David Wyatt Aiken (March 17, 1828 – April 6, 1887) was a Confederate army officer during the American Civil War and a postbellum five-term United States Congressman from South Carolina. Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger The year 1828 ( MDCCCXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato in the Battle of Thapsus Year 1887 ( MDCCCLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The War Department was established by the Confederate Congress in an act on February 21, 1861. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South In the History of the United States, " Reconstruction " refers to the time between 1863 and 1877 when the U The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America.
Aiken was born in Winnsboro, South Carolina, and received his early education under private tutors. Winnsboro is a town in Fairfield County, South Carolina, United States. He attended the Mount Zion Institute in Winnsboro and graduated from South Carolina College in Columbia in 1849. This article is about the University of South Carolina in Columbia Columbia is the state capital and largest city in the US state of South Carolina. He taught college for two years before marrying Mattie Gaillard in 1852 and engaging in agricultural pursuits, owning a plantation and travelling extensively in Europe and throughout the United States. Fundamentally a plantation is usually a large Farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country on which Cotton, Tobacco He became the editor of the Winnsboro News and Herald, and was married a second time to Miss Smith of Abbeville, where Aiken settled and continued to farm. For other communities of the same name see Abbeville (disambiguation.
With South Carolina's secession and the advent of the Civil War, Aiken enlisted in the Confederate Army as a private in the 7th South Carolina Infantry. Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio is the act of withdrawing from an organization union or especially a political entity He was later appointed adjutant of the regiment and in 1862 was elected its colonel. Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country He led it in the Peninsula and Northern Virginia Campaigns. The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Background and opposing forces After the collapse of McClellan's Peninsula Campaign in the Seven Days Battles of June 1862 President Abraham Lincoln appointed He was severely wounded by a shot through his lungs at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862. After his lengthy recovery, he commanded his regiment in the Gettysburg Campaign in Joseph B. Kershaw's brigade, seeing action near the Peach Orchard in the Battle of Gettysburg. The Gettysburg Campaign was a series of battles fought in June and July 1863 during the American Civil War. Joseph Brevard Kershaw ( January 5, 1822 &ndash April 13, 1894) was a lawyer judge and a Confederate general in the American A brigade is a Military unit Echelon: is Background and movement to battle See also [[Gettysburg Campaign]] [[Gettysburg Battlefield]] [[Gettysburg Confederate order of battle]] [[Confederate order of battle]] However, lingering effects of his wound soon forced Aiken to administrative duty in Macon, Georgia for a year, before he resigned from the Confederate army in mid-1864 and returned home. Macon is a city located in central Georgia, USA It is among the largest metropolitan areas in Georgia and the county seat of Bibb County.
He was a member of the State house of representatives from 1864–66 and served as secretary and treasurer of the Agricultural and Mechanical Society of South Carolina in 1869. Aiken was a member of the executive committee of the National Grange from 1873–85, and served as its chairman in 1875. The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry also simply styled the Grange is a fraternal organization for American farmers that encouraged farm families He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention at St. Louis in 1876. The Democratic National Convention is a series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party.
Aiken was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fifth and to the four succeeding Congresses (serving from 1877 until 1887). The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The Forty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government consisting of the United States Senate and He was chairman of the Committee on Education in the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses. The Forty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government consisting of the United States Senate and The Forty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government consisting of the United States Senate and With his health declining, Aiken became an invalid during his last term in office and was not a candidate for renomination in 1886.
Aiken died in Cokesbury, South Carolina, and was buried in Magnolia Cemetery in Greenwood, South Carolina. Cokesbury is a Census-designated place (CDP in Greenwood County, South Carolina, United States. Greenwood is a city in and the County seat of Greenwood County, South Carolina, United States.
His son, Wyatt Aiken (1863-1923), also served in Congress and a first cousin, William Aiken, became a Congressman and Governor of South Carolina. Wyatt Aiken, ( December 14, 1863 - February 6, 1923) was elected to the U William Aiken (1779-1831 or William Aiken Sr, was the founder and president of the pioneering South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company. The Governor of the State of South Carolina is the Head of state for the State of South Carolina.