|King of England; Lord of Ireland (more...)|
|Reign||25 January 1327 – 21 June 1377|
|Coronation||1 February 1327|
|Regent||Roger Mortimer, Earl of March|
& Queen Isabella (de facto)
Council inc. The precise style of British Sovereigns has varied over the years Events 41 - After a night of negotiation Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film. Roger de Mortimer 1st Earl of March ( 25 April 1287 &ndash 29 November 1330) an English nobleman was for three years de facto ruler Isabella of France (c 1295 &ndash August 22, 1358) known as the She-Wolf of France, was the Queen consort of Edward II of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1327–1330; de jure)
|Consort||Philippa of Hainault|
|Edward, Prince of Wales "The Black Prince"|
Isabella, Dame de Coucy
Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
Mary, Duchess of Brittany
Margaret Plantagenet, Countess of Pembroke
Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester
The Earl of Chester
Duke of Aquitaine
Edward of Windsor
|Royal house||House of Plantagenet|
|Mother||Isabella of France|
|Born||13 November 1312|
Windsor Castle, Berkshire
|Died||21 June 1377 (aged 64)|
Sheen Palace, Richmond
|Burial||Westminster Abbey, London|
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1281 &ndash March 25, 1345) was an English nobleman one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward Richard II (6 January 1367 &ndash ca 14 February 1400 was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399 Philippa of Hainault ( June 24 1311 &ndash August 15 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376 popularly known as The Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward Isabella Plantagenet, also known as Dame Isabella de Coucy ( 16 June 1332 - either April 1379 or 1382 was the daughter of Edward III of England Joan of England (1333 or 1335 - 2 September 1348) was the daughter of King Edward III of England and his Queen Philippa of Hainault Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence ( November 29 1338 &ndash October 7 1368) was the third son but the second son to survive infancy of John of Gaunt 1st Duke of Lancaster (second creation 1st Duke of Aquitaine (6 March 1340 &ndash 3 February 1399 was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York ( June 5 1341 &ndash August 1 1402) was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa Mary Plantagenet ( October 10, 1344 &ndash 1362Born in Waltham Hampshire, the daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault Margaret Plantagenet (1346-1361 was born 20 July 1346 in Windsor to Edward III of England and his Queen Philippa of Hainault. Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester ( January 7 1355 &ndash September 8 (or 9 1397 was the thirteenth and youngest child of King Edward A royal house or royal dynasty is a familial designation or Family name of sorts used by Royalty. The House of Plantagenet (planˈtadʒɪnɪt also called the House of Anjou, or the First Angevin dynasty, was originally a noble For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film. Isabella of France (c 1295 &ndash August 22, 1358) known as the She-Wolf of France, was the Queen consort of Edward II of Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St Windsor Castle, in Windsor in the English county of Berkshire, is the largest inhabited Castle in the world and dating back to the time of Berkshire (ˈbɑːkʃə or /ˈbɑːkʃɪə/ say Baak-shuh/-sheer sometimes abbreviated to Berks) is a Home County in the South Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. Richmond Palace was a royal residence from 1327 to 1649 on The Green Richmond, United Kingdom. Richmond is a town and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in England. The Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a large mainly Gothic church London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. The Kings of Wessex, who conquered Kent and Sussex from Mercia in 825 became increasingly dominant over the other kingdoms of England during Great Britain during the Middle Ages (from the 5th century withdrawal of Roman forces from the province of Britannia Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into the most efficient military power in Europe. For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film. The Kingdom of England was a State (927-1707 located in Western Europe dating from the ninth or tenth century to the early eighteenth century when it was legally His reign saw vital developments in legislature and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. The Black Death, or the Black Plague, was one of the deadliest Pandemics in human history widely thought to have been caused by a bacterium named Yersinia He remained on the throne for 50 years; no English monarch had reigned for as long since Henry III, and none would again until George III. Henry III (1 October 1207 &ndash 16 November 1272 was the son and successor of John "Lackland" as King of England, reigning for fifty-six years from 1216 George III (George William Frederick 4 June 1738 George III's long reign was marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdom much of the rest of Europe and places
Edward was crowned at the age of fourteen, following the deposition of his father. When he was only seventeen years old, he led a coup against his regent, Roger Mortimer, and began his personal reign. A regent, from the Latin regens "who reigns" is a person selected to act as Head of state (ruling or not because the ruler is a minor Roger de Mortimer 1st Earl of March ( 25 April 1287 &ndash 29 November 1330) an English nobleman was for three years de facto ruler After defeating, but not subjugating, the Kingdom of Scotland, he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1340, starting what would be known as the Hundred Years' War. The Kingdom of Scotland ( Gaelic: Rìoghachd na h-Alba, Scots: Kinrick o Scotland) was a State in northwest Europe The Hundred Years' War (Guerre de Cent Ans was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne vacant with the extinction of the senior Following some initial setbacks, the war went exceptionally well for England; the victories of Crécy and Poitiers led up to the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny. This article covers the battle during the Hundred Years' War. The Treaty of Brétigny was a Treaty signed on May 8, 1360, between King Edward III of England and King John II (the Good Edward’s later years, however, were marked by international failure and domestic strife, largely as a result of his inertia and eventual bad health.
Edward III was a temperamental man, but also capable of great clemency. He was, in most ways, a conventional king, mainly interested in warfare. Highly revered in his own time and for centuries after, Edward was denounced as an irresponsible adventurer by later Whig historians. Whig history or Whiggish historiography presents the past as an inevitable progression towards ever greater liberty and enlightenment culminating in modern forms of liberal This view has turned, and modern historiography credits him with many achievements.
