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A councillor or councilor (Cllr, Coun. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation This is a list of legislatures by country, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives TalkParliament#Screen-size. -->A  parliament is a Legislature, especially in those A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Parliamentary group and parliamentary party are terms used to refer to the representation of a Political party or Electoral fusion of parties in a The leader or chairperson of a Parliamentary group holds an influential political post in a parliamentary system with strong Party discipline A congress is a formal meeting of representatives from different countries (or by extension Constituent States, or independent organisations (such as different Trade A Member of Congress is a Politician who is a member of a Congress. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or Parliamentary chamber In contrast to Unicameralism, Multicameralism or 'polycameralism' is the condition of having multiple legislative branches of Government. In Government, bicameralism (bi + Latin la ''camera'' chamber is the practice of having two legislative or Parliamentary chambers Thus a bicameral Tricameralism is the practice of having three legislative or Parliamentary chambers Many Parliaments or other Legislatures consist of two chambers (or houses) an elected Lower house, and an Upper house An upper house is one of two chambers of a Bicameral Legislature, the other chamber being the Lower house. A senate is a Deliberative body, often the Upper house or chamber of a Legislature or Parliament. A lower house is one of two chambers of a Bicameral Legislature, the other chamber being the Upper house. A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. , Clr or Cr for short) is a member of a local government council, such as a city council. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. A city council is a form of Local government, usually covering a City or other Urban area, such as a Town. Often in the United States, the title is councilman or councilwoman. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
In the United Kingdom, all local authorities are overseen by elected councillors. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State.
Councillors are typically elected as members of political parties or alternatively as independents. See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions A County council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a County. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. A town council is a democratically elected form of government for small municipalities or Parishes A council may serve as both the representative and executive branch Community councils (CCs are the most local statutory representative bodies in Great Britain. The City of London Corporation (formerly known as the Corporation of London)is the municipal governing body of the City of London. A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral Once elected they are meant to represent all their constituents and not just those who voted for them. They are bound by a code of conduct enforced by standards boards. The 2007 Local Elections in the UK saw the age limit for councillors fall to 18, leading to younger people standing.
The Local Government Act 2000 established new political management structures for councils in England and Wales. The Local Government Act 2000 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed Local government in England and Wales Councils in England and Wales with populations above 85,000 now take one of three forms; elected mayor with executive powers, leader and cabinet with executive powers, directly elected mayor with an appointed council manager.
More specialised decision making structures mean councillors are expected to perform a range of different roles, such as; licencing and regulatory decision making, policy overview & scrutiny, executive decision making, political leadership, determining planning applications and community representation.
Councillors also play a wider role in providing community leadership. Enabling communities to help themselves and providing a vital link between the local authority and the communities which they serve. Non executive councillors now have more time to focus on improving the communities which they serve, and play more of a role in developing policy and recommending to the Executive, decisions to be made and holding them to account publicly for their decisions, through the scrutiny process, which provides a platform for real issues which affect communities. Issues which can be raised by fellow councillors and members of the public alike, and for in depth work to be carried out into those issues. A councillor’s role is now one of influence rather than that of power, influencing the decision makers and holding them to account as well as influencing the key stakeholders within their wards. Councillors have a mandate now to lead and identify opportunities for change in a wide range of subjects which affect the communities in which we live, to identify skills and resources within communities and to bring them together for the greater good, this, along with greater emphasis in local government over partnership working with health, police and fire authorities.
The desire for clearer roles and raised standards has been accompanied by an increase in councillor training and development by organisations such as the Improvement and Development Agency, The Local Government Information Unit LGIU and the Local Government Association. The Improvement and Development Agency for local government (I&DeA or IDeA for short is a wholly-owned Subsidiary of the Local Government Association (LGA The Local Government Information Unit is a local government lobbying organisation thinktank and service provider The Local Government Association is a body for advancing the interests of local authorities in England and Wales The LGA has its Head Office at Local Government
Most councillors are not full time professionals, although most councils do pay them a basic allowance and out-of-pocket expenses. Out-of-pocket expenses are direct outlays of cash which are not reimbursed In addition special responsibility allowances are paid to councillors who carry out more senior roles. The basic allowance (and special responsibility allowance) are theoretically paid to compensate councillors for the time spent on council duties. Parish, town or community councillors may, since the Local Government Act 2000 be paid for their services, but most are not. The Local Government Act 2000 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed Local government in England and Wales
The London Assembly is not regarded as a local authority but a regional devolved assembly and its members are referred to as Assembly Members. The London Assembly is an elected body part of the Greater London Authority, that scrutinises the activities of the Mayor of London and has the power with a two-thirds Devolution is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a State to government at subnational level A deliberative assembly is an Organization, comprising of members that uses Parliamentary procedure for making decisions
Councilmember, councilman/councilwoman or councilor (sometimes spelt councillor) is a title for a member of a council used in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 
In particular, the title is used in the following cases.
In Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and other parts of the Commonwealth, as well as in the Republic of Ireland, a councillor or councilor is an elected representative on a local government council. The Council of the District of Columbia is the legislative branch of the local government of Washington D Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State.