The Crimean Submediterranean forest complex is a temperate mixed forest ecoregion of Russia and Ukraine. Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests temperate deciduous forest) --> are a Temperate and Humid Biome. Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Ukraine (Україна Ukrayina, /ukrɑˈjinɑ/ is a country in Eastern Europe. The ecoregion consists of two coastal enclaves on northern coast of the Black Sea; one occupies the central coast of Crimea, extending into the Crimean Mountains, the other occupies the Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Kray, extending eastward along the northwest flank of the Caucasus. The Black Sea is an inland Sea bounded by southeastern Europe, the Caucasus and the Anatolian peninsula ( Turkey Crimea (kraɪˈmiːə or the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Крим Автономна Республіка Крим Avtonomna Respublika Krym; Крым The Crimean Mountains (Qırım dağları Кримскі Гори translit Krasnodar Krai (Краснода́рский край Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a Krai) located in the Southern The Caucasus ( also referred to as North Caucasus) is a geopolitical region located between Europe Asia & Middle East
The ecoregion's climate and vegetation resemble that of the Mediterranean Basin, with a hot dry summer and a mild, rainy winter. The Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. At elevations below 400 meters, woodlands and maquis shrublands of oak, Christ's Thorn (Paliurus spina-christi), Mastic tree (Pistacia lenticulus), Pyracantha, and sclerophyll shrubs predominate. Maquis ( French) or macchia ( Italian; plural macchie) is a Shrubland Biome in the Mediterranean region, typically Paliurus spina-christi, commonly known as Jerusalem Thorn, Garland Thorn, Christ's Thorn, or Crown of Thorns, is a species of Mastic ( Greek:μαστίχα( Pistacia lentiscus) is an Evergreen Shrub or small Tree of the Pistacio family growing Sclerophyll is a type of vegetation that has hard leaves and short internodes (the distance between leaves along the stem Between 400 and 800 meters are forests of Pitsundian Pine (Pinus brutia), Downy Oak (Quercus pubescens), Oriental Hornbeam (Carpinus orientalis), and European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior). The Turkish pine ( Pinus brutia) is a Pine native to the eastern Mediterranean region The Downy Oak or Pubescent Oak ( Quercus pubescens) is an Oak in the white oak section of the genus Quercus sect Plants in the genus Carpinus ( Cár-pi-nus) are commonly called Hornbeams. Fraxinus excelsior ( Ash; also European Ash or Common Ash on occasion to distinguish it from other ash species is a species of Forests of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Oriental Beech (Fagus orientalis), along with juniper woodlands, extend from 800 to 1300 meters elevation. The Scots Pine ( Pinus sylvestris L family Pinaceae) is a species of Pine native to Europe and Asia, ranging from The Oriental Beech ( Fagus orientalis) is a Deciduous Tree in the Beech family Fagaceae. Junipers are Coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae.
The warm summers and mild winters of the region make it a popular resort destination. Cities and towns in the ecoregion include Yalta, Alupka, Alushta, Sevastopol, and Novorossisk. Yalta (Ялта Yalta is a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea. Alupka (Алупка Алупка Alupka Alepou is a resort City located in Crimea, Ukraine, situated to the west of Yalta. Alushta (Алушта Aluşta Alouston is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine, founded in the 6th century CE by Emperor Justinian Sevastopol ( see pronunciation below) is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of the Crimea Peninsula History In antiquity the shores of the Tsemess Bay were the site of Bata, an ancient Greek colony that specialized in the Grain trade