Continental climate is a climate that is characterized by winter temperatures cold enough to support a fixed period of snow cover each year, and relatively moderate precipitation occurring mostly in summer, although east coast areas (chiefly in North America) may show an even distribution of precipitation. Climate encompasses the temperatures humidity rainfall atmospheric particle count and numerous other meteorogical factors in a given region over long periods of Winter is one of the four Seasons of Temperate zones Calculated astronomically, it begins on the Solstice and ends on the Equinox Temperature is a physical property of a system that underlies the common notions of hot and cold something that is hotter generally has the greater temperature "Snowfall" redirects here For other uses see Snow (disambiguation or Snowfall (disambiguation. A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the Orbit of the Earth around the Sun In Meteorology, precipitation (also known as one class of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric Summer is one of the four Temperate Seasons Summer marks the warmest time of year with the longest days Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of the Northern Hemisphere continents (especially North America and Asia), and also at higher elevations in other parts of the world. Northern Hemisphere is the half of a Planet that is North of the Equator —the word hemisphere literally means 'half ball' A continent is one of several large Landmasses on Earth. They are generally identified by Convention rather than any strict criteria with seven regions "The world " is a proper noun for the planet Earth envisioned from an Anthropocentric or Human Worldview, as a place Only a few areas in Iran, adjacent Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Central Asia show a winter maximum in precipitation, that typically melts in early spring to give short-lived floods. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches Afghanistan /æfˈgænɪstæn/ officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan ( Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Central Asia is a region of Asia from the Caspian Sea in the west to central China in the east and from southern Russia in the north to northern Pakistan in the south A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land a deluge
These regions generally have either forest or tall-grass prairie as natural ground cover and include some of the most productive farmlands in the world. A forest is an area with a high density of Trees There are many definitions of a forest based on various criteria Prairie, from the French prairie ("meadow" "grassland" "pasture" refers to an area of land of low topographic relief that historically All such climates have at least three months of temperatures in excess of 10 °C (50 °F) and winters with at least one month below -3C (26. The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 6F).
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Spring-like temperatures occur in this zone between early March in the southern parts of this zone to mid April in the far northern fringes of this climate zone. Annual precipitation in this zone is usually between 24 inches (610 mm) to 48 inches (1,200 mm), most of it in the form of snow during winter.
Most such areas fit Köppen classifications of Dfa, Dwa (cold winters, hot summers; "w" indicating very dry winters characteristic especially of China) or Dfb or Dwb (cold winters, warm summers, same distinction for winter dryness). The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems It was developed by Wladimir Köppen, a German climatologist Dry summer continental climates with significant winter precipitation maxima (Dsa and Dsb) only exist in highland areas above Mediterranean climates. Continental Mediterranean climate is a variant of Mediterranean climate in the interior of the Iberian peninsula (the Meseta and the Ebro valley A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the Climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide
Continental climates exist where cold air masses infiltrate during the winter and warm air masses form in summer under conditions of high sun and long days. Places with continental climates are as a rule either far from any moderating effects of oceans (example: Omaha, Nebraska, USA) or are so situated that prevailing winds tend to head offshore. Such regions get quite warm in the summer, achieving temperatures characteristic of tropical climates but are much colder than any other climates of similar latitude in the winter.
These climates grade off toward subtropical climates equator-ward where winters are less severe and semiarid climates where precipitation becomes inadequate for tall-grass prairies. The subtropics are the zones of the Earth immediately north and south of the tropic zone which is bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of A Semi-arid climate or steppe climate generally describes climatic regions that receive low annual Rainfall (250-500 mm or 10-20 in In Europe these climates may grade off into oceanic climates in which the influence of moderating air masses is more marked toward the west. An oceanic climate (also called marine west coast climate and maritime climate) is the Climate typically found along the west coasts at the middle latitudes The subarctic climate (Köppen: Dfc), with very cold, long and dry winters, but with at least one month above 10 °C (50 °F), might be considered a sub-type of the continental climate. Regions having a subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) are characterized by long usually very cold winters and brief warm summers
The Midwestern United States, northeastern parts of the US, southern Canada, parts of China, South Korea, and most of Russia are examples of areas of the world with continental climates, which do not exist at all in the Southern Hemisphere due to the lack of broad land masses at middle latitudes, the southernmost parts of Africa and Australia being under marine influences and southern South America being too narrow in breadth to allow air masses as cold as those in corresponding latitudes in North America and Asia to form in the winter. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending Antarctica, of course, lies completely outside the middle latitudes.