|Born||23 January 1910|
|Died||16 May 1953 (aged 43)|
|Genre(s)||Romani music, Gypsy jazz, Continental Jazz, Jazz Manouche|
|Associated acts||Stéphane Grappelli|
Jean-Baptiste "Django" Reinhardt (January 23, 1910 – May 16, 1953) was a Belgian Sinto Gypsy jazz guitarist. Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Liberchies is a Belgian village situated along the previous Roman highway Bavay - Tongeren where a vicus was discovered The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Fontainebleau is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Typically nomadic the Roma people have long acted as wandering entertainers and tradesmen Gypsy jazz (also known as "Gypsy Swing" is an idiom often said to have been started by Guitarist Jean "Django" Reinhardt in the 1930s Continental Jazz is a term used to describe early Jazz Dance bands of Europe in the swing medium to the exclusion of Great Britain A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making Music. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles Stéphane Grappelli ( January 26 1908 &ndash December 1 1997) was a French Jazz Violinist who founded the Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Sinti or Sinta (Singular masc=Sinto sing fem=Sintisa is the name of a European Ethnic group. Gypsy jazz (also known as "Gypsy Swing" is an idiom often said to have been started by Guitarist Jean "Django" Reinhardt in the 1930s A guitarist is a Musician who plays the Guitar. Guitarists may perform solo pieces or play with ensembles and bands of a wide variety of genres He was one of the first prominent jazz musicians to be born in Europe, and one of the most renowned jazz guitarists of all time. His most renowned works include "My Sweet", "Minor Swing", "Tears", "Belleville", "Djangology" and "Nuages" (French for "Clouds"). French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people His name is pronounced [dʒɑ̃ŋgo ʀeˈnɑʀt].
Born in Liberchies, Pont-à-Celles, Belgium, Reinhardt spent most of his youth in gypsy encampments close to Paris, playing banjo, guitar and violin from an early age professionally at Bal-musette halls in Paris. Liberchies is a Belgian village situated along the previous Roman highway Bavay - Tongeren where a vicus was discovered Pont-à-Celles is a Walloon Municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those The Romani people (singular Rom, plural Roma as a Noun; also known as Romanies or Roma people) are an ethnic group with origins Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city The banjo is a Stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The violin is a bowed String instrument with four strings usually tuned in Perfect fifths It is the smallest and highest-pitched member Bal-musette is a style of French traditional music which arose in 1880s Paris especially the 5th 11th and 12th districts Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city He started first on the violin and eventually moved on to a banjo-guitar that had been given to him and his first known recordings (in 1928) were of him playing the banjo (a banjo guitar has six strings tuned in standard guitar tuning). The violin is a bowed String instrument with four strings usually tuned in Perfect fifths It is the smallest and highest-pitched member Guitjo is a Plucked string instrument in the guitar or banjo family
At the age of 18 Reinhardt was injured in a fire that ravaged the caravan he shared with Bella, his first wife. They were very poor, and to supplement their income Bella made imitation flowers out of celluloid and paper. Celluloid is the name of a class of compounds created from Nitrocellulose and Camphor, plus dyes and other agents Consequently, their home was full of this highly flammable material. Returning from a performance late one night, Django apparently knocked over a candle on his way to bed. While his family and neighbors were quick to pull him to safety, he received first- and second-degree burns over half his body. His right leg was paralyzed and the third and fourth fingers of his left hand were badly burnt. Doctors believed that he would never play guitar again and intended to amputate one of his legs. Reinhardt refused to have the surgery and left the hospital after a short time; he was able to walk within a year with the aid of a cane.
His brother Joseph Reinhardt, an accomplished guitarist himself, bought Django a new guitar. With painful rehabilitation and practice Django relearned his craft in a completely new way, even as his third and fourth fingers remained partially paralyzed. Hence, he played all of his guitar solos with only two fingers, and managed to use the two injured digits only for chord work.