Edward was born at Windsor on November 13, 1312, and was called "Edward of Windsor" in his early years. Windsor Castle, in Windsor in the English county of Berkshire, is the largest inhabited Castle in the world and dating back to the time of Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St The reign of his father, Edward II, was fraught with military defeat, rebellious barons and corrupt courtiers, but the birth of a male heir in 1312 temporarily strengthened Edward II's position on the throne. For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film.  To further this end, in what was probably an attempt by his father to shore up royal supremacy after years of discontent, Edward was created Earl of Chester at the age of only twelve days, and less than two months later, his father gave him a full household of servants for his court, so he could live independently as if he were a full adult Nobleman. The Earldom of Chester was one of the most powerful earldoms in Medieval England. 
On 20 January 1327, when the young Edward was fourteen years old, the queen, Isabella, and her consort Roger Mortimer deposed the king. Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Isabella of France (c 1295 &ndash August 22, 1358) known as the She-Wolf of France, was the Queen consort of Edward II of Roger de Mortimer 1st Earl of March ( 25 April 1287 &ndash 29 November 1330) an English nobleman was for three years de facto ruler Deposition by Political means concerns the removal of a Politician or Monarch. Edward, now Edward III, was crowned on 1 February, with Isabella and Mortimer as regents. Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Mortimer, the de facto ruler of England, subjected the young king to constant disrespect and humiliation.
Mortimer knew his position was precarious, especially after Edward and his wife, Philippa of Hainault, had a son on 15 June 1330. Philippa of Hainault ( June 24 1311 &ndash August 15 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history  Mortimer used his power to acquire a number of noble estates and titles, many of them belonging to Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel. Edmund FitzAlan 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots (1 May 1285 &ndash 17 November 1326 FitzAlan, who had remained loyal to Edward II in his struggle with Isabella and Mortimer, had been executed on 17 November 1326. Events 284 - Diocletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers However Mortimer's greed and arrogance caused many of the other nobles to hate him; all this was not lost on the young king.
The young, headstrong King had never forgotten the fate of his father, or how he himself had been treated as a child. At almost 18 years old, Edward was ready to take his revenge. On the 19 October 1330, Mortimer and Isabella were sleeping in Nottingham castle. Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Under the cover of night, a group loyal to King Edward entered the fortress through a secret passage-way and burst into Mortimer's quarters. Those conducting the coup arrested him in the name of the King and he was taken to the Tower of London. Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower) is a historic monument in central London Stripped of his land and titles, he was hauled before the 17 year-old King and accused of assuming Royal authority over England. Edward's mother begged her son to show mercy, but he could not. Without allowing his regent a trial, Edward sentenced Mortimer to death one month after the coup had been staged. As Mortimer was executed, Edward's mother was exiled in Castle Rising. Castle Rising is a Village and Civil parish in the English County of Norfolk. By his 18th birthday, Edward's vengeance was complete and he was de facto ruler of England.
|House of Plantagenet|
Armorial of Plantagenet
|Edward, Prince of Wales|
|Lionel, Duke of Clarence|
|John, Duke of Lancaster|
|Edmund, Duke of York|
|Thomas, Duke of Gloucester|
|Joan of England|
|Isabella, Countess of Bedford|
|Philippa, Countess of Ulster|
|Philippa, Queen of Portugal|
|Elizabeth, Baroness Fanhope and Milbroke|
|Katherine, Queen of Castile|
|Edward, Duke of York|
|Richard, Earl of Cambridge|
|Constance of York|
|Anne, Countess of Eu|
Edward chose to renew the military conflict with the Kingdom of Scotland in which his father and grandfather had engaged with varying success. TalkCommonewalth realm.--> The monarchy The House of Plantagenet (planˈtadʒɪnɪt also called the House of Anjou, or the First Angevin dynasty, was originally a noble Family chief Heirs cadets House of Lancaster House of York Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376 popularly known as The Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence ( November 29 1338 &ndash October 7 1368) was the third son but the second son to survive infancy of John of Gaunt 1st Duke of Lancaster (second creation 1st Duke of Aquitaine (6 March 1340 &ndash 3 February 1399 was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York ( June 5 1341 &ndash August 1 1402) was a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester ( January 7 1355 &ndash September 8 (or 9 1397 was the thirteenth and youngest child of King Edward Joan of England (1333 or 1335 - 2 September 1348) was the daughter of King Edward III of England and his Queen Philippa of Hainault Isabella Plantagenet, also known as Dame Isabella de Coucy ( 16 June 1332 - either April 1379 or 1382 was the daughter of Edward III of England Richard II (6 January 1367 &ndash ca 14 February 1400 was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399 Philippa Plantagenet, ( 16 August 1355 &ndash 5 January 1382) was the Countess of Ulster Suo jure Princess Philippa of Lancaster, LG ( 31 March, 1360 Leicester Castle &ndash July 19, 1415 Odivelas) was an English Henry IV (3 April 1367 &ndash 20 March 1413 was King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399&ndash1413 Katherine of Lancaster (also known as Katherine Plantagenet and as Queen Catalina of Castile and Leon) (1372-1418 &ndash was the daughter of John of Gaunt Richard of Conisburgh 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c 1375 &ndash 5 August 1415) was the younger son of Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York and Isabella Constance of York (c 1374 - 29 November 1416) was the only daughter of Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York and his wife Isabella of Anne of Gloucester (April 1383 - October 16 1438) was the eldest daughter of Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester and Eleanor The Kingdom of Scotland ( Gaelic: Rìoghachd na h-Alba, Scots: Kinrick o Scotland) was a State in northwest Europe For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film. Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307 popularly known as Longshanks, was a King of England who achieved historical fame by conquering large parts of Wales and almost Edward repudiated the Treaty of Northampton that had been signed during the regency, thus renewing claims of English sovereignty over Scotland and resulting in the Second War of Scottish Independence. The Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton was a Peace treaty, signed in 1328 between the Kingdoms of England and Scotland. The Second War of Scottish Independence began properly in 1333 when Edward III of England overturned the 1328 Treaty of Northampton, under which England recognised
Intending to regain what the English had conceded, he won back control of Berwick and secured a decisive English victory at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333 against the forces of the boy-king David II of Scotland. Battle of Halidon Hill ( July 19, 1333) was fought during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Daibhidh a Briuis ( Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis) anglicised as David II ( 5 March 1324 &ndash 22 February Edward III was now in a position to put Edward Balliol on the throne of Scotland and claim a reward of 2,000 librates of land in the southern counties - the Lothians, Roxburghshire, Berwickshire, Dumfriesshire, Lanarkshire and Peebleshire. Edward de Balliol (c 1282&ndash1364 was the short-lived King of Scotland during the simultaneous reign of King David II. Despite the victories of Dupplin and Halidon, the Bruce party soon started to recover and by the close of 1335 and the Battle of Culblean, the Plantagenet occupation was in difficulties and the Balliol party was fast losing ground. The Battle of Culblean was fought on 30 November, 1335, during the Second War of Scottish Independence.
