|República de El Salvador|
Republic of El Salvador
|Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad" (Spanish)|
"God, Union, Liberty"
|Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador|
(and largest city)
|-||from Spain||September 15, 1821|
|-||from the UPCA||1842|
|-||Total||21,040 km² |
8,124 sq mi
|-||Water (%)||1. The Flag of El Salvador was adopted on May 17, 1912. It is based on the flag of the United Provinces of Central America, inspired in the The coat of arms of El Salvador has been in use in its current form since 15 September, 1912. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history traditions and struggles of its people recognized either by a nation's "Himno Nacional de El Salvador" ( Spanish Language National Anthem of El Salvador is the national anthem of El Salvador. Cities and metropolitan areas Municipalities of El Salvador Statistics See also El Salvador Ethnic San Salvador is the Capital and largest city of the nation of El Salvador. An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. A presidential system is a System of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term separately from the Legislature This page contains a list of Presidents of El Salvador. There has been a total of 55 presidents many have served in office more than once Elías Antonio Saca González (born in Usulután, 9 March 1965) is a Salvadoran politician and the current President of El Salvador Independence is the Self-government of a Nation, Country, or State by its residents and population or some portion thereof generally exercising Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 1821 ( MDCCCXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year The Federal Republic of Central America, also known as the United Central Provinces of America, was a short-lived American State in Central America Year 1842 ( MDCCCXLII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. To help compare different Orders of magnitude and geographical regions we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km² The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. In Mathematics, a percentage is a way of expressing a number as a Fraction of 100 ( per cent meaning "per hundred" 4|
|-||Density||318. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology List of countries by population in 2005|List of countries by population in 1907This is a list of countries ordered according to Population. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 7/km² (34th)|
823. List of countries and dependencies by Population density in inhabitants/km² 6/sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2006 estimate|
|-||Total||$38. The purchasing power parity ( PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium Exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their Purchasing power. 617 billion (89th)|
|-||Per capita||$5,600 (103rd)|
|Gini (2002)||52. There are three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head with Per meaning 'through' or 'by' This article includes three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP at Purchasing power parity (PPP Per capita The Gini coefficient is a measure of statistical dispersion most prominently used as a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth 4 (high)|
|HDI (2007)||▲ 0. The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP 735 (medium) (103th)|
|Currency||United States dollar ($) (2001-present)2 (|
|1||Telephone companies (market share): Tigo (45%), Claro (25%), Movistar (24%), Digicel (5. This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Program 's Human Development Report 2007 A currency is a unit of exchange, facilitating the transfer of Goods and/or services It is one form of Money, where money is The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been ISO 4217 is the International standard describing three-letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established A country This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E 5%), Red (0. 5%).|
|2||The United States dollar is the currency in use. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Financial information can be expressed in US Dollars and in Salvadoran colón, but it is out of circulation. Colón is also the name of Costa Rica 's currency For this see Costa Rican colón. http://www.bcr.gob.sv/ingles/integracion/ley.html|
El Salvador (República de El Salvador) is a country in Central America. The area was originally called by the Pipil "Cuzhcatl", in Spanish "Cuzcatlan", which in Nahuatl means "The Land Of Precious Things". The Pipil are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador. Nahuatl ( is a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan or Nahuan branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family
After the Spanish conquest, the land was baptized by Spanish conquistadors as "Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesucristo El Salvador Del Mundo" ("Province of Our Lord Jesus Christ, The Savior Of The World"), now abbreviated as "República de El Salvador".
The country borders the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions Guatemala (República de Guatemala) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west the Pacific Ocean to the southwest Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America. With a population of approximately more than 6 million people, it is the most densely populated nation in Central America and is undergoing rapid industrialization. is a process of social and economic change whereby a human group is transformed from a Pre-industrial society into an industrial one
In the early sixteenth century, the Spanish conquistadors ventured into ports to extend their dominion to the area that would be known as El Salvador. Before the Spanish conquest Before the Spanish conquest, the area that now is El Salvador was composed of three great indigenous states and several principalities This article is about the Spanish explorer soldiers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuriesfor other uses see Conquistador (disambiguation A Conquistador They were firmly resisted by the Pipil and their remaining Mayan-speaking neighbors. Pedro de Alvarado, a lieutenant of Hernán Cortés, led the first effort by Spanish forces in June 1524. Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (born Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca ( 1485&ndash December 2,
The people defeated the Spaniards and forced them to withdraw to Guatemala. Two subsequent expeditions took place—the first in 1525, followed by a smaller group in 1528—to bring the Pipil under Spanish rule.
Towards the end of 1810, a combination of internal and external factors allowed Central American élites to attempt to gain independence from the Spanish crown. Year 1810 ( MDCCCX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year The internal factors were mainly the interest the élites had in controlling the territories they owned without involvement from Spanish authorities. The external factors were the success of the French and American revolutions in the eighteenth century and the weakening of the military power of the Spanish crown because of its wars against Napoleonic France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The independence movement was consolidated on November 5, 1811, when the Salvadoran priest, Jose Matias Delgado, sounded the bells of the Iglesia La Merced in San Salvador, making a call for the insurrection. Events 1499 - Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier ( Brittany) Year 1811 ( MDCCCXI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year José Matías Delgado y León ( February 24, 1767, San Salvador &mdash November 12, 1832, San Salvador was a Salvadoran priest After many years of internal fights, the Acta de Independencia (Act of Independence) of Central America was signed in Guatemala on September 15, 1821. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 1821 ( MDCCCXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year When these provinces were joined with Mexico in early 1822, El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries.
In 1823, the United Provinces of Central America was formed by the five Central American states under General Manuel José Arce. The Federal Republic of Central America, also known as the United Central Provinces of America, was a short-lived American State in Central America Manuel José Arce y Fagoaga ( January 1, 1787, San Salvador &mdash December 14, 1847, San Salvador was president of the Federal When this federation was dissolved in 1838, El Salvador became an independent republic. A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its El Salvador's early history as an independent state was marked by frequent revolutions.
