Location within Ethiopia
|Zone||Misraq (East) Shewa|
|Elevation||1,920 m (6,299 ft)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Debre Zeyit (also transliterated Debre Zeit; Ge'ez ደብረ ዘይት; Amharic "Mount of Olives") is a town of Ethiopia, lying south east of Addis Ababa. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Oromia (sometimes spelled Oromiya and spelled Oromiyaa in the Oromo language) is one of the nine ethnic divisions ( kililoch) of Misraq Shewa (or "East Shewa" is one of the 12 Zones of the Ethiopian Region of Oromia. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. UTC+3 is used in the following locations Moscow Time Eastern European Summer Time West Asian Summer Time Ge'ez (gez ግዕዝ) also called Ethiopic, is an Abugida script that was originally developed to write Ge'ez, a Semitic language Amharic (አማርኛ amarəñña) is a Semitic language spoken in North Central Ethiopia by the Amhara. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Addis Ababa (sometimes spelled Addis Abeba, the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority Amharic It is also known by the Oromo name, Bishoftu, which was its name until 1955. Oromo, also known as Afaan borana Oromoo, Oromiffa(a ( Ethiopic: ኦሮሚኛ and sometimes in other languages by variant spellings of these names Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar)  The town is located in the Misraq Shewa Zone of the Oromia Region, and has a latitude and longitude of with an elevation of 1920 meters. Misraq Shewa (or "East Shewa" is one of the 12 Zones of the Ethiopian Region of Oromia. Oromia (sometimes spelled Oromiya and spelled Oromiyaa in the Oromo language) is one of the nine ethnic divisions ( kililoch) of
Nearby points of interest include Mount Yerer, Green Crater Lake and Lake Hora Kiloli.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Debre Zeyit has an estimated total population of 131,159, of whom 64,642 were males and were 66,517 females. The Central Statistical Agency ( CSA; Amh: የማዕከላዊ ስታቲስቲክስ ኤጀንሲ is an agency of the government of Ethiopia designated  The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 73,372 of whom 35,058 were males and 38,314 were females. However, another source states that the population of Debre Zeyit was 105,963 in October 1994. 
It is a resort town, known for five crater lakes: Lake Bishoftu, Lake Hora (a base for watersports, many water birds and an annual festival), Lake Bishoftu Guda, Lake Koriftu and the seasonal Lake Cheleklaka. A resort town, sometimes called a resort destination, is a town or area where Tourism or vacationing is a primary component of the local Culture and Crater Lake is a Caldera Lake located in the US state of Oregon. A festival is an event usually and ordinarily staged by a local community which centers on some unique aspect of that community Debre Zeyit is also home to the Ethiopian Air Force and a commercial airport (ICAO HAHM, IATA QHR), as well as a station on the Addis Ababa - Djibouti Railway. The Ethiopian Air Force is the air arm of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces and is tasked with protecting the air space providing support to the ground forces as well The International Civil Aviation Organization ( ICAO) an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation The Imperial Railway Company of Ethiopia (often referred to by its French name Compagnie Impériale des Chemins de Fer Éthiopiens) was a semi-private firm founded It has had telephone service since 1954. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) According to the Nordic Africa Institute website, major businesses in Debre Zeyit include the Ada Flour and Pasta Factory, the Pasqua Giuseppe PLC, the Salmida Leather Products Manufacturing, Ratson (Women Youth Children Development Programme), Winrock International Ethiopia, and the Debre Zeyt Research Center. 
Debre Zeyit, as a definite entity, did not come into existence until after the Second World War. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Accounts of earlier travelers call the region "Adda", although one Swedish memoir from 1935 mentions a village named "Bishoftu"; the future minister Makonnen Habte-Wold was born in this village. At about 1 kilometers from Adda, on land that had been owned partly by Emperor Haile Selassie I, the Italians started Azienda Agraria di Biscioftu dell'Opera Nazionale per i Combattenti on 15,000 hectares, intending to create a center of colonization as well as an experimental agricultural station. Haile Selassie I ( Ge'ez: am ኃይለ፡ ሥላሴ "Power of the Trinity " 23 July 1892 &ndash 27 August 1975 born Tafari Makonnen, was The first foundation stone for the houses was laid 9 December 1937, but only 21 dwellings were ready by May 1938. Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Various administrative and service buildings were also built. 