At this time, in 1336, Edward III's brother John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall died. John of Eltham Earl of Cornwall ( August 25 1316 &ndash September 13 1336) was the son of Edward II of England and Isabella John of Fordun's Gesta Annalia is alone in claiming that Edward killed his brother in a quarrel at Perth. John of Fordun (d c 1384 was a Scottish Chronicler. It is generally stated that he was born at Fordoun, Mearns. Perth (Peairt is a town and former Royal burgh in central Scotland.
Although Edward III committed very large armies to Scottish operations, by 1337 the vast majority of Scotland had been recovered by the forces of David II, leaving only a few castles such as Edinburgh, Roxburgh and Stirling in Plantagenet possession. These installations were not adequate to impose Edward's rule and by 1338/9 Edward had moved from a policy of conquest to one of containment.
Edward faced military problems on two fronts; the challenge from the French monarchy was of no less concern. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The French represented a problem in three areas: first, they provided constant support to the Scottish through the Franco-Scottish alliance. The Auld Alliance (Vieille Alliance auld-alliansen refers to a series of treaties offensive and defensive in nature between Scotland and France aimed specifically Philip VI protected David II in exile, and supported Scottish raids in Northern England. Philip VI (1293 &ndash 22 August 1350) known as the Fortunate ( French: le Fortuné) and of Valois, was the Northern England, The North, The North of England or (less commonly The North Country refers to the parts of England north of an ill-defined line Second, the French attacked several English coastal towns, leading to rumors in England of a full-scale invasion.  Finally, the English king's possessions in France were under threat—in 1337, Philip VI confiscated the duchy of Aquitaine and the county of Ponthieu. Aquitaine (Aquitània Akitania archaic Guyenne / Guienne (Occitan Guiana) is one of the 26 Regions of France, in the south-western part of Ponthieu is a former province of northern France. Its chief town is Abbeville.
Instead of seeking a peaceful solution to the conflict by paying homage to the French king, Edward laid claim to the French crown as the only living male descendant of his deceased maternal grandfather, Philip IV. The French, however, invoked the Salic law of succession and rejected the claim, pronouncing Philip IV's nephew, Philip VI, the true heir (see below) and thereby setting the stage for the Hundred Years' War by incorporating England's coat of arms, rampant lions, and France's coat of arms, the fleurs de lys, and he, in so doing, declared himself king of both England and France. Salic law ( Lat Lex Salica) was an important body of traditional Law codified for governing the Salian Franks in the Early Middle Ages Edward III (13 November 1312 &ndash 21 June 1377 was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. The Hundred Years' War (Guerre de Cent Ans was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne vacant with the extinction of the senior 
In the war against France, Edward built alliances and fought by proxy through minor French princes. In 1338, Louis IV named him vicar-general of the Holy Roman Empire, and promised his support. Louis IV ( 1 April[[ 282]] &ndash 11 October 1347) called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was the Duke of Bavaria The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in These measures, however, produced few results; the only major military gain made in this phase of the war was the English naval victory at Sluys on 24 June 1340, where 16,000 French soldiers and sailors died. The decisive naval Battle of Sluys (slœys in Dutch, but frequently anglicised as /slɔɪz/ was fought on 24 June 1340 as one of the opening Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place
Meanwhile, the fiscal pressure on the kingdom caused by Edward's expensive alliances led to discontent at home. In response he returned unannounced on 30 November 1340. Events 1700 - Battle of Narva — A Swedish army of 8500 men under Charles XII defeats Finding the affairs of the realm in disorder, he purged the royal administration.  These measures did not bring domestic stability, however, and a standoff ensued between the king and John Stratford, the Archbishop of Canterbury. John de Stratford (died 1348 was Archbishop of Canterbury and Treasurer and Chancellor of England The Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the
Edward, at the Parliament of England of April 1341, was forced to accept severe limitations to his financial and administrative prerogatives. The Parliament of England was the Legislature of the Kingdom of England. Yet, in October of the same year, the king repudiated this statute, and Archbishop Stratford was politically ostracised. The extraordinary circumstances of the 1341 parliament had forced the king into submission, but under normal circumstances the powers of the king in medieval England were virtually unlimited, and Edward took advantage of this. 