From 1872 to 1898, El Salvador was a prime mover in attempts to reestablish an isthmian federation. A federation ( Latin: foedus, covenant is a union comprising a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal" The governments of El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua formed the Greater Republic of Central America via the Pact of Amapala in 1895. Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America. Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America The Greater Republic of Central America was an attempt to unite the Central American countries of Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador into Amapala is a Municipality in the Honduran department of Valle. Although Guatemala and Costa Rica considered joining the Greater Republic (which was rechristened the United States of Central America when its constitution went into effect in 1898), neither country joined. Guatemala (República de Guatemala) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west the Pacific Ocean to the southwest Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica ( Spanish: Costa Rica or República de Costa Rica,) is a Country in The Federal Republic of Central America, also known as the United Central Provinces of America, was a short-lived American State in Central America This union, which had planned to establish its capital city at Amapala on the Golfo de Fonseca, did not survive a seizure of power in El Salvador in 1898. Amapala is a Municipality in the Honduran department of Valle. The Gulf of Fonseca (Golfo de Fonseca part of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America, bordering El Salvador, Honduras
The enormous profits that coffee yielded as a monoculture export served as an impetus for the process whereby land became concentrated in the hands of an oligarchy of few families. CoFFEE is an Open source Software for computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL in a digital classroom Oligarchy' ( Greek, Oligarkhía) is a Form of government where Political power effectively rests with a small elite segment A succession of presidents from the ranks of the Salvadoran oligarchy, nominally both conservative and liberal, throughout the last half of the nineteenth century generally agreed on the promotion of coffee as the predominant cash crop, on the development of infrastructure (railroads and port facilities) primarily in support of the coffee trade, on the elimination of communal landholdings to facilitate further coffee production, on the passage of anti-vagrancy laws to ensure that displaced campesinos and other rural residents provided sufficient labour for the coffee fincas (plantations), and on the suppression of rural discontent. President is a Title leaders of Organizations companies, Trade unions universities, and countries. Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined Liberalism is a broad array of related ideas and theories of Government that consider individual Liberty to be the most important political goal In Agriculture, a cash crop is a crop which is grown for Money. Infrastructure typically refers to the technical structures that support a society such as Roads Water supply, Wastewater, Power grids ||-||-|-||-||-||-||-||-||-|} A port is a facility for receiving Ships and transferring cargo Fundamentally a plantation is usually a large Farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country on which Cotton, Tobacco In 1912, the national guard was created as a rural police force.
The coffee industry grew inexorably in El Salvador. As a result, the élite provided the bulk of the government's financial support through import duties on goods imported with the foreign currencies that coffee sales earned. International trade is exchange of Capital, Goods, and Services across International borders or Territories. Duty (from "due" that which is owing O Fr deu did past participle of devoir Lat A currency is a unit of exchange, facilitating the transfer of Goods and/or services It is one form of Money, where money is This support, coupled with the humbler and more mundane mechanisms of corruption, ensured the coffee growers of overwhelming influence within the government. Political corruption is the use of governmental powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government.
El Salvador's early history as an independent state was marked by frequent revolutions; not until the period 1900-30 was relative stability achieved. The economic élite, based on agriculture and some mining, ruled the country in conjunction with the military.
The economy, based on coffee-growing after the mid-19th century, as the world market for indigo withered away, prospered or suffered as the world coffee price fluctuated. From 1931--the year of the coup in which Gen. Maximiliano Hernández Martínez came to power until he was deposed in 1944 there was brutal suppression of rural resistance. Maximiliano Hernández Martínez ( October 21, 1882, San Matías, El Salvador &ndash May 15, 1966, Hacienda Jamastrán The most notable event was the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising, commonly referred to as La Matanza (the massacre), headed by Farabundo Martí and the retaliation led by Martínez's government, in which approximately 30,000 indigenous people and political opponents were murdered, imprisoned or exiled. The peasant uprising of 1932, also known as La matanza ("The Slaughter" was a brief Peasant -led Rebellion that occurred Augustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez ( May 5, 1893 – February 1, 1932) was a revolutionary in El Salvador. Until 1980, all but one Salvadoran temporary president was an army officer. Periodic presidential elections were seldom free or fair and an oligarchy in alliance with military forces ruled the nation. As in many Latin American countries, this inequality led to peasant opposition to the oligarchy. The result was the Salvadoran Civil War (1979-1991), largely a peasant revolution. The Salvadoran Civil War (1980–1992 was between the Right-wing Military government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Atrocities of the Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (ARENA, or Nationalist Republican Alliance) government, such as the El Mozote massacre, and the murder of Catholic missionaries and other religious aid workers, such as Jean Donovan, by death squads linked to the government caused international outrage. The Nationalist Republican Alliance ( Spanish: Alianza Republicana Nacionalista or ARENA) is a conservative Political party The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981 Jean Donovan ( April 10, 1953 - December 2, 1980) was an American lay missionary who was murdered with three nuns in In 1984 international observers saw centrist Napoleon Duarte elected president in popular elections which were violently boycotted by members of the opposition. Despite the peace-making efforts of the democratic government, the peasant revolution continued until the peace accords were signed in January 1991. The different factions of the guerrillas formed the Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional party (FMLN) in order to seek office through democratic elections. Since then, the FMLN has gradually gained representation, particularly in the Legislative Assembly and local governments. Meanwhile, the conservative Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (ARENA) party has won every presidential election.
