Several, see text. The White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla)also known as the Sea Eagle, Erne (sometimes Ern) or White-tailed Sea-eagle Chordates ( Phylum Chordata) are a group of Animals that includes the Vertebrates together with several closely related Invertebrates Birds ( class Aves) are bipedal endothermic ( Warm-blooded) Vertebrate animals that lay eggs. The order Falconiformes is a group of about 290 Species of Birds that include the diurnal birds of prey. The Accipitridae is one of the two major families within the order Falconiformes (the diurnal birds of prey) Eagles are large birds of prey which are members of the Bird order Falconiformes and family Accipitridae, and belong to several genera
Eagles are large birds of prey which mainly inhabit Eurasia and Africa. Birds of prey are Birds that hunt for food primarily on the wing using their keen senses especially vision For the superstate in George Orwell 's novel see Nations of Nineteen Eighty-Four. Outside these two areas, just two species (the Bald and Golden Eagles) can be found in North America - (north of Mexico), a few species in Central and South America, and three others in Australia. The Bald Eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a Bird of prey found in North America that is most recognizable as the national bird and The Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. South America is a Continent of the Americas, situated entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics.
They are members of the bird order Falconiformes (or Accipitriformes, according to alternative classification schemes), family Accipitridae, and belong to several genera which are not necessarily closely related to each other genetically. Birds ( class Aves) are bipedal endothermic ( Warm-blooded) Vertebrate animals that lay eggs. The order Falconiformes is a group of about 290 Species of Birds that include the diurnal birds of prey. In a common way the raptors are classified the order Accipitriformes includes most of the diurnal Birds of prey: Hawks Eagles The Accipitridae is one of the two major families within the order Falconiformes (the diurnal birds of prey) A genus (plural genera from Γένος Latin genus "descent family type gender" is a low-level Taxonomic
Eagles are differentiated from other birds of prey mainly by their larger size, more powerful build, and heavier head and bill. Even the smallest eagles, like the Booted Eagle (which is comparable in size to a Common Buzzard or Red-tailed Hawk), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight. "Aquila minuta" redirects here If based on Brehm (1831 it refers to this bird The Common Buzzard ( Buteo buteo) is a medium to large Bird of prey, whose range covers most of Europe and extends into Asia. The Red-tailed Hawk ( Buteo jamaicensis) is a medium-sized Bird of prey, one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the " Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from the vultures. Vultures are scavenging Birds feeding mostly on the carcasses of dead Animals Vultures are found on every continent except Antarctica and
Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, and powerful talons. Anatomy Stegosaurus --> Beaks can vary significantly in size and shape from species to species They also have extremely keen eyesight to enable them to spot potential prey from a very long distance.  This keen eyesight is primarily contributed by their extremely large pupils which cause minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light. Diffraction is normally taken to refer to various phenomena which occur when a wave encounters an obstacle
In Britain before 1678, Eagle referred specifically to the Golden Eagle, the other native species, the White-tailed Eagle, being known as the Erne. See also Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain (Breatainn Mhòr Prydain Fawr Breten Veur Graet Breetain is the larger of the two main islands The Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere The White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla)also known as the Sea Eagle, Erne (sometimes Ern) or White-tailed Sea-eagle The modern name "Golden Eagle" for Aquila chrysaetos was introduced by the naturalist John Ray. John Ray ( November 29, 1627 &ndash January 17, 1705) was an English naturalist, sometimes referred to as the
Eagles build their nests, called eyries, in tall trees or on high cliffs. In Geography and Geology, a cliff is a significant vertical or near vertical rock exposure Many species lay two eggs, but the older, larger chick frequently kills its younger sibling once it has hatched.
Eagles are sometimes used in falconry. Falconry or hawking is an Art or Sport which involves the use of trained raptors (birds of prey to hunt or pursue game for humans They appear prominently in myth and literature. In the Old World, such references are commonly to the Golden Eagle (or possibly closely related species found in warmer climates).