After much inconclusive campaigning in Continental Europe, Edward decided to stage a major offensive in 1346, sailing for Normandy with a force of 15,000 men. Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the Continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European Normandy (Normandie Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy.  His army sacked the city of Caen and marched across northern France. This article is about the battle in 1346 during the Hundred Years War. On 26 August he met the French king's forces in pitched battle at Crécy and won a decisive victory. Events 1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert. Meanwhile, back home, William Zouche, the Archbishop of York mobilized an army to oppose David II, who had returned, defeating and capturing him at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October. William Zouche or William La Zouche, (died 19 July 1352 at Cawood Palace, West Riding of Yorkshire) was a medieval Archbishop of York. York ( is an historic Walled city sited at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England. The Battle of Neville's Cross took place near Durham, England on October 17, 1346. Events 539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost With his northern border having been secured, Edward felt free to continue his major offensive against France, laying siege to the town of Calais, which fell after an extraordinarily long siege-- probably the greatest single military operation undertaken by the English state in the Middle Ages-- in August of 1347. Calais (kaˈlɛ in English often kæˈleɪ traditional English pronunciation /ˈkælɨs/ Kales is a town in northern France.
After the death of the Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV in October of 1347, his son Louis V, Duke of Bavaria negotiated with Edward to compete against the new German king Charles IV, but Edward finally decided in May 1348 not to run for the German crown. Louis IV or Ludwig IV may refer to Louis the Child, known also as Louis IV (893–911 Louis V Duke of Bavaria, called the Brandenburger (May 1315 &ndash 18 September 1361 in Zorneding near Munich) was Duke of Charles IV ( Czech: Karel IV, German: Karl IV, Hungarian: IV Károly; 14 May 1316 &ndash
In 1348, the Black Death struck Europe with full force, killing a third or more of England's population. The Black Death, or the Black Plague, was one of the deadliest Pandemics in human history widely thought to have been caused by a bacterium named Yersinia  This loss of manpower, and subsequently of revenues, meant a halt to major campaigning. The great landowners struggled with the shortage of manpower and the resulting inflation in labor cost. Attempting to cap wages, the king and parliament responded with the Ordinance of Labourers (1349) and the Statute of Labourers (1351). The Ordinance of Labourers was a piece of legislation consisting of regulations and Price controls issued by King Edward III of England in June 18, The Statute of labourers was a law enacted by the English parliament under King Edward III in 1351 in response to a labour shortage The plague did not, however, lead to a full-scale breakdown of government and society, and recovery was remarkably swift. 
In 1356, Edward's oldest son, the Black Prince, won a great victory at the battle of Poitiers. Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376 popularly known as The Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward This article covers the battle during the Hundred Years' War. The greatly outnumbered English forces not only routed the French but captured the French king, John II. John II (16 April 1319 &ndash 8 April 1364 called John the Good (Jean le Bon was Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, and Duke of Normandy After a succession of victories, the English held great possessions in France, the French king was in English custody, and the French central government had almost totally collapsed. Whether Edward's claim to the French crown originally was genuine or just a political ploy, it now seemed to be within reach. Yet a campaign in 1359, meant to complete the undertaking, was inconclusive. In 1360, therefore, Edward accepted the Treaty of Brétigny, whereby he renounced his claims to the French throne but secured his extended French possessions in full sovereignty. The Treaty of Brétigny was a Treaty signed on May 8, 1360, between King Edward III of England and King John II (the Good
While Edward's early reign had been energetic and successful, his later years were marked by inertia, military failure and political strife. Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376 popularly known as The Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward The day-to-day affairs of the state had less appeal to Edward than military campaigning, so during the 1360s Edward increasingly relied on the help of his subordinates, in particular William Wykeham. William of Wykeham (1320 &ndash 27 September 1404) was Bishop of Winchester, Chancellor of England, founder of Winchester A relative upstart, Wykeham was made Lord Privy Seal in 1363 and Lord Chancellor in 1367, though due to political difficulties connected with his inexperience, the Parliament forced him resign to the chancellorship in 1371. The Lord Privy Seal or Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom ranking beneath the The following is a list of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers of the Great Seal of England and Great Britain. 
Compounding Edward's difficulties were the deaths of his most trusted men, some from the 1361–62 recurrence of the plague. William Montacute, Edward's companion in the 1330 coup, was dead by 1344. William Montacute (alias Montagu) King of the Isle of Man, 1st Earl of Salisbury and 3rd Baron Montagu (1301 &ndash January 30 William de Clinton, who had also been with the king at Nottingham, died in 1354. William de Clinton 1st Earl of Huntingdon (1304 &ndash 1354 and Lord High Admiral, was the younger son of Baron John Clinton of Maxstoke (Warwickshire and Ida De Odingsells One of the earls of 1337, William de Bohun, died in 1360, and the next year Henry of Grosmont, perhaps the greatest of Edward's captains, succumbed to what was probably plague. William de Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton (ca 1312-1360 was an English Nobleman and military commander Henry of Grosmont Duke of Lancaster ( c 1310 &ndash 23 March, 1361) also Earl of Derby and Leicester was a member of the English nobility in the Their deaths left the majority of the magnates younger and more naturally aligned to the princes than to the king himself.
