In parliamentary systems, a dissolution of parliament is the dispersal of a legislature at the call of an election. A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation An election is a Decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold formal office
Usually there is a maximum length of a legislature, and a dissolution must happen before the maximum time. Early dissolutions are allowed in many jurisdictions.
The House of Representatives, but not the Senate, can be dissolved at any time by the Governor-General. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers of the Parliament of Australia; it is the Lower house, the Upper house being the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative in Australia of the monarch of Australia (currently Elizabeth II Queen of Australia) The House expires 3 years after its first meeting if not earlier dissolved. The Senate can be dissolved by the Governor-General only when the double dissolution provisions are invoked, in which case the House of Representatives is also dissolved at the same time. This article deals with elections to the Australian Parliament. There exists a convention that the Governor-General only orders a dissolution on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister of Australia is the Head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General.
The House of Commons, but not the Senate, can be dissolved at any time by the Governor-General, conventionally on the advice of the Prime Minister. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The House of Commons (Chambre des communes is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and The Senate of Canada (Le Sénat du Canada is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the sovereign (represented by the governor general The Governor General of Canada ( French: Gouverneure générale du Canada, or: Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative The Prime Minister of Canada ( French: Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary Minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus If the government is refused confidence or supply, the Prime Minister must either resign and permit another member of the House of Commons to form a government, or else advise the Governor-General to dissolve Parliament. In Political science confidence refers to a Government 's support in the Legislature. Loss of supply occurs where a government in a Parliamentary democracy using the Westminster System or a system derived from it is denied a supply of treasury or exchequer Also, the House of Commons automatically dissolves after five years, although no House of Commons has yet survived that long.
The Provincial legislatures may also be dissolved at any time for the same reasons, by the Lieutenant-Governor on the advice of the Premier. British Columbia and Ontario have established fixed election dates, to which the federal 5-year rule would apply.
The French National Assembly can be dissolved only one year after an election by the French President. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The French National Assembly. The other is the Senate ( “Sénat”) The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française colloquially referred to in English as the President of France, is France 's elected
According to the German constitution, the Bundestag can be dissolved by the federal president if the Chancellor loses a vote of confidence, or if a newly elected Bundestag proves unable to elect a chancellor with absolute majority. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Bundestag ("Federal Diet " or "Lower House of German Parliament" is the Parliament of Germany. The President of Germany (deutscher Bundespräsident is Germany 's Head of state. The Head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (Kanzler A Motion of Confidence is a motion of support proposed by a government in a Parliament or other assembly of elected representatives to give members of parliament (or The second possibility has never occurred yet but the Bundestag has been dissolved in 1972, 1982, and 2005 when the then-ruling chancellors Brandt, Kohl, and Schröder deliberately lost votes of confidence in order that there could be fresh elections. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Willy Brandt, born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (18 December 1913 - 8 October 1992 was a German politician Chancellor of West Germany 1969&ndash1974 Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born 3 April 1930 is a German conservative politician and statesman ˌɡeɐ̯haɐ̯t fʁɪʦ kʊɐ̯t ˈʃʁøːdɐ (born 7 April 1944 German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005 On the last two occasions the decree of dissolution was challenged without success before the Constitutional Court.
The second federal legislative body, the Bundesrat, cannot be dissolved.
Dáil Éireann (the Irish House of Representatives) can be dissolved by the President if there is a vote of no confidence in the Taoiseach. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe. ga '''Dáil Éireann''' ( English House of Representatives of Ireland) is the principal chamber of the Oireachtas (Irish parliament The President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann n̪ˠə ˈheːɾʲən̪ˠ is the Head of state of Ireland. A motion of no confidence (also vote of no confidence, censure motion, no-confidence motion, or confidence motion) is a Parliamentary motion The Taoiseach (ˈtiːʃəx in English t̪ˠiːʃʲəx (plural Taoisigh ( or) in Irish) also referred to as An Taoiseach ( t̪ˠiːʃʲəx is the the If the Taoiseach advises that the Dáil be dissolved, though, the President is not obliged to follow that advice; he can choose to invite the opposition leader to form a government. The president must dissolve the Dáil at any time when asked to do so by a Taoiseach who enjoys the confidence of the Dáil. The Taoiseach (ˈtiːʃəx in English t̪ˠiːʃʲəx (plural Taoisigh ( or) in Irish) also referred to as An Taoiseach ( t̪ˠiːʃʲəx is the the This usually happens when the Dáil has neared the end of its five-year term, precipitating a general election. A general election is an Election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election The President may also dissolve the Dáil if they can not choose a Taoiseach, though this has never yet occurred.
One feature of the Irish system is that although the Dáil is dissolved, Seanad Éireann (the Irish Senate) is not, and may continue to meet during an election campaign for the Dáil. Seanad Éireann (ɕan̪ˠad̪ˠ erʲan̪ˠ English Senate of Ireland) also known unofficially as the Senate, is the Upper house of the Oireachtas However as many members of the Seanad are typically involved in election campaigns for the Dáil, the Seanad does not typically meet often, if at all, once the Dáil is dissolved. A general election for the Seanad must take place within 90 days of the election of the new Dáil.
