The word critic comes from the Greek κριτικός, kritikós - one who discerns, which itself arises from the Ancient Greek word κριτής, krités, meaning a person who offers reasoned judgment or analysis, value judgment, interpretation, or observation. Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage in the development of the Hellenic language family spanning the Archaic (c In non-legal contexts a judgment is a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision A value judgment is a Judgment of the Rightness or Wrongness of something or of the Usefulness of something based on a personal view Observation is either an activity of a living being (such as a Human) which senses and assimilates the Knowledge of a Phenomenon, or the recording of data The term can be used to describe an adherent of a position disagreeing with or opposing the object of criticism.
Modern critics include professionals or amateurs who regularly judge or interpret performances or other works (such as those of artists, scientists, musicians, or actors), and typically publish their observations, often in periodicals. A performance, in Performing arts, generally comprises an event in which one group of people (the performer or performers behave in a particular way for another group of people The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of Activities to do with creating Art, practicing the Arts and/or demonstrating A scientist, in the broadest sense refers to any person that engages in a systematic activity to acquire Knowledge or an individual that engages in such practices A musician is a person who plays or writes Music. Musicians can be classified by their roles in creating or performing music An instrumentalist plays a An actor, actress, player or thespian (see terminology) is a person who Acts in a Dramatic production and who works Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of Literature or Information &ndash the activity of making information available for public view Magazines, periodicals or serials are Publications generally published on a regular schedule containing a variety of articles, generally Critics are numerous in certain fields, including art, music, film, theatre or drama, restaurant, and scientific publication critics. An art critic is a person who specializes in evaluating Art. Their written critiques or reviews are published in newspapers magazines books and on web sites A music critic is someone who reviews Music (including printed music performances and recorded music and publishes writing on them in books or journals (or on the internet Film review redirects here for the similar sounding Film revue please visit Revue#Film revues. Theatre (or theater, see spelling differences) is the branch of the Performing arts defined by Bernard Beckerman as what "occurs when one Drama is the specific mode of Fiction represented in Performance. A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared Food to Customers. Scientific literature comprises scientific Publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and Social sciences
Criticism in terms of expectations means democratic judgment over the suitability of a subject for the intended purposes, as opposed to the authoritarian command, which is meant as an absolute realization of the authority's will, thus not open for debate. Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system In non-legal contexts a judgment is a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision Authoritarianism describes a Form of government characterized by an emphasis on the Authority of the State in a republic or union Absolute may mean Philosophy Absolute (philosophy, a concept in philosophy Moral absolutes, the belief that there are absolute Debate ( American English) or debating ( British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational Argument.
Criticism is the activity of judgement or informed interpretation and, in many cases, can be synonymous with "analysis. " In literary and academic contexts, the term most frequently refers to literary criticism, art criticism, or other such fields, and to scholars' attempts to understand the aesthetic object in depth. Literary criticism is the study discussion evaluation and interpretation of Literature. Art criticism is the discussion or evaluation of visual Art. Art critics usually criticize art in the context of Aesthetics or the theory of In these contexts the term "critic," used without qualification, most frequently refers to a scholar of literature or another art form. In other contexts, the term describes hostility or disagreement with the object of criticism. Sometimes context, and the contentiousness of the subject, are the only differentiating factors between these two approaches. In politics, for instance (as in the phrase "criticism of U.S. foreign policy"), criticism almost exclusively refers to disagreement—while in an academic, artistic, or literary context (as in "criticism of Romantic poetry") it usually refers to the activity of subtle interpretation or analysis. The foreign policy of the United States is highly influential on the world stage as it is a Superpower. Romanticism largely began as a reaction against the prevailing Enlightenment ideals of the day
Constructive criticism is a compassionate attitude towards the person qualified for criticism. Having higher experience, gifts, respect, knowledge in specific field and being able to verbally convince at the same time, this person is intending to uplift the other person materially, morally, emotionally or spiritually. For high probability in succeeding his compassionate criticism the critic has to be in some kind of healthy personal relationship with the other one, which is normally a parent to child, friend to friend, teacher to student, spouse to spouse or any kind of recognized authority in specific field. Hence the word constructive is used so that something is created or visible outcome generated rather than the opposite. Participatory learning in pedagogy is based on these principles of constructive criticism. In the fields of Neuropsychology, Personal development and Education, Learning is one of the most important Mental function of humans Pedagogy (ˈpɛdəgɒdʒi or paedagogy is the Art or Science of being a Teacher. Here the saying applies that example is better than precept.
There can be tension between constructive and useful criticism; for instance, a critic might usefully help an individual artist to recognize what is poor or slapdash in their body of work—but the critic may have to appear harsh and judgmental in order to state this. But useful criticism is a practical part of constructive criticism.
Destructive criticism is intended to harm someone, derogate and destroy someone’s creation, prestige, reputation and self-esteem on whatever level it might be. This may be done intentionally or out of sheer ignorance and foolishness. Hence the word destructive is used. In practical life destructive criticism may be disguised as constructive to be more painful while harming. Valid examination of intention of critic is when asked to prove, to help or to be somewhat useful at all. Often destructive criticism comes from persons who are envious, cruel and those who judges in fields which are not their own.
An alternative definition of the difference is "Criticism by me is constructive. Criticism of me is destructive. " More usefully, whether criticism is constructive or destructive depends heavily on the use the listener makes of it. "Whether the critic meant to be constructive or destructive in pointing out that "2+2 does not equal 7" is not nearly as important as whether the person addressed corrects his arithmetic. Many of the common definitions of "constructive" and "destructive" border on logical fallacies: here the given definition of "constructive" is very close to argument from authority, and the definition of "destructive" makes it easy to fall into argument ad hominem. An appeal to authority or argument by authority is a type of argument in Logic called a fallacy An ad hominem argument, also known as argumentum ad hominem ( Latin: "argument to the man" "argument against the man" Criticism cannot be ignored or accepted based on whether it is constructive or destructive.
Criticism can also be a tool of antisocial behavior, such as a passive-aggressive attack. Passive-aggressive behavior refers to passive sometimes obstructionist resistance to following authoritative instructions in Interpersonal or occupational
One of the symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder is an inability to tolerate any forms of criticism. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD is a Personality disorder defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the diagnostic classification