In 1998, El Salvador became one of three Latin-American countries where abortion is illegal with no exceptions, along with Chile and Nicaragua. Abortion in El Salvador is illegal. The law formerly permitted an Abortion to be performed under some limited circumstances but in 1998 all exceptions were Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America
The political framework of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multiform multi-party system. Politics of El Salvador takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic Republic, whereby the President of El Salvador A presidential system is a System of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term separately from the Legislature Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of the people's representatives A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its The President of El Salvador, currently Antonio Saca, is both head of state and head of government. This page contains a list of Presidents of El Salvador. There has been a total of 55 presidents many have served in office more than once Elías Antonio Saca González (born in Usulután, 9 March 1965) is a Salvadoran politician and the current President of El Salvador Head of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a Monarchic or Republican Nation-state This article focuses on the cases where the Head of Government is a separate office from the Head of State Executive power is exercised by the government. In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. The Legislative Assembly (Spanish) is the legislative branch of the government of El Salvador. The Judiciary branch is independent of the executive and the legislative branches. In Law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of Courts which administer Justice in the name of the sovereign or State
El Salvador is divided into 14 departments (departamentos), which, in turn, are subdivided into 267 municipalities (municipios). This is a list of Cities and towns in El Salvador. Acajutla Ahuachapán Apopa |||}A list of the departments of El Salvador in alphabetical order The departments of El Salvador are divided into 267 municipalities or municipios.
Department names and abbreviations for the 14 Salvadoran Departments:
El Salvador is located in Central America. Ahuachapán is a department of El Salvador in the west of the country Cabañas is a department of El Salvador in the north central part of the country Chalatenango is a department of El Salvador, located in the northwest of the country Cuscatlán is a department of El Salvador, located in the center of the country La Libertad is one of the Departments of El Salvador and is located in the southwest of the country La Paz is a department of El Salvador in the south central area of the country La Unión is a department of El Salvador. it is located in the eastern part of the country and its capital is La Unión. Morazán is a department of El Salvador. Located in the northeast part of the country its capital is San Francisco Gotera. San Miguel is a department of El Salvador in the eastern part of the country San Salvador is a department of El Salvador in the west central part of the country San Vicente is a department of El Salvador in the center of the country Santa Ana is a department of El Salvador in the northwest of the country Sonsonate is a department of El Salvador in the western part of the country Usulután from the Nahuatl language (meaning "city of the ocelots" is a department of El Salvador in the southeast of the country (Lenca The geography of El Salvador is unique among the nations of Central America. It has a total area of 8,123 square miles (21,040 km²), smaller than that of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is the smallest country in continental America, and is affectionately called the "Tom Thumb of the Americas" ("Pulgarcito de America"). Tom Thumb is a traditional hero in English folklore who is no bigger than his father's thumb It has 123. 6 square miles (320& km²) of water within its borders. Several small rivers flow through El Salvador into the Pacific Ocean, including the Goascorán, Jiboa, Torola, Paz and the Río Grande de San Miguel. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth 's Oceanic divisions The Goascorán River or Río Goascorán is a river in Honduras and El Salvador that divides the two countries Río Grande de San Miguel is a river in southern El Salvador. Only the largest river, the Lempa River, flowing from Honduras across El Salvador to the ocean, is navigable for commercial traffic. Lempa River (Río Lempa is a 320 km long river in Central America. Volcanic craters enclose lakes, the most important of which are Lake Ilopango (70 km²/27 sq mi) and Lake Coatepeque (26 km²/10 sq mi). Coatepeque Caldera ( Nahuatl cōātepēc, "at the Snake hill" is a Volcanic Caldera in El Salvador in Central Lake Güija is El Salvador's largest natural lake (44 km²/17 sq mi). Several artificial lakes were created by the damming of the Lempa, the largest of which is Embalse Cerrón Grande (350 km²/135 sq mi).
El Salvador shares borders with Guatemala (126 mi/203 km) and Honduras (212. Guatemala (República de Guatemala) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west the Pacific Ocean to the southwest A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America. 5 mi/342 km). It is the only Central American country that does not have a Caribbean coastline. The highest point in the country is Cerro El Pital at 8,957 feet (2,730 meters), which shares a border with Honduras. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International
El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change. The Pacific lowlands are uniformly hot; the central plateau and mountain areas are more moderate. The rainy season extends from May to October. Almost all the annual rainfall occurs during this time, and yearly totals, particularly on southern-facing mountain slopes, can be as high as 217 centimeters. A centimetre ( American spelling: centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one hundredth Protected areas and the central plateau receive lesser, although still significant, amounts. Rainfall during this season generally comes from low pressure over the Pacific and usually falls in heavy afternoon thunderstorms. Hurricanes occasionally form in the Pacific with the notable exception of Hurricane Mitch in 1998. Hurricane Mitch was one of the deadliest and most powerful Hurricanes on record in the Atlantic basin with maximum sustained winds of 180 mph (285 km/h
From November through April, the northeast trade winds control weather patterns. During these months, air flowing from the Caribbean has had most of the precipitation wrung out of it while passing over the mountains in Honduras. By the time this air reaches El Salvador, it is dry, hot, and hazy.
El Salvador lies along the Pacific ring of fire, and is thus subject to significant tectonic activity, including frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement such as rock falls deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows which can occur The 2001 El Salvador earthquakes were two earthquakes which hit El Salvador within exactly one month of each other on January 13 and February 13 2001 Plate tectonics (from Greek τέκτων tektōn "builder" or "mason" describes the large scale motions of Earth 's Lithosphere An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's crust that creates Seismic waves Earthquakes are recorded with a Seismometer Plate tectonics and hotspots Divergent plate boundaries At the Recent examples include the earthquake on January 13, 2001 that measured 7. Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. 7 on the Richter scale and caused a landslide that killed more than eight hundred people; and another earthquake only a month after the first one February 13, 2001, killing 255 people and damaging about 20% of the nation's housing. The Richter magnitude scale, or more correctly local magnitude M L scale assigns a single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement such as rock falls deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows which can occur Events 1258 - Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed Luckily, many families were able to find safety from the landslides caused by the earthquake. El Salvador's most recent destructive volcanic eruption took place on October 1, 2005, when the Ilamatepec volcano spewed up a cloud of ash and rocks, which fell on nearby villages and caused two deaths (Óscar Armando Guerrero Ventura and José Rafael Guevara). 