The king's second son, Lionel of Antwerp, attempted to subdue by force the largely autonomous Anglo-Irish lords in Ireland. Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence ( November 29 1338 &ndash October 7 1368) was the third son but the second son to survive infancy of The term Hiberno-Norman is used of those Norman lords who settled in Ireland, admitting little if any real Fealty to the Anglo-Norman settlers Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world The venture failed, and the only lasting mark he left were the suppressive Statutes of Kilkenny in 1366. The Statutes of Kilkenny were a series of thirty-five acts passed at Kilkenny in 1366, aimed at curbing the decline of the Hiberno-Norman Lordship 
In France, meanwhile, the decade following the Treaty of Brétigny was one of relative tranquillity, but on 8 April 1364 John II died in captivity in England, after unsuccessfully trying to raise his own ransom at home. Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian John II (16 April 1319 &ndash 8 April 1364 called John the Good (Jean le Bon was Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, and Duke of Normandy He was followed by the vigorous Charles V, who enlisted the help of the capable Constable Bertrand du Guesclin. Charles V ( 21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380) called the Wise, was King of France from 1364 to his death and a member The Constable of France (connétable de France from Latin comes stabuli for " Count of the stables" as the First Officer of the Crown was one Bertrand du Guesclin (c 1320 &ndash 13 July 1380) known as the Eagle of Brittany, was a Breton Knight and French military commander  In 1369, the French war started anew, and Edward's younger son John of Gaunt was given the responsibility of a military campaign. The Hundred Years' War (Guerre de Cent Ans was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne vacant with the extinction of the senior John of Gaunt 1st Duke of Lancaster (second creation 1st Duke of Aquitaine (6 March 1340 &ndash 3 February 1399 was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third The effort failed, and with the Treaty of Bruges in 1375, the great English possessions in France were reduced to only the coastal towns of Calais, Bordeaux and Bayonne. 
Military failure abroad and the associated fiscal pressure of campaigning led to political discontent at home. The problems came to a head in the parliament of 1376, the so-called Good Parliament. The Good Parliament is the name traditionally given to the English Parliament of 1376 The parliament was called to grant taxation, but the House of Commons took the opportunity to address specific grievances. The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords In particular, criticism was directed at some of the king's closest advisers. Lord Chamberlain William Latimer and Lord Steward John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby were dismissed from their positions. The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is one of the chief officers of the Royal Household in the United Kingdom, and is to be distinguished William Latimer, (c 1467 &ndash 1545 was an English Clergyman and Scholar of Ancient Greek. The Lord Steward or Lord Steward of the Household, in England, is an important official of the Royal Household. John Neville 3rd Baron Neville de Raby (1328 &ndash 17 October 1388) was born at Castle Raby, County Durham, England to Ralph Edward's mistress, Alice Perrers, who was seen to hold far too much power over the aging king, was banished from court. Alice Perrers (c 1340 &ndash 1400 is notorious as the mistress of King Edward III of England. 
Yet the real adversary of the Commons, supported by powerful men such as Wykeham and Edmund de Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, was John of Gaunt. Edmund de Mortimer 3rd Earl of March and Jure uxoris Earl of Ulster (1351? &ndash 27 December, 1381) was son of Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl Both the king and the Black Prince were by this time incapacitated by illness, leaving Gaunt in virtual control of government. Gaunt was forced to give in to the demands of parliament, but by its next convocation, in 1377, most of the achievements of the Good Parliament were reversed. 
Edward himself, however, did not have much to do with any of this; after around 1375 he played a limited role in the government.  Around 29 September 1376 he fell ill with a large abscess. Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. An abscess (abscessus is a collection of Pus (dead Neutrophils) that has accumulated in a cavity formed by the tissue on the basis of an infectious process After a brief period of recovery in February, the king died of a stroke (some sources say gonorrhea) at Sheen on 21 June. Gonorrhea (also gonorrhoea) caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is a common Sexually transmitted disease.  He was succeeded by his ten-year-old grandson, King Richard II of England, son of the Black Prince, since the Black Prince himself had died on 8 June 1376. Richard II (6 January 1367 &ndash ca 14 February 1400 was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399 Events 68 - The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba. 536 - St Silverius becomes Pope (probable
The middle years of Edward's reign was a period of significant activity. Perhaps the best known piece of legislation was the Statute of Labourers of 1351, which addressed the labour shortage problem caused by the Black Death. The Statute of labourers was a law enacted by the English parliament under King Edward III in 1351 in response to a labour shortage The Black Death, or the Black Plague, was one of the deadliest Pandemics in human history widely thought to have been caused by a bacterium named Yersinia The statute fixed wages at their pre-plague level and checked peasant mobility by asserting that lords had first claim on their men's services. In spite of concerted efforts to uphold the statute, it eventually failed due to competition among landowners for labour.  The law has been described as an attempt "to legislate against the law of supply and demand", making it doomed to failure. Supply and demand is an Economic model describing effects on price and quantity in a Market.  Nevertheless, the labour shortage had created a community of interest between the smaller landowners of the House of Commons and the greater landowners of the House of Lords. The House of Lords is the second house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also commonly referred to as "the Lords" The resulting attempts at suppression of the labour force angered the peasants, leading to the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. 
