Spain has 45,200,737 inhabitants according to 2007 census. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Its population density, at 87. 8/km² (220/sq. mile), is lower than that of most Western European countries. With the exception of the capital, Madrid, the most populated regions lie around the coast. Madrid (pronounced in English in Spanish and colloquially in Spain) is the Capital and largest city of Spain.
The population of Spain doubled during the twentieth century, but the pattern of growth was extremely uneven due to large-scale internal migration from the rural interior to the industrial cities, a phenomenon which happened later than in other Western European countries. No fewer than eleven of Spain's fifty provinces saw an absolute decline in population over the century.
The last quarter of the century saw a dramatic fall in birth rates. Spain's fertility rate of 1. 37 (the number of children the average woman will have during her lifetime) is now one of the lowest in the world, but has gone up every jear since the begin of this decade.
Spain has no official religion. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos The Spanish Constitution of 1978 abolished the Roman Catholic Church as the official state religion, while recognizing the role it plays in Spanish society. The Constitution of Spain is regarded as the culmination of the Spanish transition to democracy. About 80% of the population define themselves as Catholic, but 63% assert they almost never go to any religious service
The population of Spain doubled during the twentieth century, due to the spectacular demographic boom by the 60's and early 70's. Then, the birth rate plunged by the 80's and Spain's population became stalled, its demographics showing one of the lowest sub replacement fertility rate in the world, only second to Greece, Portugal, Hungary and Japan. Sub-replacement fertility is a Total fertility rate that is not high enough to replace an area's population Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Many demographers have linked Spain's very low fertility rate to the country's lack of any real family planning policy. Spain is the Western European country that spends least on family support (a paltry 0. 5% of GDP). A graphic illustration of the enormous social gulf between Spain and the rest of Europe in this field is the fact that a Spanish family would need to have 57 children to enjoy the same financial support as a family with 3 children in Luxembourg.
In emigration/immigration terms, after centuries of net emigration, Spain, has recently experienced large-scale immigration for the first time in modern history. According to the Spanish government there were 4,145,000 foreign residents in Spain in January 2007. Of these well over half a million were Moroccan while the Ecuadorians figure was around half a million as well. Morocco (المغرب "al-Maghrib" officially the Kingdom of Morocco (المملكة المغربية is a country located in North Africa For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Ecuador topics. Romanian and Colombian populations amounted to around 300,000 each. The Romanians (dated Rumanians or Roumanians; Romanian: români or historically and today rather seldom and only regional rumâni Colombia (kəˈlʌmbɪə officially the Republic of Colombia () is a country in northwestern South America. There are also a significant number of British (761,000 as of 2006) and German (133,588) citizens, mainly in Alicante, Málaga provinces, Balearic islands and Canary islands. Alicante in Spanish or Alacant (in Valencian) is a province of eastern Spain, in the southern part of the Valencian The Province of Málaga ( Spanish Provincia de Málaga) is located on the southern coast of Spain, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia The Balearic Islands ( Catalan and official Illes Balears; Spanish: Islas Baleares) are an Archipelago in the western Mediterranean The Canary Islands ( English pronunciation kəˈnæriː ˈaɪləndz Spanish: Islas Canarias, ˈizlas kaˈnarjas are a Spanish Chinese are estimated to number between ten and sixty thousand. Chinese people in Spain form the ninth-largest non- European Union foreign community in Spain. Immigrants from several sub-Saharan African countries have also settled in Spain as contract workers, although they represent only 4. 08% of all the foreign residents in the country.
During the early 2000's, the mean year-on-year demographic growth set a new record with its 2003 peak variation of 2. 1%, doubling the previous record reached back in the 1960's when a mean year on year growth of 1% was experienced.  This trend is far from being reversed at the present moment and, in 2005 alone, the immigrant population of Spain increased by 700 000 people .
