In linguistics, conversion, also called zero derivation, is a kind of word formation; specifically, it is the creation of a word from an existing word without any change in form. Linguistics is the scientific study of Language, encompassing a number of sub-fields A zero, in Linguistics, is a constituent needed in an analysis but not realized in speech In Linguistics, derivation is "Used to form new words as with happi-ness and un-happy from happy, or determination from In Linguistics, word formation is the creation of a new Word. A word is a unit of Language that carries meaning and consists of one or more Morphemes which are linked more or less tightly together and has a Phonetic Conversion is more productive in some languages than in others; in English it is a fairly productive process. In Linguistics, productivity is the degree to which Native speakers use a particular grammatical process especially in Word formation. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States
Often a word of one lexical category (part of speech) is converted to a word of another lexical category; for example, the noun green in golf (referring to a putting-green) is derived ultimately from the adjective green. In Grammar, a lexical category (also word class, lexical class, or in traditional grammar part of speech) is a linguistic category of words (or In Grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a Noun or Pronoun, giving more information about the Conversions from adjectives to nouns and vice versa are both very common and unnotable in English; much more remarked upon is verbing, the creation of a verb by a converting a noun or other word (e. In Linguistics, conversion, also called zero derivation, is a kind of Word formation; specifically it is the creation of a Word For English usage of verbs see the wiki article English verbs. g. the adjective clean becomes the verb to clean). In Grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a Noun or Pronoun, giving more information about the For English usage of verbs see the wiki article English verbs.
The boundary between conversion and functional shift (the extension of an existing word to take on a new syntactic function) is not well-defined. In Linguistics, functional shift occurs when an existing word takes on a new syntactic function. In Linguistics, syntax (from Ancient Greek grc συν- syn-, "together" and grc τάξις táxis, "arrangement" is the
Verbification, or verbing, is the creation of a verb from a noun, adjective, or other word. For English usage of verbs see the wiki article English verbs. In Grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a Noun or Pronoun, giving more information about the Verbification is a type of functional shift. In Linguistics, functional shift occurs when an existing word takes on a new syntactic function. It is also a form of derivation, and may involve any of the various derivational processes. In Linguistics, derivation is "Used to form new words as with happi-ness and un-happy from happy, or determination from In English, verbification typically involves simple conversion of a non-verb to a verb. The verbs to verbify and to verb are themselves products of verbification, and — as might be guessed — the term to verb is often used more specifically, to refer only to verbification that does not involve a change in form. Morphology is the field of Linguistics that studies the internal structure of words (Verbing in this specific sense is therefore a kind of anthimeria. In Rhetoric, anthimeria (traditionally and more properly called antimeria) is the use of a Word as if it were a member of a different Word class ) However, neither term is in general technical use; in discussing word formation, linguists commonly use terms that describe the process of formation (such as coining or suffixation) rather than the lexical category of the new word. In Linguistics, word formation is the creation of a new Word.
Verbification may have a bad reputation with some English users because it is such a potent source of neologisms. A neologism (from Greek neo = "new" + logos = "word" is a word that although devised relatively recently in a specific time period has been Although most products of verbification are regarded as neologisms, and may meet considerable opposition from prescriptivist authorities, they are extremely common in colloquial speech, particularly specialized jargon, where words are needed to describe common actions or experiences. In Linguistics, prescription can refer both to the codification and the enforcement of rules governing how a language is to be used A colloquialism is an expression not used in formal speech, writing or Paralinguistics. For Wikipedia jargon see WikipediaGlossary. For hacker slang see Jargon File.
Verbification is by no means confined to argot, and has furnished English with countless new expressions, e. Argot ( French, Spanish and Catalan for " Slang " is a Secret language used by various groups—including but not limited English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States g. "access", as in "access the file", which was previously a noun, as in "gain access to the file". Similar mainstream examples include "host", as in "host a party", and "chair", as in "chair the meeting". Other formations, such as "gift", are less widespread but nevertheless mainstream. Examples of verbification in the English language number in the thousands, including some of the most common words, such as mail and e-mail, strike, beer, talk, salt, pepper, switch, bed, sleep, ship, train, stop, drink, cup, lure, mutter, dress, dizzy, divorce, fool, merge, and many more, to be found on virtually every page in the dictionary. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States A dictionary is a book of alphabetically listed Words in a specific language with definitions etymologies pronunciations and other information or a book of alphabetically Often it is impossible to tell which form arose first.
Verbification is sometimes used to create nonce words or joking words. A nonce word is a Word used only "for the nonce "—to meet a need that is not expected to recur Sometimes these jocular constructions gain favor and become used in serious discourse, due to a subtle shade of meaning which is present in the neologism but absent from similar standard verbs, e. g. speechify. In other cases, simple conversion is involved, as with formations like beer, as in beer me ("give me a beer") and eye, as in eye it ("look at it"). Sometimes, a verbified form requires an adverb, e. g. sex as in sex it up ("make it sexier").
In other languages, such as Japanese and the Semitic languages, verbification is a more regular process. is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities The Semitic languages are a Language family whose living representatives are spoken by more than 467 million people across much of the Middle East, In Esperanto, any word can be transformed into a verb, either by altering its ending to -i, or by applying suffixes such as -igi and -iĝi. is by far the most widely spoken constructed International auxiliary language in the world
A Calvin and Hobbes strip dealt with this phenomenon, concluding with the statement that "Verbing weirds language", demonstrating the verbing of both verb and weird. Calvin and Hobbes is a Comic strip written and illustrated by Bill Watterson, following the humorous antics of Calvin, an imaginative (The former appears in its use as a gerund. In Linguistics, “gerund” is a term used to refer to various non-finite verb forms in various languages As applied to English, )