|Nickname: The Hub City, CPT, The Hub|
Location of Compton in Los Angeles County, California
|- Mayor||Eric Perrodin|
|- Total||10. A nickname is a Name of an entity or thing that is not its Proper name. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The US state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 2 sq mi (26. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 4 km²)|
|- Land||10. To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions we list here areas between 1000 km2 and 10000 km2 1 sq mi (26. 2 km²)|
|- Water||0. 1 sq mi (0. 2 km²)|
|Elevation||69 ft (21 m)|
|- Total||93,493 (city proper)|
|- Density||9,229. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International ----The term city limits (or city boundary) refers to the defined boundary of a City. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 4/sq mi (3,563. 5/km²)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|- Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1652689|
|Website: Official Website|
Compton is a city located in Southern Los Angeles County, California, USA, south-southeast of downtown Los Angeles. The Pacific Time Zone observes Standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time ( UTC-8) UTC−8 is a band of Timezones separated from the Universal Coordinated Time by 8 hours Daylight saving time ( DST UTC−7 can be observed in Mountain Standard Time Zone Pacific Daylight Time Zone Canada The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West The city was incorporated in 1888. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 93,493.  An inner suburb of Los Angeles, Compton lives up to the reputation of most dangerous inner city/inner suburban areas across the United States due to its high level of poverty and very high violent crime rate, especially for murders, found in the city. The inner suburbs of a City are generally the most populous areas of Metropolitan area in The United States. Poverty (also called penury) is deprivation of common necessities that determine the quality of life including food clothing shelter and safe Drinking water, and Crime statistics attempt to provide a statistical measure of the level or amount of- Crime that is prevalent in societies Murder is the unlawful killing of another human person with Malice aforethought, as defined in Common Law countries
Despite the city's mark on African-American culture, Compton has a multiracial and multi-ethnic population. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa The city boasts an equestrian club, an astronomy program for teenagers, a cricket club, and the Major League Baseball Academy. For the Roman class see Equestrian (Roman Equestrianism refers to the skill of riding or driving Horses This broad description Astronomy (from the Greek words astron (ἄστρον "star" and nomos (νόμος "law" is the scientific study Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries The Major League Baseball Urban Youth Academy is a youth baseball academy located in Compton California providing free baseball and softball instruction to Southern California
In 1784, the Spanish Crown deeded a tract of over 75,000 acres (304 km²) to Juan Jose Dominguez in this area. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. The tract was named Rancho San Pedro. The Rancho San Pedro land grant was validated by the Mexican government at 48000  Acres (195 km² in 1828 and a US land grant validating 25000 acres (100 Dominguez's name was later applied to the Dominguez Hills community south of Compton. "To educate is to give vision to the blind speech to the voiceless empowerment to the disenfranchised The tree that marked the original northern boundary of the rancho still stands at the corner of Poppy and Short streets. The rancho was sub-divided and parcels were sold within the Californios of Alta California until the lands were ceded after the Mexican-American war in 1848. Californio's (Spanish for "Californian" is a term used to identify a Californian of Hispanic and/or Latin-American descent first as a part of New Spain, later Alta California (Upper California was formed in 1804 when the Province of the Californias, then a part of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas in the American immigrants acquired most of the rancho lands after 1848. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Immigration refers to the movement of people among countries While the movement of people has existed throughout human history at various levels modern immigration implies long-term
In 1867, Griffith D. Compton led a group of American settlers to the area in search of the mild climate. The city was incorporated on May 11, 1889 and was named for Griffith D. Compton.
Compton grew quickly in the mid-1900s. In the late 1940s with the dismantling of segregation, middle class African-Americans began moving into the area, mostly on the west side. One reason for this was Compton's proximity to Watts, where a significant number of Blacks lived at the time. Watts is a residential district in southern Los Angeles California (more specifically part of South Los Angeles) However, the eastern side of the city remained predominantly white into the 1970s. Despite being located in the middle of a major metropolitan area, there remains at least one small pocket of agriculture from its early years. 
In 2006, the Morgan Quitno Corporation rated Compton as the most dangerous city in the United States with a population of 75,000 to 99,999, and fourth most dangerous overall. Morgan Quitno Press is a research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the  The city is notorious for gang violence, primarily caused by the Bloods, the Crips and Hispanic gangs. Gangsters redirects here For the computer game see Gangsters (video game. The Bloods is one of the street Gangs originally founded in Los Angeles The Crips are a primarily but not exclusively African American gang founded in Los Angeles California in 1969 mainly by 16-year-old Raymond Compton's violent reputation was popularized in the late 1980s by the rise to prominence of local gangsta rap groups Compton's Most Wanted and especially N.W.A., who released the famous album Straight Outta Compton in 1988. For the Ice T album see Gangsta Rap (album. Gangsta rap is a term originated by the mainstream media to describe a certain subgenre Compton's Most Wanted is a Classic Gangsta rap group and one of the pioneers of the West Coast Hip Hop scene still performing today on Independent NWA (also known as Niggaz with Attitudes) was a Compton, California -based hip hop group widely considered one of the seminal acts of the Straight Outta Compton is the second album by Compton -based hip hop group N Since then, "Compton" has been synonymous with anything ghetto or gang-related. A ghetto is described as a "portion of a city in which members of a minority group live especially because of social legal or economic pressure Gangsters redirects here For the computer game see Gangsters (video game.