El Salvador's position on the Pacific Ocean also makes it subject to severe weather conditions, including heavy rainstorms and severe droughts, both of which may be made more extreme by the El Niño and La Niña effects. A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply El Niño-Southern Oscillation ( ENSO; commonly referred to as simply El Niño) is a global coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon El Niño-Southern Oscillation ( ENSO; commonly referred to as simply El Niño) is a global coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon In the summer of 2001, a severe drought destroyed 80% of the country's crops, causing famine in the countryside. A famine is a widespread shortage of food that may apply to any Faunal species which phenomenon is usually accompanied by regional Malnutrition, Starvation  On October 4, 2005, severe rains resulted in dangerous flooding and landslides, which caused a minimum of fifty deaths. Events 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement such as rock falls deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows which can occur  El Salvador's location in Central America also makes it vulnerable to hurricanes coming off of the Caribbean, however this risk is much less than for other Central American countries. A tropical cyclone is a storm system characterized by a low pressure center and numerous Thunderstorms that produce strong winds and Flooding The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting
The Santa Ana volcano in El Salvador is currently dormant, but while it was still erupting it was very dangerous. Lago de Coatepeque (One of El Salvador's lakes. ) was caused by a massive eruption.
According to the IMF and CIA World Factbook, El Salvador has the third largest economy in the region (behind Costa Rica and Guatemala) when looking at nominal Gross Domestic Product and purchasing power GDP. The International Monetary Fund ( IMF) is an International organization that oversees the Global financial system by following the Macroeconomic The World Factbook ( ISSN; also known as the CIA World Factbook) is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the  El Salvador's GDP per capita stands at US$4,900, however, this "developing country" still faces many social issues and is among the 10 poorest countries in Latin America. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Developing countries are countries that haven't reached Western-style standards of democratic government free market economy industrialization social programs and human rights guaranties Social issues are matters which directly or indirectly affect many or all members of a Society and are considered to be problems controversies related to Moral values  Approximately 2. 4 million (35. 2%) people live below the poverty line, its GDP real growth rate is low compared to its neighbors, and 6% of the population is unemployed with much underemployment. Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and Unemployment occurs when a person is available to work and currently seeking work but the person is without work. In Economics, the term underemployment has three different distinct meanings and applications
Most of El Salvador's economy has been hampered by natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes, but El Salvador currently has a steadily growing economy.
GDP in purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2006 was estimated at $33. The purchasing power parity ( PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium Exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their Purchasing power. 68 billion USD. The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 60. 7%, followed by the industrial sector at 29. 6% (2006 est. ). Agriculture represents only 7. 6% of GDP (2006 est. ).
The Salvadoran economy has experienced mixed results from the recent government's commitment to free market initiatives and conservative fiscal management that include the privatization of the banking system, telecommunications, public pensions, electrical distribution, and some electrical generation, reduction of import duties, elimination of price controls, and an improved enforcement of intellectual property rights. A free market is a Market in which property rights are voluntarily exchanged at a price arranged completely by the mutual consent of sellers and buyers Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the Public sector (government to the Private sector (business A banker or bank is a Financial institution whose primary activity is to act as a payment agent for customers and to borrow and lend money Electricity generation is the process of converting non-electrical Energy to Electricity. International trade is exchange of Capital, Goods, and Services across International borders or Territories. Duty (from "due" that which is owing O Fr deu did past participle of devoir Lat Intellectual property ( IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical literary and artistic works inventions and symbols names The GDP has been growing since 1996 at an annual rate that averages 2. 8% real growth. In 2006 the GDP's real growth rate was 4. 2%.  A problem that the Salvadoran economy faces is the inequality in the distribution of income. In 1999, the richest fifth of the population received 45% of the country's income, while the poorest fifth received only 5. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology 6%.
In December 1999, net international reserves equaled US$1. 8 billion or roughly five months of imports. Having this hard currency buffer to work with, the Salvadoran government undertook a monetary integration plan beginning January 1, 2001 by which the U. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. S. dollar became legal tender alongside the Salvadoran colón and all formal accounting was done in U. Colón is also the name of Costa Rica 's currency For this see Costa Rican colón. S. dollars. This way, the government has formally limited its possibility of implementing open market monetary policies to influence short term variables in the economy. As of September 2007, net international reserves stood at $2. Foreign exchange reserves (also called Forex reserves) in a strict sense are only the foreign Currency deposits held by Central banks and monetary 42 billion. 
Since 2004, the colón stopped circulating and is now never used in the country for any type of transaction.  In general, there was discontent with the shift to the U. S. dollar, primarily because of wage stagnation vis-a-vis basic commodity pricing in the marketplace. Additionally there are contentions that, according to Colin's Law, a reversion to the colón would be disastrous to the economy. The change to the dollar also precipitated a trend toward lower interest rates in El Salvador, helping many to secure much needed credit for house or car purchases.
A challenge in El Salvador has been developing new growth sectors for a more diversified economy. As many other former colonies, for many years El Salvador was considered a mono-export economy (an economy that depended heavily on one type of export). During colonial times, the Spanish decided that El Salvador would produce and export indigo, but after the invention of synthetic dyes in the 19th century, Salvadoran authorities and the newly created modern state turned to coffee as the main export. Indigo is the Color on the Electromagnetic spectrum between about 420 and 450 nm in Wavelength, placing it between Blue and violet CoFFEE is an Open source Software for computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL in a digital classroom Since the cultivation of coffee required the highest lands in the country, many of these lands were expropriated from indigenous reserves and given or sold cheaply to those that could cultivate coffee. The government provided little or no compensation to the indigenous peoples. On occasion, this compensation implied merely the right to work for seasons in the newly created coffee farms and to be allowed to grow their own food. Such actions provided the basis of conflicts that would shape the political landscape of El Salvador for years to come.