Thermographic image of an eagle, thermoregulating using its wings
Major new research into eagle taxonomy suggests that the important genera Aquila and Hieraaetus are not composed of nearest relatives, and it is likely that a reclassification of these genera will soon take place, with some species being moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus. Taxonomy is the practice and science of classification The word comes from the Greek, taxis (meaning 'order' 'arrangement' and, nomos 
- Bonelli's Eagle, the Booted Eagle and the Little Eagle have been moved from Hieraaetus to Aquila. The Bonelli's Eagle ( Aquila fasciata) is a large Bird of prey. "Aquila minuta" redirects here If based on Brehm (1831 it refers to this bird The Little Eagle ( Aquila morphnoides) is a very small Eagle native to Australasia, measuring 45-55 cm (17-21
- Either the Greater Spotted Eagle and Lesser Spotted Eagle should move from Aquila to join the Long-crested Eagle in Lophaetus, or, perhaps better, all three of these species should move to Ictinaetus with the Black Eagle. The Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga) occasionally just called the "Spotted Eagle" is a large Bird of prey. The Lesser Spotted Eagle ( Aquila pomarina) is a large Eastern European Bird of prey. The Long-crested Eagle ( Lophaetus occipitalis) is a Bird of prey. The Black Eagle, ( Ictinaetus malayensis) is a Bird of prey. Like all Eagles it is in the family Accipitridae, and is presently the only
- The Steppe Eagle and Tawny Eagle, once thought to be conspecific, are not even each other's nearest relatives. The Steppe Eagle, ( Aquila nipalensis) is a large Bird of prey. The Tawny Eagle, Aquila rapax, is a large Bird of prey. It is about 62–72 cm in length and has a wingspan of 165–185cm
- Subfamily Buteoninae - hawks (buzzards), true eagles and sea-eagles
- Genus Geranoaetus
- Genus Harpyhaliaetus
- Crowned Solitary Eagle, Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
- Solitary Eagle, H. Buteoninae is a Bird of prey subfamily which consists of medium to large broad-winged Species. Harpyhaliaetus is a genus of Eagles. Recent studies have shown that the Solitary Eagle is closely related to the black-hawks The Crowned Solitary Eagle ( Harpyhaliaetus coronatus) typically known simply as the Crowned Eagle (leading to potential confusion with the African The Solitary Eagle, Harpyhaliaetus solitarius, is a large Neotropical eagle solitarius
- Genus Morphnus
The powerful Harpy Eagle
can easily grab a monkey weighing 5 kg and fly away with it. For other eagles known as "Crested Eagle" see Crested eagle. See also the New Guinea Harpy Eagle. The American Harpy Eagle ( Harpia harpyja) is a Neotropical Eagle, often
- Genus Harpia
- Genus Pithecophaga
- Genus Harpyopsis
- Genus Oroaetus
- Genus Spizaetus
- Cassin's Hawk-eagle, Spizaetus africanus
- Changeable Hawk-eagle, S. See also the New Guinea Harpy Eagle. The American Harpy Eagle ( Harpia harpyja) is a Neotropical Eagle, often The Philippine Eagle ( Pithecophaga jefferyi) is one of the tallest rarest largest and most powerful Birds in the world The New Guinea Harpy Eagle, Harpyopsis novaeguineae, also known as the Kapul Eagle, is a huge (up to 90cm long greyish brown raptor with a short full crest The Black-and-chestnut Eagle ( Spizaetus isidori) is a species of Bird of prey in the Accipitridae family Spizaetus is the typical hawk-eagle birds of prey Genus found in the tropics of the Americas. UserPolbot. -->The Cassin's Hawk-eagle ( Aquila africana) is a Bird of prey in the Accipitridae The Changeable Hawk-eagle, (Nisaetus cirrhatus, is a Bird of prey of the family Accipitridae. cirrhatus
- Mountain Hawk-eagle, S. The Mountain Hawk-eagle or Hodgson's Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis earlier treated under Spizaetus) is a Bird of prey. nipalensis
- Blyth's Hawk-eagle, S. The Blyth's Hawk Eagle, Nisaetus alboniger (earlier treated as Spizaetus) is a Bird of prey. alboniger
- Javan Hawk-eagle, S. The Javan Hawk-eagle, Nisaetus bartelsi (earlier under Spizaetus) is a medium-sized approximately 61cm long dark brown raptor in the family Accipitridae bartelsi
