A dual carriageway or divided highway is a road or highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land, known as a central reservation or median. The A63 is a major Road in Yorkshire, England between Leeds and Kingston upon Hull (aka Hull Kingston upon Hull ( almost invariably referred * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Before adding any more images to this * * page please do carefully consider * * whether they would be mere decoration * * or actually improve On divided roads including Expressways Motorways or Autobahns the central reservation (British English, median (North American This type of road is usually able to carry a great deal more traffic than normal "single carriageway" roads and boulevards. Boulevard ( French, from Bolwerk &ndash bolwark meaning bastion has several generally accepted meanings
In the UK, although the term dual carriageway applies to any road with physically separated lanes, it is frequently used as a descriptive term for major routes built in this style. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Before adding any more images to this * * page please do carefully consider * * whether they would be mere decoration * * or actually improve Such major dual carriageways usually have two lanes of traffic in each direction, with the lane nearest the centre being reserved for overtaking. Occasionally dual carriageways have only one lane in each direction, or more than two lanes each way (usually to permit easier overtaking of slower uphill traffic). Different speed limits apply on dual carriageway sections from those that apply on single carriageway sections of the same class of road, except in cities and built-up areas where the dual carriageway is more of a safety measure, often intended to prevent pedestrians from crossing a busy road. Single carriageway is the British designation for the most common type of Road; one with no physical separation ( Central reservation) between A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot whether Walking or Running.
When first constructed, many dual carriageways - including the first motorways - had no crash or other barriers in the central reservation. Hence in the event of delays on the road, or if a driver missed his exit, there was a widespread problem of drivers making a U-turn onto the other carriageway; many accidents were caused as a result of their misjudging the speed of approaching traffic on the other carriageway when doing so. The majority of dual carriageway roads now have barriers. Some are heavy concrete obstructions which can have the effect of bouncing a vehicle back into the path of other traffic; others are made from steel ropes mounted on moderately weak posts, where the rope cuts into the vehicle body to slow the vehicle while keeping it against the barrier until it has stopped.
Turning right (that is, across the line of traffic heading in the opposite direction) is usually permitted only at specific locations. Often the driver will be required to turn left (away from the dual carriageway) in order to loop around to an access road that permits crossing the major road. Roundabouts on dual carriageways are relatively common, especially in cities or where the cost of a grade-separated junction would be prohibitive. A roundabout is a type of Road junction at which Traffic enters a one-way stream around a central island
A long-distance dual carriageway with grade-separated junctions and which meets other requirements may be upgraded to motorway standard, denoted as an (M) added after the road number (eg. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation "A1(M)").
While most drivers are clear about what a motorway is, some are confused about the definition of a dual carriageway. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation For a road to be classed as a dual carriageway, the two directions of traffic flow must be physically separated by a central reservation. The Mathematical or Engineering study of traffic flow, and in particular vehicular Traffic Flow, is done with the aim of achieving a better understanding On divided roads including Expressways Motorways or Autobahns the central reservation (British English, median (North American  A road where the two directions of flow are separated only by lines painted on the road surface is a single carriageway, regardless of the number of traffic lanes that may be available to the traffic in each direction. So a road with three or four lanes is not a dual carriageway if there is no central reservation.
