New York City dominates the economy of the state. The economy of New York City is the largest regional economy in the United States and the second largest city economy in the world It is the leading center of banking, finance and communication in the United States and is the location of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) on Wall Street, Manhattan. A banker or bank is a Financial institution whose primary activity is to act as a payment agent for customers and to borrow and lend money The field of finance refers to the concepts of Time, Money and Risk and how they are interrelated "Popular press" redirects here note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint "The Popular Press" The New York Stock Exchange ( NYSE) is a Stock exchange based in New York City. Wall Street is a street in lower Manhattan, New York City, United States. The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that in 2005, the total gross state product was $963. 5 billion, ranking 3rd behind California and Texas. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. If New York were a nation, it would rank as the 16th largest economy in the world, behind South Korea. The state economy grew 3. 3%, slightly slower than the 3. 5% growth rate for the US. It was the 25th fastest growing economy in the US in 2005. Its 2005 per capita personal income was $50,038, an increase of 5. 9% from 2004, placing it 5th in the nation behind Massachusetts, and 8th in the world behind Ireland. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world New York's agricultural outputs are dairy products, cattle and other livestock, vegetables, nursery stock, and apples. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal Milk &mdashmostly from goats or cows, but also from buffalo, Sheep Cattle, colloquially referred to as cows, are domesticated Ungulates a member of the Subfamily Bovinae of the family Livestock is the term used to refer (singularly or plurally to a Domesticated Animal intentionally reared in an agricultural setting to produce such as Food The term " vegetable " generally means the edible parts of Plants The definition of the word is traditional rather than Scientific, however A nursery is a place where Plants are propagated and grown to usable size The apple is the pomaceous Fruit of the apple tree Species Malus domestica in the Rose family Rosaceae. Its industrial outputs are printing and publishing, scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery, chemical products, and tourism. Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of Literature or Information &ndash the activity of making information available for public view A chemical substance is a Material with a definite chemical composition. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel
Many of the world's largest corporations locate their home offices in Manhattan or in nearby Westchester County, New York. Westchester County is a primarily Suburban county located in the U The state also has a large manufacturing sector which includes printing and the production of garments, furs, railroad rolling stock, and bus line vehicles. Some industries are concentrated in upstate locations also, such as ceramics (the southern tier of counties), microchips and nanotechnology (Albany), and photographic equipment (Rochester). Albany is the Capital of the State of New York and the County seat of Albany County. Rochester is a city in Monroe County, New York State, south of Lake Ontario in the United States.
The counties of Nassau and Suffolk have long been renowned for their affluence. Long Island's Commuter towns are well known for supplying skilled labor to more urban places but its four counties have their own factories offices schools and other workplaces There is also a Town of Nassau in Rensselaer County. Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Suffolk County is a county located in the US state of New York. Long Island has a very high standard of living with residents paying some of the highest property taxes in the country. In opulent pockets of the North Shore of Long Island and South Shore, assets have passed from one generation to the next over time. The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Island's northern coast bordering Long Island Sound.
From about 1930 to about 1990, Long Island was considered one of the aviation centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft having their headquarters and factories in the Bethpage area. The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U Bethpage is a hamlet and a Census-designated place in Nassau County, New York, USA Grumman has long been the source of top warplanes for the U.S. Navy and the Marine Corps, as seen in the movie Top Gun and numerous WW-II naval and Marine Corps aviation movies. The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U Marines (from the English adjective marine, meaning of the sea, from Latin language mare, meaning sea via French adjective Top Gun is a 1986 American Film directed by Tony Scott and produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer in association with Prominent WW-II Grumman aircraft included the F4F Wildcat and F6F Hellcat fighters, and the TBF Avenger bomber, flown by hundreds of U. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout S. and Allied pilots, including former President George H.W. Bush. George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993
Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering. It was the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratories in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research. Brookhaven National Laboratory ( BNL) is a United States national laboratory located in Upton New York on Long Island, and was formally established Nuclear physics is the field of Physics that studies the building blocks and interactions of Atomic nuclei. The United States Department of Energy ( DOE) is a Cabinet -level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy In recent decades companies such as Sperry Rand and Computer Associates, headquartered in Islandia, have made Long Island a center for the computer industry. Sperry Corporation (1910-1986 was a major American equipment and Electronics company whose existence spanned more than seven decades of the twentieth century CA Inc &mdash formerly Computer Associates Inc &mdash is a multinational Computer software corporation headquartered in Islandia New York. Islandia is a Village in Suffolk County, New York, United States. Gentiva Health Services, a national provider of home health and pharmacy services, also is headquartered in Long Island. Gentiva Health Services, headquartered in Long Island New York, is one of the largest providers of health care and specialty pharmaceutical services in the United
Tourism is a good part of the Long Island economy in certain regions. Tourism thrives primarily in the summer because of the natural beauty, parks and beaches in Long Island along with the warmer weather of summer. Regions of Long Island that are large tourist attractions are the North fork on the east end of Suffolk County, which is known for fishing villages, quaint towns, ferries across to Connecticut or other northern states, and for the world famous wineries. The South fork is primarily known for similar features including golf, equestrian, boating, surfing, and fine dining in the Hamptons and Montauk. The village of Patchogue is also host to one of the finest archaic theaters of its class, the Patchogue Theatre for the Performing Arts, which is also the official home theater of the Atlantic Wind Symphony.
