrew Johnson (December 29 1808 – July 31 1875 was the seventeenth President of the United States (1865-69 succeeding to the Presidency upon the assassination The United States Department of War, sometimes also called the War Office, was the department of the United States government 's executive branch The term militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary Citizens to provide defense emergency law enforcement or Paramilitary service After leading successful cavalry operations at the Battle of Mill Springs on January 19, 1862, Carter accepted a commission as Brigadier General of volunteers in May and later continued leading operations at the Battle of Cumberland Gap in June as well as raids against Holston, Carter's Station, and Jonesville in December, in support of General William S. Rosecrans' attack on Murfreesboro. Background In 1861 the critical border state of Kentucky had declared neutrality in the fight to maintain the Union Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. Year 1862 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Monday Brigadier General is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. "Cumberland Gap" is also the informal name for a section of the A74 in England; the name of a song by Skiffle artist Lonnie Donegan William Starke Rosecrans ( September 6, 1819 &ndash March 11, 1898) was an inventor coal-oil company executive diplomat politician and The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro) was fought from December
In July 1863, Carter was placed in command of the XXIII Corps cavalry division and would continue campaigning across Tennessee throughout the year. XXIII Corps was a Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. By 1865, Carter was in North Carolina and commanding the left wing of the Union forces at the Battle of Kingston. North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States He was promoted to Brevet Major General of Volunteers, briefly commanding the XXIII Corps before being mustered out of volunteer service in January 1866. In the UK and US military brevet referred to a warrant authorizing a Commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily but usually without receiving Major General or Major-General is a Military rank used in many countries
While Carter was serving in the Union Army, the U.S. Navy promoted him to lieutenant commander in 1863, then to commander in 1865. The Union Army was the army that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. Lieutenant Commander ( Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy) is a Commissioned officer rank in many navies Superior Commander is a Military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service A Tennessee Historical Marker located on West Elk Avenue in front of the S. P. Carter Mansion in downtown Elizabethton, Tennessee commemorates his life and naval career.
The Veterans' Monument obelisk guarded by two short field cannon in downtown Elizabethton was originally dedicated in 1904 to both Union and Confederate veterans from Carter County. An obelisk (from Greek ὀβελίσκος - obeliskos, diminutive of ὀβελός - obelos, "spit nail pointed pillar" During the American Civil War, the Union was a name used to refer to the federal government of the United States, which was supported by the twenty-three The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861
U.S. President Andrew Johnson died from a stroke at his daughter's Lynn Valley home overlooking the Watauga River on July 31, 1875. Andrew Johnson (December 29 1808 – July 31 1875 was the seventeenth President of the United States (1865-69 succeeding to the Presidency upon the assassination The Watauga River is a Stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee.
The Doe River flows underneath the historic Elizabethton Covered Bridge, built in 1882 and located within the Elizabethton downtown business district. The Elizabethton Covered Bridge is a Covered bridge over the Doe River in Elizabethton, the county seat of Carter County, Tennessee The Elizabethton Covered Bridge is a Covered bridge over the Doe River in Elizabethton, the county seat of Carter County, Tennessee Connecting 3rd Street and Hattie Avenue, the bridge is adjacent to a city park and spans the Doe River. The covered bridge, although now closed to motor traffic, is still open for bicycles and pedestrians.
Most of Elizabethton's downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its historical and architectural merits. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of The Elizabethton Historic District contains a variety of properties ranging in age from the late 1700s through the 1930s. However, the Elizabethton Covered Bridge is a focal point and a well-known landmark in the state. In addition to the Covered Bridge, the downtown historical district also contains the 1926 Elk Avenue concrete arch bridge, and another similar concrete arch bridge just a little further downstream locally known as the Broad Street Bridge.
During the early 20th century, Elizabethton became a rail hub, served by three different railroad companies.
