A croft is a fenced or enclosed area of land, usually small and arable with a crofter's dwelling thereon. In Agriculture, Fences are used to keep Animals in or out of an area Enclosure or inclosure (the latter is used in Legal documents and Place names is the term used in England and Wales In Geography, arable land (from Latin arare, to Plough) is an agricultural term meaning land that can be used for "Habitation" redirects here For Habitation at Port-Royal see Habitation at Port-Royal. A crofter is one who has tenure and use of the land. Land tenure is the name given particularly in Common law systems to the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual who is said to "hold" the land
The word croft is West Germanic in etymology, and is now most familiar in Scotland, most crofts being in the Highlands and Islands area. The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three traditional branches of the Germanic family of Languages and include languages such as English Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. The Highlands and Islands of Scotland are broadly the Scottish Highlands plus Orkney, Shetland and the Hebrides. Elsewhere the expression is generally archaic. In Language, an archaism is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current
Essentially similar positions have been the medieval villein and the Scandinavian torpare. In Scandinavian languages torp means a small dwelling such as a Cottage, with a small leased farm area cultivated by its inhabitants similar to a croft
The Scottish croft is a small agricultural landholding of a type which has been subject to special legislation in the United Kingdom since 1886. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture Legislation (or " Statutory law " is law which has been promulgated (or " Enacted quot by a Legislature or other Governing The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Year 1886 ( MDCCCLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The legislation is largely a response to the complaints and demands of tenant families who were victims of the Highland Clearances. This article is about the medieval system "Manors" redirects here The Highland Clearances ( Scottish Gaelic: Fuadaich nan Gàidheal the expulsion of the Gael were Forced displacements of the population of the Scottish The modern crofters or tenants appear very little in evidence before the beginning of the 1700's. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system They were tenants at will underneath the tacksman and wadsetters, but practically their tenure was secure enough. The first evidence that can be found of small tenants holding directly of the proprietor is in a rental of the estates of Sir D. The word proprietary indicates that a party or proprietor exercises private Ownership, control or use over an item of Property. MacDonald in Skye and North Uist in 1715. Skye or the Isle of Skye ( Scottish Gaelic An t-Eilean Sgitheanach əɲ tʰʲelan s̪kʲiə North Uist ( Scottish Gaelic: Uibhist a Tuath) is an island in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland. Year 1715 ( MDCCXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
The Parliament of the United Kingdom created the Crofters' Act, 1886, after the Highland Land League had gained seats in that parliament. The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories The Crofters' Holdings (Scotland Act 1886 is Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which created legal definitions of crofting parish and The first Highland Land League emerged as a distinct political force in Scotland during the 1880s with its power base in the country's Highlands and Islands. In the United Kingdom (UK, each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elects one or more members to a parliament or assembly The government was then Liberal, with William Gladstone as Prime Minister. For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the rise of the Labour Party in the 1920s and a third party This article is about the government position For other uses see Prime Minister (disambiguation. Another Crofters' Act was created in 1993 (the Crofters' (Scotland) Act, 1993). Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) The earlier Act established the first Crofting Commission, but its responsibilities were quite different from those of the newer Crofting Commission created in 1955. Year 1955 ( MCMLV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar) The Commission is based in Inverness. Inverness (Inbhir Nis iɲɪɾʲˈniʃ is a city in northern Scotland.
Crofts held subject to the provisions of the Crofters' Acts are in the administrative counties of Shetland, Orkney, Caithness, Sutherland, Ross-shire, Inverness-shire and Argyll, in the north of Scotland. An administrative county was an Administrative division in England and Wales and Ireland used for the purposes of Local government. Shetland (formerly spelled Zetland, from etland; Old Norse non Hjaltland; Sealtainn is an Archipelago off the northeast coast of Orkney (also known as the Orkney Islands or incorrectly the Orkneys) is an Archipelago in northern Scotland, situated 10 miles (16 km north Geography Caithness extends about 40 Miles (64 Kilometres) north-south and about 30 miles (50 km east-west Sutherland (In Gaelic the area is referred to according to its traditional areas Dùthaich 'Ic Aoidh (NW Asainte (Assynt and Cataibh (East Ross-shire, or the County of Ross, ( Siorrachd Rois in Scottish Gaelic) is a former county of Scotland. Inverness-shire also known as the county of Inverness or Siorrachd Inbhir Nis in Gaelic, was a general purpose county of Scotland, Argyll, Archaically Argyle ( Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic) is a region of western Scotland corresponding with most of the part
Under the 1886 legislation (the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act) protected crofters are also members of a crofters' township, consisting of tenants of neighbouring crofts with a shared right to use common pasture. The Crofters' Holdings (Scotland Act 1886 is Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which created legal definitions of crofting parish and In the Highlands and Islands of Scotland a crofting township is a group of agricultural smallholdings (each with its own few Hectares Common land (a common) is a piece of land owned by one person but over which other people can exercise certain traditional rights such as allowing their livestock to graze Pasture is land with Herbaceous vegetation cover used for grazing of Ungulate Livestock as part of a Farm or Ranch.
Since 1976 it has been legally possible for a crofter to acquire title to his croft, thus becoming an owner-occupier. Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.