Durham shown within County Durham
|Population||42,939 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|District||City of Durham|
|Shire county||County Durham|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||County Durham and Darlington|
|European Parliament||North East England|
|UK Parliament||City of Durham|
|List of places: UK • England • County Durham|
Durham (pronounced /ˈdʌrəm/ in RP, locally IPA: [ˈdʏrəm]) is a small city and main settlement of the City of Durham district of County Durham, England. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001 The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Durham is a local government district in County Durham, England. Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of Subdivisions of England used for the purposes of Local government outside Greater London The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one North-East England is one of the nine official Regions of England and comprises the combined area of Northumberland, County Durham, Tyne and Wear Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Durham postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Chester le Street, Consett, Durham, Houghton le Spring The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Durham Constabulary is a Home Office Police force with the responsibility of policing the non-metropolitan county of County Durham and the Unitary The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and County Durham Fire and Rescue Service is the Statutory fire and rescue service covering an area of, for the Shire county of County Durham plus The North East Ambulance Service NHS Trust (NEAS is the authority responsible for providing NHS Ambulance services in North East England, covering North East England is a Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election City of Durham is a Constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of places in County Durham, in England. The area covered is the entire ceremonial county, hence the inclusion of places in unitary A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Received Pronunciation ( RP) is a form of Pronunciation of the English language (specifically British English) which has long been perceived as Durham is a local government district in County Durham, England. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland
It is well-known for its Norman Cathedral and Castle, and is home to Durham University. The Normans were the people who gave their names to Normandy, a region in northern France. The Cathedral Church of Christ Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city of Durham, England Durham Castle is a Norman Castle in the city of Durham, England, which has been wholly occupied since 1840 by University College Durham Durham University is a University in Durham, England. It was founded as the University of Durham (which remains its official and legal name HM Prison Durham is also located close to the city centre. HM Prison Durham is a Prison located in Durham, England. It is currently a Category B local prison for adult male prisoners primarily serving
The name "Durham" comes from Old English "dun-holm", meaning "hill-island". It was given this name due to its steep, hilly embankments.
Archeological evidence suggests a history of settlement at Durham since roughly 2000 BC. The present city can clearly be traced back to 995 AD, when a group of monks from Lindisfarne chose the strategic high peninsula as a place to settle with the body of Saint Cuthbert, that had previously lain in Chester-le-Street, founding a church there. Lindisfarne () (variant spelling Lindesfarne is a Tidal island off the north-east coast of England. For the Dungeons & Dragons deity see Saint Cuthbert (Dungeons & Dragons St Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (c Chester-le-Street is the main town in the Chester-le-Street district of County Durham, England. (Legend says that the monks were led to the location by a milk maid who had lost her dun cow, which was found resting on this spot. The dun cow is a common motif in English folklore. " Dun " is a dull shade of brownish grey ) The present Durham Cathedral was built from 1093, and still contains the remains of St Cuthbert as well as The Venerable Bede. The Cathedral Church of Christ Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city of Durham, England For the Dungeons & Dragons deity see Saint Cuthbert (Dungeons & Dragons St Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (c Bede (ˈbiːd (also Saint Bede, the Venerable Bede, or (from Latin Beda (beda (c It is regarded by many - such as travel writer Bill Bryson -- as the finest cathedral in the world . William McGuire "Bill" Bryson, OBE, (born 8 December 1951 is a best-selling American Author of humorous books on Travel, as well This article is about the history and organisation of the cathedral
Facing the cathedral across Palace Green is Durham Castle, originally built by the Normans from 1071, on William the Conqueror's return from campaigning in Scotland. Palace Green is a small area of grass in the centre of Durham, England, flanked by Durham Cathedral and Durham Castle. Durham Castle is a Norman Castle in the city of Durham, England, which has been wholly occupied since 1840 by University College Durham Some of the present structure is more recent, notably Anthony Salvin's Victorian restorations. Anthony Salvin ( 17 October 1799 &ndash 17 December 1881) was an English Architect. The two buildings are jointly designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site- one of the original seven in the United Kingdom. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16 A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a site (such as a Forest, Mountain, Lake, Desert, Monument, Building, complex The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located  Since 1837 the castle has been home to University College, the first college of the University. University College, commonly known as Castle, is a college of the University of Durham in England Durham University is a University in Durham, England. It was founded as the University of Durham (which remains its official and legal name
In the three centuries following the construction of the Castle, Durham was regularly besieged by the Scots, with the notable Battle of Neville's Cross (1346) occurring just one mile west of the city. The Scots people ( Scots Gaelic: Albannaich) are a Nation and an Ethnic group indigenous to Scotland. The Battle of Neville's Cross took place near Durham, England on October 17, 1346.
