|Type||Subsidiary of Warner Brothers Entertainment|
|Founded||1934, by Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (as National Allied Publications)|
|Headquarters||1700 Broadway, New York City, New York|
|Key people||Paul Levitz (President and Publisher)|
Dan DiDio (Senior Vice President, DC Executive Editor)
|Products||See list of DC Comics publications|
DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (1890-1968 was an American Pulp magazine Writer and Entrepreneur who pioneered the American comic Broadway, as the name implies is a wide avenue in New York City. The City of New York New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Paul Levitz (born 21 October 1956) is an American Comic book Writer, Editor and executive Dan DiDio (born October 24, 1959) is an American Comic book editor and executive The DC Universe ( DCU) is the fictional Shared universe where most of the comic stories published by DC Comics take place For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Comics (via Latin from the Greek "" kōmikos, of or pertaining to "comedy" from kōmos "revel" In Marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a Market that might satisfy a want or need DC Comics is one of the largest Comic book and Graphic novel publishers in North America. A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages An American comic book is a small Magazine originating in the United States and containing a Narrative in the Comics form A subsidiary of Warner Bros. Entertainment (part of Time Warner) since 1969, DC is one of the world's largest English language publishers of comic books. A subsidiary, in business matters is an entity that is controlled by a bigger and more powerful entity Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Time Warner Inc ( is the world's largest media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered in New York City. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A comic book (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a comic paper or comic magazine) is a Magazine or Book of narrative DC Comics produces material featuring a large number of well-known characters, including Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, and their teammates in the Justice League, who are among the medium's most popular and influential. Superman is a fictional Comic book Superhero widely considered to be one of the most recognized of such characters and an American Cultural icon Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a fictional Comic book Superhero co-created The Justice League sometimes called the Justice League of America or JLA for short is a Fictional DC Comics superhero team. 
DC Comics was founded as National Allied Publications in 1934 by Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson. Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (1890-1968 was an American Pulp magazine Writer and Entrepreneur who pioneered the American comic The initials "DC" were an abbreviation of the company's popular title Detective Comics, which became synonymous with the publisher, and subsequently became part of the companies official - now tautological, with "Comics" appended - name. Detective Comics is an American comic book published monthly by DC Comics since 1937 best-known for introducing the iconic Superhero Batman DC has been successively headquartered at different areas of New York City, including: 432 Fourth Avenue; 480 and later 575 Lexington Avenue; 909 Third Avenue; 75 Rockefeller Plaza; 666 Fifth Avenue; and 1325 Avenue of the Americas. The City of New York Park Avenue (formerly Fourth Avenue) is a wide boulevard that carries north and southbound traffic in New York City Borough of Manhattan Lexington Avenue, often abbreviated by New Yorkers as "Lex" is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries Third Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from Cooper Square north for over Rockefeller Center is a complex of 19 commercial buildings covering 22 acres between 48th and 51st streets in New York City. Sixth Avenue is a major Avenue in New York City 's borough of Manhattan. DC moved to 1700 Broadway in the mid-1990s, relocating there with Warner Bros. Entertainment's Mad, which had moved from 485 Madison Avenue. Mad is a monthly American Humor Magazine founded by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines in 1952
DC Comics' books are distributed to the bookstore market by Random House, and to the comics shop specialty market by Diamond Comics Distributors. Random House Inc is the world's largest English-language general trade book publisher Diamond Comic Distributors Inc (often called Diamond Comics, DCD, or casually Diamond) is the largest Comic book distributor
The corporation is an amalgamation of several companies. National Allied Publications was founded by Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson in 1934 to publish New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1 (February 1935), later known as More Fun. Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson (1890-1968 was an American Pulp magazine Writer and Entrepreneur who pioneered the American comic More Fun Comics, originally titled New Fun The Big Comic Magazine a This groundbreaking comic book was the first such periodical consisting solely of original material rather than reprints of newspaper comic strips. A newspaper is a written Publication containing News, information and Advertising, usually printed on low-cost paper called Newsprint. Retitled New Fun after the first issue, it was a tabloid-sized, 10-inch by 15-inch, 36-page magazine with a paper, non-glossy cover. Issue #6 (October 1935) brought the comic book debut of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the future creators of Superman, who began their careers with the musketeer swashbuckler "Henri Duval" and, under the pseudonyms "Leger and Reuths", the supernatural crimefighting adventures of "Doctor Occult". Jerome "Jerry" Siegel (October 17 1914 – January 28 1996 who also used pseudonyms including Joe Carter, Jerry Ess, Siegel was a fan of movies Joseph "Joe" Shuster (July 10 1914 - July 30 1992 was a Canadian -born American Comic book Artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics Swashbuckler or swasher is a term that developed in the 16th century to describe rough noisy and boastful Swordsmen It is based on a fighting style using a Doctor Occult is a Fictional character, a magic user in the DC Comics universe.