The House of Representatives, but not the House of Councillors, can be dissolved at any time by the Emperor on the advice of the Prime Minister. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. The is the Lower house of the Diet of Japan. The House of Councillors of Japan is the Upper house. The is the Upper house of the Diet of Japan. The House of Representatives is the Lower house. The of Japan is the country's Monarch. He is the head of the Japanese Imperial Family. The is the usual English-language term used for the Head of government of Japan, although the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Prime
The Parliament can be dissolved or prorogued at any time in its 3-year term by the Governor-General, usually on the advice of the Prime Minister. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The Parliament of New Zealand consists of the Queen of New Zealand and the New Zealand House of Representatives and until 1951 the New Zealand Legislative Council The Governor-General of New Zealand (Te Kawana Tianara o Aotearoa is the representative of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand (currently Queen The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealand's Head of government consequent on being the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in
The Prime Minister may ask the monarch to dissolve Parliament at any time, though it must be dissolved five years after the first sitting of parliament following the last general election as that is the maximum term a parliament may sit by virtue of the Septennial Act 1715, as amended by the Parliament Act 1911, which reduced the Septennial Act's seven-year limit. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom TalkCommonewalth realm.--> The monarchy The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories The United Kingdom has five distinct types of Elections UK general elections elections to national/regional parliaments and assemblies elections to the European Parliament The Septennial Act 1715 was an Act of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain in May 1716 (1715 c The Parliament Acts are two Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed in 1911 and 1949 that form part of the Constitution of the United
The time for which Parliament can sit without dissolution can be extended with the approval of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords; however, legislation to extend the life of parliament is the sole matter over which the Lords still retain a veto. A veto, Latin for "I forbid" is used to Denote that a certain party has the right to stop unilaterally a certain piece of Legislation.
Under the Scotland Act 1998, ordinary general elections for the Scottish Parliament are held on the first Thursday in May every four years (1999, 2003, 2007 etc. The Scotland Act 1998 (1998 c 46 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Scottish Parliament election 1999 was the first General election of the Scottish Parliament, with voting taking place on May 6, 1999. The Scottish Parliament election 2003, was the second General election of the Scottish Parliament. The 2007 Scottish Parliament election was held on Thursday 3 May 2007 to elect members to the Scottish Parliament ) The date of the poll may be varied by up to one month either way by the monarch on the proposal of the Presiding Officer. The Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament (Oifigear-Riaghlaidh Preses o the Scots Pairlament is the speaker of the Scottish Parliament, elected by the
If the Parliament itself resolves that it should be dissolved (with at least two-thirds of the Members voting in favour), or if the Parliament fails to nominate one of its members to be First Minister within certain time limits, the Presiding Officer proposes a date for an extraordinary general election and the Parliament is dissolved by the monarch by royal proclamation. The First Minister of Scotland (Prìomh Mhinistear na h-Alba First Meinister o Scotland is the head of the devolved Scottish A proclamation (Lat proclamare, to make public by announcement is an official declaration
Under the Government of Wales Act 2006, ordinary general elections for the National Assembly are held on the first Thursday in May every four years. The Government of Wales Act 2006 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reforms the National Assembly for Wales and allows further
According to the Romanian Constitution, voted in 1991 and revised in 2003, the President may dissolve the Parliament only if the Parliament rejects two consecutive candidates proposed by the President for the function of Prime Minister. Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania The 1991 Constitution of Romania is the fundamental law that establishes the structure of the government of Romania, the rights and obligations of the country's citizens and The President of Romania is the Head of state of Romania. The President is directly elected by a Two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004 The Prime Minister of Romania is the head of the Government of Romania. Both houses can be dissolved. No dissolution of the Parliament has taken place in Romania since 1991.
The dissolution of the Italian parliament (which last, accordingly to the 1948 Constitution, 5 years) and the calling of new general election is made by the President of the Republic, although the parliament may be extended by ordinary legislation. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Since the Italian President is a no-responsible institutional figure, the actual power of dissolution is practically in the hand of the Government (for example in 2005 the former president of the Council of Ministes, Silvio Berlusconi decided the date of elections instead of the president of the Republic).
Under Articles 111 and 117 of the Russian Constitution, the President of the Russian Federation may dissolve the State Duma if it either expresses no confidence in the Government or rejects his proposed candidate for Prime Minister three times. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The President of Russia (Президент России or the President of the Russian Federation, Президент Российской The State Duma (Государственная дума (Gosudarstvennaya Duma common abbreviation Госдума (Gosduma in the Russian Federation is the A motion of no confidence (also vote of no confidence, censure motion, no-confidence motion, or confidence motion) is a Parliamentary motion The power to dissolve the Duma was not exercised under the current constitution of 1993. For the constitution of the Imperial Russia see Russian Constitution of 1906 The current Constitution of the Russian Federation Before the new constitution was enacted, President Boris Yeltsin had dissolved the Supreme Soviet during the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993, although he did not have the formal constitutional powers to do so. Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin () (1 February 1931 23 April 2007 was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999 The Supreme Soviet of the USSR (Верхо́вный Сове́т СССР Verkhóvnyj Sovét SSSR) was the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union in The Russian constitutional crisis of 1993 began on 21 September when Russian President Boris Yeltsin dissolved the country's legislature ( Congress of People's