- Sulawesi Hawk-eagle, S. The Sulawesi Hawk-eagle, Nisaetus lanceolatus, (earlier placed under Spizaetus lanceolatus
- Philippine Hawk-eagle, S. UserPolbot. -->The Philippine Hawk-eagle, Aigle Des Philippines, or Aguila-azor Filipina ( Nisaetus philippensis philippensis
- Wallace's Hawk-eagle, S. UserPolbot. -->The Wallace's Hawk-eagle, Aigle De Wallace, or Aguila-azor De Wallace ( Nisaetus nanus nanus
- Black Hawk-eagle, S. The Black Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus tyrannus) also known as the Tyrant Hawk-Eagle, is a species of Eagle primarily distributed in parts of South tyrannus
- Ornate Hawk-eagle, S. The Ornate Hawk-eagle, Spizaetus ornatus, is a Bird of prey from the Tropical Americas. ornatus
- Black-and-white Hawk-eagle, S. "Buteo melanoleucus" and "Spizaetus melanoleucus" redirect here melanoleucus
- Genus Lophaetus
- Genus Stephanoaetus
- Genus Polemaetus
- Genus Hieraaetus
- Ayres' Hawk-eagle, Hieraaetus ayresii
- African Hawk Eagle, H. The Long-crested Eagle ( Lophaetus occipitalis) is a Bird of prey. The Crowned Eagle ( Stephanoaetus coronatus) more precisely known as the Crowned Hawk-eagle, is a very large powerful crested Bird of prey The Martial Eagle ( Polemaetus bellicosus) is Africa 's largest Eagle and is the only member of the Genus Polemaetus The Genus Hieraaetus, sometimes known as hawk-eagles, denoted a group of smallish Eagles usually placed in the Buteoninae UserPolbot. --> The Ayres's Hawk-eagle ( Hieraaetus ayresii) is a species of Bird of prey in The African Hawk Eagle ( Aquila spilogastra) is a large Bird of prey. spilogaster
- New Guinea Hawk-eagle, H. UserPolbot. -->The New Guinea Hawk-eagle ( Hieraaetus weiskei) is a species of Bird of prey in the weiskei
A Steppe Eagle
in Lahore Zoo
Pakistan . The Steppe Eagle, ( Aquila nipalensis) is a large Bird of prey. The Lahore Zoo in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, established in 1872, was once considered one of the largest zoos in Asia.
- Genus Harpagornis (extinct)
- Haast's Eagle, Harpagornis moorei - possibly belongs in either Hieraaetus or Aquila
- Genus Aquila
- Bonelli's Eagle, Aquila fasciata - formerly Hieraaetus fasciatus
- Booted Eagle, A. In Biology and Ecology, extinction is the cessation of existence of a Species or group of taxa. Haast's Eagle ( Harpagornis moorei) was a massive now extinct Eagle that once lived on the South Island of New Zealand. Aquila is the Genus of true eagles. It is often united with the Buteos Sea eagles and other more heaviset Accipitridae The Bonelli's Eagle ( Aquila fasciata) is a large Bird of prey. "Aquila minuta" redirects here If based on Brehm (1831 it refers to this bird pennata - formerly Hieraaetus pennatus
- Little Eagle, A. The Little Eagle ( Aquila morphnoides) is a very small Eagle native to Australasia, measuring 45-55 cm (17-21 morphnoides
- Golden Eagle, A. The Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere chrysaetos
- Eastern Imperial Eagle, A. The Imperial Eagle, Aquila heliaca, is very similar to the Golden Eagle, but a little smaller (length 80 cm wingspan 200 cm heliaca
- Rufous-bellied Eagle, A. Rufous-bellied Eagle, ( Aquila kienerii) is a Bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes the Buzzards Hawks and Old kienerii
- Spanish Imperial Eagle A. The Spanish Imperial Eagle, Iberian Imperial Eagle or Adalbert's Eagle, ( Aquila adalberti) is closely related to the Eastern Imperial Eagle adalberti
- Steppe Eagle, A. The Steppe Eagle, ( Aquila nipalensis) is a large Bird of prey. nipalensis
- Tawny Eagle, A. The Tawny Eagle, Aquila rapax, is a large Bird of prey. It is about 62–72 cm in length and has a wingspan of 165–185cm rapax
- Greater Spotted Eagle, A. The Greater Spotted Eagle ( Aquila clanga) occasionally just called the "Spotted Eagle" is a large Bird of prey. clanga - to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
- Lesser Spotted Eagle, A. The Lesser Spotted Eagle ( Aquila pomarina) is a large Eastern European Bird of prey. pomarina - to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
- Indian Spotted Eagle, A. The Indian Spotted Eagle ( Aquila hastata) is a large South Asian Bird of prey. hastata - to be moved to Lophaetus or Ictinaetus