In 1934, Louis Vola formed the "Quintette du Hot Club de France" with Reinhardt, violinist Stéphane Grappelli, Reinhardt's brother Joseph and Roger Chaput on guitar, and himself on bass. Louis Vola (born 6 July 1902 in La Seyne-sur-Mer, France) was a French Double-bassist famous for his work with the Quintette du Hot Club de France was a Jazz group founded in France in 1934 by guitarist Django Reinhardt and violinist Stéphane Grappelli, and The violin is a bowed String instrument with four strings usually tuned in Perfect fifths It is the smallest and highest-pitched member Stéphane Grappelli ( January 26 1908 &ndash December 1 1997) was a French Jazz Violinist who founded the Occasionally Chaput was replaced by Pierre "Baro" Ferret. Pierre Joseph Ferret (1908 - 1978 was a Gypsy jazz guitarist and composer The vocalist Freddie Taylor participated in a few songs, such as "Georgia On My Mind" and "Nagasaki". " Georgia on My Mind " is a song written in 1930 by Stuart Gorrell (lyrics and Hoagy Carmichael (music Jean Sablon was the first singer to record with him more than thirty songs from 1933. Jean Sablon (Nogent-sur-Marne March 25, 1906 &ndash February 24, 1994 at Cannes-La-Bocca) was a popular French singer and actor The concept of "lead guitar" (Django) and backing "rhythm guitar" (Joseph Reinhardt/Roger Chaput or Pierre Ferret) was born with that band. Lead guitar refers to the use of a Guitar to perform Melody lines instrumental fill passages, and Guitar solos within a song structure Rhythm guitar is the use of a Guitar to provide Rhythmic chordal Accompaniment for a singer or other instruments in a Musical ensemble They also used their guitars for percussive sounds, as they had no true percussion section. The Quintet du Hot Club de France was one of the few well-known jazz ensembles composed only of string instruments.
Reinhardt later formed bands with more conventional instrumentations as with clarinet or saxophone, piano, bass and drums. The clarinet is a Musical instrument in the Woodwind family The name derives from adding the suffix -et meaning little to the Italian word The saxophone (commonly referred to simply as sax) is a conical- bored transposing Musical instrument considered a member of the Woodwind The piano is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with Felt covered hammers The double bass is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed String instrument used in the modern symphony orchestra. A drum kit (also drum set or trap set) is a collection of Drums Cymbals and sometimes other Percussion instruments such as cowbells He produced numerous recordings at this time with the quintet. But he played and recorded also with many American Jazz legends such as Coleman Hawkins, Benny Carter, Rex Stewart (who later stayed in Paris), and a jam-session with jazz legend Louis Armstrong. Coleman Randolph Hawkins ( November 21 1904 - May 19 1969) Nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean" was a prominent Bennett Lester Carter (born August 8, 1907 in Harlem New York; died July 12, 2003 in Los Angeles California) was Rex Stewart ( 22 February 1907 &ndash 7 September 1967) was an American Jazz Cornetist best known for his work Louis Armstrong (August 4 1901 &ndash July 6 1971 nicknamed Satchmo or Sachimo and Pops, was an American Jazz Trumpeter Reinhardt could neither read nor write music, and was barely literate. Stéphane took the band's downtime to teach him.
When World War II broke out, the original quintet was on tour in the United Kingdom. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including A quintet is a group containing five membersIt is commonly associated with musical groups such as a String quintet, or a group of five singers but can be applied to any The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Reinhardt returned to Paris at once, leaving his wife behind. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Grappelli remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of the war. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Reinhardt reformed the quintet, with Hubert Rostaing on clarinet replacing Grappelli's violin. Hubert Rostaing ( September 17, 1918; June 10, 1990) was a jazz clarinetist and tenor saxophonist The clarinet is a Musical instrument in the Woodwind family The name derives from adding the suffix -et meaning little to the Italian word In 1943, Django married Sophie Ziegler in Salbris, with whom he had a son, Babik Reinhardt, who became a respected guitarist in his own right. Salbris is a Village and commune in the Loir-et-Cher département of northern-central France. Babik Reinhardt (8 June 1944, Paris - 13 November 2001, Grasse) was one of Django Reinhardt 's sons and a guitarist in
Reinhardt survived World War II unscathed, unlike the many Gypsies who perished in the porajmos, the Nazi regime's systematic murder of several hundred thousand European Gypsies, quite a few of whom were sent to death camps. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Porajmos (also Porrajmos) literally Devouring, is a term considered to be coined by the Romani people to describe attempts by the regime in Nazism, which was a short name for National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus refers primarily to the Ideology and practices of the National Socialist German Extermination camps were two types of facilities that Nazi Germany built during World War II for the systematic killing of millions of people in what has become He was especially fortunate because the Nazi regime did not allow jazz to be performed and recorded. He apparently enjoyed the protection of the Luftwaffe officer Dietrich Schulz-Köhn, nicknamed "Doktor Jazz", who deeply admired his music. ( German 'luftvafe is a generic German term for an Air force.
