East Anglia is a peninsula of eastern England in the United Kingdom. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located It was named after one of the ancient Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, the Kingdom of the East Angles, which was in turn named after the homeland of the Angles, Angeln in northern Germany. Heptarchy ( Greek: seven + realm) is a collective name applied to the Anglo-Saxon ancient kingdoms of south east and central The Kingdom of the East Angles or Kingdom of East Anglia was one of the ancient Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Modern Angeln, also known as Anglia ( German: Angeln, Danish: Angel, Latin: Anglia, English: may follow Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The kingdom consisted of Norfolk and Suffolk, names which possibly arose during or after the Danish settling ("North folk [people]" and "South folk [people]"); the region's boundaries, however, are vague. Norfolk (ˈnɔrfək is a low-lying county in East Anglia, England, United Kingdom. Suffolk (ˈsʌfək is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in East Anglia, England.
It includes the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk with Cambridgeshire. History Cambridgeshire is noted as the site of some of the earliest known Neolithic permanent settlement in the United Kingdom, along with sites at Fengate Sometimes Essex is also considered part of the region. Essex is a county in the East of England. The County town is Chelmsford, and the highest point of the county is Chrishall Common Much of the area is characterised by its flatness, partly consisting of fenland and reclaimed marshland, though much of Suffolk and Norfolk are gently rolling hills. A fen is a type of Wetland fed by surface and/or groundwater Fens are characterized by their water chemistry which is neutral or Alkaline Fens are different In Geography, a marsh, or morass, is a type of Wetland which is subject The flatness of the area is noted in Noel Coward's Private Lives: "Very flat, Norfolk. Sir Noël Peirce Coward ( 16 December 1899 26 March 1973) was an English Actor, Playwright " The principal East Anglian cities include Norwich (the nominal capital), Peterborough and Cambridge. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status History Roman The Romans had their regional capital at Venta Icenorum on the river to the south which is near modern-day Caistor St Edmund History Early history Present-day Peterborough is the latest in a series of settlements which have at one time or other benefited from its situation where the Nene The city of Cambridge (ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ is a university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, England Ipswich, Colchester and Huntingdon are technically towns, although Ely is also a city. Ipswich ( ˈɪpswɪtʃ is a Non-metropolitan district and the County town of Suffolk, England on the Estuary of the River Orwell Colchester ( /ˈkəʊltʃɛstə/ is a town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester, in Essex, England. Huntingdon is a town in the county of Cambridgeshire in East Anglia, England. A town is a type of settlement ranging from a few to several thousand (occasionally hundreds of thousands inhabitants although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan Ely (, rhyming with "freely" is a Cathedral city in Cambridgeshire, England.
The nine Government Office regions, formed in 1994, were adopted in place of the eight standard statistical regions in 1999. The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one England is divided into a number of different regional schemes for various purposes Since then East Anglia is defined as Level 2 Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics within the East of England, comprising the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire including Peterborough. The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, ( NUTS) for the French nomenclature d'unités territoriales statistiques, is a Geocode The East of England is one of the nine official Regions of England. 
Cambridgeshire encompasses the western, fenland landscape of East Anglia. Despite water playing a significant role in the Fen and Broads landscapes, some parts of the region are classified as semi-arid due to their exceptionally low rainfall. During the summer months, tinder-dry conditions are frequently experienced, resulting in many field and heath fires. Maximum temperature ranges from 5–10 degrees celsius in the winter to 20–25 degrees celsius in the summer, although temperatures have been known to reach 35 degrees celsius in recent years. Sunshine totals tend to be higher towards the coastal areas. 
