République de Djibouti
Republic of Djibouti
(and largest city)
|Official languages||Arabic and French|
|Recognised regional languages||Afar, Somali|
|-||President||Ismail Omar Guelleh|
|-||Prime Minister||Dileita Mohamed Dileita|
|-||Date||June 27, 1977|
|-||Total||23,200 km² (149th)|
8,958 sq mi
|-||Water (%)||0. The national flag of Djibouti features two equal horizontal bands of Blue (top and Green with a White Isosceles triangle based on The national coat of arms of Djibouti pictured here was introduced after attaining independence on 27 June 1977 A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history traditions and struggles of its people recognized either by a nation's The National anthem of Djibouti was adopted upon independence from France in 1977. Over half of the Republic of Djibouti 's inhabitants (totalling well over 700000 reside in the capital city The city of Djibouti (جيبوتي Somali: Jabuuti, Ville de Djibouti is the capital and largest city of An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people A regional language is a Language spoken in an area of a Nation state, whether it be a small area a federal State or Province, or Afar (aa ''Qafár af'' is a Lowland East Cushitic language spoken in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. Somali ( Af Soomaali, الصوماليه is a member of the East Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by ethnic Somalis A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. Election results 2005 List of Heads of State of Djibouti Affiliations See also Djibouti Ismaïl Omar Guelleh ( Somali Ismaaciil Cumar Geelle Arabic: اسماعيل عُمر جليه (born November 27, 1947) is the President List of Heads of Government of Djibouti (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office Affiliations- Dileita Mohamed Dileita (دليطة محمد دليطة (born March 12, 1958) has been the Prime Minister of Djibouti since March 2001 Independence is the Self-government of a Nation, Country, or State by its residents and population or some portion thereof generally exercising This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions  Areas between 10000 km² and 100000 km² are listed here This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by total area. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. In Mathematics, a percentage is a way of expressing a number as a Fraction of 100 ( per cent meaning "per hundred" 09 (20 km² / 7. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 7 sq mi)|
|-||July 2007 estimate||496,374 (160th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2005 estimate|
|-||Total||$1. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology List of countries by population in 2005|List of countries by population in 1907This is a list of countries ordered according to Population. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume List of countries and dependencies by Population density in inhabitants/km² The purchasing power parity ( PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium Exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their Purchasing power. 641 billion (164th)|
|-||Per capita||$2,070 (141st)|
|HDI (2007)||0. There are three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head with Per meaning 'through' or 'by' This article includes three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP at Purchasing power parity (PPP Per capita The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP 516 (medium) (149th)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
Djibouti (Arabic: جيبوتي Jībūtī, Somali: Jabuuti), officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa. This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Program 's Human Development Report 2007 A currency is a unit of exchange, facilitating the transfer of Goods and/or services It is one form of Money, where money is The franc (فرنك is the Currency of Djibouti. The ISO 4217 currency code is DJF. ISO 4217 is the International standard describing three-letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. Daylight saving time ( DST A country This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Somali ( Af Soomaali, الصوماليه is a member of the East Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by ethnic Somalis The Horn of Africa (alternatively Northeast Africa, and sometimes Somali Peninsula; shortened to HOA) is a Peninsula in East Africa Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. Eritrea () ( Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Arabic: إرتريا Iritriya) officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال) officially the Somali Republic ( Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال) and formerly known The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The Red Sea is a Salt water Inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. The Gulf of Aden (خليج عدن transliterated: Khalyj 'Adan Somali: Khaleejka Cadan) is located in the Arabian Sea between On the other side of the Red Sea, on the Arabian Peninsula, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coast of Djibouti, is Yemen. The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية šibh al-jazīra al-ʻarabīya or جزيرة العرب jazīrat al-ʻarab) A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States Yemen ( Arabic: اليَمَن al-Yaman officially the Republic of Yemen ( Arabic: الجمهورية اليمنية al-Jumhuuriyya The capital of Djibouti is the city of Djibouti.
The history of Djibouti as recorded in poetry and songs of its nomadic people, goes back thousands of years to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, India, and China. The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence on June 27 1977 This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar tribes in this region became among the first on the African continent to accept Islam. Somalis ( Soomaaliyeed, الصوماليون are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa, also known as the Somali Peninsula. Afar (Afar alphabet Qafár Feera ዐፋር ʿāfār, عفار Amh For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation.
French interest developed in the nineteenth century when the area was ruled by the sultan of Raheita, Tadjoura and Gobaad. Sultan (سلطان is an Islamic title with several historical meanings The French purchased the anchorage of Obock in 1862 and expanded it eventually to a colony called French Somaliland with essentially the current boundaries. In 1967 the area became the French overseas territory of the Afars and Issas. Afar (Afar alphabet Qafár Feera ዐፋር ʿāfār, عفار Amh See also Somali clan The Issa ( Somali Ciise) are a Somali clan, a sub-clan of the Dir.
The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays Djibouti is an Islamic country which regularly takes part in Islamic affairs as well as Arab meetings.