After the war, Reinhardt rejoined Grappelli in the UK, and went on to tour the United States, opening for Duke Ellington, and playing at Carnegie Hall, with many notable musicians and composers such as Maury Deutsch. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29 1899 &ndash May 24 1974 was an American Composer, Pianist, and Bandleader. Carnegie Hall (generally ˌkɑrnɨgi ˈhɔːl is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east Maury Deutsch (born 1918 in New York City) is a Musician who has played the Trumpet from an early age Despite Reinhardt's great pride in touring with Ellington (one of his two letters to Grappelli relates this excitement), he wasn't really integrated into the band, playing only a few tunes at the end of the show, with no special arrangements written personally for him. He was used to his brother, Joseph, carrying around his guitar for him and tuning it. Allegedly, Reinhardt was given an untuned guitar to play with (discovered after strumming a chord) and it took him five whole minutes to tune it. Also, he was used to playing a Selmer Modèle Jazz, the guitar he made famous, but he was required to play a new amplified model. The Selmer Guitar (often incorrectly called a "Selmer-Maccaferri" or just "Maccaferri" by anglophones as its After "going electric", the results were not as much liked by fans. He returned to France with broken dreams, but continued to play and make many recordings.
Django Reinhardt was among the first people in France to appreciate and understand the music of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie whom he sought when he arrived in New York. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie ( October 21 1917 &ndash January 6 1993) was an American Jazz Trumpeter New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Unfortunately they were all on tour.
After returning to France, Django spent the remainder of his days re-immersed in gypsy life, having found it difficult to adjust to the modern world. He would sometimes show up for concerts without a guitar or amp, or wander off to the park or beach, and on a few occasions he refused even to get out of bed. Reinhardt was known by his band, fans, and managers to be extremely unpredictable. He would often skip sold-out concerts to simply "walk to the beach" or "smell the dew". However, he did continue to compose and is still regarded as one of the most advanced jazz guitarists. Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States
In 1948, Reinhardt recruited a few Italian jazz players (on bass, piano, and snare drum) and recorded one of his most acclaimed contributions, "Djangology", once again with Stephane Grappelli on violin. Although his experience in the U. S. left him influenced greatly by American jazz, making him a different player from the man Grappelli had known, on this recording Reinhardt switched back to his old roots, once again playing the Acoustic Selmer-Maccaferri. The recording was recently discovered by jazz enthusiasts and is now available in the U. S. and Europe. Reinhardt and other guitarists of the Quintette du Hot Club de France used Selmer acoustic guitars. Quintette du Hot Club de France was a Jazz group founded in France in 1934 by guitarist Django Reinhardt and violinist Stéphane Grappelli, and The Selmer Guitar (often incorrectly called a "Selmer-Maccaferri" or just "Maccaferri" by anglophones as its
In 1951, he retired to Samois-sur-Seine, France, near Fontainebleau. For the American Lesbian organization with the same name see Samois. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Fontainebleau is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. He lived there for two years until May 16, 1953, when, while returning from the Avon train station, he collapsed outside his house from a brain hemorrhage. Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. Year 1953 ( MCMLIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Avon is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. A stroke is the rapidly developing loss of brain functions due to a disturbance in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain It took a full day for a doctor to arrive and Django was declared dead on arrival at the hospital in Fontainebleau. Dead on arrival or DOA is a term used to indicate that a patient was found to be dead upon the arrival of professional medical assistance such as a hospital often Fontainebleau is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France.
