DOCSIS Set-top Gateway (or DSG) is a specification describing how out of band data is delivered to a cable set-top box. Out-of-band is a technical term with different uses in Communications and Telecommunication. Cable set-top boxes need a reliable source of out of band data for information such as program guides, channel lineups, and updated code images. A set-top box (STB or set-top unit (STU is a device that connects to a Television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into
DSG is an extension of the DOCSIS protocol governing cable modems, and applies equally to all versions of DOCSIS. Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification ( DOCSIS) is an international standard developed by CableLabs and contributing companies that include ARRIS A cable modem is a type of Modem that provides access to a data signal sent over the Cable television infrastructure
The principal features of DSG are:
The original DOCSIS protocol supports only two way connectivity. Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification ( DOCSIS) is an international standard developed by CableLabs and contributing companies that include ARRIS A cable modem that is unable to acquire an upstream channel will give up and resume scanning for new channels. Likewise, persistent upstream errors will cause a cable modem to "reinitialize its MAC" and scan for new downstream channels. This behavior is appropriate for traditional cable modems, but not for cable set-top boxes. A cable set-top box still needs to acquire its out of band data even if the upstream channel is impaired.
The DSG specification introduced one way (downstream only) modes of operation. When upstream errors occur, the set-top enters a downstream-only state, periodically attempting to reacquire the upstream channel.
Set-top out of band data is generally present only on certain downstream channels. The set-top needs a way to distinguish a valid downstream (containing the set-top's data) from an invalid one used only by standalone cable modems.
The DSG specification defines a special downstream keep-alive message so that the set-top can recognize an appropriate downstream channel.
The DSG Specification extends the DOCSIS OSSI error reporting and logging mechanism, adding standardized events pertaining to DSG operation. Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification ( DOCSIS) is an international standard developed by CableLabs and contributing companies that include ARRIS
The Advanced Mode of the DSG Specification introduces a special MAC Management message called the Downstream Channel Descriptor (DCD). The DCD provides a directory identifying the MAC and IP parameters associated with the out of band data streams.
Each data consumer is assigned a special Client Identifier that names the out of band data stream in the DCD.
The DSG Specification creates two new SNMP MIBs to manage DSG devices. Simple Network Management Protocol ( SNMP) forms part of the Internet protocol suite as defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF One MIB is used by the set-top, the other by the CMTS.
A DSG network comprises three components. The Conditional Access Server generates a stream of out of band data. The DSG Agent (the CMTS) forwards the out of band data and publishes the out of band directory (the DCD). The DSG client on the set-top digest the DSG data.
The set-top device comprises three subcomponents. The DSG-capable cable modem is referred to as the DSG eCM (Embedded Cable Modem). A data consumer is called a DSG Client (there are generally many of these. ) Finally, the eCM is configured and controlled by a component called the DSG Client Controller.