Allegedly, the growing immigrant population is the main reason for the slight increase in Spain's fertility rate . The total fertility rate ( TFR, sometimes also called the fertility rate, period total fertility rate (PTFR or total
The most important metropolitan areas in 2005 are:
Population: 45,327,000 (January 2007)
Age structure (2000 est. Madrid (pronounced in English in Spanish and colloquially in Spain) is the Capital and largest city of Spain. Barcelona ( Catalan bəɾsəˈlonə Spanish baɾθeˈlona is the capital and most populous city of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia Valencia ( Valencian: València, Valencia Spanish phonology --> is the capital of the Spanish autonomous Seville ( Spanish: Sevilla, see also different names) is the artistic cultural and financial capital of southern Spain. Bilbao, (also Bilbo) in the North of Spain, is the largest city in the Basque Country and the capital of the province of Biscay (Basque The Principality of Asturias ( Spanish: Principado de Asturias, Asturian: Principáu d'Asturies or Asturies) is an Gijón ( Asturian: Xixón) is a coastal industrial city Oviedo ( Asturian: Uviéu is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain. ||-||} Alicante ( Spanish language) or Alacant ( Valencian) is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the Zaragoza, also called Saragossa in English, is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community and former For other meanings see Vigo (disambiguation Vigo is the largest city in Galicia, Spain, in terms of population The comarca of the Bay of Cádiz is one of six traditional and touristic subdivisions of the Province of Cádiz. Cádiz ( Spanish:) is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the province of the same name, a province which is one of eight See also Santa Cruz de Tenerife (province. Historical population In 1990 the population slowly boomed above the 200000 mark falling Murcia ( is the capital city of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia, located at the river Segura in south-eastern Spain. Palma is the major City and port on the island of Majorca and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous region of Andalusia, Spain. Donostia-San Sebastián ( Basque: Donostia, IPA; Spanish: San Sebastián, known officially as Donostia-San Sebastián Tarragona (tərəˈɣonə in Catalan) is a city located in the south of Catalonia and east of Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea. A Coruña ( Spanish: La Coruña; Galician: A Coruña; also Corunna in English, and archaically The Groyne) is ||-||} is an industrial city and it is a Municipality in north-central Spain, upon the Pisuerga River and within the Ribera del Duero wine-making region The port city of Santander is the capital of the autonomous community of Cantabria situated on the north coast of Spain between Asturias (to the west and ||-||-||} Córdoba ( Cordova in English is a City in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba. For other meanings see Pamplona (disambiguation. Pamplona ( Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre ):
0-14 years: 14. 4% (male 3,000,686/female 2,821,325)
15-64 years: 67. 8% (male 13,751,963/female 13,653,426)
65 years and over: 17. 7% (male 2,993,496/female 4,176,946) (2006 est. )
Population growth rate: 0. 13% (2006 est. )
Birth rate: 10. 79 births/1,000 population (2006 est. )
Death rate: 9. 72 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est. )
Net migration rate: 15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est. ) 
at birth: 1. 07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1. 06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1. 01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0. 72 male(s)/female
total population: 0. 96 male(s)/female (2006 est. )
Infant mortality rate: 4. 37 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est. )
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 79. 65 years
male: 76. 32 years
female: 83. 2 years (2006 est. )
Total fertility rate: 1. 37 children born/woman (2006 est. )
Ethnic Groups: European 92%, non-European groups 8%
Religions: Roman Catholic 80. 4%, atheistics or agnostics 17. Atheism Agnosticism ( Greek: α- a-, without + γνώσις gnōsis, knowledge after Gnosticism) is the philosophical view that the 2%, other 2. 3% . According to a December 2006 study, 41% of the population described themselves as atheist or agnostic, while 48% believed in a God or supreme being. 
Others with no official status:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97. Asturian (Asturian Asturianu or Bable) is a Romance language of the West Iberian group, Astur-Leonese Subgroup, spoken in the The Principality of Asturias ( Spanish: Principado de Asturias, Asturian: Principáu d'Asturies or Asturies) is an León is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. Huesca ( Spanish: Huesca, Aragonese: Uesca) is a province of northeastern Spain, in northern Aragon. Aragon ( Spanish: "Aragón") is an autonomous community of Spain. 9% (2003 est. )
male: 98. 7% (2003 est. )
female: 97. 2% (2003 est. )
About 70% of Spain's student population attends public schools or universities. The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" The remainder attend private schools or universities, the great majority of which are operated by the Catholic Church.
Compulsory education begins with primary school or general basic education for ages 6-16. It is free in public schools and in many private schools, most of which receive government subsidies. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. In Economics, a subsidy (also known as a subvention is a form of financial assistance paid to a business or economic sector Following graduation, students attend either a secondary school offering a general high school diploma or a school of professional study in all fields — law, sciences, humanities, and medicine — and the superior technical schools offer programs in engineering and architecture.