For many decades, coffee was one of the only sources of foreign currency in the Salvadoran economy. CoFFEE is an Open source Software for computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL in a digital classroom The Salvadoran Civil War in the 1980s and the fall of international coffee prices in the 1990s pressured the Salvadoran government to diversify the economy. The Salvadoran Civil War (1980–1992 was between the Right-wing Military government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation The government has followed policies that intend to develop other export industries, such as textiles and sea products. Tourism is another industry Salvadoran authorities see as a possibility. But rampant crime rates, lack of infrastructure, and inadequate social capital have prevented this resource from being properly exploited and is still underdeveloped. Crime statistics attempt to provide a statistical measure of the level or amount of- Crime that is prevalent in societies Social capital is a concept in business economics, Organizational behaviour, Political science, Public health, Sociology and natural
There are 15 free trade zones in El Salvador. A free trade zone ( FTZ) or export processing zone ( EPZ) is one or more special areas of a country where some normal Trade barriers such as The largest beneficiary has been the maquila industry, which provides 88,700 jobs directly, and consists primarily of supplying labor for the cutting and assembling of clothes for export to the United States. A maquiladora or maquila is a Factory that imports materials and equipment on a Duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly or manufacturing In Economics, an export is any good or Commodity, Transported from one country to another country in a Legitimate fashion The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
El Salvador signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) — negotiated by the five countries of Central America and the Dominican Republic — with the United States in 2004. The Dominican Republic ( Spanish: República Dominicana;) is a nation located in the Caribbean region and shares the island of Hispaniola with CAFTA requires that the Salvadoran government adopt policies that foster free trade. Free trade is a system in which the trade of goods and services between or within countries flows unhindered by government-imposed restrictions El Salvador has signed free trade agreements with Mexico, Chile, the Dominican Republic, and Panama, and increased its trade with those countries. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. Chile, officially the Republic of Chile ( Spanish:) is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow Coastal strip wedged between the Panama, officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. Trade is the willing exchange of goods, services, or both Trade is also called Commerce. El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua also are negotiating a free trade agreement with Canada. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page In October 2007, these four countries and Costa Rica began free trade agreement negotiations with the European Union. Negotiations started in 2006 for a free trade agreement with Colombia. Colombia (kəˈlʌmbɪə officially the Republic of Colombia () is a country in northwestern South America.
Fiscal policy has been the biggest challenge for the Salvadoran government. Fiscal policy, taking the scope of Budgetary policy, refers to government policy that attempts to influence the direction of the economy through changes in government taxes The 1992 peace accords committed the government to heavy expenditures for transition programs and social services. Social work is a discipline involving the application of Social theory and research methods to study and improve the lives of people groups and societies The Stability Adjustment Programs (PAE, for the initials in Spanish) initiated by President Cristiani's administration committed the government to the privatization of banks, the pension system, and the electric and telephone companies. Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the Public sector (government to the Private sector (business The total privatization of the pension system has implied a serious burden for the public finance system, because the newly created private Pension Association Funds did not absorb coverage of retired pensioners covered under the old system. Public finance is a field of economics concerned with paying for collective or governmental activities and with the administration and design of those activities The government lost the revenues from contributors and absorbed completely the costs of coverage of retired pensioners. This has been the main source of fiscal imbalance. ARENA governments have financed this deficit with the emission of bonds, something the leftist FMLN has opposed. Debates surrounding the emission of bonds have stalled the approval of the national budget for many months on several occasions. The emission of bonds and the approval of government loans need a qualified majority (3/4 of the votes) in the National Legislature. If the deficit is not financed through a loan it is enough with a simple majority to approve the budget (50% of the votes plus 1).
Despite such challenges to keep public finances in balance, El Salvador still has one of the lowest tax burdens in the American continent (around 11% of GDP). Many specialists claim that it is impossible to advance significant development programs with such little public sector aid. (The tax burden in the United States is around 25% of the GDP and in developed countries of the EU it can reach around 50%. ) The government has focused on improving the collection of its current revenues with a focus on indirect taxes. In business revenue or revenues is Income that a company receives from its normal business activities usually from the sale of goods and services Leftist politicians criticize such a structure since indirect taxes (like the value-added tax) affect everyone alike, whereas direct taxes can be weighed according to levels of income. A 10% value-added tax (IVA ins Spanish), implemented in September 1992, was raised to 13% in July 1995. Value added tax ( VAT) or goods and services tax ( GST) is a consumption Tax levied on value added. The VAT is the biggest source of revenue, accounting for about 52. 3% of total tax revenues in 2004. Tax revenue is the Income that is gained by Governments because of Taxation of the people
Inflation has been steady and among the lowest in the region. In economics inflation or price inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services over a period of time Since 1997 inflation has averaged 3%, with recent years increasing to nearly 5%. From 2000 to 2006 total exports have grown 19% from $2. 94 billion to $3. 51 billion. During this same period total imports have risen 54% from $4. 95 billion to $7. 63 billion. This has resulted in a 102% increase in the trade deficit from $2. 01 billion to $4. 12 billion. 
Remittances from Salvadorans living and working in the United States, sent to family in El Salvador, are a major source of foreign income and offset the substantial trade deficit of $4. Income, refers to consumption opportunity gained by an entity within a specified time frame which is generally expressed in monetary terms The balance of trade (or net exports, sometimes symbolized as NX) is the difference between the monetary value of Exports and imports in an 12 billion. Remittances have increased steadily in the last decade and reached an all-time high of $3. 32 billion in 2006 (an increase of 17% over the previous year).  approximately 16. 2% of gross domestic product(GDP).
Remittances have had positive and negative effects on El Salvador. In 2005 the number of people living in extreme poverty in El Salvador was 16%, according to a United Nations Development Program report, without remittances the number of Salvadorans living in extreme poverty would rise to 37%. Extreme poverty is the most severe state of Poverty. Many cannot meet basic needs for Food, Water, Shelter, Sanitation, and Health While Salvadoran education levels have gone up, wage expectations have risen faster than either skills or productivity. For example, some Salvadorans are no longer willing to take jobs that pay them less than what they receive monthly from family members abroad. This has led to an influx of Hondurans and Nicaraguans who are willing to work for the prevailing wage. Also, the local propensity for consumption over investment has increased. Money from remittances have also increased prices for certain commodities such as real estate. Remittance can also refer to the Accounting concept of a monetary payment transferred by a customer to a business Remittances are transfers Many Salvadorans abroad earning much higher wages can afford higher prices for houses in El Salvador than local Salvadorans and thus push up the prices that all Salvadorans must pay. 