Many musicians have expressed admiration for Reinhardt (whose main influence was Eddie Lang), including guitarist Jimmy McCulloch, classical guitarist Julian Bream; country artist Chet Atkins, who placed Reinhardt #1 on a list of the ten most influential guitarists of the 20th century (he placed himself fifth); Latin rocker Carlos Santana; blues legend B.B. King; the Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia; Phish's Trey Anastasio; Black Sabbath's Tony Iommi; Jimi Hendrix; Synyster Gates; Shawn Lane; Stevie Ray Vaughan; Derek Trucks; Mark Knopfler; Les Paul; Joe Pass; Peter Frampton; Denny Laine; Jeff Beck; Jon Larsen; Steve Howe; Charlie Christian; George Benson; Wes Montgomery; Martin Taylor; Tchavolo Schmitt; Stochelo Rosenberg; Biréli Lagrène; John Jorgenson; Michael Angelo Batio; Richard Thompson; Robert Fripp; and Jeff Martin. Eddie Lang ( October 25, 1902 &ndash March 26, 1933) was an American Jazz Guitarist, considered by many to be the finest Jimmy McCulloch ( 4 June 1953 – 27 September 1979) was a Scottish Musician, born in Glasgow, who was best Julian Bream OBE (born July 15, 1933) is an internationally celebrated British guitarist and Lutenist widely recognized Chester Burton "Chet" Atkins ( June 20, 1924 &ndash June 30, 2001) was an influential Guitarist and Record producer For the Costa Rican football player see Carlos Santana (footballer; for the Mexican academic see Carlos Santana Morales. B B King (born Riley B King, September 16 1925 is an American Blues Guitarist and Singer-songwriter. The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in the San Francisco Bay Area. Jerome John "Jerry" Garcia (August 1 1942 &ndash August 9 1995 was a Musician, Songwriter, Artist, and Lead guitarist and Phish is an American Jam band noted for their Musical improvisation, extended Jam sessions and cult following Trey Anastasio (born Ernest Joseph Anastasio III on Black Sabbath are an Frank Anthony "Iommi (born February 19 1948, in Aston, Birmingham England) is an English Guitarist and Songwriter James Marshall Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix) (November 27 1942 – September 18 1970 was an American Guitarist, Singer and Songwriter Synyster Gates (born Brian Elwin Haner Jr on July 7, 1981) in Huntington Beach, California) also known as Syn, Shawn Lane ( March 21, 1963 &ndash September 26, 2003) was an American Musician. Stephen "Stevie" Ray Vaughan ( October 3, 1954 August 27, 1990) was an American Blues-rock Guitarist Derek Trucks (born June 8, 1979) is a Grammy Award - nominated American Guitarist. Mark Knopfler OBE (born August 12 1949 Glasgow, Scotland) is a British Guitarist, Singer, Songwriter, Les Paul (born Lester William Polsfuss on June 9 1915) is an American Jazz guitarist and Inventor. Joe Pass (born Joseph Anthony Passalaqua, January 13, 1929, New Brunswick, New Jersey, U Peter Kenneth Frampton (born 22 April 1950 in Beckenham, Kent) is an English Musician, best known today for his solo Denny Laine (born Brian Frederick Arthur Hines, October 29, 1944, in Tyseley, Birmingham) is an English Songwriter Geoffrey Arnold "Jeff" Beck (born June 24, 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck in Wallington, England) is an English Jon Larsen (b Oslo, Norway, 1959-) is an Autodidact Guitarist, Composer, Surrealistic painter, and record producer Stephen James "Steve" Howe (born April 8, 1947 in Holloway, North London, England) is an English Guitarist Charlie Christian (Charles Henry Christian ( 29 July 1916 &ndash 2 March 1942) was an American swing and Bebop George Benson (b March 22 1943, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania) is an American musician whose recording career began at the age of twenty-one John Leslie "Wes" Montgomery ( 6 March 1925 - 15 June 1968) was an American Jazz guitarist He is generally considered Martin Taylor MBE is a highly respected