Wheeler-Nicholson added a second magazine, New Comics, which premiered with a December 1935 cover date and at a size close to what would become comic books' standard size during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age, with slightly larger dimensions than today's. Adventure Comics is a Comic book series published by DC Comics from 1935 to 1983 Cover date refers to the date displayed on the covers of Periodical publications such as Magazines and Comic books However this is not necessarily the true The Golden Age of Comic Books was a period in the history of American comic books generally thought as lasting from the 1930s until late 1940s during which Comic books That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, becoming one of the longest-running comic book series. Adventure Comics is a Comic book series published by DC Comics from 1935 to 1983
His third and final title was Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936, but eventually premiering three months late, with a March 1937 cover date. The themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27 (May 1939). Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a fictional Comic book Superhero co-created By then, however, Wheeler-Nicholson was gone. In 1937, in debt to printing-plant owner and magazine distributor Harry Donenfeld — who was as well a pulp-magazine publisher and a principal in the magazine distributorship Independent News — Wheeler-Nicholson was compelled to take Donenfeld on as a partner in order to publish Detective #1. Harry Donenfeld (1893-1965 was an American publisher who is known primarily for being the owner of National Allied Publications, which distributed Detective Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfeld's accountant, listed as owners. Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, and he was forced out. Shortly afterward, Detective Comics Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied, also known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction.
Detective Comics Inc. shortly launched a fourth title, Action Comics, the premiere of which introduced Superman (a character with which Wheeler-Nicholson was not directly involved; editor Vin Sullivan chose to run the feature after Sheldon Mayer rescued it from the slush pile). Action Comics is an American Comic book series which introduced Superman, the first major Superhero character as the term Vincent "Vin" Sullivan (born circa 1911 died February 3, 1999) was a pioneering American Comic book editor, Artist Sheldon Mayer ( April 1, 1917 - December 21, 1991) was an American Comic book writer artist and editor In Publishing, the slush pile is the set of unsolicited Manuscripts either sent directly to the publisher by authors or sent through an agent not known Action Comics #1 (June 1938), the first comic book to feature the new character archetype soon to be called superheroes, proved a major sales hit and ushered in the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comic books. A superhero (sometimes rendered super-hero or super hero) is a Fictional character "of unprecedented physical prowess dedicated to acts of derring-do The Golden Age of Comic Books was a period in the history of American comic books generally thought as lasting from the 1930s until late 1940s during which Comic books The company quickly introduced such other popular characters as Sandman and Batman. The Sandman is a Fictional character, a popular figure in Western Folklore who brings good Sleep and Dreams by sprinkling magical sand onto Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a fictional Comic book Superhero co-created
National Allied Publications and Detective Comics, Inc. , soon merged to form National Comics, which in 1944 absorbed an affiliated concern, Max Gaines' and Liebowitz's All-American Publications. Maxwell Charles Gaines aka MC Gaines, aka Charles Gaines, aka Charlie Gaines (born Maxwell Ginsburg or Maxwell Ginzberg c All-American Publications is one of three American comic book companies that combined to form the modern-day DC Comics, one of the world's two largest comics publishers That year, Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, and kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, EC Comics. Entertaining Comics, more commonly known as EC Comics, was an American Publisher of Comic books specializing in Crime fiction, At that point, "Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics. . . . Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, [the self-distributorship] Independent News, and their affiliated firms into a single corporate entity, National Periodical Publications".  National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961.
Despite the official names National Comics and National Periodical Publications, the logo "Superman-DC" was used throughout the line, and the company known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name.
The company began to aggressively move against imitators for copyright violations by other companies, such as Fox Comics' Wonder Man, which according to court testimony was created as a copy of Superman. 'Copyright infringement' (or copyright violation) is the unauthorized use of material that is covered by Copyright law in a manner that violates Fox Feature Syndicate (also known as Fox Comics and Fox Publications) was a Comic book Publisher from early in the period known to fans and historians This extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics for Captain Marvel, at the time comics' top-selling character. Fawcett Comics, a subsidiary of Fawcett Publications, was one of several successful Comics publishers during the Golden Age of Comic Books in the 1940s Captain Marvel is a fictional Comic book Superhero, originally published by Fawcett Comics and later by DC Comics. Despite the fact that parallels between Captain Marvel and Superman were more tenuous, the courts ruled that there had been substantial and deliberate copying of copyrighted material. Faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if they lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1955 and ceased comics publication. Years later, Fawcett ironically sold the rights to Captain Marvel to DC — which in 1973 revived Captain Marvel in the new title Shazam!. featuring artwork by his creator, C. C. Beck. Charles Clarence Beck ( June 8, 1910 - November 22, 1989) was an American Cartoonist and Comic book In the meantime, the abandoned trademark had been seized by Marvel Comics in 1967, disallowing the DC comic itself to be called that. Marvel Comics is an American comic book company owned by Marvel Publishing Inc While Captain Marvel did not recapture his old popularity, he later appeared in a Saturday morning live action TV adaptation and gained a prominent place in the mainstream continuity DC calls the DC Universe. Shazam! was a half-hour Live-action Television program produced by Filmation (the animation studio's first such program based upon DC The DC Universe ( DCU) is the fictional Shared universe where most of the comic stories published by DC Comics take place
When the popularity of superheros faded in the late 1940s, the company focused on such genres as science fiction, Westerns, humor and romance. The Western is a fiction Genre seen in Film, Television, Radio, Literature, Painting and other Visual arts. Humour or humor (see spelling differences) is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke Laughter and provide Amusement A romance novel is a literary Genre developed in Western culture, mainly in English-speaking countries DC also published crime and horror titles, but they were relatively tame, thus avoiding the mid-1950s backlash against such comics. Crime fiction is the Genre of Fiction that deals with Crimes their detection criminals and their motives It is usually distinguished from Horror fiction is broadly Fiction in any medium intended to scare unsettle or horrify the audience A handful of the most popular superhero titles (most notably Action Comics and Detective Comics, the medium's two longest-running titles) continued publication.