- Verreaux's Eagle, A. Verreaux's Eagle ( Aquila verreauxii) also known as the African Black Eagle or Black Eagle. verreauxii
- Gurney's Eagle, A. Gurney’s Eagle, Aquila gurneyi, is a large Eagle in the family Accipitridae. gurneyi
- Wahlberg's Eagle, A. The Wahlberg's Eagle ( Aquila wahlbergi) is a Bird of prey. It is about 55-60cm in length and has a wingspan of 130-160cm wahlbergi
- Wedge-tailed Eagle, A. audax
- Genus Ictinaetus
- Genus Haliaeetus
- White-tailed Eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla
- Bald Eagle, H. The Black Eagle, ( Ictinaetus malayensis) is a Bird of prey. Like all Eagles it is in the family Accipitridae, and is presently the only A sea eagle (also called erne or ern) is any of a group of birds of prey in the Genus Haliaeetus in the Bird The White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla)also known as the Sea Eagle, Erne (sometimes Ern) or White-tailed Sea-eagle The Bald Eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a Bird of prey found in North America that is most recognizable as the national bird and leucocephalus
- Steller's Sea-eagle, H. The Steller's Sea Eagle, Haliaeetus pelagicus is a large Bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors pelagicus
- African Fish-eagle, H. The African Fish Eagle ( Haliaeetus vocifer)or - to distinguish it from the Ichthyophaga true fish eagles African Sea Eagle - is a large species of vocifer
- White-bellied Sea-eagle, H. The White-bellied Sea-eagle ( Haliaeetus leucogaster) and also known as the White-bellied Fish-eagle or White-breasted Sea Eagle, is a large leucogaster
- Sanford's Fish-eagle, H. The Sanford's Sea-eagle ( Haliaeetus sanfordi) sometimes listed as Sanford's Fish-eagle, or Solomon Eagle is a sea-eagle endemic to the sanfordi
- Madagascar Fish-eagle, H. The Madagascar Fish-eagle ( Haliaeetus vociferoides) or Madagascar Sea-eagle (to distinguish it from the Ichthyophaga fishing-eagles is vociferoides
- Pallas' Sea-eagle, H. Pallas's Fish-eagle ( Haliaeetus leucoryphus)also known as Pallas's Sea-eagle or Band-Tailed Fish-eagle, is a large brownish Sea-eagle leucoryphus
- Genus Ichthyophaga
- Lesser Fish-eagle, Ichthyophaga humilis
- Grey-headed Fish-eagle, I. Ichthyophaga is a genus of two species of Eagles closely related to the sea-eagles in the genus Haliaeetus. The Lesser Fish Eagle ( Ichthyophaga humilis) is a species of large Fish eagle found in the foothills of the Himalayas. The Grey-headed Fish Eagle ( Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus) is a Bird of prey. ichthyaetus
A dark individual of the Short-toed Eagle
. The Short-toed Eagle ( Circaetus gallicus) is a medium-sized Bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors
- Subfamily Circaetinae: snake-eagles
- Genus Terathopius
- Genus Circaetus
- Short-toed Eagle, Circaetus gallicus
- Black-chested Snake-eagle, C. Circaetinae is a Bird of prey subfamily which consists of a group of medium to large broad-winged species The Bateleur ( Terathopius ecaudatus) is a medium-sized Eagle in the bird family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors Circaetus, the snake eagles, is a genus of medium-sized Eagles in the Bird of prey family Accipitridae which also includes many The Short-toed Eagle ( Circaetus gallicus) is a medium-sized Bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors The Black-chested Snake-eagle ( Circaetus pectoralis) is a large African bird of prey of the Accipitridae family pectoralis
- Brown Snake-eagle, C. UserPolbot. -->The Brown Snake-eagle ( Circaetus cinereus) is a species of Bird of prey in the Accipitridae cinereus
- Fasciated Snake-eagle, C. UserPolbot. -->The Southern Banded Snake-eagle or Fasciated Snake-eagle ( Circaetus fasciolatus) is a fasciolatus
- Banded Snake-eagle, C. UserPolbot. -->The Western Banded Snake Eagle ( Circaetus cinerascens) is a grey-brown raptor with a short tail and a large cinerascens
- Genus Spilornis
- Crested Serpent-eagle, Spilornis cheela
- Nicobar Serpent-eagle, S. UserPolbot. --> Spilornis is a genus of Bird of prey in the Accipitridae family The Crested Serpent Eagle, Spilornis cheela or is a Bird of prey. UserPolbot. -->The South Nicobar Serpent-eagle or Águila Culebrera De Nicobar Mayor ( Spilornis klossi minimus