In medieval times Durham was a major centre of both political and ecclesiastical power, mainly due to its strategic importance near the border with Scotland. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. County Durham was a palatinate, ruled by Prince-Bishops who had secular authority and considerable autonomy from Westminster, minting their own coinage, dispensing their own justice and with the right to maintain their own armies. A county palatine is an area ruled by a Count palatine (or Earl palatine who may hold the higher title of Duke) with special authority and autonomy A Prince-Bishop is a Bishop who is a territorial Prince of the Church on account of one or more Secular principalities usually pre-existent titles of nobility Westminster is an area of Central London, within the City of Westminster. Every Bishop of Durham from 1071 to 1836 was a Prince Bishop except for the first Norman-appointed bishop Walcher, who was an Earl-Bishop. See also List of Bishops of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican Bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in William Walcher or just Walcher (sometimes Walchere or Walker) (d (The term Prince Bishop, while a useful one, is not one which the Durham Bishops themselves would have recognised. ) Henry VIII curtailed some of the Prince-Bishop's powers, and smashed the shrine of Cuthbert in 1538. Henry VIII (28 June 1491 &ndash 28 January 1547 was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of
Finally, the public climate surrounding the Great Reform Act of 1832 removed the Bishop's extraordinary powers.
In 1832 the University of Durham was founded, which has several buildings on the peninsula and on Elvet Hill on the other side of the river. Durham University is a University in Durham, England. It was founded as the University of Durham (which remains its official and legal name Elvet Hill is located on the south bank of the River Wear in the city of Durham, in County Durham, in England. The 19th century also saw Durham grow as a centre of the coal mining industry. Coal mining is the extraction or removal of Coal from the Earth by Mining. The first Durham Miners' Gala was held in 1871, and remains a popular annual event. The Durham Miners' Gala ( The Big Meeting or Durham Big Meeting) held in Durham city, England, is a large annual gathering on the second
The municipal borough was formerly known as 'Durham and Framwelgate', until it was merged with Durham Rural District and Brandon and Byshottles urban district to form the City of Durham district. Municipal boroughs were a type of Local government which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974 in Northern Ireland from 1840 to Framwelgate (now more commonly Framwellgate is an area of Durham, County Durham, England. Durham was a Rural district in County Durham, England from 1894 to 1974 Brandon and Byshottles is a Civil parish in the City of Durham district of County Durham, England. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, an urban district was a type of Local government district that covered an Urbanised area Durham is a local government district in County Durham, England. Durham's MP is Roberta Blackman-Woods (Labour). A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Roberta Carol Blackman-Woods (Born 16 August 1957, Belfast, Northern Ireland) is a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the
Durham is situated 13 miles (21 km) to the south west of Sunderland, England. Sunderland (, or /ˈsʌn(dlən/ is a City in Tyne and Wear, England. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The River Wear flows north through the city, making an incised meander which encloses the centre on three sides to create Durham's "peninsula". The River Wear (wɪə("wee-er" is a river in North East England, rising in the Pennines and flowing eastwards mostly through County Durham, A meander in general is a bend in a sinuous watercourse also known as an oxbow loop or simply an Oxbow. Durham is a hilly city, claiming to be built upon the symbolic seven hills. Upon the most central and prominent position high above the Wear, the cathedral dominates the skyline. The Cathedral Church of Christ Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city of Durham, England The steep riverbanks are densely wooded, adding to the picturesque beauty of the city. West of the city centre, another river, the River Browney, drains south to join the Wear to the south of the city. The River Browney is a River in County Durham, England, and the largest Tributary of the River Wear.
Durham won the Large Town award in the Britain in Bloom awards of 2005. Britain in Bloom is a horticultural competition in the United Kingdom.
The county town of County Durham, Durham is located in the City of Durham local government district, which extends beyond the city, and has a total population of 87,656, and covers 186. A county town is the 'capital' of a County in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. Durham is a local government district in County Durham, England. 68 square kilometres. The unparished area of Durham had a population of 29,091, whilst the built-up area of Durham had a population of 42,939. In England, an unparished area is an area that is not covered by a Civil parish.