In the mid-1950s, editorial director Irwin Donenfeld and publisher Liebowitz directed editor Julius Schwartz (whose roots lay in the Science Fiction book market) to produce a one-shot Flash story in the try-out title Showcase. Julius "Julie" Schwartz ( June 19, 1915 – February 8, 2004) was a Jewish Comic book and Pulp magazine Showcase has been the title of several Anthology series published by DC Comics. Instead of reviving the old character, Schwartz had writers Gardner Fox and Robert Kanigher, penciler Carmine Infantino and inker Joe Kubert create an entirely new super-speedster, updating and modernizing the Flash's civilian identity, costume, and origin with a science-fiction bent. Gardner Francis Cooper Fox (Speed Saunders was initially credited to "E Robert Kanigher ( June 18, 1915 - May 6, 2002) was a prolific comic book writer whose career spanned five decades A penciller (or penciler) is one of a number of types of Artists working within the Comic book industry Carmine Infantino (born May 24, 1925) is an American Comic book Artist and editor who was a major force in the Silver Age The inker is one of the two line artists in a traditional Comic book, or Graphic novel. Joe Kubert (born September 18, 1926) is a Jewish - American Comic book Artist who went on to found the Joe Kubert School A civilian under International humanitarian law is a person who is not a member of his or her Country 's Armed forces. The Flash's reimagining in Showcase #4 (October 1956) proved popular enough that it soon led to a similar revamping of the Green Lantern character, the introduction of the modern all-star team Justice League of America, and many more superheroes, heralding what historians and fans call the Silver Age of comic books. The Justice League sometimes called the Justice League of America or JLA for short is a Fictional DC Comics superhero team. The Silver Age of Comic Books was a period of artistic advancement and commercial success in mainstream American comic books predominantly those featuring the Superhero
National's continuing characters, primarily Batman, Superman, and Wonder Woman, were not reimagined but were radically overhauled. The Superman family of titles, under editor Mort Weisinger, introduced such enduring characters as Supergirl, Bizarro, and Brainiac. Mortimer Weisinger ( April 25, 1915 - May 7, 1978) was an American Jewish Magazine and Comic book Supergirl is a fictional Comic book superheroine that is depicted as a female counterpart to the DC Comics iconic Superhero Superman Bizarro is a Fictional character that appears in Comic books published by DC Comics. Brainiac is a DC Comics Supervillain that appears in the Comic books published by DC Comics. The Batman titles, under editor Jack Schiff, introduced the less successful Batwoman, Bat-Girl and Bat-Mite in an attempt to modernize the strip with science-fiction elements. Batwoman (originally referred to as The Bat-Woman) is a fictional character and female counterpart to the superhero Batman, created by Bob Kane and Bat-Mite is a Character appearing in stories published by DC Comics. Schiff's successor, Schwartz, together with artist Infantino, then revitalized Batman in what was promoted as the "New Look", reemphasizing Batman as a detective. Meanwhile, editor Kanigher successfully introduced a whole family of Wonder Woman characters having fantastic adventures in a mythological context.
The introduction of all-new superheroes by DC did not go unnoticed by the other comics companies. In 1961, with one popular anecdote suggesting DC's Justice League as the specific spur, Marvel Comics writer-editor Stan Lee and the legendary Jack Kirby ushered in the sub-Silver Age "Marvel Age" of comics with the debut issue of The Fantastic Four. Marvel Comics is an American comic book company owned by Marvel Publishing Inc Stan Lee (born Stanley Martin Lieber; December 28, 1922) is an American Writer, editor, creator of comic book characters Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 &ndash February 6, 1994) was an American Comic book The Fantastic Four is a fictional Superhero team appearing in Comic books published by Marvel Comics.  The innovative creations of the two companies continued apace throughout the 1960s, and in 1962 DC and Schwartz would use their new Flash to take the shared DC Universe in a brand new direction. Since Superman and Batman first "teamed-up," the concept of a "shared universe" had allowed DC's characters to interact. With "Flash of Two Worlds" in Flash #123, Schwartz developed a concept that allowed the "Golden Age" heroes to be slotted into regular comics continuity - and the DC multiverse was born. "Flash of Two Worlds!" is a landmark Comic book story that was published in The Flash #123 (Sept In Fiction, continuity (also called time-scheme) is consistency of the characteristics of persons plot, objects places and events seen by the reader or The DC Multiverse is a Fictional continuity construct that exists in stories published by Comic book company DC Comics.