The only airport serving international flights in the country is Comalapa International Airport (airport code: SAL). El Salvador International Airport, commonly known as Comalapa International Airport, is located about 50 km (30 miles from San Salvador in El Salvador This airport is located in Comalapa, about 30 minutes southeast of the capital.  The airport is commonly known as Comalapa International or El Salvador International.
El Salvador's tourism industry has grown dynamically over recent years as the Salvadoran government focuses on developing this sector. Last year tourism accounted for 4. 6% of GDP; only 10 years ago, it accounted for 0. 4%. In this same year, tourism grew 4. 5% worldwide. Comparatively, El Salvador saw an increase of 8. 97%, from 1. 15 million to 1. 27 million tourists. This has led to revenue from tourism growing 35. 9% from $634 million to $862 million. As a reference point, in 1996 tourism revenue was $44. 2 million. Also, there has been an even greater increase in the number of excursionists (visits that do not include an overnight stay). 222,000 excursionists visited El Salvador in 2006, a 24% increase over the previous year. 
Most North American and European tourists are seeking out El Salvador's beaches and nightlife. Besides these two choices, El Salvador's tourism landscape is slightly different than those of other Central American countries. Because of its geographical size and urbanization, there aren't many nature-themed tourist destination such as ecotours or archaeological monuments. Surfing, however, is a natural tourist sector that is gaining popularity as more surfers visit El Zonte, Sunzal, and La Libertad, surfing spots that are not yet overcrowded. Also, the use of the United States dollar as Salvadoran currency and direct flights of 4-6 hours from most cities in the United States are important things to note for first-time travelers from the United States. Urbanization and Americanization of Salvadoran culture has also led to something else that first time tourists might be surprised to see: the abundance of American-style malls, stores, and restaurants in the three main urban areas, especially greater San Salvador. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing Americanization (verb form Americanize,) is the term used for the influence the United States of America has on the Culture of other countries resulting
Currently, tourists to El Salvador can be classified into four groups: Central Americans; North Americans; Salvadorans living abroad, primarily in the United States; and Europeans and South Americans. The first three represent the vast majority of tourists. Recently, El Salvador is attempting to broaden its tourist base and looking to the last group. Early indicators show that the government's efforts are working. When comparing January-March 2007 to the same period in 2006 (most recent data available), overall tourism has grown 10%, while from North America 38%, Europe 31%, and South America 36%.  In the fall, Livingston Airlines will initiate the only direct flight between Europe (departing from Milan) and El Salvador. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. The Decameron Salinitas, a recently inaugurated resort, has contributed to the growth of tourists from South America (because of name recognition of the resort chain) and is looking to do the same with Europeans. It is interesting to note that Decameron Salinitas is responsible for half the initial bookings on the Milan-San Salvador flights. This demonstrates a synergy between two of the few businesses that cater to European tourists and is evident of what is necessary in this nascent sector.
Additionally, more and more tourists continue to be drawn by El Salvador's turbulent past.  Some of the latest tourist attractions in the former war-torn El Salvador are gun fragments, pictures, combat plans, and mountain hideouts. Since 1992, residents in economically depressed areas are trying to profit from these remains. The mountain town of Perquin was considered the "guerrilla capital. " Today it is home to the "Museum of the Revolution," featuring cannons, uniforms, pieces of Soviet weaponry, and other weapons of war once used by the FMLN's (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front) headquarters. A soviet (сове́т, "council" originally was a workers' local council in late Imperial Russia. The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (in Spanish: Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional, FMLN) is a Left-wing political El Salvador continues to grow as an attraction. 40% of El Salvador visitors want to enjoy the sun and the country's beautiful beaches; 38% of El Salvador visitors enjoy the colonial structures and the country's history; and 22% enjoy the nature and El Salvador mountains and volcanoes. According to El Salvador newspaper El Diario De Hoy the top 10 attractions are the beaches in La Libertad, Ruta Las Flores, Suchitoto, Playa Las Flores in San Miguel, La Palma, Santa Ana where you find the country's tallest volcano, Nahuizalco, Apaneca, Juayua, San Ignacio. Suchitoto is a Municipality in the Cuscatlán department of El Salvador. Isla de La Palma (known in English as "La Palma" not to be confused with "Palma" in the Balearic Islands is a Spanish volcanic ocean island The Santa Ana Volcano or Ilamatepec ( Spanish: volcán de Santa Ana is a large Stratovolcano located in the Santa Ana department Nahuizalco is a Municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador. Juayúa is a Municipality in the Sonsonate department of El Salvador. 