The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural, now including many vineyards and pumpkin farms as well as traditional truck farming. A vineyard is a Plantation of Grape -bearing Vines grown mainly for Winemaking, but also Raisins Table grapes and non-alcoholic Truck farming is the cultivation of one or a few Fruit or Vegetable Crops on a relatively large scale for transport to distant markets where the Fishing also continues to be an important industry, especially at Northport and Montauk. For the computer security term see Phishing. Fishing is the activity of catching Fish. Northport is a Village in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. Montauk is a hamlet (and Census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York on the South Shore of Long Island.
Long Island is home to the East Coast's largest industrial park, the Hauppauge Industrial Park. The park has over 1,300 companies, and employs over 55,000 Long Islanders. Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association. The Hauppauge Industrial Association, which has a membership of approximately 1000 companies throughout Long Island, is a grass-roots pro-active 27- year old business organization
There is a moderately large saltwater commercial fishery located along the Atlantic side of Long Island. The principal catches by value are clams, lobsters, squid, and flounder. There used to be a large oyster fishery in New York waters as well, but at present, oysters comprise only a small portion of the total value of seafood harvested. Perhaps the best known aspect of the fishing sector is the famous Fulton Fish Market in New York City, which distributes not only the New York catch but imported seafood from all over the world. The Fulton Fish Market is a Fish market in New York, United States. The Fulton Fish Market has been moved from Fulton Street in Manhattan to The Bronx
New York's mining sector is concentrated in three areas. Fulton Street is a busy street located in Lower Manhattan. It is in New York City 's Financial District, a few blocks north of Wall Street. Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York The first is near New York City. Primarily, this area specializes in construction materials for the many projects in the city, but it also contains the emery mines of Westchester County, one of two locations in the U. Emery is a very hard rock type used to make abrasive powder It largely consists of the mineral Corundum ( Aluminum oxide) mixed with other species such as the iron-bearing S. where that mineral is extracted. The second area is the Adirondack Mountains. The Adirondack Mountains are a Mountain range located in the northeastern part of New York, that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin This is an area of very specialized products, including talc, industrial garnets, and zinc. Talc (derived from the Persian via Arabic talq) is a Mineral composed of Hydrated Magnesium Silicate with Zinc (ˈzɪŋk from Zink is a Metallic Chemical element with the symbol Zn and Atomic number 30 It should be noted that the Adirondacks are not part of the Appalachian system, despite their location, but are structurally part of the mineral-rich Canadian Shield. The Canadian Shield &mdash also called the Laurentian Plateau, or Bouclier Canadien (French &mdash is a large geological shield covered by In the inland southwestern part of the state, in the Allegheny Plateau, is a region of drilled wells. The only major liquid output at present is salt in the form of brine; however, there are also small to moderate petroleum reserves in this area. New York produced 211,292,000 barrels (33,592,700 m³) of crude oil and 55. 2 billion cubic feet (1,560,000,000 m³) of natural gas in 2005 worth $440M. 1. 58 billion gallons of Salt Brine were produced in 2005 at a value of about $100M. Geothermal energy potential is also being explored in the state, with 24 drilling applications being submitted to the Division of Mineral Resources in 2005.