A 1966 Batman TV show on the ABC network sparked a temporary spike in comic book sales, and a brief fad for superheros in Saturday morning animation (DC's initial cartoons were mostly created by Filmation) and other media. Batman is a 1960s American Television series, based on the DC Comic book character of the same name. A television program (US television programme (UK or television show (U The American Broadcasting Company ( ABC) is an American Television network. A Saturday morning cartoon is the colloquial term for the animated television programming which was typically scheduled on Saturday mornings on the major American For the unrelated isometric graphics engine used by Ultimate Play the Game in their 8-bit computer games see Filmation engine. The tone of many DC comics - and particularly Batman and Detective Comics was significantly lightened to better complement the "camp" tone of the TV series. Batman is an ongoing Comic book series featuring the DC Comics Hero of the same name. Detective Comics is an American comic book published monthly by DC Comics since 1937 best-known for introducing the iconic Superhero Batman This tone coincided with the famous "Go-Go Checks" checkerboard cover-dress which featured on all DC titles released between February 1966 and August 1967, and was implemented by Irwin Donenfeld to make DC's output "stand out on the newsracks. A checkerboard (or chequerboard) is a board on which American checkers is played "
In 1967, Batman artist Infantino rose from art director to become DC's editorial director. With the growing popularity of upstart rival Marvel Comics threatening to topple DC from its longtime number-one industry position, he attempted to infuse the company with new titles and characters, also recruiting major talents such as ex-Marvel artist and Spider-man co-creator Steve Ditko and promising newcomer Neal Adams. Marvel Comics is an American comic book company owned by Marvel Publishing Inc Spider-Man is a Fictional character appearing in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. Steve Ditko (born 2 November 1927) is an American Comic book Artist and Writer best known as the co-creator of the Neal Adams (born June 6, 1941, Governors Island, Manhattan, New York City) is an American Comic book and He also replaced some existing DC editors with artist-editors, including Joe Kubert and Dick Giordano, to give DC's output a more artistic critical eye. Joe Kubert (born September 18, 1926) is a Jewish - American Comic book Artist who went on to found the Joe Kubert School Dick Giordano (born Richard Joseph Giordano on July 20, 1932) is an American Comic book Artist and editor
These new editors recruited youthful new creators, in part an effort to capture a market which had grown from being dominated by children, to include older teens and even college students. Some new talent, such as Dennis O'Neil, who had worked for both Marvel and Charlton, gained critical and popular acclaim on titles including Batman and Green Lantern (his Green Lantern run with artist Neal Adams became a key title in the burgeoning 1970s Bronze Age, and the move away from the Comics Code Authority). Dennis O'Neil (often credited as Denny O'Neil) is a Comic book Writer and editor, principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics Marvel Comics is an American comic book company owned by Marvel Publishing Inc Charlton Comics was an American Comic book publishing company that existed from 1946 to 1986 having begun under a different name in 1944 The Comics Code Authority ( CCA) is part of the Comics Magazine Association of America (CMAA and was created to regulate the content of comic books in the United Nevertheless, the period was plagued by short-lived series that started out strong but petered out rapidly.
In 1969, National Comics merged with Warner Bros/7 Arts. The Fourth World is the popular name given to a Metaseries of interconnecting Comic book titles written and drawn by Jack Kirby and published The following year, Infantino managed to convice Jack Kirby to defect from Marvel to DC, and event which is often cited as the end of the core "Marvel Age" of comics (in which Kirby played such a large, integral role) and even of the wider Silver Age itself. Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 &ndash February 6, 1994) was an American Comic book Given carte blanche to write and illustrate his own stories, he created a handful of thematically linked series he called collectively The Fourth World, introducing in the pages of Jimmy Olsen and his own comics New Gods, Mister Miracle, and The Forever People such enduring characters and concepts as archvillain Darkseid and the otherdimensional realm Apokolips. The Fourth World is the popular name given to a Metaseries of interconnecting Comic book titles written and drawn by Jack Kirby and published James Bartholomew "Jimmy" Olsen is a Fictional character, a Photojournalist who appears mainly in DC Comics ’ Superman stories The New Gods are a Fictional race published by DC Comics, as well as the title for four series of comics about those characters Mister Miracle ( Scott Free) is fictional Superhero published by DC Comics. The Forever People are a Fictional group of Extraterrestial Superheroes published by DC Comics. Darkseid is a Fictional character that appears in Comic books published by DC Comics. While sales did not meet management's expectations, Kirby's conceptions would become integral to the broadening of the DC Universe. Kirby went on to create the series Kamandi, about a teenaged boy in a post-apocalyptic world of militaristic talking animals, when directed by the publisher to come up with something resembling Planet of the Apes. Kamandi is a DC Comics Comic book character created by acclaimed artist Jack Kirby. Planet of the Apes is a novel by Pierre Boulle, originally published in 1963 in French as La Planète des singes.
Following on from the Science-Fiction innovation of the 1960s' Silver Age, the comics of the 1970s would come to be known as the "Bronze Age," as fantasy gave way to more realistic - and darker - themes. Initially banned by the Comics Code Authority, drug usage was explicitly depicted in comics for the first time in the early 1970s, and DC soon had a drug-fuelled storyline of their own in the pages of Dennis O'Neil and Neal Adams' Green Lantern (Issue #85 of the series, which under O'Neil and Adams was known as Green Lantern/Green Arrow), an archetypal Bronze Age run begun in April 1970. For the LNER Steam locomotive, see LNER Class V2 4771 Green Arrow Green Arrow ( Oliver Jones "Ollie" Queen This is a list of Comics -related events in 1970. Related year entries List of years in comics | 1969 in comics | 1970 in comics
Jenette Kahn, a former children's magazine publisher, replaced Infantino as Editorial Director in January 1976. Jenette Kahn is an American Comic book editor and executive She joined DC Comics in 1976 as Publisher, and five years later was promoted DC had been attempting to compete with the now-surging Marvel by dramatically increasing its output and attempting to win the market by flooding it. This included launching series featuring such new characters as Firestorm and Shade, the Changing Man, as well an an increasing array of non-superhero titles, in an attempt to recapture the pre-Wertham days of post-War comicdom. Firestorm ( Ronald "Ronnie" Raymond) is a Fictional character, a DC Comics Superhero. Shade the Changing Man is a Fictional Comic book character created by Steve Ditko for DC Comics in 1977 Fredric Wertham ( March 20, 1895 November 18, 1981) was a German-American Psychiatrist and crusading author who protested With the titles on sale in June 1978, Kahn expanded the line further increasing the number of titles, story pages and raising the price from 35 cents to 50 cents. Most series received eight-page back-up features while some had full-length twenty-five page stories. This was a move the company called the "DC Explosion". The move was not successful, however, and corporate partner Warner dramatically cut back on these largely unsuccessful titles, firing many staffers in what industry watchers dubbed "the DC Implosion". The DC Implosion is the popular label for the sudden cancellation of more than two dozen ongoing and planned DC Comics series in 1978 In September of 1978, the line was dramatically reduced and standard-size books returned to 17 story pages but for a still-increased 40 cents. By 1980, the books returned to 50 cents with a 25-page story count but the story pages replaced house ads in the books.
