|Comune di Como|
Municipal coat of arms
|Mayor||Stefano Bruni (since 2002-05-28)|
|Elevation||201 m (659 ft)|
|Area||37 km² (14 sq mi)|
|Population (as of December 31, 2004)|
|- Density||2,244/km² (5,812/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET, UTC+1|
|Frazioni||Ponte Chiasso, Garzola, Sagnino, Monteolimpino, Tavernola, Camnago Volta, Lora, Prestino, Breccia, Rebbio, Civiglio, Muggió, Albate|
|- Day||August 31|
Como (Comm in the local dialect of Western Lombard language) is a city in Lombardy, Italy, 45 kilometres (28 mi) north of Milan. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the In Italy, a Province (in Italian provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between Municipality ( Comune The Province of Como (Provincia di Como is a province in the north of the Lombardy region of Italy and borders the Swiss cantons of See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 585 BC - A Solar eclipse occurs as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Central European Time ( CET) is one of the names of the Time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. UTC+1 is used in the following locations Central European Time West Africa Time Western European Summer Time A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place Here are a list of area codes in Italy. All numbers here begin with the country code (0039 A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a Comune; for other Administrative Saint Abundius (also Abondius, Abundias, or Abbondio; early fifth century – 469 was a Bishop of Como, northern Italy Events 1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill dying suddenly a few days later without children to succeed the Throne The official language of Italy is Standard Italian, a descendant of the Tuscan dialect and a direct descendant of Latin (some 75% of Italian words are of Latin origin Western Lombard is a Romance language spoken in Italy, in the Lombard provinces of Milan, Monza, Varese, Como A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Lombardy (Lombardia Latin: Langobardia, Western Lombard: Lumbardìa, Eastern Lombard: Lombardia) is one of the Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Situated at the southern tip of the south-west arm of Lake Como, it is the capital of the province of Como. Lake Como ( Lago di Como in Italian, also known as Lario; Lach de Comm in Insubric; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a The Province of Como (Provincia di Como is a province in the north of the Lombardy region of Italy and borders the Swiss cantons of
The hills surrounding the current location of Como were inhabited in prehistoric times, at least since the Bronze Age. The term Bronze Age refers to a period in human cultural development when the most advanced Metalworking (at least in systematic and widespread use included techniques for Remains of settlements are still present on the wood covered hills to the South West of town. The people that inhabited these settlements were known as the Orobii, a Celtic tribe.
Around the 1st century BC the territory became subjected to the Romans. The 1st century BC started the first day of 100 BC and ended the last day of 1 BC. The first center was situated on the nearby hills, but it was then moved to its current location by order of Julius Caesar, who had the swamp near the southern tip of the lake drained and laid the plan of the walled city in the typical grid of perpendicular streets. The newly founded town was named Novum Comum and had the status of municipium.
In 774 the town surrendered to the invasion of the Franks led by Charlemagne, and it became a center of commercial exchange. The Franks or Frankish people (Franci or gens Francorum) were West Germanic tribes first identified in the 3rd century as an Ethnic group Charlemagne (ˈʃɑrlɨmeɪn Carolus Magnus or Karolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great) (747 – 28 January 814 was King of the Franks from 768 to his
In 1127 Como lost the decade-long war against the nearby town of Milan. Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. A few decades later, with the help of Frederick Barbarossa, the Comaschi could avenge their defeat when Milan was destroyed in 1162. Frederick I Barbarossa (1122 &ndash 10 June 1190) was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned Frederick promoted the construction of several defensive towers around the city limits, of which only one remains, the Baradello.
From then on the history of Como followed that of the Ducato di Milano, through the French invasion, then the Spanish domination until 1714, when the territory was taken by the Austrians. Napoleon descended into Lombardy in 1796 and ruled it until 1815, when the Austrian rule was resumed after the Congress of Vienna. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of the major powers of Europe, chaired by the Austrian statesman Clemens Wenzel von Metternich Finally in 1859, with the arrival of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the town was freed from the Austrians and it became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Italy under the House of Savoy. Garibaldi redirects here for other meanings see Garibaldi (disambiguation. Italian Unification ( Italian: il Risorgimento, or "The Resurgence" was the political and social movement that unified different states of the Italian The House of Savoy (Casa Savoia was formed in the early eleventh century in the historical Savoy region
At the end of World War II, after passing through Como on his escape towards Switzerland, Mussolini was taken prisoner and then shot by Comaschi partisans in Giulino di Mezzegra, a small town on the north shores of Como Lake. Lake Como ( Lago di Como in Italian, also known as Lario; Lach de Comm in Insubric; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a
As a curiosity, the Rockefeller fountain that today stands in the Bronx Zoo in New York City was once in the main square by the lakeside. It was bought by William Rockefeller in 1902. William Avery Rockefeller Jr ( May 31, 1841 - June 24, 1922) American financier was a co-founder with his older brother John D
Famous people associated with Como include:
The economy of Como was traditionally based on industry – the city was world famous for its silk manufacturers. Floraleda Sacchi ( June 14, 1978) is an Italian Harpist Composer and musicologist born in Como. The harp is a Stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. Musicology ( Greek: μουσική = "music" and λόγος = "word" or "reason" is the scholarly study of Music Silk is a natural Protein Fiber, some forms of which can be woven into Textiles The best-known type of silk is obtained from cocoons In recent years tourism has become increasingly important. Tourism is Travel for Recreational or Leisure purposes The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel Many celebrities have homes on the shores of Lake Como, for example Matthew Bellamy, Madonna, George Clooney, Gianni Versace, and Sylvester Stallone. Lake Como ( Lago di Como in Italian, also known as Lario; Lach de Comm in Insubric; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a Matthew James Bellamy (born 9 June, 1978) is the main Songwriter and Lead vocalist, Guitarist and Pianist in Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16 1958 known as Madonna, is an American George Timothy Clooney (born May 6 1961 is an Academy Award - and Golden Globe award-winning American actor director, producer, Gianni Versace ( December 2, 1946 &ndash July 15, 1997) was an Italian Fashion designer and founder of Gianni Versace S Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone (born July 6 1946 is an American Actor, director, producer and Screenwriter. This has considerably heightened Como's international profile.
The Servizio Ferroviario Regionale connects Como by train to other major cities in Lombardy (R lines). Services are provided by Trenitalia (a. Trenitalia is the primary operator of trains within Italy. Trenitalia is owned by Ferrovie dello Stato, itself owned by the Italian Government. k. a. Ferrovie dello Stato: FS) (website) and LeNORD (website) through two main stations: Como S. Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM SpA is an Italian public transport company the second largest railway company in Italy Giovanni (Trenitalia) and Como Lago (LeNORD). There is another urban station served by Trenitalia (Albate) and three more urban stations served by LeNORD (Como Borghi-Università, Como Camerlata and Grandate Breccia). A trip to Milan costs 3. 50€.
The local public transport network counts 10 urban (within city limits) lines and 'extra-urban' (crossing city limits) (C) lines connecting Como with most of its province centers. They are provided by SPT linea (website).
Line 1: Chiasso FS – S. Fermo
Line 3: Lora – Grandate
Line 4: S. Giovanni FS – Camnago V.
Line 5: S. Giovanni FS – Civiglio
Line 6: Maslianico – Albate
Line 7: Sagnino – Lora
Line 8: S. Giovanni FS – Casnate
Line 9: P. za Cavour – Cimitero
Line 10: Albate – Navedano
Line 11: P. Chiasso – Bassone
Line 12: Camerlata-S. Fermo-Tavernola
Urban bus tickets have to be bought before boarding the bus in newsstands or bars:
75 minutes ticket: €1. 05
75 minutes ticket (on board): €2. 00
One day ticket: €2. 50
Ferrovie Nord Milano also provides other bus lines connecting Como to Varese in substitution of the original railway line that was dismissed in the 1960s. Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM SpA is an Italian public transport company the second largest railway company in Italy
The funicolare (funicular) connects the center of Como with Brunate, a small village (1800 inhabitants) on a mountain at 715 meters above sea level. A funicular, also known as a funicular railway, incline, inclined railway, inclined plane, or cliff railway, is a type of self-contained Brunate is an Italian town and commune part of the Province of Como, near Lake Como (northern Italy 50 km north/east from Milan) The journey takes about 7 minutes and the view is worth the trip: it can also be the starting point for a stroll on the mountains.
The boats and 'aliscafi' of Navigazione Lago di Como connect the town with most of the villages sitting on the shores of the lake, the former are slower and right for sightseeing, the latter are faster and make less stops.
A taxi service is provided by the Comune di Como.
The nearest airports are Milano Malpensa and Lugano Agno. Malpensa Airport is located in the province of Varese, about 50 km from central Milan, Italy. Lugano Airport is a Regional airport in the Lugano area It lies closer to the nearby village of Agno than to Lugano itself and so is usually known as Milano Malpensa can be reached in about 1 hour either by bus (line C250 – dismissed since January 2008) or by train (LeNORD (website) for 8. Ferrovie Nord Milano (FNM SpA is an Italian public transport company the second largest railway company in Italy 10€, interchange in Saronno). Saronno is a Comune of Lombardy, Italy, in the Province of Varese.
Other airports in the area include Milano Linate and Bergamo Orio al Serio. Both can be reached with shuttle buses from the Stazione Centrale in Milan, the former is also served by trams of the public transport system of Milan.