Djibouti is a semi-presidential republic, with executive power in the central government, and legislative power in both the government and parliament. Politics of Djibouti takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential Republic. The semi-presidential system is a System of government in which a prime minister and a President are both active participants in the day-to-day administration A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its In Political science and Constitutional law, the executive is the branch of government responsible for the day-to-day management of the State. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation The parliamentary party system is dominated by the People's Rally for Progress and the current President is Ismail Omar Guelleh. The People's Rally for Progress (Rassemblement populaire pour le Progrès is a Political party in Djibouti. Ismaïl Omar Guelleh ( Somali Ismaaciil Cumar Geelle Arabic: اسماعيل عُمر جليه (born November 27, 1947) is the President The country's current constitution was approved in September 1992. Djibouti is a one party dominant state with the People's Rally for Progress in power. A dominant-party system, or one party dominant system, is a Party system where only one Political party can realistically become the Government Opposition parties are allowed, but have no real chance of gaining power (see Elections in Djibouti). Elections in Djibouti gives information on Election and election results in Djibouti.
The government is seen as being controlled by the Somali Issa clan, though at its head power is shared between a Somali President and an Afar Prime Minister (Scoitas Shilades), with cabinet posts similarly divided. The country has recently come out of a decade long civil war, with the government and the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD) signing a peace treaty in 2000. The Djiboutian Civil War (also known as the Afar insurgency) was a conflict in Djibouti between the People's Rally for Progress (RPP government (predominantly The Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (Front pour la Restauration de l'Unité et de la Démocratie is a Political party in Djibouti. Two FRUD members are part of the current cabinet.
Despite elections of the 1990s being described as "generally fair", Guelleh was sworn in for his second and final six year term as president in a one-man race on 8 April 2005. Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. He took 100% of the votes in a 78. 9% turnout. Opposition parties boycotted the election, describing the poll as "ridiculous, rigged, and rubbish". An election boycott is the Boycotting of an Election by a group of voters each of whom abstains from voting
Djibouti's second president, Guelleh was first elected to office in 1999, taking over from Hassan Gouled Aptidon, who had ruled the country since its independence from France in 1977. Hassan Gouled Aptidon ( Somali Xasan Guuleed Abtidoon. Arabic: حسن جولد أبتيدون ( October 15 1916 - 21 November 
The prime minister, who follows the council of ministers ('cabinet'), is appointed by the President. The parliament - the Chambre des Députés - consists of 52 members who are elected every five to nine years.
In 2001, the Djiboutian government leased the former French Foreign Legion base Camp Lemonier to the United States. Camp Lemonier (or Camp Le Monier) is a United States Navy base specifically a Forward Operating Site, situated in Djibouti and is home The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Camp Lemonier is being used by the United States Central Command in operations as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. The United States Central Command ( USCENTCOM) is a theater -level Unified Combatant Command unit of the U Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF is the official name used by the U
France's 13th Foreign Legion Demi-Brigade shares Camp Lemonier with the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) of the United States Central Command, which arrived in 2002. Camp Lemonier (or Camp Le Monier) is a United States Navy base specifically a Forward Operating Site, situated in Djibouti and is home Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa ( CJTF-HOA) is a Joint task force of United States Africa Command. The United States Central Command ( USCENTCOM) is a theater -level Unified Combatant Command unit of the U It is from Djibouti that Abu Ali al-Harithi, suspected mastermind of the 2000 USS Cole bombing, and U. Abu Ali al-Harithi ( Arabic: أبو علي الحاريثي) (b The USS Cole bombing was a Suicide bombing attack against the U S. citizen Ahmed Hijazi, along with four others persons, were killed in 2002 while riding a car in Yemen, by a Hellfire missile sent by a RQ-1 Predator drone actionned from CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Ahmed Hijazi (d November 5 2002) also known as Kamal Derwish, was a United States citizen killed by the U Yemen ( Arabic: اليَمَن al-Yaman officially the Republic of Yemen ( Arabic: الجمهورية اليمنية al-Jumhuuriyya The AGM-114 Hellfire is a multi-platform multi-target United States modular Missile system WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout This article describes the unincorporated community of Langley in McLean Virginia  It is also from there that the U. S. Army launched attacks in 2007 against Islamic forces in Somalia. The War in Somalia is an ongoing armed conflict involving largely Ethiopian and Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG forces versus the Somali
Djibouti is a member of the Arab League, as well as the African Union, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). The Arab League ( الجامعة العربية) officially called the League of Arab States ( جامعة الدول العربية The African Union (abbreviated AU in English, and UA in its other working languages is a Confederation consisting of 53  African
Djibouti lies in northeast Africa on the Gulf of Aden at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. Djibouti is a country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia. Djibouti has 314 km (195 mi) of coastline and shares a 113 km (70 mi) border with Eritrea, 337 km (209 mi) with Ethiopia and 58 km (36 mi) with Somalia (total 506 km/314 mi). The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States The country, the size of Massachusetts, is mainly a stony desert, with scattered plateaus and highlands.