Compton has a homicide rate about eight times higher than the national average, most of which are gang killings. List of countries by homicide rate Homicide ( Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut kill refers to the act of killing another Gangsters redirects here For the computer game see Gangsters (video game. Economic conditions and Compton's location as the center of the South Los Angeles "ghettos" make crime prevention more difficult. South Los Angeles, often abbreviated as South LA, is the official name for a large geographic and cultural portion lying to the southwest and southeast of downtown A ghetto is described as a "portion of a city in which members of a minority group live especially because of social legal or economic pressure Although crime rates had been falling for years after the crack epidemic of the 1980s and early 1990s, Compton has in recent years witnessed spikes in the rate of violent crime. The crack epidemic refers to a six year period between 1984 and 1990 in the United States during which there was a huge surge in the use of Crack cocaine in major 
Compton had 65 murders in 2005, which is a per capita rate significantly higher than the national average, and a murder rate of 67. 1 which greatly surpassed all other cities in murder rates. Recently in an effort to combat this gun violence the Compton citizens were given the option to hand over their guns to the police, and receive a $100 check for various goods. Gun violence is the broadly defined category of Violence and Crime committed with the use of a Firearm; it does not include the safe lawful use of firearms During 2006, Compton has deployed twice as many sheriff deputies and the murder rate has decreased from 22 in four months, to just five. Like parts of Los Angeles and Long Beach, Compton is also a hot bed for racial violence between Blacks and Latinos.
During Compton's early years, the emerging black population was largely ignored by the city's elected officials. At one time, the City Council even discussed dismantling the Compton Police Department in favor of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department in an attempt to exclude black people from law enforcement jobs. This slowly began to change when in 1958, the first African-American ran for a City Council seat. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa However, it would be another three years before an African-American would be elected to the City Council.
Douglas Dollarhide made history in Compton in 1969 when he became California's first African-American mayor of a metropolitan city. Douglas Dollarhide ( March 11, 1923 &ndash June 28, 2008) was the first African American mayor of a metropolitan city in California California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Four years later, Doris A. Davis defeated Dollarhide's bid for re-election to become the first African-American female mayor of a metropolitan city in the United States. Doris A Davis (born circa 1935 is a former mayor of Compton California, who earned a place in history as the first African-American woman mayor of a metropolitan African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa The United States of America —commonly referred to as the By the early 1970s, the city had one of the largest concentrations of African-Americans in the country with over ninety percent.
For many years, Compton was a much sought after neighborhood for the black middle class of Los Angeles. This past affluence is reflected in the area's appearance — Compton's streets are lined with relatively spacious and attractive single family homes. However, several factors have contributed to Compton's decline. One of the most significant factors was a steady erosion of its tax base. First by whites who fled to the newly incorporated cities of Artesia, Bellflower, Paramount and Norwalk in the late 1950s. White flight is a term for the demographic trend in which working and Middle-class White people move away from Suburbs Artesia is a general law city in southeast Los Angeles County, California, United States and is one of the county's Gateway Cities. Bellflower is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, and is a suburb of Los Angeles. Paramount is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Norwalk is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. These nearby communities remained largely white despite integration. Racial integration, or simply integration includes Desegregation (the process of ending systematic Racial segregation)  This move was even further precipitated after the Watts Riots in 1965. The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale Race riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles California, in August
Soon thereafter, middle class blacks also found other areas more attractive to them. Some were unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County such as Ladera Heights, View Park and Windsor Hills; and others were cities such as Inglewood and, particularly, Carson. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. Ladera Heights is a Census-designated place and unincorporated area in southwestern Los Angeles County California. View Park-Windsor Hills is a Census-designated place (CDP in Los Angeles County, California, United States. View Park-Windsor Hills is a Census-designated place (CDP in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Inglewood is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County California, southwest of downtown Los Angeles. Carson is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The latter was significant because it had successfully thwarted attempts at annexation by neighboring Compton. Annexation ( Latin ad, to and nexus, joining is the legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous The city of Carson opted instead for incorporation in 1968, which is notable because its black population was actually more affluent than its white population. As a newer city, it also offered more favorable tax rates and lower crime.
As Compton's tax base deteriorated, it raised municipal taxes, which only worsened the problem. This resulted in creating a situation more favorable to lower income residents than higher income ones. Many of these new residents also benefited from the Section 8 rent-subsidy program. This article covers the HUD subsidized housing program For other meanings of the term Section 8 see Section 8. As a result, the need for public services increased dramatically, putting a further strain on the city's budget.
After Lionel Cade, an accountant, assumed the mayor's office in 1977, one of the first orders of business was to conduct an audit of the city's finances. Lionel B Cade ( August 14, 1918 &mdash April 3, 1990) was an American accountant who served as mayor of Compton California, from 1977 It was discovered that the city was $2 million in debt. The administration was able to eliminate the huge deficit in one year by making cuts in every department. It also aggressively sought federal funding to help pay for essential services, which was at least partially effective. However, with the passage of the property tax cutting initiative Proposition 13 by California voters, Compton was one of the cities hardest hit, since it had already eliminated most of the fat from its budget. Proposition 13, officially titled the "People's Initiative to Limit Property Taxation" was a ballot Initiative to amend the constitution of the state of California
Crime, though present in lesser degrees beforehand, worsened significantly with the introduction of crack cocaine in the latter part of the 20th century. Crack cocaine or crack is a solid smokable form of Cocaine. It is a freebase form of cocaine that can be made using baking soda ( Sodium bicarbonate The neighborhood lost richer residents with the worsening safety problems, and, after the 1992 riots in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, many blacks left the city. The Los Angeles riots of 1992, also known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots, were sparked on April 29, 1992 when a jury Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West Meanwhile, many Latino families moved into Compton.
In the state legislature Compton is located in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Edward Vincent, and in the 52nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mervyn M. Dymally. The California State Legislature is the state legislature of the U The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. Edward Vincent (born June 23 1934) was elected to the California State Senate in November 2000 and represents the 25th Senatorial District which includes The California State Assembly is the Lower house of the California State Legislature. Mervyn Malcolm Dymally (born May 12, 1926 in Cedros, Trinidad and Tobago) is a California Democratic Politician Federally, Compton is located in California's 37th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +27 and is represented by Democrat Laura Richardson. California's 37th congressional district encompasses most of Long Beach and Compton, as well as Carson Signal Hill and parts of other Municipalities The Cook Partisan Voting Index ( CPVI) sometimes referred to as simply the Partisan Voting Index ( PVI) is a measurement of how strongly an American Laura Richardson (born April 14, 1962 in Los Angeles California) is a Democratic Representative in the United States Congress
Civic corruption has also been a widespread problem in Compton. Political corruption is the use of governmental powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain In the early 1990s the United States Attorney conducted a series of investigations, centered around a phony waste to energy scheme, that ultimately ensnared a number of prominent elected officials. In 2002, then Mayor Omar Bradley, was convicted of using city credit cards to purchase golf balls and lavish hotel stays for himself and his friends. Various mayoral administrations have been investigated by federal, state, and county government for bribery, nepotism, and the misappropriation of public funds. Bribery, a form of pecuniary corruption is an act usually implying money or gift given that alters the behaviour of the recipient in ways not consistent with the duties of that person Nepotism is the showing of favoritism toward relatives and friends based upon that relationship rather than on an objective evaluation of ability Meritocracy or suitability These factors have contributed to Compton's poor reputation and has discouraged business investment.
In 2000, the Compton Police Department was disbanded amidst controversy. The Compton Police Department was the police department of Compton California until 2000  Many claim the department's closure could have been related to members of the police force itself being involved in gang activity, while the police themselves charge that this was due to friction between the department and then-mayor Omar Bradley, who has since faced serious corruption charges.  Regardless of the situation, an alternative form of law enforcement was sought. Compton's policing needs are currently served by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. According to the Los Angeles Times, the LASD Compton Station is staffed by 28 deputies.
Compton is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 4 km² (10. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 2 mi²). The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 26. 2 km² (10. 1 mi²) of it is land and 0. 2 km² (0. 1 mi²) of it (0. 69%) is water.(33. 896715, -118. 225078).
As of the census of 2000, there were 93,493 people, 22,327 households, and 18,620 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 3,563. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 5/km² (9,225. 6/mi²). There were 23,795 housing units at an average density of 906. 9/km² (2,348. 0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 40. 31% Black or African American, 16. 71% White, 0. 70% Native American, 0. 25% Asian, 1. 05% Pacific Islander, 37. 34% from other races, and 3. 62% from two or more races. 56. 84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Hispanic (hispano hispánico hispânico Hispānus adjective from ''Hispānia'', the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically 
The racial makeup has changed in recent years. In 1990 55% of the population were African-American while 42% were Hispanics. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Hispanic (hispano hispánico hispânico Hispānus adjective from ''Hispānia'', the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically The biggest reason, however, for the shift in demographics, is the flight of African Americans to escape Compton's high crime. Black flight is a term recently applied to the movement of African Americans from predominately black or mixed inner city areas to Suburban areas and outlying
There were 22,327 households out of which 50. 7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47. 3% were married couples living together, 27. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16. 6% were non-families. 13. 2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4. 16 and the average family size was 4. 45.
In the city the population was spread out with 38. 5% under the age of 18, 11. 5% from 18 to 24, 28. 7% from 25 to 44, 14. 4% from 45 to 64, and 6. 9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 96. 3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91. 2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,819, and the median income for a family was $33,021. Males had a median income of $22,698 versus $24,692 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,389. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 25. 5% of families and 28. 0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 6% of those under age 18 and 14. 7% of those age 65 or over.
Currently, Latinos are the largest ethnic group in the city, although many people still tend to think of Compton as a primarily black community. fdll=nfgThis article lists famous and notable people who are natives of Compton California or have been residents of the city One possible reason for this is that despite the shift in population, as of 2005 blacks continue to dominate local politics, holding all elected positions in the city. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Compton has been referenced on numerous occasions in gangsta rap and g-funk songs, especially in the early 1990s, and so has attained an association not only with gang violence and crime, but with rap music as well. For the Ice T album see Gangsta Rap (album. Gangsta rap is a term originated by the mainstream media to describe a certain subgenre G-funk, or Gangsta Funk, is a type of Hip hop music that emerged from West Coast Gangsta rap in the early 1990s The city is known as the home of many famous rappers.
Compton was also the home of U. S. Presidents George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, who lived there a short time in 1949-50. George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States.
Compton was recently designated as an “Entrepreneurial Hot Spot” by Cognetics, Inc. , an independent economic research firm. Compton made the national list for best places to start and grow a business, and ranked #2 in Los Angeles County out of a field of 88 cities. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States.  The city provides a business assistance program consisting of a comprehensive mix of resources to small business owners and entrepreneurs.
Compton is surrounded by multiple freeways which provide access to destinations throughout the region. The Long Beach and Los Angeles Ports are less than 20 minutes from downtown Compton, providing access to international destinations for customers and suppliers. The Alameda Corridor, a passageway for 25% of all U. The Alameda Corridor is a 20 mile (32 km freight rail " Expressway " owned by the Alameda Corridor Transportation Authority, connecting the national rail S. waterborne international trade, runs directly through Compton from north to south.
Four freeways are within easy reach of the city's boundaries and provide access to destinations throughout the region. These include Interstate Highways 105, 110, 710, and State Route 91. Interstate 105 (abbreviated I-105, and colloquially referred to as The 105 or the one-oh-five) is an interstate highway in southern Interstate 710 (I-710 - also referred to as "The 710" is a major north-south interstate Freeway running for 23 miles (37 km through Los Angeles County
The Metro Blue Line light rail runs north-south through the city; Compton Station is in the heart of the city, adjacent to the Renaissance Shopping Center. The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a Light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station For specific light rail systems many of which use the words "light rail" as part of their name see List of light-rail transit systems. Compton is a station on Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority 's Metro Blue Line. The Blue Line connects Compton to downtown Los Angeles and downtown Long Beach.
Compton/Woodley Airport is a small general aviation airport located in the city. Compton/Woodley Airport is a county-owned public-use Airport located two miles (3 km southwest of the Central business district of Compton, a city General aviation (abbr GA) is one of two categories of Civil aviation. An airport is a location where Aircraft such as airplanes, Helicopters and blimps take off and land The airport lies within busy airspace, as it is situated within a few miles of both Los Angeles International Airport and Long Beach Airport. Los Angeles International Airport is the primary Airport serving Los Angeles, California, the second-most populated metropolitan area of Long Beach Airport, also known as Daugherty Field, is located in Long Beach California, and serves Los Angeles and Orange Counties
Collectively, these multi–faceted transportation links lend justification to the city's familiar name of "the Hub City. "
The city is served by Compton Unified School District. Compton Unified School District is a School district headquartered in Compton, California, United States. The district is a participant of the FOCUS program conducted by the University of California, Irvine. The University of California Irvine is a public Coeducational Research university situated in Irvine, California. The goals of the program is to improve mathematics and science achievement by uniting the efforts of mathematics, science, education and research library faculty and staff with educators of the school district. 
There are currently three high schools that are part of CUSD, which are Centennial High School, Dominguez High School, and Compton High School. Dominguez High School is a four-year Secondary school located in Compton California. Compton High School is one of the three High schools in Compton, California.
The city is also served by Compton Community College, Reed Christian College and Yuin University. El Camino College Compton Center is a public two-year college established in 1927 located in Compton California.
The following cities are sister cities of Compton, California.
A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system.