New York exports a wide variety of goods such as foodstuffs, commodities, minerals, manufactured goods, cut diamonds, and automobile parts. New York's top 5 export markets in 2004 were Canada ($30. 2 billion), United Kingdom ($3. 3 billion), Japan ($2. 6 billion), Israel ($2. 4 billion), and Switzerland ($1. 8 billion). New York's largest imports are oil, gold, aluminum, natural gas, electricity, rough diamonds, and lumber.
Canada has become a very important economic partner of New York. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page 23% of the state's total worldwide exports went to Canada in 2004. Tourism from the north is also a large part of the economy. Canadians spent US$487M in 2004 while visiting the state. This figure is predicted to increase due to the stronger Canadian dollar.
The Erie Canal(also see Erie Canal capers), completed in 1825, dramatically changed New York by opening eastern markets to Midwest farm products. The Erie Canal is a popular canal in New York state from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, approximately 360 miles connecting the Great Lakes The canal also contributed to New York City's financial development, helped create numerous large cities, and encouraged immigration to the state. Except in the mountain regions, the areas between cities are rich agriculturally. The Finger Lakes region has orchards producing apples, one of New York's leading crops. The Finger Lakes are a chain of lakes in the west-central section of Upstate New York that are a popular tourist destination Vineyards in the region and on Long Island make the state famous for its wines. The state produces other, diverse crops, especially grapes, strawberries, cherries, pears, onions, and potatoes. New York is also a major supplier of maple syrup and is the third leading producer of dairy goods in the United States.
According to the NYS Department of Agriculture & Markets (http://www.agmkt.state.ny.us/agfacts.html) New York State's agricultural production returned over $3. 6 billion to the farm economy in 2005. About 25 percent of the state’s land area, or 7. 55 million acres (31,000 km²), are used by the 35,600 farms to produce a very diverse array of food products. Here are some of the items in which New York ranks high nationally:
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS Dairy and animal production in New York provided $2. 30 billion to farmers in 2005. That accounts for 63 percent of all cash receipts.
DAIRY PRODUCTS Milk is New York’s leading agricultural product and is produced all across the state. Milk sales account for one-half of total agricultural receipts. Production in 2005 was 11. 7 billion pounds with a preliminary value of $1. 91 billion. New York is the Nations 3rd leading producer and Wyoming is the State’s leading county.
MEAT PRODUCTION New York livestock producers marketed 246 million pounds of meat animals during 2005 bringing in $190 million in cash receipts. Sales from cattle and calves accounted for $173 million, hogs and pigs returned $13. 0 million, and sheep and lambs provided $3. 67 million.
POULTRY PRODUCTION The value of New York eggs, ducks, broilers and turkeys plus the value of sales for other chickens totaled $91. 3 million for 2005. Eggs made up $36. 5 million of the total followed by broilers at $7. 61 million. New York ranks 22nd among all egg producing states.
CROP PRODUCTION Field crops, fruits and vegetables returned $1. 33 billion to New York farmers in 2005.
FRUITS New York’s fruit crop receipts were valued at $244 million in 2005. Apples and grapes lead New York fruit crops in value.
APPLES New York ranks 2nd nationally with receipts worth about $185 million in 2005. Three general areas produce most of the apples: along the southern Lake Ontario shore, along the Hudson Valley, and along the upper Lake Champlain Valley. New York’s leading varieties are McIntosh, Empire, Rome, Idared, and Red Delicious.
GRAPES Wine and juice grape production place New York 3rd behind California and Washington. The crop was worth $34. 3 million in 2005. Three-fourths of the production was for juice and one-fourth went into wines. The four major producing areas are Lake Erie area, the Finger Lakes, the Hudson Valley and the eastern end of Long Island.
TART CHERRIES Production in New York ranks 4th in the Nation. Production in 2005 totaled 7. 5 million pounds with a value of $3. 24 million.
PEARS Production ranked 4th in the nation with 8,500 tons and had a value of $4. 09 million.
STRAWBERRIES Strawberries are the 3rd most valuable fruit in New York and places New York 7th in national production. Growers harvested 5. 20 million pounds in 2005. The crop returned $8. 06 million to growers.
VEGETABLES The value of vegetables in 2005 totaled $461 million. Fresh Market vegetables rank 6th and Processing vegetables are 7th among all states. Leading crops in New York are cabbage, sweet corn and onions.
