December 20, 1970 – September 5, 1980
|Preceded by||Władysław Gomułka|
|Succeeded by||Stanisław Kania|
|Born||January 6, 1913|
Zagórze, Russian Empire
|Died||July 29, 2001 (aged 88)|
|Political party||Polish United Workers' Party|
Edward Gierek (January 6, 1913 - July 29, 2001) was a Polish communist politician. The Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza - PZPR was a Communist party in the People's Republic of Poland from 1948 to 1990 Events 69 - Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) Władysław Gomułka ( February 6, 1905, Krosno - September 1, 1982) was a Polish Communist leader Stanisław Kania (born March 8 1927) was a Polish communist political leader Events 1066 - Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. 1205 - Philip of Swabia becomes King Year 1913 ( MCMXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Zagórze is the biggest northmost district of Sosnowiec, totally transformed with building the Huta Katowice (expanded reached as far as Klimontów) The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya Events 1014 - Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars: Battle of Kleidion: Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Cieszyn Lublin Voivodeship Cieszyn (Těšín Teschen is a town and the seat of Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland The Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza - PZPR was a Communist party in the People's Republic of Poland from 1948 to 1990 Atheism Events 1066 - Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. 1205 - Philip of Swabia becomes King Year 1913 ( MCMXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 1014 - Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars: Battle of Kleidion: Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based
He was born in Zagórze, outside of Sosnowiec. Zagórze is the biggest northmost district of Sosnowiec, totally transformed with building the Huta Katowice (expanded reached as far as Klimontów) Sosnowiec is a city located in the south of Poland. A county capital neighbouring Katowice, and a mining and industrial region it was one of the largest cities He lost his father to a mining accident in a pit at the age of four. His mother married again and emigrated to northern France, where he was raised. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. He joined the French Communist party in 1931 and was later deported to Poland for organizing a strike. After his military service in Stryj, Galicia, Gierek went to Belgium in 1934, joining the Communist party while working in the coal mines of Waterschei. Stryi (Стрий Polish: Stryj also known as Stryy Stryia and Stry is a City located on the left bank of the Stryi River in the Lviv Oblast During World War II, he operated with a group of Polish guerrillas. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including He returned to Poland in 1948 and rose through the party ranks to become by 1957 a member of the Polish parliament. As first secretary of the Katowice voivodship party organization (1957-70), Gierek created a personal power base and became the recognized leader of the young technocrat faction of the party. Katowice (Katovice Kattowitz is a City in Silesia in southern Poland, on the Kłodnica This article concerns both historical and contemporary voivodeships in various countries When rioting over economic conditions broke out in late 1970, Gierek replaced Władysław Gomułka as party first secretary. The Polish 1970 protests (Grudzień 1970 were Anti-communist protests that occurred in northern Poland in December 1970 Władysław Gomułka ( February 6, 1905, Krosno - September 1, 1982) was a Polish Communist leader Gierek promised economic reform and instituted a program to modernize industry and increase the availability of consumer goods, doing so mostly through foreign loans. His good relations with Western politicians, especially France's Valéry Giscard d'Estaing and Germany's Helmut Schmidt, were a catalyst for his receiving western aid and loans. Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926 is a French centre - right politician who was President of the French Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt (born 23 December 1918 is a German Social Democratic Politician who served as Chancellor of West Germany
The standard of living increased markedly in the Poland of the 1970s, and for a time he was hailed a miracle-worker. The economy, however, began to falter during the 1973 oil crisis, and by 1976 price increases became necessary. The 1973 oil crisis began on October 17 1973 when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC consisting of the Arab members of New riots broke out (especially Radom, 1976), and although they were forcibly suppressed, the planned price increases were cancelled. High foreign debts, food shortages, and an outmoded industrial base compelled a new round of economic reforms in 1980. Once again, price increases set off protests across the country, especially in the Gdańsk and Szczecin shipyards. Gierek was forced to grant legal status to Solidarity and to concede the right to strike. Shortly thereafter, he was replaced as party leader by Stanisław Kania and jailed for a year in 1981. Stanisław Kania (born March 8 1927) was a Polish communist political leader The next strongman to rule Poland was General Wojciech Jaruzelski, who subsequently introduced martial law on December 13, 1981. Events 1294 - Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months Celestine hoped to return to his previous life Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981
Gierek was married to Stanisława and they had two sons, one of whom is MEP Adam Gierek. A Member of the European Parliament ( English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Union 's legislative body the European Parliament. Adam Gierek (born on 17 April 1938 in Zwartberg, Belgium)is a Polish Politician and Member of the European Parliament Edward Gierek died of a lung illness in Cieszyn, which is near the southern mountain resort of Ustroń where he spent his last years. Cieszyn Lublin Voivodeship Cieszyn (Těšín Teschen is a town and the seat of Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. Ustroń Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship Ustroń (Ustron is a health resort town in Cieszyn Silesia, southern Poland.
The books of Rolicki, one of interview conversations and the other a biography, shed much light on this "tragic" figure of Polish history.
|Party political offices|
|General Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party|