British Jazz guitarist who has performed in groups guitar ensembles and as an accompanist to many of the world’s most famous musicians Tchavolo Schmitt (born 1954 in Paris) is a noted guitarist in Gypsy jazz. Stochelo Rosenberg (born 19 February, 1968 in Helmond, Netherlands) is a Sinti - Gypsy Jazz Guitarist Biréli Lagrène is a French Guitarist and Bassist. A "guitar phenomenon" according to John McLaughlin, he came to prominence in the John Jorgenson (born 6 July 1956, in Madison Wisconsin) is an American Musician, considered one of the world's most versatile Michael Angelo Batio (ˈbeɪtioʊ also known as Mike Batio or MAB) (born in 1956 is an American Guitarist and Columnist from Richard John Thompson (born 3 April 1949 in Notting Hill Gate, West London) is a British songwriter Guitar player Robert Fripp (born 16 May 1946 in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England) is a Guitarist, Composer and a Record Jeffrey Scott Martin (born October 2, 1969 in Windsor Ontario) is a Canadian guitarist and singer-songwriter best known for fronting the Willie Nelson wore a Django Reinhardt T-shirt on tour in Europe in 2002, stating in an interview that he admired Django's music and ability. Willie Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American country Singer-songwriter and Actor. The British guitarist Diz Disley plays in a style based on Reinhardt's technique and he collaborated on numerous projects with Stéphane Grappelli. William C Disley (known as Diz Disley) ( 27 May 1931) is a Canadian/British jazz guitarist and graphic designer
Django Reinhardt also had an influence on other styles and musical genres, including Western Swing, notably in the work of Bob Wills. This article is about the Musical genre. For the popular western swing Steel guitar tuning see E9 tuning. James Robert (Bob Wills ( March 6, 1905 &ndash May 13, 1975) was an American Western swing musician Songwriter
Musicians have paid tribute to Reinhardt in many other ways, such as by invoking his name in their own work or personal life. Jimi Hendrix is said to have named one of his bands the Band of Gypsys because of Django's music. James Marshall Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix) (November 27 1942 – September 18 1970 was an American Guitarist, Singer and Songwriter Band of Gypsys is a Live album and a project by Jimi Hendrix, backed by Billy Cox and Buddy Miles, that followed Hendrix's A number of musicians named their sons Django in reference to Reinhardt, including David Crosby, former Slade singer Noddy Holder, Jerry Jeff Walker, Richard Durrant, and also actors Nana Visitor & Alexander Siddig and Raphael Sbarge. David Van Cortlandt Crosby (born August 14, 1941) is an American Guitarist, Singer, and Songwriter. Slade are an English Glam rock band Slade were one of the most recognizable acts of the glam rock movement and were at their peak the most commercially popular Noddy Holder MBE (born Neville John Holder, 15 June 1946, Walsall, West Midlands) is an English Musician Jerry Jeff Walker (born March 16, 1942) is a Country music singer Richard Durrant (born 11 November 1962, Hollingbury, England) is a English stringed instumentalist most commonly playing the Nana Visitor (born July 26, 1957) is an American actress, best known for playing Colonel (previously Major Kira Nerys in the Siddig El Tahir El Fadil El Siddig El Abderahman El Mohammed Ahmed El Abdel Karim El Mahdi ( Arabic: صدّيق الطاهر الفاضل الصدّيق عبدالرحمن Raphael Sbarge (born February 12 1964) is an American Actor. Biography Sbarge was born into a theatre-oriented family in Jazz musician Django Bates and singer-songwriter Django Haskins were named after him. Django Bates (born October 2, 1960 in Beckenham, London, United Kingdom) is a composer virtuoso multi-instrumentalist and band Django Haskins (born November 19, 1977) is a North American Singer-songwriter.