CABBAGE The nation’s 2nd largest producer, cabbage is principally grown south of Lake Ontario at Monroe, Genesee, Orleans, Ontario and Niagara counties. New York cabbage is typically stored for sale as fresh during winter months. Value of the fresh market crop in 2005 totaled $67. 3 million.
SWEET CORN Produced statewide, sweet corn had a value of $69. 9 million. Concentrations are found in the Lower Hudson Valley and around the Genesee Valley. The 2005 fresh market crop worth $60. 5 million, placed 4th nationally and the processing crop valued at $9. 34 million ranked 5th.
ONIONS An important crop with receipts of $49. 0 million in 2005. Onions are grown in New York’s muck soils in Orange, Orleans, Oswego, Madison and Wayne counties. The state ranked 6th in production for 2005 with 301 million pounds.
SNAP BEANS Grown in the Central and Western regions for fresh and processing. The 2005 crop was valued at $35. 8 million. Fresh production accounted for 59 percent of the total and puts New York 5th across the nation. Processing sales of $12. 8 million rank New York 2nd. .
OTHER VEGETABLES Tomatoes: $21. 5 million, 13th nationally Pumpkins: $21. 9 million, 6th nationally Cucumbers: $15. 3 million, 5th nationally Squash: $29. 1 million, 5th nationally Green Peas for Processing: $11. 4 million, 4th nationally Cauliflower: $3. 35 million, 3rd nationally
FIELD CROPS New York produces a variety of field crops largely in support of it’s dairy industry. Corn, oats and wheat are most widely grown with soybeans steadily increasing in importance. New York ranks 3rd in corn silage, valued at $227 million. Production of grain corn ranked 19th with a value of $117 million. Soybean production was valued at $43. 5 million. The state placed 10th in oat production, 32nd in wheat and 24th for soybeans. Hay production put New York 22nd and was valued at $282 million in 2005. Most hay is used on farms and its value is realized through sale of milk and livestock. Fall potatoes reached a value of $40. 3 million in 2005 and made New York the 11th leading producer.
MAPLE SYRUP At $7. 04 million, New York ranks 2nd behind Vermont in value but was 3rd with 245,000 gallons produced behind Vermont and Maine in 2005.
FLORICULTURE CROPS In 2005, New York floriculture products were valued at $200 million. Bedding and garden plants top the list of commodities. New York’s floriculture output ranks 5th nationally. A variety of crops are produced in 24,500,000 square feet (2,280,000 m²) of covered area and on 963 acres (3. 9 km²) of open ground. Christmas Trees provide about $21. 3 million of sales and made New York the 11th leading producer in 2001.
New York State is an agricultural leader, ranking within the top five states for agricultural products including dairy, apples, cherries, cabbages, potatoes, onions, maple syrup and many others. A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal Milk &mdashmostly from goats or cows, but also from buffalo, Sheep The apple is the pomaceous Fruit of the apple tree Species Malus domestica in the Rose family Rosaceae. This article is about the Cherry berry also classified as fruit for the ornamental tree See Cherry Blossom. The cabbage ( Brassica oleracea var capitata) is a leafy garden plant of the Family Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae used as a The potato is a Starchy Tuberous crop Vegetable from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae Organicsalsajpg||thumb|right|Onions used in salsa.]]Cooked onions in frying pan Maple syrup is a sweetener made from the sap of Maple trees In Canada and the United States it is most often eaten with waffles and pancakes The state is the largest producer of cabbage in the U. S. The state has about a quarter of its land in farms and produced US$3. 4 billion in agricultural products in 2001. The south shore of Lake Ontario provides the right mix of soils and microclimate for many apple, cherry, plum, pear and peach orchards. Soil, often typeset as SOiL, is a four piece rock band from Chicago Illinois United States founded by Shaun Glass Tom Schofield Tim King and Adam Zadel A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the Climate differs from the surrounding area A plum or gage is a stone fruit Tree in the genus Prunus, subgenus Prunus. A pear is a pomaceous Fruit produced by a tree of Genus Pyrus. The peach ( Prunus persica) is a species of Prunus native to China that bears an edible juicy fruit also called a peach An orchard is an intentional planting of Trees or Shrubs maintained for Food production. Apples are also grown in the Hudson Valley and near Lake Champlain. The south shore of Lake Erie and the southern Finger Lakes hillsides have many vineyards. The Finger Lakes are a chain of lakes in the west-central section of Upstate New York that are a popular tourist destination New York is the nation's third-largest grape-producing state, behind California, and second largest wine producer by volume. In 2004, New York's wine and grape industry brought US$6 billion into the state economy. The state has 30,000 acres (120 km²) of vineyards, 212 wineries, and produced 200 million bottles of wine in 2004.
