- For the Cosmos 1 solar sail — not part of this series — see Cosmos 1. Cosmos 1 was a project by Cosmos Studios and The Planetary Society to test a Solar sail in space
Cosmos is the name of a series of satellites which were launched by the Soviet Union and are being launched now by Russia. This article is about artificial satellites For natural satellites also known as moons see Natural satellite. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The first of them was launched on March 16, 1962. Events 597 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Any satellite which doesn't fit into any particular program is designated as a Cosmos satellite. As of June 28, 2007 there were 2427 Cosmos satellites launched. The satellites have very different roles, early ones were used for scientific exploration, some of them are failed interplanetary probes. It is suspected that most are military reconnaissance satellites and satellites for other military uses. A spy satellite (officially referred to as a reconnaissance satellite) is an Earth observation satellite or Communications satellite deployed for
Early Cosmos satellites had typic body which could be equipped with various equipment. There were six classes, labelled Cosmos A, B, C, D, E and F (a satellite of each class would be numbered independently of this). Later satellites had different bodies.
The designation is given only to satellites which are in Earth orbit. Typically, Soviet planetary missions were initially put into an Earth parking orbit as a launch platform with a rocket engine and attached probe, which would then be launched toward its targets with an engine burn with a duration of roughly 4 minutes. If the engine misfired or the burn was not completed, the probes which would be left in Earth orbit would be given a Cosmos designation, which allowed the Soviets to claim a more successful record for their planetary exploration programs, and also may have helped further disguise genuine military satellites of the Cosmos series.
Some of the Cosmos satellites are the so-called RORSAT Radar-equipped Ocean Reconnaissance Satellites. Radar Ocean Reconnaissance SATellite or RORSAT is the western name given to the Soviet Upravlyaemyj Sputnik Aktivnyj (Управляемый Спутник Активный
Some Cosmos satellites
- Cosmos 110 - first Soviet biosatellite (contained biological experiments)
- Cosmos 133 - Soviet Soyuz programme test satellite
- Cosmos 186 and 188 - Soyuz predecessor, the first ever automatic docking of satellites
- Cosmos 212 and Cosmos 213 - Soyuz programme test spacecraft
- Cosmos 238 - final test series of Soyuz programme spacecraft
- Cosmos 419 - failed Mars mission
- Cosmos 482 - failed Venus mission, crashed in south New Zealand. This is a list of Cosmos satellites. 1962 Cosmos 1 - Sputnik 11 (for the solar sail see Cosmos 1) Cosmos 2 - Cosmos 110 was a Soviet Spacecraft launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome aboard a Soyuz rocket. Cosmos 133 was a Soviet Soyuz programme test satellite launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome aboard a Vostok rocket. Cosmos 186 and Cosmos 188 incorporated a Soyuz programme descent module for landing scientific instruments and test objects Cosmos 186 and Cosmos 188 incorporated a Soyuz programme descent module for landing scientific instruments and test objects The Soyuz programme (Союз saˈjus English: Union) is a Human spaceflight programme that was initiated by the Soviet Union in Cosmos 212 was one of a series of Soviet Soyuz programme test spacecraft whose purpose was to further test and develop the passenger version Cosmos 213 was one of a series of Soviet Soyuz programme test spacecraft whose purpose was to further test and develop the passenger version The Soyuz programme (Союз saˈjus English: Union) is a Human spaceflight programme that was initiated by the Soviet Union in Cosmos 238 was final test series of Soviet Soyuz programme spacecraft prior to the launch of Soyuz 3. Cosmos 419, also known as Mars 1971C in soviet closed documents was launched by the Soviet Union on May 5, 1971. The Cosmos 482 probe launched March 31, 1972 at 040233 UTC was an attempted Venus probe which failed to escape low Earth orbit New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island
- Cosmos 605 - first of the Bion series, containing biological organisms
- Cosmos 782 - first mission in which the U. Bion 1 (Cosmos 605 Russian: Бион 1 Космос-605 was a Bion satellite. The Bion satellites or Bion space program (Бион also named Biocosmos, were a series of Soviet (later CIS) Biosatellites They were part Bion 3 ( Cosmos 782 was a Bion satellite. It was the first joint U S. participated in the Soviet Cosmos program
- Cosmos 954 - failed and deorbited with a full nuclear payload, contaminating an area in northern Canada
See also Cosmos 954 was a Soviet Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite ( RORSAT) with an onboard nuclear reactor. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Russian Federal Space Agency ( Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство России Federal'noe kosmicheskoe agentstvo Rossii The Bion satellites or Bion space program (Бион also named Biocosmos, were a series of Soviet (later CIS) Biosatellites They were part
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