Songs written in Reinhardt's honor include "Django," composed by John Lewis, which has become a jazz standard performed by musicians such as Miles Davis. John Aaron Lewis ( 3 May 1920 – 29 March 2001) was an American Jazz Pianist and Composer best known Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26 1926 &ndash September 28 1991 was an American Jazz Trumpeter, Bandleader, and Composer. The Modern Jazz Quartet titled one of their albums Django in honor of him. The Modern Jazz Quartet was established in 1952 by Milt Jackson ( Vibraphone) John Lewis ( Piano, musical director Percy Heath Django is an album by The Modern Jazz Quartet, first released on LP in 1956 The Allman Brothers Band song Jessica was written by Dickey Betts in tribute to Reinhardt — he wanted to write a song that could be played using only two fingers. The Allman Brothers Band is a Southern rock band based in Macon, Georgia. Forrest Richard "Dickey" Betts (born December 12, 1943) is an American Guitarist, Singer, and Songwriter This aspect of the artist's work also motivated Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi, who was inspired by Reinhardt to keep playing guitar after a factory accident that cost him two fingertips. Black Sabbath are an Frank Anthony "Iommi (born February 19 1948, in Aston, Birmingham England) is an English Guitarist and Songwriter Composer Jon Larsen has composed several crossover concerts featuring Django inspired music together with symphonic arrangements, most famous is "White Night Stories" (2002) and "Vertavo" (1996).
In 2005, Django Reinhardt ended on the 66th place in the election of The Greatest Belgian (De Grootste Belg) in Flanders and on the 76th place in the Walloon version of the same competition Le plus grand Belge. Year 66 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar. De Grootste Belg ( The Greatest Belgian) was a 2005 vote conducted by Belgian public TV broadcaster Canvas, to determine who is the Greatest Belgian of all Flanders (Vlaanderen Flandre Flandern is a geographical region located in parts of present day Belgium, France, and the Netherlands. Walloon ( Walon) is a Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Wallonia, Belgium. Le plus grand belge (French for the "The Greatest Belgian" was a television show on the Belgian french-speaking public channel RTBF.
Reinhardt has been portrayed in several films, such as in the opening sequence of the 2003 animated film Les Triplettes de Belleville. Les Triplettes de Belleville is a 2003 animated Feature film written and directed by Sylvain Chomet. The third and fourth fingers of the cartoon Reinhardt are considerably smaller than the fingers used to play the guitar. Reinhardt's legacy dominates in Woody Allen's 1999 "Sweet and Low Down. " This spoof biopic focuses on ficitional American guitarist Emmet Ray's obsession with Reinhardt, with soundtrack featuring Howard Alden . He is also portrayed by guitarist John Jorgenson in the movie Head in the Clouds. John Jorgenson (born 6 July 1956, in Madison Wisconsin) is an American Musician, considered one of the world's most versatile Head in the Clouds is a 2004 film British / Canadian Drama film written and directed by John Duigan. In the classic Italian western Django, the titular hero is presumably named after Reinhardt. Django is a 1966 Italian Spaghetti Western film directed by Sergio Corbucci and starring Franco Nero in the title In the climax of the movie, his hands are smashed by his enemies and he is forced to fire a gun with his wounded hands. Reinhardt is also the idol of the character Arvid in the movie Swing Kids, where the character's left hand is smashed by a member of the Hitler Jugend (HJ), but is inspired to continue by Reinhardt's example. Swing Kids is a Film produced in 1993 and directed by Thomas Carter.