Seeking new ways to boost market share, the new management of publisher Kahn, vice-president Paul Levitz, and managing editor Giordano addressed the issue of talent instability. Paul Levitz (born 21 October 1956) is an American Comic book Writer, Editor and executive To that end — and following the example of Atlas/Seaboard Comics and such independent companies as Eclipse Comics — DC began to offer royalties in place of the industry-standard work-for-hire agreement in which creators worked for a flat fee and signed away all rights. Atlas/Seaboard is the term Comic-book historians and collectors use to refer to the 1970s line of comics published as Atlas Comics by the American company Eclipse Comics was an American Comic book Publisher, one of several influential independent publishers during the 1980s and early 1990s Royalties (sometimes running royalties) are usage-based payments made by one party (the "licensee" to another (the "licensor" for ongoing use of an A work made for hire (sometimes abbreviated as work for hire and WFH) is an exception to the general rule that the person who actually creates a work is the legally-recognized In addition, emulating the era's new television form, the miniseries, DC created the industry concept of the comic book limited series, allowing for the deliberate creation of finite storylines. A miniseries (also mini-series) in a serial Storytelling medium is a production which tells a story in a pre-planned limited number of episodes A limited series is a term originated by Marvel Comics referring to a Comic book series with a set number of issues
These changes in policy shaped the future of the medium as a whole, and in the short term allowed DC to entice creators away from rival Marvel, and encourage stability on individual titles. The November 1980 launch of the ongoing series The New Teen Titans, was by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, two popular talents with a history of success. US publications --> Events and publications Year overall Marvel's answer to Heavy Metal, For an overview of the Teen Titans team (including more details on the comics listed below see Teen Titans Various Superhero groups by the name Teen Titans Marvin A "Marv" Wolfman (born May 13, 1946) is an award-winning American Comic book Writer. George Pérez (born June 9, 1954) is an illustrator and writer of Comic books born of Latin-American (Puerto-Rican descent Their superhero-team comic, superficially similar to Marvel's ensemble series X-Men, but rooted in DC history, earned significant sales in part due to the stability of the creative team, who both continued with the title for 6 full years. The X-Men is a team of fictional Superhero characters in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. In addition, Wolfman and Pérez took advantage of the limited-series option to create a spin-off title, Tales of the New Teen Titans, to present origin stories of their original characters without having to break the narrative flow of the main series or oblige them to double their work load with another ongoing title. A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new Organization or Entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a Television series based on a pre-existing
This successful revitalization of a minor title led DC's editors to seek the same for the entire line and wider DC Universe. The Modern Age of Comic Books is an informal name for the period in the history of mainstream American comic books generally considered to last from the mid-1980s until The DC Universe ( DCU) is the fictional Shared universe where most of the comic stories published by DC Comics take place The result was the Wolfman/Pérez 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, which gave the company an opportunity to realign and jettison some of the "baggage" of its history, address "errors" in the characters' long histories and - particularly - revise, update and streamline major characters such as Superman and Wonder Woman. Crisis on Infinite Earths is a twelve-issue American comic book Limited series (identified as a "12-part maxi-series" and crossover A companion two issues in the new prestige format entitled The History of the DC Universe set out briefly the revised history of the major DC characters, and set the scene for an effective reboot of all titles, while still rooted in the long tradition and history of the DC Universe. Prestige format is a term coined by DC Comics but now in wider use to refer to a Square-bound Comic book with Cardstock covers Effectively moving from the realism of the Bronze Age towards the era sometimes called the "Dark Age," Crisis featured many key and resonant deaths which would shape the DC Universe for the following decades, and separate the timeline of DC publications into pre- and post-"Crisis".
Meanwhile, a parallel revolution was afoot in the non- and semi-Superhero Horror titles. Since the start of 1984, British writer Alan Moore had re-energized the minor horror series Saga of the Swamp Thing, and his acclaimed work sparked the comic book equivalent of rock music's British Invasion. Events Year overall January Alan Moore takes over Swamp Thing at issue #20 a run which would turn The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Alan Moore (born November 18 1953 in Northampton) is an English Writer most famous for his influential work in Comics, including the acclaimed The Swamp Thing is a Fictional character created by Len Wein and Berni Wrightson for DC Comics and featured in a long-running horror-fantasy The British Invasion of American comics is a term used to describe the influx in the late 1980s of British comics creators especially writers Building on the dark realistic edge of the Bronze Age, numerous British writers, including Neil Gaiman and Grant Morrison, subsequently began freelancing for the company. Neil Richard Gaiman (ˈgeɪmən (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of Science fiction and Fantasy short stories and Grant Morrison (born January 31 1960 is a Scottish Comic book writer and artist The resulting influx of sophisticated horror and dark fantasy material led not only to DC abandoning the Comics Code for particular titles scripted by those talents, but also to establishing in 1993 the Vertigo mature-readers imprint. The Comics Code Authority ( CCA) is part of the Comics Magazine Association of America (CMAA and was created to regulate the content of comic books in the United Vertigo is an Imprint of the American Comic-book publisher DC Comics.