The history of the Ethiopian airforce is tightly woven with the history of Debre Zeyit. In 1946, the beginnings of what would become the Ethiopian Air Force was moved from the Bole airport in Addis Ababa, which was needed by Ethiopian Airlines, to Bishoftu. Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Ethiopian Air Force is the air arm of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces and is tasked with protecting the air space providing support to the ground forces as well Addis Abeba Bole International Airport serves the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Addis Ababa (sometimes spelled Addis Abeba, the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority Amharic Ethiopian Airlines (የኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ የኢትዮጵያ in short is an Airline based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The initial group of 19 Swedes under Count Carl Gustaf von Rosen, who were to train the pilots and support personal, arrived there after leaving Sweden between 9 January and 16 July 1946. "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Count Carl Gustaf Ericsson von Rosen ( August 19 1909 &ndash July 13 1977) was a Swedish pioneer aviator son of the explorer Events 475 - Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople. Events 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar. 1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Both Ethiopian cadets and the Swedish instructors took part in constructing the first buildings on the base. Six Saab 91 Safir training airplanes were bought in Sweden and flown to the new airbase 24 December 1946, and on 10 November 1947 a fleet of 16 Saab-built B-17s were landed at Bishoftu by Swedish pilots. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Events 563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by Earthquakes Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1444 - Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw Year 1947 ( MCMXLVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout 
Debre Zeyit Technical High School was established in 1958 with a 5-year course for boys 12-15 years of age. An Evangelical College had been founded two years before, which was a joint undertaking of Swedish, Norwegian, and German Evangelical missions. The Evangelical College's first headmaster was Sven Rubenson. The Animal Health Assistants Training School was established in Debre Zeyit in 1963, with financial support by the United Nations Special Fund. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
The artist Lemma Tesefa Kesime was born (1956) in Debre Zeyit. He studied at the Art School 1972-1974 and received his M. A. from the Soviet Union in 1983. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Returning to Ethiopia, Lemma Tesefa became a teacher at the art school in Addis Ababa.  Debre Zeyit was also the favored weekend retreat of Emperor Haile Selassie, who built a palace in the town, named "Fairfield" after his wartime home in exile in the town of Bath, England. Haile Selassie I ( Ge'ez: am ኃይለ፡ ሥላሴ "Power of the Trinity " 23 July 1892 &ndash 27 August 1975 born Tafari Makonnen, was
Armed forces of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front bypassed the capital and occupied Debre Zeyit in May, 1991, bringing order to the area after the collapse of the Mengistu government, taking control of what remained of the Soviet-supplied Air Force. Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝቦች አብዮታዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ግንባር is the ruling political coalition in Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. Mengistu Haile Mariam (መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም məngɨstu hi lə maryam (born 1937 a repression campaign against the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party and The airbase was also used to detain several dozen senior military officers after the capture of the capital. 
A bomb exploded in the town at the beginning of May 2004. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " It killed one person while injuring many more.
|Cities of Ethiopia|
Adama (Nazret) | Addis Ababa | Adigrat | Adwa | Ambo | Arba Minch | Asella | Awasa | Axum | Bahir Dar | Debre Berhan | Debre Marqos | Debre Tabor | Debre Zeyit | Degehabur | Dembidolo | Dessie | Dila | Dire Dawa | Gambela | Goba | Gode | Gondar | Harar | Irgalem | Jijiga | Jimma | Kebri Dahar | Kombolcha | Mek'ele | Negele Arsi | Negele Boran | Nekemte | Shashamane | Sodo | Weldiya | Wukro | Ziway