An Chrois Ghearr
WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates:
|UK Parliament:||South Down|
|European Parliament:||Northern Ireland|
|Dialling code:||048, +353 48|
|Postal district(s):||BT30 9|
Crossgar (in Irish: An Chrois Ghearr, ie the short cross) is a village in County Down, Northern Ireland, approximately 15 miles south of Belfast in Northern Ireland on the main A7 road between Saintfield and Downpatrick. Basic concept of GPS operation A GPS receiver calculates its position by carefully timing the signals sent by the constellation of GPS Satellites high above the Earth Poetic description This dinnseanchas poem named Ard Ruide (Ruide Headland poetically describes the kingdoms of Ireland Ulster ( Ulaidh ˈkwɪɟɪ ˈʌlˠu / ˈʌlˠi is one of the four provinces of Ireland, in addition to Connacht, Munster and Leinster Since the late 16th century the Island of Ireland has been divided into 32 counties ( Irish language contae or condae County Down, ( Ulster Scots: Coontie Doun. is one of the nine counties that form the province of Ulster and one of six counties that form Northern Ireland is divided into 26 districts for local government purposes Down District Council is a Local Council in County Down in Northern Ireland. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election South Down is a Parliamentary Constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. The European Parliament ( Europarl or EP) is the only directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU Northern Ireland is a Constituency of the European Parliament. Subscriber trunk dialling ( STD, also known as subscriber toll dialling) is a term for the UK Telephone system allowing subscribers to dial trunk A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system Downpatrick ( is a town in County Down in Northern Ireland, about 33 km south of Belfast. UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Irish (ga ''Gaeilge'' is a Goidelic language of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish. A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet, but smaller than a Town or City. County Down, ( Ulster Scots: Coontie Doun. is one of the nine counties that form the province of Ulster and one of six counties that form Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of Belfast ( is the capital city of Northern Ireland and the seat of government in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a Country within the United Kingdom, lying in the northeast of See also Saintfield Ontario County Ontario Canada Saintfield (in Irish: Tamhnach Naomh, ie Field of Saints is a market Downpatrick ( is a town in County Down in Northern Ireland, about 33 km south of Belfast. It is about 5 miles south of Saintfield and in the 19th century was a small hamlet. The 19th century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1801 and ended on December 31, 1900, according to the Gregorian calendar Crossgar has undergone many developments in the past few years because of its position as a commuter village. It has a good selection of pubs and restaurants and also boasts a fine nine-hole golf course. It had a population of 1,539 people in the 2001 Census. A nationwide Census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001
Crossgar has had a very interesting and varied past, from the settlement of Anglo-Norman invaders, to Scots settlers, to the St. Patrick's Day riots in the 1800s. According to a history of Down and Connor by a Fr. O'Laverty, the parish of Kilmore in which Crossgar lies, was likely to have been established around 800 AD and was the ecclesiastical centre of this part of County Down. It was thought that the area had seven chapels and these can be reasonably evident by the remains of burial grounds. But the seventh cannot be traced to a burial ground and is referred to as the "lost chapel of Cill Glaise". O'Laverty says that by tradition this chapel was built by Saint Patrick and left in the care of his disciples Glasicus and Liberius. Saint Patrick (Patricius Irish: Naomh Pádraig) was a Roman Britain -born Christian Missionary and is the Patron saint
The name Crossgar comes from the Irish An Chrois Ghearr meaning "the short cross". There is a holy well known as St. Mary’s Well (Tobar Mhuire) which suggests that in this case 'crois' (cross) is likely to refer to an ecclesiastical cross, no trace of which now remains. The adjective 'gearr' (short) may suggest that the cross was damaged or in some way defective. The parish of Kilmore comes from the Irish Cill Mhór meaning "big church" or another possible meaning is "An Choill Mhór" meaning "the big wood", which suggests that the area was covered by a large forest. Another location of one of the seven chapels is the townland of Killinchy (Cill Duinsí) meaning "Duinseach's Church".
According to local man Tom Hewitt's research, "one of the seven chapels of the parish of Kilmore was probably in the grounds of Tobar Mhuire (Mary's Well). Local folk memory would claim that the large stones erected along the avenue from the main entrance were originally from the ancient chapel that O'Laverty refers to in his History of Down and Connor.
The manor house, known as Crossgar House, was put up for sale by its last owner, Colonel Llewwllen Palmer, in later 1949. Year 1949 ( MCMXLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Around this time also the Passionists had been looking for a suitable site in which to refound their Juniorate, a second level school for boys interested in Passionist Religious life and Priesthood. The Juniorate up to this period was in Wheatfield, North Belfast. Belfast ( is the capital city of Northern Ireland and the seat of government in Northern Ireland. Tobar Mhuire met the necessary requirements and was purchased by the Passionists in 1950. Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. So Tobar Mhuire then returned to its ancient roots and Mass was next celebrated there on 15 September 1950. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Passionists took up residence on the last Sunday in November 1950. The Juniorate flourished for nearly thirty years. Many young people were educated at Tobar Mhuire and in its 'hay-day' over fifty young students lived here with a staff of about eight. In the final years, before the Juniorate was closed in 1980, the students attended St. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) Patrick's High School in Downpatrick, run by the De La Salle Brothers.
In 1976 Tobar Mhuire became a Noviciate, a place where people are encouraged to deepen their vocation to religious life. Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Passionist vocation, to help others become more aware of the great love God has for them as shown on the cross, motivated developing the Old Juniorate into a Retreat and Prayer Centre in 1982. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) The community continues its work through various Faith development programmes run both at Tobar Mhuire and elsewhere on request.
The Market House
Lissara Presbyterian Church
Masonic Hall (1910)
Crossgar is on the main A7 road, 5 miles (8 km) north of Downpatrick and 16 miles (26 km) south of Belfast, and on the B7 minor road between Ballynahinch and Killyleagh. A Masonic Lodge, often termed a Private Lodge or Constituent Lodge in Books of Constitutions is the basic organisation of Freemasonry.
The village is served by Ulsterbus route 15 and 215 Downpatrick to Belfast.
Crossgar railway station opened on 23 March 1859, but finally closed on 16 January 1950. Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Year 1859 ( MDCCCLIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
Crossgar is classified as a village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (ie with population between 1,000 and 2,250 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 2,539 people living in Crossgar. Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Of these:
For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service
The James Martin Memorial Stone is located in The Square in Crossgar and is maintained by Down District Council. James Martin or Jim Martin may refer to Politicians Jim Martin (Georgia politician, candidate for Senate representing Georgia Sir James Martin, who hailed from Raffrey, was born on 11 September 1893, and died on 5 January 1981, was awarded for services to Engineering an OBE in 1950 and a CBE in 1957. Events 9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul Year 1893 ( MDCCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Events 1477 - Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France. Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) He is famous as the inventor of the Ejector seat for aircraft. In Aircraft, an ejection seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military in an emergency He was also co-founder of the Martin-Baker Aircraft Company. Martin-Baker Aircraft Co Ltd is a British manufacturer of Aircraft Ejection seats and was a pioneer in their design and manufacture A three foot high stone has been erected in his memory.