New York was heavily glaciated in the ice age leaving much of the state with deep, fertile, though somewhat rocky soils. "Glacial" and "Glaciation" redirect here For the geological periods see Glacial period. An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the Temperature of the Earth 's surface and atmosphere resulting in an expansion of continental Ice sheets Row crops, including hay, corn, wheat, oats, barley, and soybeans, are grown. Hay is a generic term for grass or Legumes that have been cut dried and stored for use as animal feed, particularly for grazing animals like Maize (ˈmeɪz ( Zea mays L. ssp mays) known as corn in some countries is a cereal grain domesticated in Mesoamerica Wheat ( Triticum spp is a worldwide cultivated grass from the Levant area of the Middle East. Oats redirects here It may mean either the common cereal oat discussed here or any cultivated or wild species of the Genus Avena. Barley ( Hordeum vulgare) is an annual Cereal Grain, which serves as a major animal Feed crop, with smaller amounts used for Particularly in the western part of the state, sweet corn, peas, carrots, squash, cucumbers and other vegetables are grown. Sweet corn ( Zea mays var rugosa) also called indian corn, sweetcorn, sugar corn, pole corn, or simply corn A pea (inaccurately called a '''sweet pea''' by food distubutors is most commonly the small spherical Seed or the seed-pod of the Legume Pisum The carrot ( Daucus carota subsp sativus, Etymology: Middle French carotte, from Late Latin carōta, from Greek karōton Squashes generally refer to four species of the genus Cucurbita native to the Mexico and Central America, also called marrows depending The cucumber ( Cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant in the Gourd family Cucurbitaceae, which includes squash, and in the same The term " vegetable " generally means the edible parts of Plants The definition of the word is traditional rather than Scientific, however The Hudson and Mohawk Valleys are known for pumpkins and blueberries. Pumpkin is a Gourd -like squash of the genus Cucurbita and the family Cucurbitaceae (which also includes gourds Blueberries are Flowering plants in the genus Vaccinium, sect The glaciers also left numerous swampy areas, which have been drained for the rich humus soils called muckland which is mostly used for onions, potatoes, celery and other vegetables. Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area Muck is a Soil made up primarily of Humus from drained Swampland It is known as black soil in The Fens of eastern England, where it See also Wild celery Apium graveolens is a plant species in the family Apiaceae, and yielding celery and Celeriac Dairy farms are present throughout much of the state. Cheese is a major product, often produced by Amish or Mennonite farm cheeseries. Cheese is a Food made from Milk, usually the milk of cows, Buffalo, Goats or sheep, by coagulation. The Amish (ˈɑːmɪʃ are members of an Anabaptist Christian denomination best known for Simple living, Plain dress and resisting modern conveniences The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496&ndash1561 though his teachings were a relatively New York is rich in nectar-producing plants and is a major honey-producing state. Honey is a sweet and Viscous fluid produced by Honey bees (and some other species and derived from the nectar of Flowers According to the The honeybees are also used for pollination of fruits and vegetables. Pollination in angiosperms and Gymnosperms is the process that transfers pollen grains, which contain the male Gametes (sperm to where the female The term fruit has different meanings dependent on context and the term is not synonymous in Food preparation and Biology. The term " vegetable " generally means the edible parts of Plants The definition of the word is traditional rather than Scientific, however Most commercial beekeepers are migratory, taking their hives to southern states for the winter. A beekeeper is a person who keeps Honey bees for the purposes of securing commodities such as Honey, Beeswax, Pollen; pollinating A beehive is in a general sense an enclosed structure in which some species of Honey bees (genus Apis) live and raise their young Most cities have Farmers' markets which are well supplied by local farmers. Farmers' markets, sometimes called greenmarkets, are Markets usually held out-of-doors in public spaces where Farmers can sell produce Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture