|Birth name||David Fyodorovich Oistrakh|
|Born||September 30 [O.S. September 17] 1908|
|Died||October 24, 1974 (age 66)|
died on tour in Amsterdam, Holland
|Occupation(s)||Soloist, Conductor, Pedagogue, Violinist, Violist|
David Fyodorovich Oistrakh (Russian: Давид Фёдорович Ойстрах), David Fiodorovič Ojstrah; September 30 [O.S. September 17] 1908 – October 24, 1974) was a Soviet violinist who made many recordings and was the dedicatee of numerous violin works. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Old Style (or OS) and New Style (or NS) are used in English language historical studies either to indicate that the start of the Julian year Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year ODESSA which stands for the German phrase O rganisation d er e hemaligen SS - A ngehörigen which in turn translates Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Amsterdam (pronounced) is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland in the west Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music In Education, a teacher is one who helps Students or pupils often in a School, as well as in a Family, religious or The following lists of violinists are available List of classical violinists, names of great violinist from baroque era till 20th century This is a list of noted Viola players. Notable violists A Julia Rebekka Adler (b Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Old Style (or OS) and New Style (or NS) are used in English language historical studies either to indicate that the start of the Julian year Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar.
His recordings and performances of Shostakovich's concerti are particularly well known, but he was also a performer of classical concerti. The dates of the Classical period in Western music are generally accepted as 1750 to 1810 The term Concerto (plural concertos or concerti) usually refers to a three part musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an Orchestra He worked with orchestras in Russia, and also with musicians in Europe and the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Oistrakh's recording of Beethoven's Triple Concerto with Sviatoslav Richter and Mstislav Rostropovich is also well known, and the violin concerto of Aram Khachaturian is dedicated to him, as are the two violin concerti by Dmitri Shostakovich. Ludwig van Beethoven ( English ˈlʊdvɪg væn ˈbeɪtoʊvən, 16 December 1770 &ndash 26 March 1827 was a German Composer and Pianist. Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter (Святосла́в Теофи́лович Рихтер Svjatoslav Teofilovič Rikhter) ( &ndash August 1, 1997) was WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich KBE ( Russian: Мстисла́в Aram Khachaturian ( Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян Aram Il'ič Hačaturjan Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich ( Russian: ru Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович ( &ndash 9 August 1975 was a Russian Composer
He was born in the cosmopolitan city of Odessa on the Black Sea in Russian Empire into a Jewish family of merchants of the second guild. ODESSA which stands for the German phrase O rganisation d er e hemaligen SS - A ngehörigen which in turn translates The Black Sea is an inland Sea bounded by southeastern Europe, the Caucasus and the Anatolian peninsula ( Turkey The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ His father was Fishl Oistrakh and his mother was Beyle (nee Stepanovsky) . At the age of five, young David began studying violin and viola seriously with a local teacher named Piotr Stolyarsky. The viola is a bowed String instrument. It is the middle voice of the Violin family, Piotr Stolyarsky (Piotr Solomonovich Stoliarsky (b11-18 (30-1871 (Lipovtsy now Vinnitsa region near Kiev, Russian Empire (Ukraine – He was Oistrakh's first and only teacher. Stolyarsky also taught Nathan Milstein, with whom Oistrakh was to share his first concert appearance in 1914, when Milstein graduated from the Conservatoire. Nathan Mironovich Milstein ( December 31, 1903 - December 21, 1992) was a Russian -born American virtuoso Violinist Having made his debut in Odessa at the age of 6, Oistrakh entered the Odessa Conservatory in 1923 where he studied until 1926. There here he played the Bach A minor Concerto. WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section.2 This article is written in British English including maximised use of "-ise" His 1926 graduation concert consisted of Bach's Chaconne, Tartini's Devil's Trill Sonata, Rubinstein's Viola Sonata, and Prokofiev's D major Concerto. He appeared as soloist playing the Glazunov Violin Concerto under the composer's direction in Kiev in 1927 - a concert which earned him an invitation to play the Tchaikovsky violin concerto in Leningrad with the Philharmonic Orchestra under Nikolai Malko the following year. Kiev, also known as Kyiv ( Ukrainian:, Kyiv, ˈkɪjiw Russian:, Kiyev; see also Cities' alternative names) is the Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River
In the same year, Oistrakh decided to move to Moscow where he gave his first recital and met his future wife Tamara Rotareva, a pianist, whom he was to marry a year later. Moscow (Москва́ romanised: Moskvá, IPA: see also other names) is the Capital and the largest city of In 1931, their only child Igor was born, a son who was to follow in his father's footsteps and would be heard later playing violin with his father in works such as the Bach Double Concerto and Mozart's Sinfonia Concertante. Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Igor Oistrakh (Игорь Ойстрах (born April 27, 1931) is a Ukrainian violinist Sinfonia concertante is a Musical form that originated in the Classical music era, and is a mixture of the Symphony and the Concerto genres From 1934 onwards, he obtained a position teaching at the Moscow Conservatoire where he was made professor in 1939. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Moscow Conservatory (Московская Государственная Консерватория им Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. There, he was among such greats as Yuri Yankelevich and Boris Goldstein. Yuri Yankelevich (Russian Юрий Исаевич Янкелевич ( March 7, 1909 – September 22, 1973) was an eminent Soviet Boris Goldstein (Busya Goldshtein (25 of December 1922 Odessa - 8 of November 1987 Hanover, Germany) was one of the brightest stars of violin Oistrakh also taught many prodigies such as Nina Beilina, Stefan Gheorgiu, Eduard Grach, Olga Kaverzneva, Oleg Kagan, Gidon Kremer, Oleg Krysa, Igor Oistrakh, Olga Parkhomenko, Victor Pikaisen, Simeon Snitkovsky, Cyrus Forough, and Liana Isakadze. Oleg Kagan (Russian Оле́г Моисе́евич Кага́н Oleg Moiseyevich Kagan ( 22 November 1946 &ndash 15 July 1990) was a Russian Gidon Kremer (Gidons Krēmers (born February 27, 1947) is a Latvian Violinist and conductor. Igor Oistrakh (Игорь Ойстрах (born April 27, 1931) is a Ukrainian violinist Violinist Cyrus Forough began violin studies at age five with his mother a graduate of the Brussels Royal Conservatory of Music
Oistrakh found international fame by winning several national and international competitions including the 1935 Soviet Union competition. Oistrakh won second prize at the Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition in Warsaw in the same year, losing first prize to the 16-year-old prodigy Ginette Neveu. The international Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition is a competition for Violinists up to age 30 that takes place every five years in Poznań, Poland, Warsaw (Warszawa; also known by other names) is the Capital and Largest city of Poland. Ginette Neveu ( August 11, 1919 &ndash October 27, 1949) was a French Violinist. However, in 1937 he captured top prize in the Queen Elisabeth Competition (then known as the Eugene Ysaÿe Competition) in Brussels. Brussels (Bruxelles pronounced; Brussel pronounced) officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is During this period, he also began a lengthy friendship and partnership with the great pianist Lev Oborin, as well as coming under the influence of violinist Jacques Thibaud. Lev Nikolayevich Oborin (Лев Николаевич Оборин Lev Nikolaevič Oborin; Moscow, - 5 January, 1974) was a Russian Jacques Thibaud ( September 27, 1880 - September 1, 1953) was a French Violinist.
During World War II, he was active in the Soviet Union, premiering new concerti by Nikolai Miaskovsky and Khachaturian as well as two sonatas by his friend Prokofiev. Nikolai Yakovlevich Myaskovsky ( ru: Николай Яковлевич Мясковский also transliterated as Miaskovskii or Miaskovsky ( April 20, 1881 Aram Khachaturian ( Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян Aram Il'ič Hačaturjan He was also awarded the Stalin Prize in 1942. The final years of the war saw the blossoming of a friendship with Shostakovich, which would lead to the two violin concertos and the sonata, all of which were to be premiered by and become firmly associated with Oistrakh in the following years. Oistrakh's career was set from this point, except for one small hitch - the Soviet Union was "protective" of its people and refused to let him leave. He continued to teach in the Moscow Conservatory, but when Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, he went to the front lines, playing for soldiers and factory workers under intensely difficult conditions.
Oistrakh was allowed to travel after the end of the war. He traveled to the countries in the Soviet block and even to the West. His first foreign engagement was to appear at the newly founded "Prague Spring" Festival where he met with enormous success. In 1949 he gave his first concert in the West - in Helsinki. In 1951, he appeared at the "Maggio Musicale" Festival in Florence, in 1952 he was in East Germany for the Beethoven celebrations, France in 1953, Britain in 1954, and eventually, in 1955, he was allowed to tour the United States. By 1959, he was beginning to establish a second career as a conductor, and in 1960 he was awarded the coveted Lenin Prize. His Moscow conducting debut followed in 1962, and by 1967 he had established a partnership with the celebrated Soviet pianist Sviatoslav Richter. Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter (Святосла́в Теофи́лович Рихтер Svjatoslav Teofilovič Rikhter) ( &ndash August 1, 1997) was
1968 saw wide celebrations for the violinist's sixtieth birthday, which included a celebratory performance in the Great Hall of Moscow Conservatory of the Tchaikovsky concerto, one of his favourite works, under the baton of Gennady Rozhdestvensky. WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Gennady Nikolayevich Rozhdestvensky (Генна́дий Никола́евич Oistrakh was now seen as one of the great violinists of his time, in the same league as such luminaries as Romania's Enescu and the United States' Jascha Heifetz.
For around ten years, Oistrakh played the 1702 Conte di Fontana Stradivarius that he traded for the 1705 Marsick Stradivarius in June 1966. A Stradivarius is a Stringed instrument built by members of the Stradivari family particularly Antonio Stradivari.
Oistrakh suffered a heart attack as early as 1964. Myocardial infarction ( MI or AMI for acute myocardial infarction) also known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply He survived and continued to work at a furious pace. He had already become one of the principal cultural ambassadors for the Soviet Union to the West in live concerts and recordings. After conducting a cycle of Brahms with the Concertgebouw Orchestra, he died of another heart attack in Amsterdam, in 1974. The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (In Dutch: Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest) is the best-known and most respected Symphony orchestra of the His remains were returned to Moscow where he was interred in Novodevichy Cemetery. Novodevichy Cemetery (Новоде́вичье кла́дбище Novodevichye kladbishche is the most famous cemetery in Moscow, Russia, situated next to the
The asteroid 42516 Oistrach is named in honour of him and his son Igor. Asteroids, sometimes called Minor planets or planetoids', are bodies—primarily of the inner Solar System —that are smaller than planets but 42516 Oistrakh (1993 VH5 is a Main-belt Asteroid discovered on November 11, 1993 by F