Beginning in the 1880s, the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (the ET&WNC, nicknamed "Tweetsie") from Johnson City passed through Elizabethton before climbing into the Blue Ridge Mountains, eventually connecting to Boone, North Carolina in 1916. A narrow gauge railway (or narrow gauge railroad) is a Railway that has a Track gauge narrower than the of Standard gauge railways The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad ( ET&WNC) affectionately called the " Tweetsie " in reference to the sound of its steam whistles was Johnson City is a city in Carter, Sullivan, and Washington Counties in the U The Blue Ridge, or Blue Ridge Mountains, is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division Boone is a town located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, USA. In 1927, the 9-mile (14 km) portion of the railroad from Johnson City to Elizabethton was converted to standard gauge in order to more efficiently serve the NARC and Bemberg Rayon Plants. The standard gauge (also named the Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson, or Normal gauge) is a widely-used Rail gauge.
The narrow gauge portion of the ET&WNC ceased operations in 1950 and was subsequently abandoned, however the standard gauge portion of the line from Johnson City to Elizabethton continued to operate until 2003 as the East Tennessee Railway. The East Tennessee Railway is a Short line Railroad linking Elizabethton Tennessee to the CSX and Norfolk Southern railroads in Johnson Today the railroad's dormant track remains in place, though its future is uncertain.
One of the ET&WNC's narrow gauge steam locomotives (Engine #12) is still in existence, operating at the "Tweetsie Railroad" theme park at nearby Boone, North Carolina. A steam locomotive is a Locomotive powered by Steam. The term usually refers to its use on Railways but can also refer to a "road locomotive" Tweetsie Railroad is a family oriented railroad Theme park located between Boone and Blowing Rock, North Carolina, United States. Theme park is the generic term for a collection of rides and other Entertainment attractions assembled for the purpose of entertaining a large group Boone is a town located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, USA.
The Southern Railway operated a branch line into Elizabethton until the flood of 1940. The Southern Railway is a former United States Railroad. It was the product of nearly 150 predecessor lines that were combined reorganized and recombined beginning A branch line is a secondary railway line which branches off a more important through route usually a main line. It connected with the ET&WNC at a small railroad yard near the fork of the Watauga River and the Doe River. A rail yard, or railroad yard, is a complex series of Railroad tracks for storing sorting or loading/unloading Railroad cars and/or Locomotives The Watauga River is a Stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee. The Doe River is a naturally flowing river in northeast Tennessee that forms in Carter County near the North Carolina line just south of Roan Mountain 
In the 1910s and 1920s, another small railroad, The Laurel Fork Railway, operated out of Elizabethton paralleling the ET&WNC and Doe River to Hampton, Tennessee. The Laurel Fork Railway was a small standard-gauge logging Railroad that operated entirely in Carter County Tennessee from 1912 to 1927 The Doe River is a naturally flowing river in northeast Tennessee that forms in Carter County near the North Carolina line just south of Roan Mountain At Hampton the line split off and ran to a sawmill near present-day Watauga Lake. A sawmill is a facility where logs are cut into boards Sawmill process A sawmill's basic operation is much like those of 100 years ago a log enters Watauga Lake, located in rural northeastern Tennessee, was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA 
Beginning during the late 1920s, German and Dutch business investors established two major rayon manufacturing plants (Bemberg and the North American Rayon Corporation) in Elizabethton along the banks of the Watauga River, producing rayon material for both U. Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulosic Fiber. Rayon is produced from naturally occurring Polymers and therefore it is not a truly S. domestic and export markets. Even today, you can find examples of the construction or major renovation of Elizabethton buildings located within the downtown area that can be easily dated from the Elizabethton rayon economic boom of the late 1920s.
During World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including the U. S. government seized managerial control of these critical rayon plants in Elizabethton. At the later, post-war hiring apex of the Elizabethton rayon industry in 1949, over 6,100 employees were working at both of the rayon mills. 
