|Partido Comunista do Brasil|
|Founded||February 18, 1962|
|Headquarters||Alameda Sarutaiá nº 185 Jardim Paulista|
|International Affiliation||Sao Paulo Forum|
|TSE Identification Number||65|
|See also||Politics of Brazil|
The Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil, PCdoB) is a political party in Brazil. Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin of the Kali Yuga. 1229 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II Holy Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. São Paulo ( is the largest city in Brazil, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based Foro de São Paulo ( FSP, São Paulo Forum is a conference of Left-wing and nationalist Political parties and social movements in Latin America Red is any of a number of similar Colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of Light discernible by the human eye in the wavelength Politics of Brazil takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic Republic, whereby the President of Brazil This article lists political parties in Brazil. Brazil has a Multi-party system with numerous political parties sharing the vote in which no single Brazil elects on the national level a Head of state &ndash the president &ndash and a Legislature. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld It takes part in the current national government of Lula da Silva. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pronounced /lu'iz i'nasju 'lulɐ da 'siwvɐ/; born October 27, 1945) known simply as Lula, is the thirty-fifth and
PCdoB originated as a splinter group from the Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro - PCB), which, by the late 1950s and early 1960s, assumed a revisionist ideological line. Brazilian Communist Party (in Portuguese, Partido Comunista Brasileiro) was a political party in Brazil, founded in 1922 The term "revisionism" is also used to refer to other concepts Nearly one hundred of its members quit PCB and, on February 18, 1962, PCdoB's heavily Maoist-influenced manifesto was approved, becoming the first non-government Communist Party to openly oppose Khrushchev. Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin of the Kali Yuga. 1229 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II Holy Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Maoism, variably and officially known as Mao Zedong Thought ( is a variant of Marxism derived from the teachings of the late Chinese leader Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (April 17 1894 – September 11 1971 served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964 following Later that day, it was decided that the party would issue its own newspaper, A Classe Operária (The Working Class).
On July 27, 1963, in an open letter to Khrushchev, criticizing the post-20th Congress Soviet Communist Party, PCdoB officially adopted its anti-revisionist agenda. Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1963 ( MCMLXIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during February 14 26 1956.
On March 31, 1964, as Brazilian President João Goulart was overthrown by the military in a US-backed coup d'état which started a twenty-year-long military dictatorship, the party advocated the country's return to democracy. Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. João Belchior Marques Goulart ( March 1, 1919 The Goulart administration Congress was reluctant to give Goulart the mandate because of military The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A few months later, when the decree issued by the government dissolved all political parties, suppressed most civilian rights and installed the censorship against all the media, PCdoB became one of the main underground resistance movements. "Popular press" redirects here note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint "The Popular Press" The small party had grown, thanks to its presence on university campuses and other leftist circles. Meanwhile, members and leaders of anti-government groups were regularly shot by the military.
In 1972, the Army, Air Force and the Police raided the city of Marabá, in southern Pará, suspect of hosting some Communist leaders. Pará (pa'ɾa is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northern part of the country PCdoB was among the resistance movements which formed the Araguaia Guerrilla, named after the nearby river. The government prohibited the media to publish anything on the guerrilla movement, which was defeated only in 1975.
On August 28, 1979, the military government, which was beginning the democratization process, announced the amnesty of the main political prisoners, including the original leaders of the PCdoB. Events 475 - The Roman General Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his Capital Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) In that same year, the party announced the issuing of its newspaper Tribuna Operária (The Working Class Tribune).
In early 1984, the leftist leadership organized the Diretas Já campaign. Diretas Já was a civil movement which in 1984, demanded direct presidential elections in Brazil. In only three months, as many as eight million Brazilians protested against the government on the streets, demanding presidential elections. This was not approved by the Senate of Brazil, however. In its present configuration the Federal Brazilian Senate ( Portuguese: Senado Federal Brasileiro) is a federal legislative body and the Upper house Even so, the military regime began to be dissolved. Later that year, PCdoB created the Union of the Socialist Youth (União da Juventude Socialista).
On May 23, 1985, only eight months after the Diretas Já, Tancredo Neves was elected president by the Senate, marking the end of the Brazilian military dictatorship. Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Year 1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar) Tancredo de Almeida Neves, more commonly Tancredo Neves ( pron. The PCdoB and the other leftist parties were re-legalized by the government. The party later elected five deputies for the Constitutional Assembly, which later approved the 1988 Constitution.
In 1989, the first presidential elections in twenty-nine years took place. Partido dos Trabalhadores's (PT)'s Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, in a coalition with the PCdoB, obtained 47% of the votes. The Workers' Party ( Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT is a left-wing Political party in Brazil. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pronounced /lu'iz i'nasju 'lulɐ da 'siwvɐ/; born October 27, 1945) known simply as Lula, is the thirty-fifth and This PT-PCdoB alliance would be repeated in the 1994, 1998 and 2002 elections.
In February 1992, the party's 8th Congress took place with the motto O Socialismo Vive! (Socialism Lives!). Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based See also Marxian economics, Marxism Marxist philosophy or Marxist theory are terms which cover work in Philosophy Class struggle is the active expression of Class conflict looked at from any kind of socialist perspective International Socialism redirects here For the journal of the same name see International Socialism (journal Proletarian internationalism is a A Political party described as a communist party includes those that advocate the application of the social principles of Communism through a communist form of Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Leninism refers to various related political and economic theories elaborated by Bolshevik revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin. Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. Maoism, variably and officially known as Mao Zedong Thought ( is a variant of Marxism derived from the teachings of the late Chinese leader The Juche Idea (주체사상 Juche Sasang) is the official state Ideology of North Korea and the Political system based on it Left communism is the range of communist viewpoints held by the Communist Left, which opposes the political ideas of the Bolsheviks Council communism is a Far-left movement originating in Germany and the Netherlands in the 1920s Religious communism is a form of Communism centered on religious principles Eurocommunism was a new trend in the 1970s and 1980s within various Western European communist parties to develop a theory and practice of social transformation that National Communism, is an Islamic form of Communism which had a strong Nationalist element The Communist League was the first Marxist international organisation The Second International (1889-1916 was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889. The Comintern ( Com munist Intern ational also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organisation founded in Moscow The Fourth International ( FI) is a communist international organisation working in opposition to both Capitalism and Stalinism. Friedrich Engels (28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895 was a German social scientist and philosopher, who Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg 5 March 1870 or 1871 15 January 1919 was a Polish-born Jewish German Marxist theorist, socialist Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party Leon Trotsky ( Russian:, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, also transliterated Leo, Lyev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij Mao Zedong ( 26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese Military and political leader who led Anarchism is a Political philosophy encompassing theories and attitudes which support the elimination of all compulsory Government, i Anti-capitalism describes a wide variety of movements ideas and attitudes which oppose Capitalism. Anti-communism refers to opposition to Communism. Historically the word "communism" has been used to refer to several types of communal social organization and Communist state is a term used by many Political scientists to describe a Form of government in which the State operates under a one-party system Communist symbolism consists of a series of Symbols that represent (either literally or figuratively a variety of themes associated with communism Criticisms of Communism can be divided in two broad categories Those concerning themselves with the practical aspects of 20th century Communist state and those concerning Democratic centralism is the name given to the principles of internal organization used by Leninist political parties and the term is sometimes used as a synonym for any Leninist The " dictatorship of the proletariat " or workers' state is a term employed by Marxists that refers to what they see as a temporary state between the This article intentionally focuses only on the history of communism as a self-contained self-aware political movement Luxemburgism (also written Luxembourgism) is a specific revolutionary theory within Communism, based on the writings of Rosa Luxemburg. The New Class is a term to describe the privileged Ruling class of Bureaucrats and Communist party functionaries which typically arises in a Stalinist The New Left were the Left-wing movements in different countries in the 1960s and 1970s that unlike the earlier leftist focus on union activism instead adopted a Post-Communism is a name sometimes given to the period of political and economic Transition in former Communist states located in parts of Europe and Primitive communism is A term usually associated with Karl Marx, but most fully elaborated by Friedrich Engels (in The Origin of the Family 1884 and referring Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Stalinism is the political regime named after Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from 1929–1953 Socialist economics is a broad and sometimes controversial term Titoism is an adaptation of communist ideology named after Josip Broz Tito, leader of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, primarily used to describe The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 While many other Communist Parties around the world softened their agendas after the fall of the Soviet Union, sometimes even changing their names, PCdoB gained prestige for not rescinding its ideals. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 In September of the same year, it was the first party to ask for the impeachment of president Fernando Collor de Mello, accused of corruption. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, pron. feʁ'nɐ̃dʊ a'fõsʊ 'kɔ Collor eventually resigned on December 29. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II
In the 1990s, PCdoB became one of the main opponents of Fernando Henrique Cardoso's neoliberal policies. Fernando Henrique Cardoso, PC (born June 18, 1931) - also known by his initials FHC - was the President of the Federative Republic of Originally coined by its critics and opponents " neoliberalism " is a label referring to the recent reemergence of Economic liberalism or Classical liberalism At the legislative elections, 6 october 2002, the party won 12 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. A legislature is a type of representative Deliberative assembly with the power to create amend and change Laws The law created by a legislature is called Legislation Brazil elects on the national level a Head of state &ndash the president &ndash and a Legislature. It had a similar performance at the October 1, 2006 legislative elections, winning 13 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and a single seat in the Senate.
Today the party is one of the members of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's PT-led coalition government, in power since January 2003. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pronounced /lu'iz i'nasju 'lulɐ da 'siwvɐ/; born October 27, 1945) known simply as Lula, is the thirty-fifth and
The PCdoB was legally recognized as a political party by Brazilian Electoral Superior Court on June 23, 1988. Events 1180 - First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan 1305 - The Flemish Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) The current President of the PCdoB is José Renato Rabelo. Nowadays it has nearly 70,000 members.
The PCdoB's youth wing, UJS (União da Juventude Socialista) is affiliated to the World Federation of Democratic Youth. The World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY is a left-wing youth organization recognized by the United Nations as an international youth Non-governmental organization
50 - SFP (PSOL)
56 - PRNO (PRONA) - defunct
|Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties|
65 - CPB (PCdoB)
70 - LPB (PTdoB)