- Mountain Serpent-eagle,S. The Mountain Serpent Eagle is a Bird of prey that is found in northern Borneo, Sabah, Sarawak and Kalimantan. kinabaluensis
- Sulawesi Serpent-eagle, S. UserPolbot. -->The Sulawesi Serpent-eagle ( Spilornis rufipectus) is a species of Bird of prey in the rufipectus
- Philippine Serpent-eagle, S. The Philippine Serpent Eagle is an eagle found in the major islands of the Philippines. holospilus
- Andaman Serpent-eagle, S. UserPolbot. -->The Andaman Serpent-eagle ( Spilornis elgini) is a species of Bird of prey in the elgini
- Genus Eutriorchis
Eagles in culture
The modern English name of the bird is derived from the Latin term aquila by way of the French Aigle. UserPolbot. --> The Madagascar Serpent-eagle, Serpentaire de Madagascar, or Culebrera Azor ( Eutriorchis English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people The Latin aquila may derive from the word aquilus, meaning dark-colored, swarthy, or blackish, as a description of the eagle's plumage; or from Aquilo, the Latin version of Greek Boreas, or north wind.
Old English used the term Earn, related to Scandinavia's Ørn / Örn. Terminology and usage As a cultural term "Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question as well The etymology of this word is related to Greek ornis, literally meaning "bird". Etymology is the study of the History of Words &mdash when they entered a language from what source and how their form and meaning have changed over time Modern Greek (el Νέα Ελληνικά or el Νεοελληνική lit In this sense, the Eagle is the Bird with a capital B.
Eagles as national symbols
Coat of arms of the town of Berg en Terblijt
in the Netherlands, an example of the prolific use of the eagle in European heraldry
. History Early history Christianity in Byzantium existed from the time of the Twelve Apostles, but it was in the year 330 that the Roman Emperor Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other Names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey Berg en Terblijt was a small village between Maastricht and Valkenburg in the southern Netherlands province of Limburg. Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms.
Eagles have been used by many nations as a national symbol.
- The coat of arms of Albania has a black double-headed eagle. The coat of arms of Albania is an adaptation of the Flag of Albania. The double-headed eagle is a common symbol in Heraldry and Vexillology.
- The coat of arms of Armenia has a gold eagle and lion. The national coat of arms of Armenia consists of an eagle and a lion supporting a shield
- The coat of arms of Austria has a black eagle. The coat of arms of Austria has been used since the end of World War I to symbolize Austria.
- The coat of arms of the Czech Republic integrates the symbols of Moravia and Silesia (both with female eagles in their emblems - red-and-white chequered and black respectively) on the coat of arms of the Czech Republic with Bohemia's lion. The Coat of Arms of the Czech Republic (Státní znak České republiky displays the three historical regions which make up the nation Moravia (Morava; Morawy Moravie Moravia is a historical region in central Europe in the east of the Czech Republic, one of the former Czech lands. Etymology One theory claims that the name Silesia is derived from the Silingi, who were most likely a Vandalic (East Germanic people The Coat of Arms of the Czech Republic (Státní znak České republiky displays the three historical regions which make up the nation Bohemia (Čechy; Bohemia Czechy is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands, currently the
- The coat of arms of Egypt is a golden eagle looking towards the viewer's left. The Egyptian Coat of arms ( شعار مصر) is a Golden eagle looking towards the viewer's left ( Dexter
- The coat of arms of Germany has a black eagle. The coat of arms of Germany is a symbol of Germany; the Coat of arms feature an eagle.
- The coat of arms of Ghana has two golden eagles holding it. The coat of arms of Ghana pictured here was introduced on 4 March, 1957 by Elizabeth II.