Key titles in the subtle shift towards the Modern Age are the two landmark DC-published limited series' Batman: The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller and Watchmen by Moore and artist Dave Gibbons. Batman The Dark Knight Returns, originally published under the title Batman The Dark Knight, is a Batman comic book mini-series Frank Miller (born January 27, 1957) is an American Writer, Artist and Film director best known for his dark Watchmen is a twelve-issue Comic book Limited series written by Alan Moore, and illustrated by Dave Gibbons and John Higgins Dave Gibbons (born April 14, 1949) is a British Comic book Artist, writer and sometime letterer These eye-opening titles drew attention to changes at DC for dark psychological complexity, and promotion of the antihero. The new creative freedom and attendant publicity that allowed Miller to produce a dark, future Batman and Moore to create a similarly dystopian future filled with pessimism allowed DC to challenge Marvel's industry lead, and also paved the way for comics to both be more widely accepted in literary-criticism circles as more than just for children, and to start making in-roads into the book industry, wich collected editions of these key series selling particularly well as trade paperbacks.
Conversely, while the mainstream DCU got a shade darker, the mid-1980s also saw the end of many long-running DC war comics, including venerable series that had been in print since the 1960s. War comics is a genre of Comic books that gained popularity in English-speaking countries following These titles, all with over 100 issues, included Sgt. Rock, G.I. Combat, The Unknown Soldier, and Weird War Tales. GI Combat is a long-running comic book series published first by Quality Comics and later by National Periodical Publications, which was the The Unknown Soldier is fictional War comics character in the DC Comics universe. Weird War Tales was a war Comic book title with supernatural overtones published by DC Comics which ran from September 1971 to June
In 1989, DC began publishing its hardcover series of DC Archive Editions, collections of many of their early, key comics series, featuring rare and expensive stories unseen by many modern fans. DC Archive Editions, edited by Dale Crain for DC Comics, collect early sometimes rare comic books published by DC and other publishers into a permanent hardcover series Restoration for many of the Archives was handled by Rick Keene with color restoration by DC's long-time resident colorist, Bob LeRose. Robert K "Bob" LeRose ( June 3, 1921, Brooklyn, New York City, New York - August 30, 2006, Elmont These collections attempted to retroactively credit many of the writers and artists who had worked without much recognition for DC during the early period of comics, when individual credits were few and far between.
The comics industry experienced a brief boom in the early 1990s, thanks to a combination of speculative purchasing (mass purchase of the books as collectible items, with intent to resell at a higher value as the rising value of older issues was thought to imply that all comics would rise expontentially in price) and several storylines which gained attention from the mainstream media. DC's extended storylines in which Superman was killed, Batman was crippled and Green Lantern Hal Jordan turned into the super villain Parallax, resulted in dramatically increased sales, but the increases were as temporary as the substitutes, and sales dropped off as industry sales went into a major slump as manufactured "collectibles" numbering in their millions replaced quality with quantity until fans and speculators alike deserted the medium in droves. The Death of Superman is a Comic book Storyline (culminating in Superman #75 in 1992 that served as the catalyst for DC Comics ' Batman Knightfall is the title given to a major Batman Story arc published by DC Comics that dominated Batman -related serial Emerald Twilight is a 1994 Comic book story told in Green Lantern (vol
DC's Piranha Press and other imprints (including Vertigo, the mature readers line pioneered in the British Horror work of the 1980s and Helix, a short-lived Science Fiction imprint) in the 1990s were introduced to facilitate compartmentalized diversification, and allow for specialized marketing of individual product lines. Piranha Press, an imprint of DC Comics from 1989 to 1993 was a response by DC to the growing interest in Alternative comics. Vertigo is an Imprint of the American Comic-book publisher DC Comics. Helix was a short-lived Science fiction and Science fantasy Imprint of DC Comics, launched in 1996 and discontinued in 1998 They increased the use of non-traditional contractual arrangements, including the dramatic rise of creator-owned contracts leading to a significant increase in critically lauded work (much of it for Vertigo) and the licensing of material from other companies. DC also increased publication of book-friendly formats, including trade paperback collections of individual serial comics, and original graphic novels. In Comics, a trade paperback ( TPB or simply trade) refers to a collection of stories originally published in comic books, reprinted in book format A
DC entered into a publishing agreement with Milestone Media that gave DC a line of comics featuring a culturally and racially diverse range of superhero characters; although the Milestone line ceased publication after a few short years, it yielded the popular animated series Static Shock. Milestone Media is a company best known for creating the Milestone Comics Imprint (that was published through DC Comics) and the Static Shock Static Shock is an American animated television series produced by Warner Bros Paradox Press was established to publish material ranging from the large-format Big Book of. Paradox Press is a division of DC Comics. It was designed to publish Graphic novels that were not of the superhero genre as comprises most of DC's publishing efforts . . series of multi-artist interpretations on individual themes, and such crime fiction as the graphic novel Road to Perdition. Road to Perdition is a 2002 period drama directed by Sam Mendes. In 1998, DC purchased Wildstorm Comics, Jim Lee's imprint under the Image Comics banner, and absorbed it while continuing it for many years as a wholly separate imprint - and Universe - with its own style and audience. WildStorm Productions, or simply WildStorm, (sometimes rendered Wildstorm) is a publishing Imprint and studio of American Comic book Jim Lee (born August 11, 1964) is a Korean-American Comic book Artist, Creator and Publisher. Image Comics is an American Comic book publisher It was founded in 1992 by seven high-profile illustrators as a venue where creators could publish their The Wildstorm Universe is the main fictional Shared universe where a core of stories published by Wildstorm take place As part of this purchase, DC also began to publish titles under the fledgling WildStorm sub-imprint America's Best Comics, a series of titles from the mind of Alan Moore, including The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, Tom Strong and Promethea. America's Best Comics is a Comic book publishing brand It was set up by Alan Moore in 1999 as an Imprint of Wildstorm, The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen is a Comic book series written by Alan Moore and illustrated by Kevin O'Neill. Tom Strong is a Comic book created by writer Alan Moore and artist Chris Sprouse initially published bi-monthly by America's Best Comics Promethea is a Comic book series created by Alan Moore and JH