The centre of Durham sits on a peninsula created by the River Wear. A peninsula is a piece of land that is nearly surrounded by Water but connected to Mainland via an Isthmus. The River Wear (wɪə("wee-er" is a river in North East England, rising in the Pennines and flowing eastwards mostly through County Durham, At the base of the peninsula is the market square, which still hosts regular markets; a permanent indoor market is also situated on the square. Market Square may refer to any Market square. Market Square may also refer to;Specific market squares In Canada Market Square The square and surrounding streets are one of the main commercial and shopping areas of the city. From the market square, The Bailey leads south past Palace Green: The Bailey is almost entirely owned and occupied by the University and Cathedral. The Bailey, or The Peninsula, is an historic area in the centre of Durham, England. Palace Green is a small area of grass in the centre of Durham, England, flanked by Durham Cathedral and Durham Castle. Durham University is a University in Durham, England. It was founded as the University of Durham (which remains its official and legal name The Cathedral Church of Christ Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city of Durham, England
There are three old roads out of the central Market Square. Saddler Street heads South-Easterly out of the square, towards Elvet Bridge, The Bailey and Prebends Bridge. Elvet Bridge is a mediaeval masonry arch bridge across the River Wear, in Durham, England. Prebends Bridge, along with Framwellgate and Elvet, is one of three stone Arch bridges in the centre of Durham, England that crosses Elvet Bridge leads to the Elvet area of the city, Durham Prison and the South; Prebends Bridge is smaller and provides access from The Bailey to South Durham. Elvet is an area of the historical City of Durham in County Durham, England. Heading west, Silver Street leads out of the Market Square towards Framwellgate Bridge and North Road, the other main shopping area of the city. Framwellgate Bridge is a mediaeval masonry arch bridge across the River Wear, in Durham, England. From here, the city spreads out into the Framwelgate, Crossgate, Neville's Crossand viaduct districts, the other main shopping area of the city. Framwelgate (now more commonly Framwellgate is an area of Durham, County Durham, England. Crossgate is a small area of housing that sits above North Road but below the Nevilles Cross area of Durham. Nevilles Cross is a place in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the west of the centre of Durham. Beyond the viaduct lie the outlying districts of Framwellgate Moor and Neville's Cross. Framwellgate Moor is a Village and Civil parish in the City of Durham, County Durham, England. Nevilles Cross is a place in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the west of the centre of Durham. Heading north from the market place leads to Claypath. The road curves back round to the east and beyond it lie Gilesgate, Gilesgate Moor and Dragonville. Gilesgate is a place in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the east of the centre of Durham.
Many of the inner city areas are now inhabited by students living in shared houses. In some roads as many as 70% of the dwellings are occupied by students.
Like the rest of the United Kingdom, Durham has a temperate climate. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located At 643. 3 millimetres (25 in) the average annual rainfall is lower than the national average of 1,125 millimetres (44 in). The Millimetre ( American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to Inches redirects here To see the Les Savy Fav album see Inches. Equally there are only around 121. 3 days where more than 1 millimetre (0. 04 in) of rain falls compared with a national average of 154. 4 days. The area sees on average 1374. 6 hours of sunshine per year, compared with a national average of 1125. 0 hours. There is an air frost on 52 days compared with a national average of 55. Air frost occurs when the Temperature of Air falls below the Freezing point of water (0  °C, -32  °F, 27315 K 6 days. Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures are 12. 5 °C (54. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. 5 °F) and 5. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 2 °C (41. 4 °F) compared with a national averages of 12. 1 °C (53. 8 °F) and 5. 1 °C (41. 2 °F) respectively.