- The coat of arms of Indonesia has an eagle-like garuda carrying a shield on its neck and a banner on its feet. The Coat of Arms of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of the coat of arms is the Garuda with a shield on its chest and GARUDA is India's Grid Computing initiative connecting 17 cities across the country
- The coat of arms of Iraq has the golden Eagle of Saladin
- The coat of arms of Jordan has a black eagle. The Coat of arms or state emblem of Iraq includes the golden eagle of Saladin associated with 20th-century pan-Arabism bearing a shield Salahadin Ayyubi ( Arabic:صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب Kurdish: سهلاحهدین ئهیوبی Selah'edînê Eyubî; c On August 25 1934 the Executive Council (The Council of Ministers at the time issued Directive No
- The coat of arms of Mexico golden eagle perched upon a cactus devouring a snake. The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries
- The coat of arms of Moldova consists of a stylized eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sceptre and a branch in its claws. The coat of arms of Moldova consists of a stylized eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sceptre and an Olive branch in its claws
- The coat of arms of Montenegro represents the two-headed eagle in flight. The Coat of arms of Montenegro ( Montenegrin: Грб Црне Горе Grb Crne Gore was officially adopted by the law passed in the Parliament on 13 July
- The coat of arms of Nigeria has a red eagle on top. The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white stripes that come together like the letter Y.
- The Insignia of the Pakistan Air Force includes the Peregrine Falcon State Military national bird. Pakistan Air Force ( Urdu: پاک فضائیہ, Pak Faza'ya) ( PAF) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces The Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus) also known simply as the Peregrine, and historically as the "Duck Hawk" in North America is a
- The coat of arms of Panama has a harpy eagle
- The coat of arms of the Philippines has the bald eagle of the United States. The Panamanian Coat of Arms is a Heraldic symbol for the Central American Nation of Panama. The Coat of Arms of the Philippines features the eight-rayed sun of the Philippines with each ray representing the eight provinces ( Batangas, Bulacan
- The coat of arms of Poland has a white eagle with a golden beak and talons wearing a golden crown. The White Eagle (Orzeł Biały is the national Coat of arms of Poland.
- The coat of arms of Romania has a golden aquila holding a cross in its beak and a mace and a sword in its claws. The Coat of arms of Romania was adopted in the Romanian Parliament on 10 September, 1992 as a representative coat of arms for Romania
- The coat of arms of Russia has a double-headed eagle.
- The coat of arms of Serbia has a white bicephalic eagle of the House of Nemanjić. The Coat of Arms of Serbia is the same as the Coat of arms of the former Obrenović dynasty (first adopted in 1882; re-adopted in 2004 The House of Nemanjić ( Serbian: Немањићи Nemanjići; Anglicised: Nemanyid; German: Nemanjiden) was a medieval
- The coat of arms of Syria formerly had the eagle of Saladin. The symbol of the Coat of arms of Syria ( شعار سوريا) is the Syrian Hawk or "hawk of Qureish " which holds a shield
- The Great Seal of the United States has a bald eagle. The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States federal government.
- The coat of arms of Yemen depicts a golden eagle with a scroll between its claws. The Coat of Arms of Yemen depict a golden eagle with a scroll between its claws
- The coat of arms of Nigeria has a red eagle on top. The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white stripes that come together like the letter Y.
- Hellenistic Egypt. The Ptolemaic rulers of Egypt used it as their seal. The Ptolemaic dynasty (sometimes also known as the Lagids, from the name of Ptolemy I's father Lagus) was a Hellenistic Macedonian royal family This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics.
- First French Empire. Napoleon Bonaparte used the Roman Golden Eagle as the symbol of his new French empire. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe.