|Type of vehicle||Speed limit|
|Car, motorcycle or a car-based van up to 2 metric tons||70 mph (113 km/h)|
|Car with caravan or trailer||60 mph (96 km/h)|
|Bus or coach up to 12 m long||60 mph|
|Goods vehicle up to 7. The United Kingdom Road Network is an extensive network of routes connecting its settlements The network is of varied quality and capacity In the UK Highway Code, a built up area is a settled area in which the Speed limit of a Road is automatically 30  Mph. MotorCycle is the title of a 1993 album by Rock band Daniel Amos, released on BAI Records. A van is a kind of vehicle used for Transporting goods or groups of people This article is about the tonne or metric ton For other tons see Ton. A travel trailer or caravan is a trailer towed behind a road Vehicle to provide a place to sleep which is more comfortable and protected than a In British English and Australian English, the term coach is used to refer to a large motor vehicle for conveying passengers 5 t||60 mph|
|Goods vehicle over 7. 5 t||50 mph (80 km/h)|
Although in the Republic of Ireland the term dual carriageway technically applies to any road with physically separated lanes, it is usually used only to refer to those route sections that do not have a motorway designation. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation Most often it is national roads (roads with a route number prefix of N; e. g. N8) that are built as or upgraded to dual carriageway. A number of non-national roads (for example, regional roads) are dual carriageway, for example in urban areas near or in cities, or where the road was formerly part of a national route. Regional roads are also used in some parts of Ontario See County Road for more information
Dual carriageways of this class differ from motorways in a number of ways. The hard shoulder is demarkated with a dashed yellow line (as opposed to an unbroken yellow line on motorways). The standard speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph) for national routes usually applies (by default the limit is 80 km/h (50 mph) for non-national roads, even if dual carriageway). Local authorities have the power to apply a limit of up to 120 km/h (75 mph) as used on most motorways (as of 2006, the N2 north of the M50 is the only route section with such a special limit). The M50 motorway is a Motorway and National Primary Route ( N50) in Ireland running in a C-shaped ring around the north-eastern northern Traffic lights and junctions are permitted at grade on dual carriageways. For older sections of dual carriageway, this has resulted in fewer flyover junctions. Newer dual carriageway sections are usually near motorway standard, with grade-separated junctions, but may not be designated as motorways due to the need to preserve access to adjoining property or to the absence of a non-motorway alternative route. Also, dual carriageways that are not motorway classified do not need to be equipped with emergency phones.
Motorway restrictions only apply to motorway sections, rather than all dual carriageway sections of national roads (these are signposted with the N prefix on the route number, rather than M). Some national secondary roads, and regional roads in particular often have houses, schools and other developments fronting on to them. A National Secondary Road (Bóthar Náisiúnta den Dara Grád is a category of road in Ireland. Less important national primary roads, and older sections not yet upgraded may also feature such developments built before the introduction the Irish Planning system in 1964. A national primary road (Príomhbhóithre Náisiúnta is a Road Classification in the Republic of Ireland. Today Irish planning policy prohibits development on National Primary or National Secondary roads where the speed limit exceeds 60 km/h (37 mph), this is at the direction of the National Roads Authority, however a County Council is not obliged to implement this policy and can disregard this policy at it own discretion. This would usually only occur in exceptional circumstances or where planners are over ruled by elected councillors using section 140 of the Local Government Act 2001. Accordingly, hard shoulders are included wherever feasible to provide for the resulting pedestrian and cyclist traffic, and are present on much of the national route network. A hard shoulder, or simply shoulder, is a reserved area by the verge of a Road or Motorway. These may also be used by motorised traffic under certain conditions.
Until 2004/2005, many motorways and dual carriageways in Ireland did not have crash barriers in the central reservation, the policy being to use a wider median instead. These are now mandatory for such routes, and wire cabling or full crash barriers (depending on whether or not the route is a motorway, and median width) are being fitted to existing routes.