The reign of Edward III coincided with the so-called Babylonian Captivity of the papacy at Avignon. In the History of the Roman Catholic Church, the Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1377 during which seven Popes all French, resided in Avignon Avignon (/aviɲɔ̃/ in French) ( Provençal: Avinhon in classical norm or Avignoun in Mistralian norm is a commune During the wars with France, opposition emerged in England against perceived injustices by a papacy largely controlled by the French crown. Heavy papal taxation of the English Church was suspected to be financing the nation's enemies, while the practice of provisions—the Pope providing benefices for clerics, often non-resident aliens—caused resentment in an increasingly xenophobic English population. History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and Xenophobia is an intense and/or irrational dislike and sometimes fear of people from other countries The statutes of Provisors and Praemunire, of 1350 and 1353 respectively, aimed to amend this by banning papal benefices, as well as limiting the power of the papal court over English subjects. Praemunire (an error from Latin præmonere to pre-admonish or forewarn was an offence in English law that took its name from the introductory words of the  The statutes did not, however, sever the ties between the king and the Pope, who were equally dependent upon each other. It was not until the Great Schism in 1378 that the English crown was able to free itself completely from the influence of Avignon. The Great Schism of Western Christianity or Papal Schism (also known as the Western Schism) was a split within the Roman Catholic Church from 1378 to 1417
Other legislation of importance includes the Treason Act of 1351. Main article High treason in the United Kingdom The Treason Act 1351 is an Act of the Parliament of England (25 Edw It was precisely the harmony of the reign that allowed a consensus on the definition of this controversial crime.  Yet the most significant legal reform was probably that concerning the Justices of the Peace. A Justice of the Peace ( JP) is a Puisne Judicial officer appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace This institution began before the reign of Edward III, but by 1350, the justices had been given the power not only to investigate crimes and make arrests, but also to try cases, including those of felony. In Common law legal systems a felony is a serious Crime, often contrasted with a Misdemeanor. With this, an enduring fixture in the administration of local English justice had been created. 
Parliament as a representative institution was already well established by the time of Edward III, but the reign was nevertheless central to its development. The Parliament of England was the Legislature of the Kingdom of England. During this period membership in the English baronage, formerly a somewhat indistinct group, became restricted to those who received a personal summons to parliament. Baron is a specific Title of nobility. The word baron comes from Old French baron, itself from Old High German and Latin (liber Hereditary peers form part of the Peerage in the United Kingdom.  This happened as parliament gradually developed into a bicameral institution. In Government, bicameralism (bi + Latin la ''camera'' chamber is the practice of having two legislative or Parliamentary chambers Thus a bicameral Yet it was not in the House of Lords, but in the House of Commons that the greatest changes took place. The House of Lords is the second house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also commonly referred to as "the Lords" The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords The widening of political power can be seen in the crisis of the Good Parliament, where the Commons for the first time—albeit with noble support—was responsible for precipitating a political crisis. In the process, both the procedure of impeachment and the office of the Speaker were created. Impeachment is the first of two stages in a specific process for a legislative body to forcibly remove a Government official Even though the political gains were of only temporary duration, this parliament represented a watershed in English political history.
The political influence of the Commons originally lay in its right to grant taxes. The financial demands of the Hundred Years' War were enormous, and the king and his ministers tried different methods of covering the expenses. The king had a steady income from crown lands, and could also take up substantial loans from Italian and domestic financiers. In the United Kingdom, the Crown Estate is a Property portfolio associated with the monarchy. To finance warfare on Edward III's scale, however, the king had to resort to taxation of his subjects. Taxation took two primary forms: levy and customs. Customs is an Authority or agency in a Country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods The levy was a grant of a proportion of all moveable property, normally a tenth for towns and a fifteenth for farmland. This could produce large sums of money, but each such levy had to be approved by parliament, and the king had to prove the necessity.  The customs therefore provided a welcome supplement, as a steady and reliable source of income. An 'ancient duty' on the export of wool had existed since 1275. Edward I had tried to introduce an additional duty on wool, but this unpopular maltolt, or 'unjust exaction', was soon abandoned. Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307 popularly known as Longshanks, was a King of England who achieved historical fame by conquering large parts of Wales and almost Then, from 1336 onwards, a series of schemes aimed at increasing royal revenues from wool export were introduced. After some initial problems and discontent, it was agreed through the Ordinance of the Staple of 1353 that the new customs should be approved by parliament, though in reality they became permanent. The Statute of the Staple was a statute passed in 1353 by the Parliament of England. 
Through the steady taxation of Edward III's reign, parliament—and in particular the Commons—gained political influence. A consensus emerged that in order for a tax to be just, the king had to prove its necessity, it had to be granted by the community of the realm, and it had to be to the benefit of that community. In addition to imposing taxes, parliament would also present petitions for redress of grievances to the king, most often concerning misgovernment by royal officials. A petition is a request to change some thing most commonly made to a government official or public entity This way the system was beneficial for both parties. Through this process the commons, and the community they represented, became increasingly politically aware, and the foundation was laid for the particular English brand of constitutional monarchy. 
Central to Edward III's policy was reliance on the higher nobility for purposes of war and administration. While his father had regularly been in conflict with a great portion of his peerage, Edward III successfully created a spirit of camaraderie between himself and his greatest subjects.
