The Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California (CENIC) is a nonprofit corporation formed in 1996 to provide high-performance, high-bandwidth networking services to California universities and research institutions. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Through this corporation, representatives from all of California's K-20 public education combine their networking resources toward the operation, deployment, and maintenance of the California Research and Education Network, or CalREN.
Institutions which are connected to the CalREN backbone include:
Other non-Charter participants include
CalREN is a three-tiered network consisting of a statewide optical backbone to which schools and other institutions in California connect at Gigabit speeds via leased circuits obtained from telecom carriers or fiber-optic cable. These tiers include:
All three network tiers operate independently.
CENIC also engages in networking peering relationships, in particular Pacific Wave (a joint project between CENIC and the Pacific Northwest Gigapop, the University of Southern California, and the University of Washington), which provides peering facilities along the Pacific coast of the United States. The University of Southern California (commonly referred to as USC, SC, Southern California, and incorrectly See Washington (disambiguation for other uses The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research University Pacific Wave participants include networks in Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, Qatar, Taiwan, Singapore, and the United States. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. Qatar ( قطر; ˈqɑtˁɑr local pronunciation giṭar officially the State of Qatar (Arabic دولة قطر transliterated Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. Singapore
CENIC also engages in peering via TransitRail, a national-level peering structure that allows NLR members to leverage their membership in that organization to engage in peering relationships to cut costs and improve networking performance.
CalREN also connects at Gigabit speeds to Internet2, National LambdaRail, CUDI (the Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet), the Mexican high-bandwidth research and education network, redCLARA (the Cooperación Latino-Americana de Redes Avanzadas), and CAnet4 (the Canadian optical research and education network, managed by CANARIE). Internet2 or UCAID ( University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development) is a Non-profit Consortium which develops and deploys National LambdaRail is a high-speed national Computer network infrastructure in the United States that runs over fiber-optic lines and is the first transcontinental CUDI (in Spanish Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet is a non-profit consortium to build and operate a Mexican high-performance backbone network Clara ( Clóirtheach or An Clárach in Irish) is a town on the River Brosna in County Offaly in the midlands of Ireland CANARIE, the Canadian Advanced Network and Research for Industry and Education, is a Canadian government supported Non-profit corporation, founded in 1993 CANARIE, the Canadian Advanced Network and Research for Industry and Education, is a Canadian government supported Non-profit corporation, founded in 1993
CENIC is also a member of the Global Lambda Integrated Facility, an international organization promoting the use of world-wide optical networking to support grid computing.
CalREN was expanded by funding through the state of California and its Digital California Project to include K-12 public education. K–12 (pronounced "kay through twelve" "kay to twelve" or just "kay twelve" a designation for the sum of primary and Secondary education When funding sources changed, the K-12 portion became the K-12 High Speed Network (K12HSN), which continues to contract through CENIC.