As of 2007 three major types of dual carriageway are being built on national road schemes in the Republic of Ireland:
In the U. S. this type of road may be called a divided highway and has a median strip between the traffic directions. Many, but by no means all, divided highways in the United States are part of the Interstate Highway System, funded by the federal government. The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System) In addition to the Interstate system, some portions of the older United States Numbered Highways as well as certain State highways (such as Pennsylvania Route 60). The system of United States Numbered Highways (often called U Pennsylvania Route 60 ( PA Route 60 or PA 60) also called State Route 60 ( SR 60) or PA Turnpike 60 on the route's tolled
In Canada, both divided highway and dual carriageway may be used for this type of road, although divided highway is more common (as dual carriageway is an older term being used less than it used to); however, the segment between the roadways is always a median strip rather than a central reservation. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page On some portions of Ontario's 400-series highway network, the median may be an "Ontario tall-wall" barrier rather than an unpaved strip. Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec The 400-series highways are a network of controlled-access Freeways throughout the southern portion of the province of Ontario, Canada, forming a special A Jersey barrier or Jersey wall separates lanes of traffic (often opposing lanes of traffic with a goal of minimizing vehicle crossover in the case of accidents
Junctions may be at-grade or grade-separated, and there may be gaps in the median strip to allow turning and crossing. Grade separation is the process of aligning a junction of two or more transport axes at different heights ( Divided highways are seldom equipped with traffic circles, roundabouts or rotaries. A traffic circle is an intersection with a circular shape and usually a central island
The best examples of dual carriageways in mainland China can be seen on the China National Highways. Mainland China, Continental China, the Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geopolitical term synonymous with the area that is under the jurisdiction The China National Highways ( are a series of trunk roads throughout all of Mainland China. On some routes, such as China National Highway 106, there is a central reservation. China National Highway 106 ( G106; 106国道 106 Guo Dao is a road from Beijing to Guangzhou.
Dual carriageways or expressways in Croatia (Croatian: brza cesta) are non-tolled roads with 2 or more lanes in each direction, but without emergency lanes. Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between Croatian language ( hrvatski jezik) is a South Slavic language which is used primarily in Croatia, by Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina in neighbouring Because of the lack of tolls normally seen on many Croatian highways, the use of dual carriageways is highly encouraged. Many bypasses and beltways of smaller cities in Croatia have been recently constructed or planned as dual carriageways. All dual carriageways in Croatia house a central median, usually fitted with guardrails.
The most heavily used dual carriageway in Croatia is the D28 expressway, connecting capital Zagreb to a satellite town, Vrbovec. Zagreb (ˈzɑːgrɛb is the Capital and the largest city of Croatia. Vrbovec is a town in Zagreb county, Croatia. Geography Vrbovec is north-east from Zagreb, connected 32 km by highway The D28 is currently finished up to the Gradec interchange. It is undergoing extensions which will increase the traffic traversing it.
A high proportion of roads in Singapore are dual carriageways with central reservations; examples include Clementi Road, Commonwealth Avenue and Holland Road. Often there might be railings erected on the central reservation to prevent pedestrians from dashing across the road. These usually have traffic lights along the way but flyovers and road tunnels (or 'underpasses') can be built to minimise the use of traffic lights; for example, at the Holland Road-Farrer Road-Queensway junction there are three levels of roads. Before the 1980s roundabouts were popular but since then many have been changed to traffic-light controlled junctions.
These dual carriageways are to be distinguished from motorways, known in Singapore as expressways such as the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE) and Ayer Rajah Expressway (AYE) where no traffic lights are used.