The table below gives the average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1971 and 2000 at the Met Office weather station in Durham:
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of County Durham at current basic prices published (pp. 240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added||Agriculture||Industry||Services|
The whole of the centre of Durham is designated a conservation area. A conservation area is a tract of land that has been awarded protected status in order to ensure that natural features cultural heritage or biota are safeguarded The conservation area was first designated on 9 August 1968, and was extended on 25 November 1980. Events 48 BC - Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1034 - Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies Donnchad, the Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar)  In addition to the Cathedral and Castle, Durham contains over 630 listed buildings, 569 of which are located within the city centre conservation area. A listed building in the United Kingdom is a building or other structure officially designated as being of special architectural historical or cultural significance Particularly notable properties include:
Durham railway station is situated on the East Coast Main Line between Edinburgh and London; rail travellers coming from the south enter Durham over a spectacular Victorian viaduct high above the city. The Chorister School is a pre-preparatory and preparatory day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3-13 in Durham, England. Durham Castle is a Norman Castle in the city of Durham, England, which has been wholly occupied since 1840 by University College Durham The Cathedral Church of Christ Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city of Durham, England Elvet Bridge is a mediaeval masonry arch bridge across the River Wear, in Durham, England. Framwellgate Bridge is a mediaeval masonry arch bridge across the River Wear, in Durham, England. Kepier Hospital (properly the Hospital of St Giles of Kepier) is a medieval hospital of Kepier, Durham, England. Kingsgate Bridge is a striking modern Reinforced concrete construction Footbridge across the River Wear, in Durham, England. St Giles Church is a grade I listed Parish church in Gilesgate, Durham, England. Gilesgate is a place in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the east of the centre of Durham. Aykley Heads is a part of the city of Durham, in England. It is situated to the north of the city centre near to the city's University Hospital of North Durham Palace Green is a small area of grass in the centre of Durham, England, flanked by Durham Cathedral and Durham Castle. For the TV programme see Crown Court (TV series. The Crown Court of England and Wales is together with the High Court of Justice St Cuthbert's Society, almost universally known as Cuth's, is one of the University of Durham 's sixteen colleges St John's College is a college of the University of Durham, England. "Railroad" and "Railway" both redirect here For other uses see Railroad (disambiguation. A viaduct is a Bridge composed of several small spans The term viaduct is derived from the Latin via for road and ducere to A city hall or town hall is the chief administrative building of a City or Town 's administration and usually houses the city or Durham railway station is the railway station for the city of Durham on the East Coast Main Line. The East Coast Main Line ( ECML) is the electrified high-speed railway link between London and Edinburgh connecting Yorkshire, North East Edinburgh ( ˈɛdɪnb(ərə Dùn Èideann) is the Capital of Scotland and is its second largest city after Glasgow. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. A viaduct is a Bridge composed of several small spans The term viaduct is derived from the Latin via for road and ducere to By road, the A1(M), the modern incarnation of the ancient Great North Road, passes just to the east of the city. (Its previous incarnation, now numbered A167, passes just to the west. The A167 is a Road in North East England. Most of its route was formerly the A1 as most of it is the original route of the Great North Road until ) Newcastle Airport lies to the north, and Durham Tees Valley Airport to the south, both being about 25 miles away. Newcastle Airport is located in Newcastle upon Tyne, about 6 Miles (11 km) north-west of the city centre Durham Tees Valley Airport is an Airport in North East England, located approximately 10 km (6 Miles east of Darlington, about The Market Place and peninsula form the UK's first (albeit small) congestion charging area, introduced in 2002. The Durham City congestion charge was the first congestion charge to be introduced in the UK in October 2002 
A park and ride service is also available.
Durham is home to Durham CCC of the cricket County Championship which they joined as an expansion team in 1992. Durham County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English domestic Cricket structure representing the historic county of The County Championship is the domestic first class Cricket competition in England and Wales. See also Relocation of professional sports teams An expansion team is a term used for a brand new team in a sports league Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar) They play their homes matches at the Riverside Ground. The Riverside County Cricket Ground is a Cricket venue in Chester-le-Street, County Durham, England. The town's football club once boasted a membership of the Football League between 1921 and 1928 and currently play in the Northern Premier League. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered The Football League, also known as the Coca-Cola Football League for sponsorship reasons is a league competition featuring professional football clubs Year 1921 ( MCMXXI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1921 calendar of the Gregorian calendar Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. History The Northern Premier League (NPL was founded in 1968, as the northern equivalent of the Southern League, decades after the other two leagues at what Their home ground is The Archibald Stadium.
