|Born||January 3, 1897|
San Francisco, California USA
|Died||October 1, 1979|
La Quinta, California USA
|Years active||1922 - 1943|
Dorothy Arzner (January 3, 1897 – October 1, 1979) was a pioneering American film director. Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Year 1897 ( MDCCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. Events November 26 - The Toll of the Sea, starring Anna May Wong and Kenneth Harlan, debuts as the first general The year 1943 in film involved some significant events Events Top grossing films (U Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Year 1897 ( MDCCCXCVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. Her directorial career in feature films spanned from the late 1920s into the early 1940s, a time period in which there were very few—if any—other women working in the field. In the Film industry, a feature film is a Film made for initial distribution in theaters and being the "main attraction" of the screening The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties " when speaking about the United States and Canada The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949 Events and trends The 1940s was a period between the radical 1930s and the conservative 1950s which also leads the period to be
Born in San Francisco, California, Arzner grew up in Los Angeles, where her father owned a restaurant frequented by many Hollywood celebrities. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West After finishing high school, she enrolled at the University of Southern California with hopes of becoming a doctor. The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly During World War I, she left school to work overseas in the ambulance corps. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All By the time the war ended, she decided against returning to her medical studies and, after a visit to a movie studio, decided to pursue a career as a film director. A movie studio (aka film studio) is in the established sense of the term a company that distributes films.
Through connections with director William C. DeMille, Dorothy got a job at Paramount Pictures. Willam C deMille ( July 25 1878 &ndash March 8 1955) was an American Screenwriter and Film director from the Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and Distribution company, based in Hollywood California. Starting out as a script writer, she was promoted to film editor within six months and quickly mastered the job. Her first assignment as an editor was in 1922 for the renowned classic Blood and Sand, starring Rudolph Valentino. For the 1941 film see Blood and Sand (1941 film;for the 1989 film see Blood and Sand (1989 film Blood and Sand ( Rudolph Valentino ( May 6, 1895 &ndash August 23, 1926) was an Italian Actor, Sex symbol, and early She was soon receiving accolades for the high quality of her work.
Impressed by her technique, director James Cruze employed her as a writer and editor for several of his films. James Cruze (born March 27, 1884 near Ogden Utah - died August 3, 1942, in Hollywood California) was a Silent Arzner had achieved a great deal of clout through this, along with her work on over fifty other films at Paramount. She eventually threatened to move to rival Columbia Studios unless given a directorial position. }} Columbia Pictures Industries Inc is an American Film production and distribution company Paramount conceded in 1927, putting her in charge of the film Fashions for Women, which became a financial success. 
However, Arzner faced significant hurdles to fully capitalize on her skills and talents. In addition to being a woman, she was a lesbian who was unwilling to disguise her sexuality (she often dressed in men's suits and ties, although always in a skirt rather than pants). A lesbian is a Woman who is romantically or sexually attracted only to other women Joan Crawford once said, "I think all my directors fell in love with me; I know Dorothy Arzner did!" Nonetheless, her innovative ideas and approach put her in high demand as a director. Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; ( March 23, 1905 - May 10, 1977) Crawford was signed to a motion picture
Arzner directed Paramount's first talkie in 1929, The Wild Party, which starred Clara Bow. A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image as opposed to a Silent film. Clara Gordon Bow ( July 29, 1905 &ndash September 27 1965) was an American Actress and Sex symbol, who rose to fame To allow Bow to move freely on the set, Arzner had technicians rig a microphone onto a fishing rod, essentially creating the first boom mike. A boom operator is an assistant of the Production sound mixer.  The Wild Party was a success with critics and performed well at the box office. The film, set in a women's college, introduced some of the apparent lesbian undertones and themes often cited in Arzner's work. Her films of the following three years were strong examples of Hollywood before the Production Code. For the television broadcasting term please see Production code number. These films featured aggressive, free-spirited and independent women.
She left Paramount in 1932 to begin work as an independent director for several of the studios. The projects she helmed during this period are her best known, with the films launching the careers of many actresses, most notably Katharine Hepburn, Rosalind Russell, and Lucille Ball. Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12 1907 – June 29 2003 was an American actress of film television and stage Rosalind Russell ( June 4, 1907 – November 28, 1976) was an award-winning American Actress of stage and Lucille Ball (August 6 1911 – April 26 1989 was an American comedienne, film television stage and radio Actress, model, film In 1936, Arzner became the first woman to join the newly formed Directors Guild of America. Directors Guild of America ( DGA) is the labor union which represents the interests of film and television directors in the United States 
For unclear reasons, Arzner stopped directing feature-length films in 1943. She continued to work in the following years, directing television commercials and Army training films. She also produced plays and, in the 1960s and '70s, worked as a professor at the UCLA film school, teaching screenwriting and directing until her death in 1979. The University of California Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Westwood Los Angeles, California, United
Dorothy Arzner, who never married or had children, died at the age of 82 in La Quinta, California. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. She was linked romantically with a number of actresses, but lived much of her life with choreographer Marion Morgan. See also, Choreography (literally "dance-writing" from the Greek words "χορεία" (circular dance see chorea) and "γραφή" For her achievements in the field of motion pictures, Arzner was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1500 Vine Street. The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a Sidewalk along Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street in Hollywood Los Angeles California, USA, that Vine is a Street in Hollywood Los Angeles California that runs north-south from Melrose Avenue up past Hollywood Boulevard. 
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Film director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 3, 1897|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||San Francisco, California United States|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 1, 1979|
|PLACE OF DEATH||La Quinta, California United States|