In March 2003, DC acquired publishing and merchandising rights to the long-running fantasy series Elfquest, previously self-published by creators Wendy and Richard Pini under their WaRP Graphics publication banner. Elfquest (or ElfQuest) is a cult hit Comic book property created by Wendy and Richard Pini in Wendy Pini née Fletcher, (born June 4 1951, San Francisco California) and Richard Pini (born July 19 WaRP Graphics, later Warp Graphics, is an Alternative comics publisher best known for being the original publisher of the Elfquest Comic This series then followed the Tower Comics series T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents in becoming non-DC titles published in the "DC Archives" format. Tower Comics was an American Comic book publishing company best known for The T THUNDER Agents is a team of Comic book Superheroes originally published by Tower Comics in the 1960s In 2004, DC temporarily acquired the North American publishing rights to graphic novels from European publishers 2000 AD and Humanoids. The publishing house Les Humanoïdes Associés was founded in Europe in 1974 by Jean-Pierre Dionnet, Philippe Druillet, Bernard Farkas and Moebius It also rebranded its younger-audience titles with the mascot Johnny DC, and established the CMX imprint to reprint translated manga. Johnny DC is a character that DC Comics has used at various times as a mascot for its lines of comic books and occasionally as Metafictional character who comments CMX is a division of Wildstorm Productions, an Imprint of DC Comics which in turn is owned by Time Warner. ˈmɑŋgə is the Japanese word for Comics (sometimes called komikku コミック and print Cartoons In their modern form manga date from shortly In 2006, CMX took over publication - from Dark Horse Comics - publication of the webcomic Megatokyo in print form. Dark Horse Comics is one of the largest independent American Comic book publishers behind dominant publishers Marvel Comics and DC Comics Megatokyo is an English-language Webcomic created by Fred Gallagher and Rodney Caston, debuting on August 14 2000 Gallagher's style
Starting in 2004, DC began laying groundwork for a full continuity-reshulfling sequel to Crisis on Infinite Earths, promising substantial changes to the DC Universe (and side-stepping the 1994 Zero Hour event which similarly tried to ret-con the history of the DCU). Events January Avengers West Coast reaches its last issue at number 102 Zero Hour Crisis in Time is a five-issue Comic book Limited series and crossover storyline published by DC Comics in 1994 Comics vocabulary consists of many different techniques and images which a Comic book artist employs in order to convey a Narrative within the medium of In 2005, the company published several limited series establishing increasingly escalated conflicts among DC's heroes, with events climaxing in the Infinite Crisis limited series. Infinite Crisis is a seven-issue Limited series of Comic books written by Geoff Johns and illustrated by Phil Jimenez, George Immediately after this event, DC's ongoing series jumped forward a full year in their in-story continuity, as DC launched a weekly series, 52, to gradually fill in the missing time. One Year Later was a 2006 event running through the DC Universe. Concurrently, DC lost the copyright to "Superboy" (while retaining the trademark) when the heirs of Jerry Seigel used a provision of the 1976 revision to the copyright law to regain ownership. Although DC appealed the ruling, it is widely believed that this was the reason for Conner Kent (also known as Superboy)'s death during the Infinite Crisis limited series. Infinite Crisis is a seven-issue Limited series of Comic books written by Geoff Johns and illustrated by Phil Jimenez, George
In 2005, DC launched a new "All-Star" line (evoking the title of the 1940s publication), designed to feature some of the company's best-known characters in stories that eschewed the long and convoluted continuity of the DC Universe, produced by "all star" creative teams. All Star is an Imprint of ongoing Comic book titles published by DC Comics that began in 2005 All Star Comics is a 1940s Comic book series from All-American Publications, one of the early companies that merged with National Periodical Publications . All-Star Batman & Robin the Boy Wonder launched in July 2005, with All-Star Superman beginning in November 2005. All-Star Wonder Woman and All Star Batgirl were announced in 2006, but neither have been released or scheduled as of summer 2008.
Following the critically and commercially unsuccessful fourth films in the Batman and Superman film series' Warner Bros. The Batman Film series currently consists of seven Superhero films based on the fictional DC Comics character of the same name The Superman Film series consists of five Superhero films based on the DC Comics character of the same name released a revamped version of the Batman story entitled Batman Begins on June 15, 2005. Batman Begins is a 2005 American Superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Batman, directed by Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Starring Christian Bale, it introduced the Scarecrow and Ra's al Ghul into the film series for the first time. Christian Charles Philip Bale (born 30 January 1974 is a British The Scarecrow ( Dr Jonathan Crane) is a DC Comics Supervillain, an enemy of Batman. Ra's al Ghul, sometimes written Rā's al Ghūl (رأس الغول is a DC Comics Supervillain and an enemy of Batman. A year later, on June 28, 2006, the disjointed semi-sequel to the parts of the first two Superman films - in (1979) and (1980/2006) - Superman Returns was released, starring Brandon Routh as Clark Kent/Superman and Kevin Spacey as Lex Luthor. Events 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Superman (also known as Superman The Movie) is a 1978 Superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the Superman II The Richard Donner Cut is a 2006 re-edit of the 1980 Superhero film, Superman II. Superman Returns is a 2006 Academy Award -nominated Superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Brandon James Routh ( rhyming with mouth; born October 9, 1979) is an American actor and former Fashion model. Kevin Spacey Fowler (born July 26 1959 is an American actor and Film director. Lex Luthor is a fictional character that appears in comic books published by DC Comics.