Examples of dual carriageway on non-urban roads in Australia include the Hume Highway and the Pacific Highway (Australia); The Hume Highway by 2012, will be 100% dual carriageway and the Pacific Highway by 2016 will also be 100% dual carriageway. The Hume Highway / Hume Freeway is one of Australia's most important and notable interstate Highways which runs for 880 km inland between Sydney and The Pacific Highway is a major transport route in eastern Australia and is part of Australia's Highway 1. Today, 90% of the Hume Highway is dual carriageway and today, only 40% or 280 km (174 mi) of the Pacific Highway is dual carriageway, plus 10% of the Pacific Highway or 78 kilometres (48 miles) is under construction. The Federal Highway between the Hume Highway at Goulburn and Canberra is 100% dual carriageway, completed before the 2000 Summer Olympic Games. The Hume Highway / Hume Freeway is one of Australia's most important and notable interstate Highways which runs for 880 km inland between Sydney and Goulburn is a provincial City in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia in Goulburn Mulwaree Council. Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City. Some parts of the Princes Highway, Great Western Highway (A32) and the Barton Highway are also dual carriageway. The Princes Highway is a segment of Australia's Highway 1 that extends from Sydney to Adelaide and Port Augusta South Australia The Great Western Highway is a highway in New South Wales, Australia. The Barton Highway is a short Highway in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Most non-urban dual carriageway highways/freeways are speed limited to 110km/h (100km/h for heavy vehicles), except for a short section in the Australian Capital Territory on the Federal Highway which is state limited to 100km/h. } The Australian Capital Territory (ACT is the Capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory
A very early example (perhaps the first) of a dual carriageway was the Via Portuensis, built in the 1st century by the Roman emperor Claudius between Rome and its port Ostia at the mouth of the Tiber. AusLink is an Australian Government land transport funding program established in June 2004 and administered by the Department of Transport and Regional Services. The Hume Highway / Hume Freeway is one of Australia's most important and notable interstate Highways which runs for 880 km inland between Sydney and The Pacific Highway is a major transport route in eastern Australia and is part of Australia's Highway 1. Via Portuensis was an ancient Roman road leading to the Portus constructed by Claudius on the right bank of the Tiber, at its mouth Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus or Claudius I ( August 1, 10 BC &ndash October 13, AD 54 ( Tiberius Claudius Drusus from birth to Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Ostia Antica was the Harbour of Ancient Rome and perhaps its first colonia. The Tiber ( Latin Tiberis, Italian Tevere) is the third-longest River in Italy, rising in the Apennine mountains
In 1907 the Long Island Parkway opened and roughly 20% of it featured a semi-dual carriageway design. The New York City parkway system, which was built between 1907 and 1934, also pioneered the same design. However the majority of it featured concrete or brick railings as lane dividers as opposed to using grass medians.
In 1924 the first Italian autostrada was opened running 55 km (34 mi) from Milan to Varese. It featured a broad road bed and did not feature lane dividers except near cities and through the mountains. 
In 1927 the Rome bypass was opened. It ran 92 km (57 mi) bypassing Rome to the east. Almost the entire length featured a dual carriageway design. In the early 1930s it was extended southward all the way to Naples and northward to Florence. Naples ( Napoli, Neapolitan: Nàpule) is a historic City in southern Italy, the Capital of the Most of the original routing was destroyed by the Allies in the Second World War.
By 1930 several American and Europeon cities had built dual carriageway highways mostly to control traffic jams and/or to provide bypass routes for traffic.
In 1932 the first German Autobahn opened between Cologne and Bonn. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor It ran 21 km (13 mi) and paved the way for future highways. Although it, like the first Autostrada, did not feature a dual carriageway design, it inspired the mass construction of future high speed roadways.
During the 1930s, Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union began construction of a network of dual carriageway expressways. By 1942, Germany had over 3,200 km (2,000 mi) of dual carriageway roads, Italy had nearly 1,300 km (800 mi), and the Soviet Union had 400 km (250 mi).
What may be the world's first long-distance intercity dual carriageway/freeway is the Queen Elizabeth Way in Southern Ontario in Canada, initially linking the large cities of Toronto and Hamilton together by 1939, with construction on this stretch of the present-day Queen Elizabeth Way beginning in 1936 as "Middle Road". InterCity (commonly abbreviated IC on timetables and tickets is the classification applied to certain long-distance Passenger train services in The Queen Elizabeth Way (commonly referred to as the QEW, Q, QE, or Queen-E) is a vital 400-Series Freeway in Ontario Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario lying south of the French River and Algonquin Park. Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario Hamilton (ˈhæməltən ( 2006 population 504559 UA population 647634 CMA population
In 1940 the Pennsylvania Turnpike was opened to traffic and at 160 miles (257 km) long it was the first rural dual carriageway built in the United States. The Pennsylvania Turnpike is a toll highway system operated by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission in the state of Pennsylvania, United States. By 1955 several states had built dual carriageway freeways and turnpikes and in 1957 the Interstate Highway System began. The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System) Completed in 1994, the major highway system links all the major cities of the United States.