- Persian Empire. The Persian Empire was a series of Iranian empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the original Persian homeland and beyond in Western Asia The symbol of Persian Army was an Eagle
- Rome. The Romans used it on the standards of their armies. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC The signa militaria were the Roman military Ensigns or standards The most ancient standard employed by the Romans is said to have been a handful ( maniple From this derives:
- The late Byzantine Empire chose a two-headed golden eagle as its symbol. It is popularly that one head symbolised ancient Rome, and the other head symbolised "new Rome" at Constantinople. From this derives:
- Albania. The two-headed eagle is the emblem of "Shqipëria" or Land of the Eagles, which is known in English as Albania (see The Tale of the Eagle for the legendary origin of the name)
- Russian Empire. This article is about the country in southern Europe For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Albania topics. The Tale of the Eagle is an Albanian Folk tale that explains how Albania and Albanians received their indigenous name A youth was hunting in the mountains After the fall of Constantinople, the Russian Empire took the two-headed eagle as its own symbol. The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya
- Charlemagne and Holy Roman Empire. After his crowning as the new Roman Emperor, Charlemagne adopted the ancient Roman eagle as his own symbol. Charlemagne (ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great) (747 – 28 January 814 was King of the Franks from 768 to his The signa militaria were the Roman military Ensigns or standards The most ancient standard employed by the Romans is said to have been a handful ( maniple The Holy Roman Empire born of his kingdom took the eagle, but the Habsburgs replaced the golden eagle by an imperial eagle. The Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere From this derives:
- Austria. The Austrian Empire had a two-headed eagle as its symbol. For the history of these states before 1804 see Holy Roman Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, and articles on each of the component countries. After the abolition of Austria-Hungary, Austria took as its symbol a one-headed eagle in the modern coat of arms of Austria. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich The coat of arms of Austria has been used since the end of World War I to symbolize Austria.
- Germany and Prussia. Prussia, and later Germany have used a black eagle as their national symbol. Prussia ( Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Prūsija Prūsija Prusy Old Prussian: Prūsa) was most recently a historic state Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.
- Spain. The "Catholic Kings", Isabella and Ferdinand, used the Golden Eagle as a part of the royal shield. The Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere The eagle was on the Spanish shield until 1978.
- The Seljuk Turks and Ottoman Turks used a double-headed eagle as coats-of-arms. The Ottoman Turks were the subdivision of the Ottoman Muslim Millet that dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire.
Eagles as religious objects
Moche Eagle, A. D. 200, Larco Museum Collection
, Lima, Peru. The Larco Museum (Museo Larco is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru.
Eagle lecterns are very common in Christian churches and cathedrals. A lectern (from the Latin lectus, past participle of legere, "to read" is a reading desk with a slanted top usually placed on a stand or affixed to The eagle is the symbol used to depict John the Apostle, whose writing most clearly witnesses the light and divinity of Christ. Saint John the Apostle ( Greek Ιωάννης, see Names of John) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. In art, John, as the presumed author of the Gospel, is often depicted with an eagle, which symbolizes the height he rose in the first chapter of his gospel. See Names of John. John the Baptist, simply called "John" in the New Testament is a distinct person thus his identity will not be discussed in this article
The eagle is a sacred bird in some cultures and the feathers of the eagle are central to many religious and spiritual customs, especially amongst Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada, as well as among many of the peoples of Meso-America. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Spirituality, in a narrow sense concerns itself with matters of the Spirit, a concept closely tied to religious belief and Faith, a transcendent reality Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States First Nations is a term of Ethnicity that refers to the Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people Mesoamerica or Meso-America (Mesoamérica is a Region extending approximately from central Mexico to Honduras and Nicaragua, defined Some Native American peoples revere eagles as sacred religious objects and the feathers and parts of Bald and Golden Eagles are often compared to the Bible and crucifix. The Bald Eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a Bird of prey found in North America that is most recognizable as the national bird and The Golden Eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin A crucifix (from Latin cruci fixus meaning "(one fixed to a cross" is a cross with a representation of Jesus ' body or corpus Eagle feathers are often used in various ceremonies and are used to honor noteworthy achievements and qualities such as exceptional leadership and bravery. In the cultures of the Northwest Coast, Eagle is also a supernatural being and also the ancestor and features in the heraldic crests of important clans known as totem poles. The British Columbia Coast is Canada 's western continental coastlines Totem poles are monumental Sculptures carved from great Trees usually cedar but mostly Western Redcedar, by a number of Indigenous cultures along
The Moche people of ancient Peru worshipped the animal and often depicted eagles in their art. The Moche civilization (alternately the Mochica culture Early Chimu Pre-Chimu Proto-Chimu etc Peru (Perú Piruw Piruw officially the Republic of Peru ( reˈpuβlika del peˈɾu is a country in western South America. 