Some of the DC Universe characters will star in a game called Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe, which includes both MK fighters along with DC heroes and villans. 
DC's first logo appeared on the March 1940 issues of its titles. A logo ( Greek el λογότυπος = el-Latn logotypos is a graphical element ( Ideogram, Symbol, Emblem, Icon, Sign) The letters "DC" stood for Detective Comics, the name of Batman's flagship title. The small logo, with no background, read simply, "A DC Publication".
The November 1941 DC titles introduced an updated logo. This version was almost twice the size of the previous, and was the first version with a white background. The name "Superman" was added to "A DC Publication", effectively acknowledging both Superman (the company's most popular character) and Batman. This logo was the first to occupy the top-left corner of the cover, where the logo has usually resided since. The company now referred to itself in its advertising as "Superman-DC".
In November 1949, the logo was modified to incorporate the company's formal name, National Comics Publications. This logo would also serve as the round body of Johnny DC, DC's mascot in the 1960s. The term mascot – defined as a term for any person animal or object thought to bring Luck – colloquially includes anything used to represent a group with a common
In October 1970, the circular logo was briefly retired in favor of a simple "DC" in a rectangle with the name of the title, or the star of the book; the logo on many issues of Action Comics, for example, read "DC Superman". An image of the lead character either appeared above or below the rectangle. For books that did not have a single star, such as anthologies like House of Mystery or team series such as Justice League of America, the title and "DC" appeared in a stylized logo, such as a bat for House of Mystery. ANThology is the first Major label album by Alien Ant Farm released on March 6, 2001 in the USA and March 19 The House of Mystery is the name of several horror-mystery-suspense anthology comic book series This use of characters as logos helped to establish the likenesses as trademarks, and was similar to Marvel's contemporaneous use of characters as part of its cover branding. A trademark or trade mark, represented by the symbols ™ and ®, or mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual
DC's "100 Page Super-Spectacular" titles and later 100-page and "Giant" issues published from 1972 to 1974 featured a logo that was exclusive to these editions, the letters "DC" in a simple sans-serif typeface, in a circle. History Ancient usages Sans-serif letter forms can be found in Latin Etruscan, and Greek inscriptions for as early as 5th century BC In Typography, a typeface is a set of one or more Fonts designed with stylistic unity each comprising a coordinated set of Glyphs A typeface usually comprises A variant had the letters in a square.
The July 1972 DC titles featured a new circular logo. The letters "DC" were rendered in a block-like typeface that would remain through later logo revisions until 2005. The title of the book usually appeared inside the circle, either above or below the letters.
In December 1973, this logo was modified with the addition of the words "The Line of DC Super-Stars" and the star motif that would continue in later logos. This logo was placed in the top center of the cover from August 1975 to October 1976.
When Jenette Kahn became DC's publisher in late 1976, she commissioned graphic designer Milton Glaser to design a new logo. Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of Literature or Information &ndash the activity of making information available for public view Milton Glaser (born June 26, 1929) is a Graphic designer, best known for the I Love New York logo his " Bob Dylan " Popularly referred to as the "DC bullet", this logo premiered on the February 1977 titles. Although it varied in size and color and was at times cropped by the edges of the cover, or briefly rotated 45 degrees, it remained essentially unchanged for nearly three decades.
In July 1987, DC released variant editions of Justice League #3 and The Fury of Firestorm #61 with a new DC logo. It featured a picture of Superman in a circle surrounded by the words "SUPERMAN COMICS. " These variant covers were released to newsstands in certain markets as a marketing test. 
On May 8, 2005, a new logo was unveiled, debuting on DC titles starting in June 2005 with DC Special: The Return of Donna Troy #1 and the rest of the titles the following week. Events 589 - Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo 1450 - Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Donna Troy is a Fictional character, a superheroine in the DC Universe. In addition to comics, it was designed for DC properties in other media, such as the movies Batman Begins and Superman Returns as well as the next Batman filmThe Dark Knight and the TV series Smallville, Justice League Unlimited and The Batman, as well as for collectibles and other merchandise. Batman Begins is a 2005 American Superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Batman, directed by Superman Returns is a 2006 Academy Award -nominated Superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character The Dark Knight is a 2008 American Superhero film directed and co-written by Christopher Nolan. Justice League Unlimited (or JLU) is the name of an American animated television series that was produced by and aired on The Batman was an Emmy Award -winning American Animated Television series produced by Warner Bros For the record label see Collectables Records For the Ashanti album see Collectables by Ashanti A collectable The logo was designed by Josh Beatman of Brainchild Studios and DC executive Richard Bruning. ManaGeR ( MGR) is a graphical Window system. The MGR server provides a builtin Window manager and windowed graphics Terminal emulation on color Richard Bruning is the Senior Vice-President-Creative Director of DC Comics.