Durham has one sister city, as designated by the Sister Cities International, Inc. Colin Murray Archer (born December 7 1966 County Durham) better known as Gem Archer (pronounced with a hard 'G' like 'Get' is an Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991 Rowan Atkinson (born 6 January 1955 is an English Comedian, actor and writer famous for his title roles in the British television comedies Blackadder The Chorister School is a pre-preparatory and preparatory day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3-13 in Durham, England. Pat Barker (born May 8, 1943) is an English Writer and Historian. Barnabe Barnes (c 1568 or 1569—1609 English Poet, fourth son of Dr Richard Barnes, bishop of Durham, was born in Yorkshire, perhaps Anthony Charles Lynton "Tony" Blair (born 6 May 1953 is a British Politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2 May 1997 to The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom The Chorister School is a pre-preparatory and preparatory day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3-13 in Durham, England. Józef Boruwłaski (1739&ndash1837 was a Polish -born dwarf who toured in European and Turkish courts Edward Bradley may refer to Edward Bradley (writer (1827-1889 — novelist and clergyman Edward Bradley (politician (1808-1847 — Richard Caddel ( July 13, 1949 - April 1, 2003) was a poet publisher and editor who was a key figure in the British Poetry Revival. George Henry Camsell ( November 27, 1902 - March 7, 1966) was an English football player most notably for Middlesbrough Paul David Collingwood MBE (born 26 May 1976 is an English Cricketer He is a regular member of the England Test side and was Shotley Bridge is a village in the Derwent Valley adjoining the town of Consett in County Durham, England. Wendy Craig (born 20 June 1934) is a BAFTA Award winning English actress who is best known for her appearances in the sitcoms Sir Kingsley Charles Dunham (1910-2001 was one of the leading British geologists and mineralogists of the 20th century John Bacchus Dykes ( 10 March, 1823 Kingston upon Hull &ndash 22 January, 1876 Ticehurst, Sussex) was an English John Meade Falkner ( 8 May, 1858 - 22 July, 1932) was an English Novelist and Poet, best known for his James Fenton (born April 25, 1949, Lincoln England) has been at various times a Journalist, Poet, literary critic The Chorister School is a pre-preparatory and preparatory day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3-13 in Durham, England. Saint Godric of Finchale or Saint Goderic (c 1065&ndash May 21, 1170) was an English Hermit and popular Medieval Andrew Charles Thomas Gomarsall MBE (born 24 July 1974 in Durham) is a Rugby union player who plays at scrum-half The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short John Gully ( 21 August 1783 &ndash 9 March 1863) English sportsman and politician was born at Wick near Bath, the son of an Major John Hay Beith, CBE (Ian Hay ( April 17, 1876 - September 22, 1952) from Edinburgh, Scotland was a Isobel Violet Hunt ( September 28 1862 – January 16 1942) was a British writer now best known for her Supernatural fiction. Cyril Edwin Mitchinson Joad ( August 12, 1891 – April 9, 1953) was an English Philosopher and broadcasting personality Roy Maurice Keane (born 10 August 1971 in Mayfield, Cork) is an Irish former professional footballer and the current manager of The Premier League, colloquially referred to as the Premiership, is an English professional league for football clubs Sunderland Association Football Club is a professional Association football team based in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England, which plays in Sir John Grant McKenzie Laws (born 10 May 1945) styled The Rt Hon The Chorister School is a pre-preparatory and preparatory day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3-13 in Durham, England. William Pearson may refer to Charles William Pearson (1847-1917 pioneer Anglican missionary in Uganda William Gaston Pearson (1858-1947 Anna Maria Porter (1780 - 1832 poet novelist and sister of Jane Porter, was born in the Bailey in Durham, the posthumous child of William Porter (1735-1779 Jane Porter is also the name of the romantic interest of Tarzan in the novels of Edgar Rice Burroughs. Arthur Michael Ramsey Baron Ramsey of Canterbury PC ( November 14 1904 &ndash 23 April 1988) was the one hundredth Archbishop The Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the See also List of Bishops of Durham The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican Bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in Reginald of Durham ( fl. 1162 &mdash 1173 was an English monk and Hagiologist. Gordon Scurfield ( 9 June 1924 – 24 September 1996) was an Australian Biologist and Author, with expertise in Christopher Smart (11 April 1722 &ndash 21 May 1771 otherwise known as "Kit Smart" "Kitty Smart" and "Jack Smart" was an English poet Joseph Spence (1699-1768 was an English author and professor most famous for his collection of Anecdotes (published in 1820 that are an invaluable resource for Robert Surtees ( 1779 - February 13 1834) was a celebrated historian and antiquary of his native County Durham. Symeon (or Simeon) of Durham (d after 1129 English chronicler, embraced the monastic life before the year 1083 in the monastery of Jarrow; Sir Hugh Seymour Walpole ( March 13, 1884 - June 1, 1941) was an English Novelist Biography He was born Sir Arnold W Wolfendale FRS (born June 25 1927 Rugby Warwickshire) is a British Astronomer who served as Astronomer Sir Peter Vardy is a successful British businessman from Durham specialising in the automotive retail business The Chorister School is a pre-preparatory and preparatory day and boarding school for boys and girls aged 3-13 in Durham, England. James Wood (born 1965 in Durham) is an English literary critic and Novelist. :