Farming and horticulture have proven very successful in this fertile country. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture Horticulture is the art and science of plant cultivation Horticulturists (or horticuluralists) work and conduct research in the fields of Plant propagation The landscape has been heavily influenced by Dutch technology, from the influx of clay pantiles to the draining of the fens. The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands Clay is a naturally occurring material composed primarily of fine-grained Minerals which show plasticity through a variable range of Water content, and The name pantiles originally referred to a form of Tile used in paving and (more often Roofing Today the name is also used to refer to an area in the town It has a wide range of small-scale holiday destinations ranging from traditional coastal resorts (Great Yarmouth, Lowestoft), through historic towns such as Bury St. Edmunds, Cambridge, Ely and King's Lynn to the modern holiday villas of Center Parcs set in Thetford Forest. Great Yarmouth, often known to locals as Yarmouth, is a Coastal Town in Norfolk, England. Lowestoft (ˈləʊstɒft/ /ˈləʊstəf is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England, lying between the eastern edge of The Broads National Park Bury St Edmunds is a town in the county of Suffolk, England and formerly the County town of West Suffolk. The city of Cambridge (ˈkeɪmbrɪdʒ is a university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire, England Ely (, rhyming with "freely" is a Cathedral city in Cambridgeshire, England. King's Lynn is a town and Port in Norfolk, England. Over the years the town has been known variously as Bishop's Lynn and Lynn Regis Center Parcs is a European network of Holiday villages incorporating a UK based company which runs holiday villages in Britain and a sister enterprise that operates in numerous Thetford is a Market town and Civil parish in the Breckland area of Norfolk, England. The Royal Air Force constructed many airfields here during the Second World War and a few of these remain in use. An aerodrome is an area on land or water (including any buildings installations and equipment used for the arrival and departure of aircraft World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including One, near Norwich, has become Norwich International Airport, a civilian airfield to serve the city. For the military use of this facility see RAF Horsham St Faith Norwich International Airport, also known as Norwich Airport, is
The Norfolk and Suffolk Broads form a network of waterways between Norwich and the coast and are popular for recreational boating. The Broads is a network of mostly navigable rivers and lakes (known locally as broads in the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. A waterway is any navigable Body of water. These include Rivers Lakes Seas Oceans and Canals In order for a waterway A recent bid to have them declared a National park failed, as it would have meant conservation becoming more important than navigation rights. The River Nene and Great Ouse also cross the region. The River Nene is a River in the east of England that rises from three sources in the English County of Northamptonshire. The River Great Ouse is a River in the east of England. It is 150 miles (240 km long which makes it the major navigation in East Anglia, and the fourth-
The University of East Anglia is situated in Norwich. The University of East Anglia is a campus-based University located in Norwich, England, and founded in 1963 However, the East of England Regional Assembly is seated in Bury St. The East of England Regional Assembly is the regional assembly for the East of England region of the United Kingdom. Edmunds, Suffolk. The company names Anglia Television and Anglian Water derive from the region, which both serve. } Anglia Television is the ITV station for the East of England which has been broadcasting since 27 October 1959. Anglian Water is a privatised Water company that operates in the East of England.
Possibly the best candidate for the arms of East Anglia are those of the Wuffingas dynasty: three crowns in a blue shield, the colour of the Swedish flag, superimposed on a St. George's cross. The Wuffings were the ruling dynasty of East Anglia. They took their name from the early East Anglian king Wuffa. List of flags of Sweden The Flag of Sweden (Sveriges flagga is blue with a yellow Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag The St George's Cross (or the Cross of St George is a centred red cross on a white background In fact, that device was created in homage to an old legend of the three crowns of East Anglia, and the blue colour represents the Anglo-Scandinavian heritage of much of East Anglia.