Both Edward I and Edward II had conducted a policy of limitation, allowing the creation of few peerages during the sixty years preceding Edward III's reign. The young king reversed this policy when, in 1337, as a preparation for the imminent war, he created six new earls on the same day. Earl was the Anglo-Saxon form and jarl the Scandinavian form of a title meaning " Chieftain " and referring especially to chieftains  At the same time, Edward expanded the ranks of the peerage upwards, by introducing the new title of duke for close relatives of the king. A duke is a member of the Nobility, historically of highest rank below the Sovereign, and historically controlled a Duchy or a Dukedom
Furthermore, Edward bolstered the sense of community within this group by the creation of the Order of the Garter, probably in 1348. The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an Order of chivalry, or Knighthood, originating in Medieval England, and presently bestowed on recipients A plan from 1344 to revive the Round Table of King Arthur never came to fruition, but the new order carried connotations from this legend by the circular shape of the garter. King Arthur is a legendary British leader who according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against the Saxon invaders Polydore Vergil tells of how the young Joan of Kent, Countess of Salisbury —the king's favourite at the time—accidentally dropped her garter at a ball at Calais. Polydore Vergil or Virgil (c 1470 &ndash April 18 1555) was an English Historian, of Italian birth otherwise known as Joan Countess of Kent ( September 29, 1328 &ndash August 7, 1385) known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, was the first In historical writings when used in reference to a person favourite ( British English and the English of Commonwealth Countries or favorite ( American King Edward responded to the ridicule of the crowd by tying the garter around his own knee with the words honi soit qui mal y pense—shame on him who thinks ill of it. 
This reinforcement of the aristocracy must be seen in conjunction with the war in France, as must the emerging sense of national identity. Just like the war with Scotland had done, the fear of a French invasion helped strengthen a sense of national unity, and nationalise the aristocracy that had been largely Anglo-French since the Norman conquest. Since the time of Edward I, popular myth suggested that the French planned to extinguish the English language, and like his grandfather had done, Edward III made the most of this scare. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States  As a result, the English language experienced a strong revival; in 1362, a statute ordered the English language to be used in law courts and, the year after, Parliament was for the first time opened in English.  At the same time, the vernacular saw a revival as a literary language, through the works of William Langland, John Gower and especially Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer. William Langland (ca 1332 - ca 1386 is the conjectured Author of the 14th-century English Dream-vision Piers Plowman. John Gower (c 1330 – October 1408 was an English Poet, a contemporary of William Langland and a personal friend of Geoffrey Chaucer. The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in Prose, the rest in verse) Geoffrey Chaucer (c 1343 – 25 October 1400? was an English author poet Philosopher, bureaucrat, courtier and Diplomat.
Yet the extent of this Anglicisation must not be exaggerated. Anglicisation or anglicization (see -ise vs -ize) is a process of conversion of verbal or written elements of any other language into a more comprehensible English The statute of 1362 was in fact written in the French language and had little immediate effect, and parliament was opened in that language as late as 1377. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people  The Order of the Garter, though a distinctly English institution, included also foreign members such as John V, Duke of Brittany and Sir Robert of Namur. John V the Conqueror (in Breton Yann IV, in French Jean IV) (1339 &ndash November 1 1399) was Duke of Brittany and List of Governors 1830 - 1834 Goswin de Stassart (Liberal 1834 - 1840 Joseph Lebeau (Liberal 1840 - 1847 Edouard  Edward III—himself bilingual—viewed himself as legitimate king of both England and France, and could not show preferential treatment for one part of his domains over another.
Edward III enjoyed unprecedented popularity in his own lifetime, and even the troubles of his later reign were never blamed directly on the king himself.  Edward's contemporary Jean Froissart wrote in his Chronicles that "His like had not been seen since the days of King Arthur". Jean Froissart (c 1337 &ndash c 1405 was one of the most important of the Chroniclers of Medieval France. Froissart's Chronicle was written in French by Jean Froissart.  This view persisted for a while, but, with time, the image of the king changed. The Whig historians of a later age preferred constitutional reform to foreign conquest and discredited Edward for ignoring his responsibilities to his own nation. Whig history or Whiggish historiography presents the past as an inevitable progression towards ever greater liberty and enlightenment culminating in modern forms of liberal In the words of Bishop Stubbs:
|“||Edward III was not a statesman, though he possessed some qualifications which might have made him a successful one. William Stubbs ( 21 June 1825 &ndash 22 April 1901) was an English Historian and Bishop of Oxford. He was a warrior; ambitious, unscrupulous, selfish, extravagant and ostentatious. His obligations as a king sat very lightly on him. He felt himself bound by no special duty, either to maintain the theory of royal supremacy or to follow a policy which would benefit his people. Like Richard I, he valued England primarily as a source of supplies. ||”|
Influential as Stubbs was, it was long before this view was challenged. In a 1960 article, titled "Edward III and the Historians", May McKisack pointed out the teleological nature of Stubbs' judgement. May McKisack (1900-1981 was a British mediaeval Historian. She was professor of history at Westfield College in London and later professor of Teleology ( Greek: telos: end purpose is the philosophical study of design and Purpose. A medieval king could not be expected to work towards the future ideal of a parliamentary monarchy; rather his role was a pragmatic one—to maintain order and solve problems as they arose. At this, Edward III excelled.  Edward had also been accused of endowing his younger sons too liberally and thereby promoting dynastic strife culminating in the Wars of the Roses. The Wars of the Roses (1455–1485 were a series of dynastic Civil wars fought in England between supporters of the Houses of Lancaster and York This claim was rejected by K.B. McFarlane, who argued that this was not only the common policy of the age, but also the best. Kenneth Bruce McFarlane (1903-1966 was the 20th century's most influential historian of late medieval England.  Later biographers of the king such as Mark Ormrod and Ian Mortimer have followed this historiographical trend. Ian Mortimer, born in 1967 is a British historian He won a scholarship to Eastbourne College and read for degrees in History at the University of Exeter (BA PhD However, the older progressive view has not completely been neglected; as recently as 2001, Norman Cantor described Edward III as an "avaricious and sadistic thug" and a "destructive and merciless force. Norman F Cantor (born in Winnipeg, Canada on November 19, 1929, died in Miami Florida, United States on September "
From what we know of Edward's character, he could be impulsive and temperamental, as was seen by his actions against Stratford and the ministers in 1340–41.  At the same time, he was well-known for his clemency; Mortimer's grandson was not only absolved, but came to play an important part in the French wars, and was eventually made a knight of the Garter. Roger de Mortimer 2nd Earl of March (c1328 &ndash February 26, 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War  Both in his religious views and his interests, he was a conventional man. His favourite pursuit was the art of war, and, as such, he conformed to the medieval notion of good kingship.  As a warrior he was so successful that one modern military historian has described him as the greatest general in English history.  He seems to have been unusually devoted to his wife, Queen Philippa. Philippa of Hainault ( June 24 1311 &ndash August 15 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. Much has been made of Edward's sexual licentiousness, but there is no evidence of any infidelity on the king's part before Alice Perrers became his lover, and, by that time, the queen was already terminally ill.  He is quite unusual among medieval English monarchs in having no known illegitimate children. This devotion extended to the rest of the family as well; in contrast to so many of his predecessors, Edward never experienced opposition from any of his five adult sons. 