The Roman Catholic Church plays an important role in the Salvadoran culture. Important foreign personalities in El Salvador were the Jesuit priests and professors Ignacio Ellacuria, Ignacio Martín-Baró, and Segundo Montes, who were murdered in 1989 by the Salvadoran Army during the heat of the civil war. The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order Ignacio Ellacuría SJ ( Portugalete, Biscay, Spain, November 9, 1930 &ndash San Salvador, November 16, Ignacio Martín-Baró SJ ( Valladolid, Castilla y Leon, Spain, This article is about the priest and scholar For the town named in his honor see Segundo Montes Morazán. Painting, ceramics and textile goods are the main manual artistic expressions. Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual Writers Francisco Gavidia (1863–1955), Salarrué (Salvador Salazar Arrué) (1899-1975), Claudia Lars, Alfredo Espino, Pedro Geoffroy Rivas, Manlio Argueta, José Roberto Cea, and poet Roque Dalton are among the most important writers to stem from El Salvador. Francisco Gavidia (1863 in San Miguel - 24 September 1955 in San Salvador) was a Salvadoran writer Educator and Salarrué, Salvador Efraín Salazar Arrué (born October 22, 1899 in Sonsonate, El Salvador. Claudia Lars, born in Armenia El Salvador on December 20th 1899 as Carmen Brannon Vega, was an El Salvadoran Poet. Alfredo Espino (1900&mdashAugust 1928 was a poet from El Salvador. Pedro Geoffroy Rivas (b 1908 in Santa Ana El Salvador - ? was an Anthropologist and Linguist. Manlio Argueta ( November 24 1935 - is a Salvadoran writer critic and novelist born in 1935 José Roberto Cea is a pre-eminent contemporary Salvadoran Novelist and Poet. Roque Dalton García ( San Salvador, El Salvador, 14 May 1935 &ndash Quezaltepeque, El Salvador, 10 May Notable 20th century personages include the late filmmaker Baltasar Polio, artist Fernando Llort, and caricaturist Toño Salazar. Fernando Llort Choussy (born April 7, 1949 in San Salvador, El Salvador) is a Salvadoran Artist of international recognition called A caricaturist is an artist who specializes in drawing Caricatures List of caricaturists Oguz Aral (1936-2004 William Auerback-Levy Antonio "Toño" Salazar (June 1897 - December 1986 was a Salvadoran Caricaturist, Illustrator and Diplomat. Amongst the more renowned representatives of the graphic arts are the painters Noe Canjura, Carlos Cañas, Julia Díaz, Camilo Minero, Ricardo Carbonell, Roberto Huezo, Miguel Angel Cerna (the painter and writer better known as MACLo), Esael Araujo, and many others. Noé Canjura ( Apopa, El Salvador, August 14, 1922 - Morienval, France, September 29, 1970) was a Carlos Cañas is a Salvadoran painter. He studied art and theory in the School of Arts of El Salvador. Was born in Zacatecoluca in 1917 He was pupil of Marcelino Carballo and student of the National School of Graphical Arts
The wife of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (author of the children's book The Little Prince) was a Salvadoran aristocrat, Consuelo de Saint-Exupéry. Antoine de Saint Exupéry (ɑ̃twan də sɛ̃tɛgzypeˈʀi ( June 29, 1900 — July 31, 1944) was a French Writer and The Little Prince ( Le Petit Prince) published in 1943 is French Aviator Antoine de Saint Exupéry 's most famous Novella Consuelo de Saint Exupéry (born Armenia El Salvador, April 10, 1901 —died Grasse, France, May 28, 1979) was
|Date||English name||Local name|
|January 16||Peace Accords Day||Día de los Acuerdos de Paz||Celebrates the peace accords signing between the government and the guerrilla in 1992 that finished the 12-year civil war. Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Mostly political events.|
|March/April||Holy Week/Easter||Semana Santa||Celebrated with Carnival-like events in different cities by the large Catholic population. Holy Week ( Latin: Hebdomada Sancta or Maior Hebdomada, "Greater Week" in Christianity is the last week before Easter. Easter ( Greek: Πάσχα Pascha or Pasxa) is the most important religious feast in the Christian Liturgical year. Holy Week ( Latin: Hebdomada Sancta or Maior Hebdomada, "Greater Week" in Christianity is the last week before Easter. Carnival is a festival season which occurs immediately before Lent; the main events are usually during February and March|
|May 1||Labor Day||Día del trabajo||International Labour Day|
|May 10||Mother's Day||Día de las Madres|
|August 1–7||August Festivals||Fiestas de agosto||Week-long festival in celebration of El Salvador del Mundo, patron saint of El Salvador. Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor. Events 1291 - Scottish Nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England. Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman|
|September 15||Independence Day||Día de la Independencia||Celebrates independence from Spain, achieved in 1821. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy.|
|October 12||Day of the Indians||Día de los indios||Celebration in dedication to the Indians (Amerindians). Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.|
|November 2||Day of the Dead||Día de los Santos Difuntos||A day on which most people visit the tombs of deceased loved ones. Events 1570 - A Tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1000 The (November 1 may be commemorated as well. )|
|November 21||Queen of the Peace Day||Dia de la Reyna de la Paz||Day of the Queen of Peace, the patron saint. Events 164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Also celebrated, the San Miguel Carnival, (carnaval de San Miguel) a known feast in El Salvador, celebrated in in San Miguel City, similar to Mardi Gras of New Orleans,where you can enjoy about 45 music bands on the street.|
|December 24||Christmas Day||Navidad||In many communities, December 24 (Christmas Eve) is the major day of celebration, often to the point that it is considered the actual day of Navidad — with December 25 serving as a day of rest. Events 563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by Earthquakes Christmas Eve, December 24, is the day before Christmas Day, the celebrated birthday of Jesus.|
El Salvador has several universities:
El Salvador's most notable dish is the pupusa. "UCA" redirects here For other uses of the name UCA see UCA (disambiguation. A pupusa (from Pipil pupusawa) is a thick hand-made corn Tortilla (made using masa de maíz, a Maize Flour Dough Pupusas are a thick hand-made corn tortilla (made using masa de maíz or masa de arroz, a maize or rice flour dough used in Latin American cuisine) stuffed with one or more of the following: cheese (usually a soft Salvadoran cheese, a popular example is Quesillo con loroco), chicharrón (a ground pork product, often mixed with tomato paste), and refried beans. Loroco is a vine flower bud native to Central America. Fernaldia pandurata (A DC Woodson in family Apocynaceae (common name loroco) is an edible There are also vegetarian options, often with ayote (a type of squash) or garlic. Some adventurous restaurants even offer pupusas stuffed with shrimp or spinach.
Pupusas come from the pipil-nahuatl word, pupushahua. The pupusa's exact origins are debated, although its presence in El Salvador is known to predate the arrival of Spaniards. 
Two other typical Salvadoran dishes are yuca frita and panes rellenos. Yuca frita, which is deep fried cassava root served with curtido (a pickled cabbage, onion and carrot topping) and pork rinds or pepesquitas (fried baby sardines). The cassava, yuca, manioc, or mandioca ( Manihot esculenta) is a woody Shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family native The Yuca is sometimes served boiled instead of fried. Pan con pavo (bread with turkey) is a warm turkey submarine sandwich similar to a hoagie. A hoagie is a style of sandwich popular in Philadelphia and the surrounding region The turkey is marinated and then roasted with Pipil spices and handpulled. This sandwich is traditionally served with turkey, tomato, and watercress.