A specialized fiber utilized by NASA within the Space Shuttle program was manufactured at the Elizabethton plants during the 1980s, and after many years of a declining U. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program NASA 's Space Shuttle, officially called the Space Transportation System ( STS) is the Spacecraft currently used by the United States S. rayon market and increased foreign competition following GATT and NAFTA, the remaining rayon mill (owned by the North American Rayon Corporation) closed down during the late 1990s. The 'General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade' (typically abbreviated 'GATT' was the outcome of the failure of negotiating governments to create the International Trade Organization (ITO
Elizabethton was first serviced by relatively inexpensive hydroelectric power during the early 1910s, leading to the popular "The City of Power" moniker. Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by Hydropower, ie the production of power through use of the gravitational force of falling water The Horseshoe section of the Watauga River (found within the Tennessee Valley Authority reservation behind the TVA Wilbur Dam) is the site of first hydroelectric dam constructed in Tennessee (beginning in 1909), going online with power production and distribution in 1912. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA is a federally owned Corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide
The 1928 Republican Presidential candidate Herbert C. Hoover made his only southern campaign stop at Elizabethton and delivered his nationally broadcasted October 6 election "stump speech" delivered before 50,000 people gathered at the base of Lynn Mountain in Harmon Field (now at the mini-park area beside the Elizabethton/Carter County Chamber of Commerce building located on U. Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10 1874 &ndash October 20 1964 was the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933 S. 321). 
Ironically, it was the succession of Republican presidents in the White House at the time — first President Coolidge in 1928, and then later followed by President Hoover later in 1931 — choosing to veto the federal legislation passed by the U.S. Congress that would have created a water power development agency of the federal government. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by John Calvin Coolidge Jr (July 4 1872 January 5 1933 was the thirtieth President of the United States (1923–1929 The United States Congress is the bicameral Legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of two houses
It was Democrat U.S. Senator George W. Norris of Nebraska who sponsored the Tennessee Valley Authority Act of 1933, water power development legislation which was finally enacted during the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt that created the Tennessee Valley Authority. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA is a federally owned Corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA is a federally owned Corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide Norris was later an important proponent of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936. The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 provided federal funding for installation of Electrical distribution systems to serve Rural areas of the United
Following the end of World War II, the TVA Watauga Dam and Reservoir were completed three miles (5 km) upstream of the Wilbur Dam in 1948. Watauga Lake, located in rural northeastern Tennessee, was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA 
The TVA Wilbur Dam has four hydroelectric generating turbines with a generating capacity of 10,700 kilowatts of electricity. 
Liberty: The Saga of Sycamore Shoals (formerly known as The Wataugans) is the official outdoor historical drama of the state of Tennessee. The Wataugans is an outdoor historical drama that takes place in Elizabethton Tennessee, at the Sycamore Shoals Historic Area Tennessee ( is a state located in the Southern United States. It is presented by the Watauga Historical Association and the Sycamore Shoals Historic Area in Elizabethton every July on the last three Thursday-Friday-Saturday weekends of the month. Employing a mixed cast of volunteer professional and amateur local actors and re-enactors engaged through an open casting call, Liberty: The Saga of Sycamore Shoals depicts the early history of the area that is now Northeast Tennessee.
Hikers, military reenactors, and scouts have followed within segments of the famous overmountain victory trail, and in 1975 three Elizabethton boy scouts were among those who completed the first re-enactment of the overmountain march (approximately 214 miles (344 km) in one direction) from Elizabethton at Sycamore Shoals to the Kings Mountain National Military Park. Some troops are co-educational for those troops this article is relevant to them Sycamore Shoals is a stretch of the Watauga River near Elizabethton Tennessee, USA offering a ford crossing of the river Kings Mountain National Military Park is a National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina, close to the North Carolina border In 1980, President Jimmy Carter — recognizing the historical significance of the frontier patriots marching over the Appalachian mountains to fight the British Army at the Battle of King's Mountain — signed federal law designating the historical overmountain route as the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, the first National Historic Trail established within the eastern United States. James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr (born October 1 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981 and the recipient of the 2002 The Appalachian Mountains ( often called the Appalachians, are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. The Battle of Kings Mountain, October 7, 1780, was an important Patriot victory in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail (OVHT is part of the U National Historic Trail is a designation for a Protected area in the United States containing historic trails and surrounding areas