Edward is the central character in the play Edward III, sometimes attributed to William Shakespeare. The Reign of King Edward the Third is an Elizabethan play often attributed to William Shakespeare. William Shakespeare ( baptised He also appears as a boy in Edward II by Christopher Marlowe. Edward II is a Renaissance or Early Modern period play written by Christopher Marlowe.
Edward III has rarely been portrayed on screen. He was portrayed by Charles Kent in the silent short The Death of King Edward III (1911), Michael Hordern in The Dark Avenger (1955), about Edward, the Black Prince, and as a boy by Stéphane Combesco in the French TV adaptation of Marlowe's play Edward II (1982) and by Jody Graber in Derek Jarman's version of Edward II (1991). Charles Kent ( 18 June, 1852 &ndash 21 May, 1923) was a British-born American Silent film actor and director. Sir Michael Murray Hordern ( 3 October 1911 &ndash 2 May 1995) was an English Actor, knighted in 1983 for his services Derek Jarman ( January 31 1942 – February 19 1994) was an English Film director, Stage designer Edward II is a 1991 film by Derek Jarman based on the play Edward II by Christopher Marlowe.
Like his father and grandfather before him, Edward's arms as heir-apparent were differenced by a label azure of three points, which he lost when he acceded the throne. . Part-way through his reign, in 1340, he altered those arms by quartering them with those of France, to signal his claim thereto.
shield as heir-apparent
First shield as King
Second shield as King
|Charles of Valois|
|Isabella||Edward II||Philip VI|
See here for a comprehensive family tree of British monarchs. Escutcheon (ɪ'skʌtʃən (also called scutcheon) is the term used in Heraldry for the Shield displayed Philip the Bold Philip III ( 30 April 1245 &ndash 5 October 1285) called the Bold ( French: le Hardi) was Charles of Valois ( March 12, 1270 &ndash December 16, 1325) was the fourth son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon Louis X (October 1289 – 5 June 1316) called the Quarreller, the Headstrong, or the Stubborn (le Hutin el Obstinado was the Philip V (1292/93 &ndash 3 January 1322) called the Tall (le Long was King of France and Navarre (as Philip II) and Charles IV (18/ 19 June 1294 – 1 February 1328) was the King of France and of Navarre (as Charles I) and Isabella of France (c 1295 &ndash August 22, 1358) known as the She-Wolf of France, was the Queen consort of Edward II of For the play see Edward II (play. For the film see Edward II (film. Philip VI (1293 &ndash 22 August 1350) known as the Fortunate ( French: le Fortuné) and of Valois, was the This is the English monarchs' family tree, including kings of England from William the Conqueror to Elizabeth I.
An analysis of his great-great-grandparents shows that Edward was:
|Edward, the Black Prince||15 June 1330||8 June 1376|
|Isabella||16 June 1332||1379|
|Joan||1333||2 September 1348|
|William of Hatfield||16 February 1337||8 July 1337|
|Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence||29 November 1338||7 October 1368|
|John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster||24 June 1340||3 February 1399|
|Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York||5 June 1341||1 August 1402|
|Mary||10 October 1344||1362|
|Margaret||July 20, 1346||1361|
|William of Windsor||24 June 1348||5 September 1348|
|Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester||7 January 1355||8/9 September 1397|
Edward III of EnglandBorn: 13 November 1312 Died: 21 June 1377
|King of England|
25 January 1327 — 21 June 1377
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk
|Heir to the English Throne|
as heir apparent
13 November 1312 - 25 January 1327
John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall
|Peerage of Ireland|
|Lord of Ireland|
1327 — 1377
|Duke of Aquitaine|
1325 — 1362
Edward, the Black Prince
|Count of Ponthieu|
1360 — 1369
|Created by the|
Treaty of Bretigny
|Lord of Aquitaine|
1360 — 1369
|Merged with the|
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —|
King of France
1369 — 1377
Reason for succession failure:
Capetian Succession Failure
|Edward I of England|
House of Plantagenet
|Edward II of England||Edward III of England|
|Eleanor of Castile|
House of Burgundy
|Philip IV of France|
House of Capet
|Isabella of France|
|Joan I of Navarre|
House of Champagne
|Notes and references|
|NAME||Edward III of England|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||English monarch|
|DATE OF BIRTH||13 November 1312|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Windsor, Berkshire, England|
|DATE OF DEATH||21 June 1377|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Sheen, London, England|