The East Anglian flag as it is known today was invented by George Henry Langham and adopted by the London Society of East Anglians. It was first mentioned in print in 1900 and was flown locally in various places in Norfolk, but was not known widely even at the time it was invented. Norfolk (ˈnɔrfək is a low-lying county in East Anglia, England, United Kingdom. The crowns also appear in the arms of the borough of Bury St. Edmunds and the University of East Anglia. Bury St Edmunds is a town in the county of Suffolk, England and formerly the County town of West Suffolk. The University of East Anglia is a campus-based University located in Norwich, England, and founded in 1963
The Kingdom of the East Angles, formed about the year 520 by the merging of the North and the South Folk (Angles who had settled in the former lands of the Iceni during the previous century) was one of the seven Anglo-Saxon heptarchy kingdoms (as defined in the twelfth century writings of Henry of Huntingdon). The Kingdom of the East Angles or Kingdom of East Anglia was one of the ancient Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The Iceni or Eceni were a Brythonic Tribe who inhabited an area of Britain corresponding roughly to the modern-day county of Norfolk Heptarchy ( Greek: seven + realm) is a collective name applied to the Anglo-Saxon ancient kingdoms of south east and central For Earl Henry father of two Scottish kings see Henry of Scotland 3rd Earl of Huntingdon Henry of Huntingdon (c For a brief period following a victory over the rival kingdom of Northumbria around the year 616, East Anglia was the most powerful of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England, and its king Raedwald was Bretwalda (overlord of the Anglo-Saxons kingdoms). The History of Anglo-Saxon England covers the history of Early medieval England from the end of Roman Britain and the establishment of Anglo-Saxon Rædwald, son of Tytila, was King of the East Angles from c 600 AD until his death in c 624 AD Bretwalda, also Brytenwalda, Bretenanwealda, is an Anglo-Saxon term the first record of which comes from the late ninth century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle But this did not last: over the next forty years, East Anglia was defeated by the Mercians twice, and it continued to weaken relative to the other kingdoms until in 794, Offa of Mercia had its king Æthelberht killed and took control of the kingdom himself. Mercia (ˈmɝsiə was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. Offa was the King of Mercia from 757 until his death in July 796 Æthelberht (died May 20, 794 at Sutton Walls, Herefordshire) was king of East Anglia.
The independence of the East Anglians was restored by a successful rebellion against Mercia (825–827), in course of which two Mercian kings were killed attempting to crush it. On 20 November 870 the Danes killed King Edmund and took the kingdom, which they named East Anglia (see Ivar the Boneless). Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs, Events By Place Europe Prague Castle is founded The Great Summer Army invades England and conquers The Kingdom of Denmark ( ˈd̥ænmɑɡ̊ (archaic ˈd̥anmɑːɡ̊ commonly known as Denmark, is a country in the Scandinavian region of northern Europe For the 13th century Archbishop see St Edmund of Abingdon. Edmund the Martyr (841&ndash 20 November 869) was a Ivar Ragnarsson (died possibly 873 nicknamed the Boneless ( inn beinlausi) was a Danish Viking chieftain (and by reputation also a Berserker The Saxons retook the area in 920, only to lose it again in 1015–1017, when it was conquered by Canute the Great and given as a fiefdom to Thorkell the Tall, who was made Jarl of East Anglia in 1017. } Canute the Great, also known as Cnut in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, or Knut ( Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Norwegian Under the system of Feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud, feoff, or fee, often consisted of inheritable lands or revenue-producing Thorkell the Tall, also known as Thorkell the High in the Anglo-Saxon chronicles ( Old Norse: Þorke(till inn hávi; Norwegian: Torkjell Høge The Earls of East Anglia were rulers of the former Kingdom of East Anglia between the 10th and 12th centuries
Much of East Anglia (including parts of Lincolnshire) consisted of marshland and bogs until the seventeenth century, despite the construction of early sea barriers by the Roman Empire. Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. In Geography, a marsh, or morass, is a type of Wetland which is subject A bog or mire is a Wetland type that accumulates Acidic Peat, a deposit of dead plant material &ndash usually Mosses but also The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial During the seventeenth century the alluvial land was converted into arable land by means of systematic drainage using a collection of drains and river diversions. Alluvium (from the Latin, alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against" is Soil or Sediments deposited by a river or other running In Geography, arable land (from Latin arare, to Plough) is an agricultural term meaning land that can be used for East Anglia was a rich area of the country up until the effects of the Industrial Revolution moved manufacturing to the Midlands and north - earnings being based on wool and textiles. The Industrial Revolution was a period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when major changes in agriculture manufacturing and transportation had a profound effect on the
During the Second World War, the RAF and the United States Air Force constructed many air bases in East Anglia for the heavy bomber fleets of the Combined Bomber Offensive against Nazi-occupied Europe. East Anglia was chosen because it had considerable open space and level terrain and it was relatively close to the continent, thus shortening flights and allowing for greater bomb loads. Remnants of some of these bases are still visible.