Reinhardt's music has been used in the soundtrack of many films, including the oracle scene in The Matrix; Rhythm Futur (95 minute mark) and I Can't Give You Anything But Love (41 minute mark) in The Aviator; Nuages in Gattaca; the score for Louis Malle's 1974 movie, Lacombe Lucien;the background for the Steve Martin movie L. The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction - martial arts - Action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction Drama film written and directed by Andrew Niccol, starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Stephen Glenn Martin (born August 14, 1945) is an Emmy Award -winning American Actor, Comedian, Writer, A. Story; the background for a number of Woody Allen movies, including Stardust Memories, where Woody's character plays a Django record; Honeysuckle Rose in the background of the Central Park carriage ride scene in Kate and Leopold; during the Juilliard audition in the movie Daltry Calhoun; Minor Swing and Blues Clair in Metroland for which Mark Knopfler wrote the score; his rendition of Brazil can be heard on the "Something's Gotta Give" soundtrack; and Minor Swing in the scene in the painter's house in the Italian film "I Cento Passi", and as played by Johnny Depp plays in the river party scene in Lasse Hallström's Chocolat. " Honeysuckle Rose " is a 1928 song composed by Fats Waller, with lyrics written by Andy Razaf. Metroland is a 1997 Film starring Christian Bale and Emily Watson. Mark Knopfler OBE (born August 12 1949 Glasgow, Scotland) is a British Guitarist, Singer, Songwriter, John Lars Sven "Lasse" Hallström (b 2 June 1946 Stockholm Sweden) is a Swedish Film director. Chocolat is a 2000 Film based on the novel of the same name by Joanne Harris, directed by Lasse Hallström. Reinhardt's work also figures heavily into B. Monkey and The Pallbearer. Reinhardt's music has also been featured in the soundtracks of several video games, such as the 2002 game Mafia and the 2007 game BioShock. Mafia The City of Lost Heaven is a sandbox-style Third-person shooter Video game initially made for PC and released in. BioShock is a video game by 2K Boston/2K Australia —previously known as Irrational Games
Reinhardt has been a subject in several works of fiction. Harlan Ellison's short story "Django" is a fantasia about a guitarist, with similarities to Reinhardt. Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American Writer of Short stories, Novellas, Teleplays Author William Kotzwinkle's 1989 collection, The Hot Jazz Trio stars Reinhardt in a surrealistic fantasy also featuring Pablo Picasso. William Kotzwinkle (born 1943 is an Author and Screenwriter. He was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso (October 25 1881 &ndash April 8 1973 An extended discussion of Reinhardt takes place among several characters in the novel From Here to Eternity by James Jones. From Here to Eternity is a novel by James Jones, winner of the National Book Award for fiction in 1952 James Ramon Jones ( November 6, 1921 &ndash May 9, 1977) was an American author known for his explorations of World War The character Andre Custine has a double bass that had been played by Reinhardt in the novel Century Rain by Alastair Reynolds. The double bass is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed String instrument used in the modern symphony orchestra. Century Rain is a 2004 noir Science fiction alternate history mystery novel by Welsh author Alastair Reynolds (ISBN Alastair Preston Reynolds (born in 1966 in Barry, Wales) is a Welsh Science fiction author.
Reinhardt has been the subject of lyrics in several songs, such as Django, a version of the John Lewis standard, from the 1973 Lindsey Buckingham / Stevie Nicks self-titled debut album; the song "Muskrat Love" by America (band) makes a comment about Django, though spelled "Jango" in the lyrics; the lyrics of the Norwegian song Tanta til Beate by Lillebjørn Nilsen mentions Django several times; the song "Feel So Numb" by Rob Zombie on the album "The Sinister Urge" refers to Django with the lyric "Django drag a coffin nail across your back". John Lewis can refer to Business The John Lewis Partnership, a major British retailer operating supermarkets and department stores Lindsey Adams Buckingham (born October 3, 1949) is an American Guitarist and Singer, most notable for being a member of the musical group Stephanie Lynn "Stevie" Nicks (born on May 26 1948 in Phoenix Arizona) is an American Singer-songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood America is an English-American Folk rock band originally composed of members Gerry Beckley, Dewey Bunnell, and Dan Peek. Norway ( Norwegian: Norge ( Bokmål) or Noreg ( Nynorsk) officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Constitutional Bjørn "Lillebjørn" Falk Nilsen (born 21 December 1950 in Oslo) is a Norwegian Singer-songwriter and a folk musician The song "Django" appears on Joe Bonamssa's 2006 LP "You & Me"
The Django web framework, a Python web framework, was named after Reinhardt. Django (pronunciation /ˈdʒæŋgoː/ is an Open source Web application framework, written in Python, which loosely follows the Model-view-controller Python is a general-purpose High-level programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes programmer productivity and code readability
Reinhardt's grandson David, approximately age 21 in 2008, is a composer and plays jazz guitar.