Contrapposto is an Italian term meaning "counterpoise" used in the visual arts to describe a human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. The visual arts are art forms that focus on the creation of works which are primarily Visual in nature such as Painting, Photography This gives the figure a more dynamic, or alternatively relaxed appearance. It can also encompass the tension as a figure changes from resting on a given leg to walking or running upon it (so-called ponderation). Contrapposto is less emphasized than the more sinuous S-Curve.
Contrapposto has been used since the dawn of classical western sculpture. According to the canon of the Classical Greek Sculptor Polykleitos in the fourth century B. Polykleitos (or Polyklitos, Polycleitus, Polyclitus; Greek Πολύκλειτος) called the Elder was a Greek C. , it is one of the most important characteristics of his figurative works and those of his successors, Lysippos, Skopas, etc. Lysippos (Λύσιππος was a Greek sculptor of the 4th century BC. This article is about the ancient sculptor For the ancient writer whose name appears in some manuscripts as "Scopas" see Agriopas. The Polykletian statues for example Discophoros and Doryphoros are idealized athletic young men with the divine sense, and captured in contrapposto. The Discophoros, also spelled Discophorus, (Greek - " Discus -Bearer" was a bronze sculpture by the classical Greek sculptor Polyclitus, creator The Doryphoros ( Greek δορυφόρος, lit "Spear-Bearer" Latinized as Doryphorus) is one of the best known sculptures In these works, the pelvis is no longer axial with the vertical statue as in the archaic style of earlier Greek sculpture until the Ephebe-statue of Kritios ca. In Astronomy, Geography, Geometry and related sciences and contexts a direction passing by a given point is said to be vertical if A statue is a Sculpture in the round representing a person or persons an animal or an event normally full-length as opposed to a bust, and at least close to life-size The archaic period in Greece ( 750 BC 480 BC) is a period of Ancient Greek history This page refers to the social group denoted by this term For other uses eg in sculpture see Ephebos (disambiguation. Kritios was an Athenian sculptor probably a pupil of Antenor, working in the early 5th century BCE whose manner is on the cusp of the Late Archaic and the 490-480 B. C.
Contrapposto can be clearly seen in the Roman copies of the statues of Hermes and Heracles. Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC Hermes ( Greek,, ˈhɝmiːz in Greek mythology, is the Olympian god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them of Shepherds and In Greek mythology, Heracles or Herakles ("glory of Hera " or A famous example is the marble statue of Hermes with the infant Dionysus in Olympia by Praxiteles. In Classical mythology, Dionysus or Dionysos (in Greek, Διόνυσος or Διώνυσος; associated with Roman Olympia ( Greek: Olympí'a or Olýmpia, older transliterations Olimpia, Olimbia) a sanctuary of ancient Greece Praxiteles ( Ancient Greek: Πραξιτέλης English prækˈsɪtɨliːz of Athens, the son of Cephisodotus the Elder, was the most renowned of the It can also be seen in the Roman copies of Polyclitus' amazon. The Amazons (in Greek, grc Ἀμαζόνες are a nation of all-female warriors in Classical and Greek mythology, who were possibly historical
Classical contrapposto was revived in the Renaissance by the Italian artists Donatello and Leonardo da Vinci, followed by Michelangelo, Raphael and other artists of the High Renaissance. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Donatello ( Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi; c 1386 &ndash December 13, 1466) was a famous early Renaissance Italian Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci ( April 15 1452 – May 2 1519 was an Italian Polymath, having been a scientist Mathematician, Engineer Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime One of them by Giorgio Vasari, proposed that he was the pinnacle of all Raphael Sanzio, usually known by his first name alone (in Italian Raffaello) (April 6 or March 28 1483 – April 6 1520 was an Italian painter and The High Renaissance, in the History of art, denotes the culmination of the art of the Italian Renaissance between 1450 and 1527 One of the major achievements of the Italian Renaissance was the re-discovery of contrapposto, although in Mannerism it became greatly over-used. The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 14th Mannerism is a period of European art which emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520.
The term should not be confused with the somewhat similar musical term contrapunto. Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. In Music, counterpoint is the relationship between two or more voices that are independent in contour and Rhythm, and interdependent in Harmony
Contrapposto was an extremely important sculptural development for it is the first time in Western art that the human body is used to express a psychological disposition. The balanced, harmonious pose of the Kritios Boy suggests a calm and relaxed state of mind, an evenness of temperament that is part of the ideal of man represented. The Kritios boy or Kritian Boy belongs to the Early Classical period of Ancient Greek sculpture that is the precursor to the later classical sculptures of athletes From this point onwards Greek sculptors went on to explore how the body could convey the whole range of human experience, culminating in the desperate anguish and pathos of Laocoön and his Sons (1st century AD) in the Hellenistic period. The statue of Laocoön and His Sons, also called the Laocoön Group, is a monumental Marble sculpture now in the Vatican Museums,