Despite modern and historic Native American practices of giving eagle feathers to non-indigenous people and also members of other tribes who have been deemed worthy, current United States eagle feather law stipulates that only individuals of certifiable Native American ancestry enrolled in a federally recognized tribe are legally authorized to obtain eagle feathers for religious or spiritual use. In the United States, there are a number of federal wildlife laws pertaining to Eagles and their feathers (e Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Spirituality, in a narrow sense concerns itself with matters of the Spirit, a concept closely tied to religious belief and Faith, a transcendent reality  In Canada, poaching of eagle feathers for the booming U. S. market has sometimes resulted in the arrests of First Nations person for the crime. 
Eagles as organizational symbols
- Munro. The image of a Golden Eagle is displayed the coat of arms of one of Scotland's most powerful clans, Munro. A Munro is a Scottish mountain with a height over 3000 feet (914 Gaelic Rothach.
- Greece. The double-headed eagle is the emblem of the Greek sport clubs AEK (black eagle with open wings on yellow background) and PAOK (black eagle with closed wings on white background, as a symbol of mourning). The double-headed eagle is a common symbol in Heraldry and Vexillology. Sports Departments AS PAOK Thessaloniki PAOK FC - Football It is a symbol of the clubs' origins, since both clubs were founded by Greeks who fled to Greece from Constantinople in 1922-23. The eagle itself is derived from the later version of the Roman Eagle, the Byzantine- or East Roman eagle.
- Italy. The Roman eagle is the symbol of the Roman sports club S.S. Lazio. Società Sportiva Lazio, ( commonly referred to SS Lazio or simply Lazio, is an Italian professional Sports club most noted for its football
- Nigeria. The Nigeria Football Association, the nation's football (soccer) governing body, has a green eagle perched on a football as its organisational symbol and logo. The Nigeria Football Association (NFA which will be renamed the "Nigerian Football Federation" starting in 2009 organises domestic and international football Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered The Nigerian national football team is known as the 'Super Eagles', the under-20 youth team as the 'Flying Eagles', and the under-17 national side as the 'Golden Eaglets'. They all have an eagle as their symbol.
- Portugal. Eagle is the symbol of the Portuguese football team Sport Lisboa e Benfica. Sport Lisboa e Benfica (spɔɾ liʒˈboɐ i bɐ̃ĩˈfikɐ commonly referred to as simply Benfica, S
- Turkey. Black Eagles is used for the Turkish sports club Beşiktaş J.K.. Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü (commonly Beşiktaş, bɛʃɪktɑːʃ ( English: Beşiktaş Gymnastics Club) is a professional Sports club Turkish Seljukian double headed eagle emblem.
- México. Eagle is the mascot form Club America´s football club, since 1981. Club América, most commonly known as just América, is a professional Mexican football club playing in the Primera División.
- Persian Empire: the symbol of the Persian army was an eagle
- ^ Shlaer, Robert (1972-05-26). "An Eagle's Eye: Quality of the Retinal Image". Science 176 (4037): 920-922. doi:10.1126/science.176.4037.920. A digital object identifier ( DOI) is a permanent identifier given to an Electronic document.
- ^ Lerner, H. R. L. ; D. P. Mindell (2005). "Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (37): 327-346.
- ^ Bunce, M. ; et al (2005). "Ancient DNA Provides New Insights into the Evolutionary History of New Zealand's Extinct Giant Eagle". PLoS Biol 3 (1): e9. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030009. A digital object identifier ( DOI) is a permanent identifier given to an Electronic document.
- ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. The Larco Museum (Museo Larco is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997. Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity are a Publisher, especially of Art and Illustrated Books
- ^ Office of Law Enforcement. National Eagle Repository. Mountain-Prairie Region. United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved on 2007-11-20. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs,
- ^ Sin, Lena. "Charges laid in eagle-poaching case", The Province, CanWest MediaWorks Publications Inc. , 2006-04-30. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule Retrieved on 2007-11-20. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs,
- Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists - Martin Collinson, British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323
- Bruguier, Leonard. British Birds is a monthly Ornithology Journal, founded in 1907 A Warrior's Eagle Feather
External links The Eagle is used in Heraldry as a charge, as a Supporter, and as a crest.
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- Any of several large carnivorous birds in the family Accipitridae, having a powerful hooked bill and keen vision.
- (US) A gold coin with a face value of $10.00 formerly used in the United States.
- (golf) A score of two under par for a hole.
- (golf) To score an eagle.
- The landing unit of Apollo 11.
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