El Salvador is a Central American country whose culture is a mixture of Pipil and Spanish. Popular music Popular music in El Salvador uses marimba Tehpe'ch, Flutes Drums Scrapers and Gourds as well more recently imported Its music includes religious songs (mostly Roman Catholic) used to celebrate Christmas and other holidays, especially feast days of the saints. Satirical rural lyrical themes are common. Due to the Americanization of El Salvador, popular English music is played on most national radio stations. In 2007, census showed that 67% of the music played on the most popular radio station, consisted of English music.
The 2008 estimated population is 7,066,403. Cities and metropolitan areas Municipalities of El Salvador Statistics See also El Salvador Ethnic  El Salvador has lacked authoritative demographic data for many years due to the fact that until 2007, a national census had not been undertaken since 1992. Prior to the 2007 census, patterns in population growth led many officials (including within the Salvadoran government) to estimate the country's size at between 6. 7 and 6. 9 million people . However, on May 12, 2008, El Salvador's Ministry of Economy finally released statistics gathered in the census of the previous May. These data present a surprisingly low figure for the total population - 5,744,113. Challenges to the 2007 census on a number of grounds are forthcoming.
90% of Salvadorans are mestizo (mixed Native American and Spanish origin). Mestizo is a Spanish term that was coined during the Spanish Empire to refer to people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry in Latin For indigenous peoples in the United States other than Hawaii and Alaska see also Native Americans in the United States. 9% report their race as being White; this population is mostly of Spanish descent. White People is the second album by Handsome Boy Modeling School. There are also some of French, German, Swiss, and Italian descent. Legal residents and citizens To be French according to the first article of the Constitution is to be a citizen of France regardless of one's origin race or religion ( The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as The' Italian people' are a Southern European Ethnic group located primarily in Italy, Switzerland, France and by virtue of a wide-ranging El Salvador is 1% indigenous, mostly Pipil, Lenca and Kakawira (Cacaopera). The Pipil are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador. Lenca people are an Indigenous peoples of Central America, situated in the western highland regions of Honduras and eastern El Salvador. Very few Native Americans have retained their native customs, traditions, or languages, especially in the wake of the deliberate 1932 massacres in which the Salvadoran military murdered somewhere between 20,000 and 30,000 peasants. For indigenous peoples in the United States other than Hawaii and Alaska see also Native Americans in the United States. El Salvador is the only Central American country that has no visible African population because of its lack of an Atlantic coast and access to the slave trade that occurred along the east coast of the continent. In addition, General Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez instituted race laws in 1930 that prohibited blacks from entering the country; this changed during the 1980s and the law was removed. Maximiliano Hernández Martínez ( October 21, 1882, San Matías, El Salvador &ndash May 15, 1966, Hacienda Jamastrán . 
Among the few immigrant groups that reached El Salvador, Palestinian Christians stand out. The Palestinian Christians are Palestinians who follow Christianity. . Though few in number, their descendants have attained great economic and political power in the country, as evidenced by President Antonio Saca — whose opponent in the 2004 election, Schafik Handal, was likewise of Palestinian descent — and the flourishing commercial, industrial, and construction firms owned by them. Elías Antonio Saca González (born in Usulután, 9 March 1965) is a Salvadoran politician and the current President of El Salvador Schafik Jorge Handal ( October 14, 1930 – January 24, 2006) was a Salvadoran politician
Spanish is the official language and therefore spoken by virtually all inhabitants (some of the indigenous still speak their native tongues, but all speak Spanish). English is also spoken by some throughout the republic. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Many have studied or lived in English speaking countries (primarily the U. S. , but also Canada and Australia), including many young Salvadorans deported from the United States, many of whom had grown up speaking only English. Furthermore, today all public schools teach English as a required course in both primary and secondary school.
Although the majority of El Salvador's residents are Roman Catholic, Protestantism is growing rapidly and is already representing more than 20% of the population. Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation.  Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist churches are all growing rapidly, as are Pentecostals and Mormons.
The capital city of San Salvador has about 2. San Salvador is the Capital and largest city of the nation of El Salvador. 1 million people; an estimated 42% of El Salvador's population live in rural areas. Urbanization expanded at a phenomenal rate in El Salvador since the 1960s, driving millions to the cities and creating growth problems for cities around the country. Urbanizationn (also spelled urbanisation) is the physical growth of Urban areas into rural or natural land as a result of population in-migration to an existing
According to the most recent United Nations survey, life expectancy for men was 68 years and 74 years for women. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security Education in El Salvador is free through ninth grade. Education in El Salvador follows a (1 or 2 -9-2-5 system One or two years of Preschool (called kinder, short for Kindergarten) which are The national literacy rate is 84. traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write or the ability to use Language to read, write, listen, 1%.
As of 2004, there were approximately 3. 2 million Salvadorans living outside El Salvador, some of whom are undocumented immigrants in the United States. Illegal immigration refers to Immigration across National Borders in a way that violates the Immigration laws of the destination Country The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Many other Salvadoran Americans are legal immigrants, many becoming citizens or residents through the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Salvadoran Americans are residents of the United States of Salvadoran descent The USA has traditionally been the destination of choice for Salvadorans looking for greater economic opportunity. Salvadorans also live in nearby Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Guatemala (República de Guatemala) is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west the Pacific Ocean to the southwest Honduras in Spanish, República de Honduras) is a democratic republic in Central America. Nicaragua (ˌnɪkəˈrɑgwə officially the Republic of Nicaragua () is a representative democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America  The majority of expatriates emigrated during the civil war of the 1980s for political reasons and later because of adverse economic and social conditions. Other countries with notable Salvadoran communities include Canada, Mexico, the Cayman Islands, Sweden, Italy, and Australia. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. The Cayman Islands are a British overseas territory located in the western Caribbean Sea, comprising the islands of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics.