A film that is released direct-to-video (also known as made-for-video, straight-to-video, more recently, straight-to-DVD) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats (historically VHS) before or without being released in movie theaters or broadcast on television. A film release is the stage at which a completed Film is legally authorized by its owner for public distribution. Home video is a blanket term used for pre-recorded media that is either sold or hired for home entertainment Cinemaaustraliajpg|thumb|A movie theater in Australia ]]A movie theater, movie theatre, picture theatre or cinema is a venue Television ( TV) is a widely used Telecommunication medium for sending ( Broadcasting) and receiving moving Images, either monochromatic The term is also at times used as a derogatory term for sequels of films that are not expected to have financial success. A sequel is a work in Literature, Film, or other media that portrays events following those of a previous work
Direct-to-video releases can occur for several reasons. Often a production studio will develop a TV show or film which is not generally released for several possible reasons: poor quality, lack of support from a TV network, controversial nature, or a simple lack of general public interest. A studio is a Artist 's or worker's workroom or an artist and his or her Employees who work within that studio A television program (US television programme (UK or television show (U A controversy or dispute is a commencement of a conflict between statements of accepted fact and a new or unaccepted proposal that disagrees with argues against Studios, limited in the annual number of films they grant cinematic releases to, may choose to pull the completed film from the theaters, or never exhibit it in theaters at all. Studios then recoup some of their losses through video sales and rentals. 
In the case of a TV show, low ratings may cause a studio to cancel the show, possibly after having filmed an entire season and aired some episodes. Nielsen Ratings are audience measurement systems developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the Audience size and composition of television If the show has a considerable fanbase, the studio may release un-aired episodes on video to recoup losses. Clerks: The Animated Series and Firefly are examples of canceled shows which were successful cult hits on DVD. Firefly is an American Science fiction Television series created by writer/director Joss Whedon, creator of Buffy the Vampire Slayer Occasionally outstanding DVD sales may revive a canceled show, as in the case of Family Guy. Family Guy is an animated American television sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane that airs on Fox and regularly on other Originally canceled in 2002, the series was revived in 2005 due partly to its excellent DVD sales. 
Direct-to-video releases have historically carried a stigma of lower technical or artistic quality than theatrical releases.  Some studio films released direct-to-video are films which have been completed but were never released. A movie studio (aka film studio) is in the established sense of the term a company that distributes films. This delay often occurs when a studio doubts a film's commercial prospects would justify a full cinema release, or because its "release window" has closed. A release window refers to a timely trend or personality, and missing that window of opportunity means a film, possibly rushed into production, failed to release before the trend faded. In film industry slang such films are referred to as having been "vaulted. Slang is the use of highly informal Words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speaker's Dialect or Language. "
There is a positive side to direct-to-video releases. They have become something of a lifeline for independent filmmakers and smaller companies. 
Direct-to-video releases can be done for films which cannot be shown theatrically due to controversial content, or because the cost involved in a theatrical release is beyond the releasing company.  Almost all pornographic films are released direct-to-video. Pornography or porn is the explicit depiction of Sexual subject matter with the sole intention of sexually exciting the viewer
Animated sequels and movie-length episodes of animated series are also often released in this fashion. A sequel is a work in Literature, Film, or other media that portrays events following those of a previous work  The Walt Disney Company began making sequels of most of its animated films for video release beginning with The Return of Jafar (the sequel to Aladdin) in 1994. The Return of Jafar is a 1994 Animated Direct-to-video Sequel to the 1992's Aladdin, produced by Aladdin is a 1992 animated feature produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation, and released by Walt Disney Pictures on November 25 Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Universal Studios also began their long line of The Land Before Time sequels that same year. Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios) a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is a major Global American The Land Before Time is an Animated film, produced by Steven Spielberg 's Amblin Entertainment and directed by Don Bluth. In 2005, Fox released Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story for DVD and UMD. Family Guy Presents Stewie Griffin The Untold Story is a direct-to-DVD animated Film set in Family Guy 's
Once in a while, a studio that makes a movie that was prepared as a direct-to-video film and release it theatrically at the last minute due to the success of another movie with a similar subject matter or an ultimate studio decision. Doug's 1st Movie is an example of this, quickly changed from a DTV to a theatrical release due to the surprise success of The Rugrats Movie. Doug's 1st Movie is an Animated film based on the Television series Disney's Doug. The Rugrats Movie is a 1998 animated film produced by Paramount Pictures and Nickelodeon Movies.
Television spin-offs are animated or live action television series or made for TV movies which contain either characters or theme elements from an older series or movie (Clerks: The Animated Series, Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventures). While the most common examples of a television spin off are animated series there are also live action examples (Robocop: Prime Directive)
Some SpongeBob SquarePants DVD volumes contain episodes not yet aired in the United States. SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated television series and Media franchise. Certain Special episodes of Pokémon were released directly on video such as Pikachu’s Winter Vacation. If you came here to express your personal opinion about Pokémon please go somewhere else Some Disney Channel shows, such as That's So Raven, The Suite Life of Zack and Cody, Phil of the Future, and Lilo & Stitch: The Series have also had direct-to-video episodes. For the Disney Channel in other countries see Disney Channel around the world. That's So Raven is an Emmy, Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards, NAACP Image Awards, and Teen Choice Award Award-winning American The Suite Life of Zack & Cody was an American Disney Channel Original Series created by Danny Kallis and Jim Geoghan Phil of the Future is an American Comedy Children's television series that was produced by 2121 Productions (a part of Brookwell Lilo & Stitch The Series is the animated television spinoff of the feature film Lilo & Stitch and the follow-up to Stitch! The Movie
In modern popular culture, there is often a stigma associated with direct-to-video productions. General stereotypes include low production values, poor acting and shoddy effects work. While not necessarily true, these prejudices can often hurt sales and lower reviews' scores.
As the DVD format supplants the videocassette, companies have increasingly released movies in DVD format rather than VHS, causing the term "direct-to-DVD" to replace "direct-to-video" in some instances. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is  However, the word "video" does not necessarily refer to VHS cassettes. The new term used is DVDP ("DVD Premiere").  Such films can cost as much as $20 million (about a third of the average cost of a Hollywood release) and feature actors like Jean-Claude Van Damme and Steven Seagal. Steven F Seagal (born April 10 1951 is an American Action movie Actor, producer, writer director, Martial artist  Salaries for such actors range from $2 to $4 million (Van Damme) to $4. 5 to $10 million (Seagal).  According to Variety, American Pie: Band Camp sold a million copies in one week, despite retaining only two actors from the original trilogy. American Pie Presents Band Camp is a 2005 Direct-to-video Spin-off to the American Pie trilogy of films and the first 
In recent years, DVD Premieres have become a substantial source of revenue for movie studios. DVDPs have collectively grossed over $3 billion over the last few years, and have matured enough that DVDP divisions of studios now option their own films. Studios realized that DVDP movies can be shot on a smaller budget, thus allowing studios larger profits with the combined revenues of home video sales and rentals, in addition to licensing movies for television and for distribution abroad (where some DVDP movies do see theatrical releases).
Distributing DVDPs is not a practice reserved solely for larger Hollywood studios. Several companies, such as The Asylum, MTI Home Video, and York Entertainment distribute DVDPs almost exclusively. The Asylum is an American Film studio. They primarily focus on low-budget Horror films, but have also released films MTI Home Video is a United States -based movie distributor in the Direct-to-video market The budgets for films distributed by these companies are even smaller than those of ones distributed by a larger studio, but these companies are still able to profit off their sales.
In Japan, the direct-to-video movement carries different connotations, being a niche product rather than a fallback medium. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Despite having lower budgets than features intended for theater release, Japanese direct-to-video productions are rarely marred by the poor storyline and lower quality production often associated with the DTV market in the US. So-called V-Cinema has more respect from the public, and affection from film directors for the greater creative freedoms the medium allows. Japanese V-Cinema is the Direct-to-video industry that appeared in Japan in the 1980s A film director, or filmmaker, is a person who directs the making of a Film. DTV releases are subject to fewer content restrictions and less creative dictate than other formats.
In the case of anime, this is called Original Video Animation (OVA or OAV), and their production values usually fall between those of television series and movies. (anime in Japanese, abbreviated (and sometimes as OAV) is a term originating from Japanese animation ( Anime) for animated films and series which are made specially to be They are often used to tell stories too short to fill a full TV season, and were particularly common in the early 1990s. The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999 Sometimes OVAs garner enough interest to justify commissioning a full television series, like Tenchi Muyo!, One Piece, and El Hazard. is an Anime, Light novel, and Manga series created by Masaki Kajishima and Hiroki Hayashi about a boy named Tenchi Masaki, is a Japanese Shōnen Manga written and illustrated by Eiichiro Oda, that has been serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine is an Anime franchise by Anime International Company, and more specifically Hiroki Hayashi of Tenchi Muyo! fame
With the advent of the 13 episode season format, OVAs are less common now. The majority of OVAs released in today's market are usually continuations or reworkings of recently completed TV series. For instance, the DVD release of a TV series might include a bonus episode that was never broadcast as a sales hook.