Djibouti is divided into 5 regions and one city. |||} The regions of Djibouti are divided into 11 districts Alaili Dadda District Ali Sabieh District As A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status It is further subdivided into 11 districts. Districts are a type of Administrative division, in some countries managed by a Local government.
The regions and city are:
The economy of Djibouti is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scant rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. The term fruit has different meanings dependent on context and the term is not synonymous in Food preparation and Biology. The term " vegetable " generally means the edible parts of Plants The definition of the word is traditional rather than Scientific, however
In April 2005, the United Nations World Food Programme warned that 30,000 people in Djibouti face serious food shortages following three years of poor rains. 
Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 40% to 50% continues to be a major problem. Unemployment occurs when a person is available to work and currently seeking work but the person is without work. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the U.S. dollar. In economics inflation or price inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services over a period of time The franc (فرنك is the Currency of Djibouti. The ISO 4217 currency code is DJF. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). A recession is a contraction phase of the Business cycle. The U A civil war is a War between a State and domestic political actors that are in control of some part of the territory claimed by the state Population growth is the change in Population over time and can be quantified as the change in the number of individuals in a population using "per unit time" for Renewed fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea has been beneficial to Djibouti, the Port of Djibouti now serving as landlocked Ethiopia's primary link to the sea. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Eritrea () ( Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Arabic: إرتريا Iritriya) officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in The Port of Djibouti is located at the crossroads of one of the busiest shipping routes in the world linking Europe, the Far East, Africa and the Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen into arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors. 
The population consists of two major groups, the Somali people and the Afar. Over half of the Republic of Djibouti 's inhabitants (totalling well over 700000 reside in the capital city Somalis ( Soomaaliyeed, الصوماليون are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa, also known as the Somali Peninsula. Afar (Afar alphabet Qafár Feera ዐፋር ʿāfār, عفار Amh
The remainder is formed by Europeans (mostly French and Italians), Arabs and Ethiopians. Legal residents and citizens To be French according to the first article of the Constitution is to be a citizen of France regardless of one's origin race or religion ( The' Italian people' are a Southern European Ethnic group located primarily in Italy, Switzerland, France and by virtue of a wide-ranging The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Tensions between the Afar and Issa was the cause of the civil war in the early 1990s. The Djiboutian Civil War (also known as the Afar insurgency) was a conflict in Djibouti between the People's Rally for Progress (RPP government (predominantly
The Somali ethnic component in Djibouti is mainly composed of the Issas, who form the majority and the Gadabuursi and Isaaq, all of whom are closely related as Dir subclans. The Dir ( Diir, دير is a Somali clan whose members live mostly in northern southern and central Somalia, as well as Djibouti and The Issas form part of the ciise Madoobe Dir, while the Gadabuursi and Isaaq are part of the Mahe Dir, Mohammed Hiniftire.
Although French and Arabic are the official languages, Somali and Afar are widely spoken. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Somali ( Af Soomaali, الصوماليه is a member of the East Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by ethnic Somalis Afar (aa ''Qafár af'' is a Lowland East Cushitic language spoken in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. 
The bulk of Djibouti's people are urban residents; the remainder are herders. Health, sanitary, and education services are relatively poor in both urban and rural areas.
Djibouti's main religion is Islam. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. Just like Islam in other countries, every town and village in Djibouti has a mosque, to which people go to worship. A "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller privately owned mosque and the larger Tombs of their former religious leaders and those considered holy are known as sacred spaces. The most famous sacred space for Islam in Djibouti is the tomb of Sheikh Abu Yazid, found in the Goda Mountains. The Goda Mountains lie north west of the Gulf of Tadjoura in Djibouti. In addition to the Islamic calendar, Muslims in Djibouti also recognize New Year's Day (January 1), and Labor Day (May 1), as holidays. New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.
The Muslim religion comprises 94 percent of Djibouti's population (about 444,440). This leaves six percent for other religions. Christianity is mainly the other prevalent religion. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings 
Djiboutian attire reflects the hot, arid climate. Culture of Djibouti - The Republic of Djibouti is ethnically diverse due to its strategic location at the crossroads of Trade and Commerce. Men wear a loosely wrapped piece of cloth that goes down to about the knee, along with a cotton robe over the shoulder, much like a Roman toga. This article is about the aviation term for the Roman garment see Toga. Women wear long skirts, typically dyed brown. Married women wear cloth to cover their heads, sometimes also covering their upper body. Unmarried or young women do not cover their heads. Traditional Arabian dress is worn strictly during religious festivals, especially in preparation for the hajj. The Hajj (حج is a pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah It is the largest annual pilgrimage in the world For some occasions, women may adorn themselves with jewelry and headdresses. 
A lot of Djibouti's original art is passed on and preserved orally, mainly through song. Using their native language, these people can sing or dance a story, acting it out. Many examples of French and Islamic influences can be noted in their buildings, which contain plasterwork, carefully constructed motifs and calligraphy. In art a motif is a repeated idea pattern image or theme Paisley designs are referred to as motifs Calligraphy (from Greek kallos "beauty" + graphẽ "writing" is the art of writing (Mediavilla 1996 17