The committees of correspondence were bodies organized by the local governments of the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolution for the purposes of coordinating written communication outside of the colony. The Thirteen Colonies were part of what became known as British America, a name that was used by Great Britain until the Treaty of Paris (1783 recognized the In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" These served an important role in the Revolution, by disseminating the colonial interpretation of British actions between the colonies and to foreign governments. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The committees of correspondence rallied opposition on common causes and established plans for collective action, and so the group of committees was the beginning of what later became a formal political union among the colonies.
As news during this period was typically spread in hand-written letters to be carried by couriers on horseback or aboard ships, the committees were responsible for ensuring that this news accurately reflected the views of their parent governmental body on a particular issue and was dispatched to the proper groups. Many correspondents were also members of the colonial legislative assemblies, and were active in the secret Sons of Liberty organizations. The Sons of Liberty was a Secret organization of American Patriots which originated in the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolution.
The earliest committees of correspondence were formed temporarily to address a particular problem. Once a resolution was achieved, they were disbanded. The first formal committee was established in Boston, in 1764, to rally opposition to the Currency Act and unpopular reforms imposed on the customs service. The Currency Act of 1764 is an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (citation 4 Geo
During the Stamp Act Crisis the following year, New York formed a committee to urge common resistance among its neighbors to the new taxes. The Stamp Act of 1765 (short title Duties in American Colonies Act 1765; 5 George III c The Province of New York (1664-1776 (Provincie New York resulted from the capture of the Dutch Republic colony of Provincie Nieuw-Nederland by the The Province of Massachusetts Bay correspondents responded by urging other colonies to send delegates to the Stamp Act Congress that fall. The Province of Massachusetts Bay was a crown colony chartered October 7, 1691 in North America by William and Mary, the joint The Stamp Act Congress was a meeting in the building that would become Federal Hall in New York City in October of 1765 consisting of delegates from 9 of the 13 colonies
The Gaspee Affair in June, 1772 prompted the colonies to form Committees of Correspondence. The Gaspée Affair was a significant event in the American Revolution.
In Massachusetts, in November 1772, Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren formed a committee in response to the Gaspee Affair and in relation to the recent British decision to have the salaries of the royal governor and judges be paid by the Crown rather than the colonial assembly, which removed the colony of its means of controlling public officials. Samuel Adams ( – October 2 1803 was an American Statesman, Politician, Writer and political philosopher, brewer Dr Joseph Warren ( June 11, 1741 &ndash June 17, 1775) was an American doctor and soldier remembered for playing a leading role The Gaspée Affair was a significant event in the American Revolution. In the following months, more than 100 other committees were formed in the towns and villages of Massachusetts. The Massachusetts committee had its headquarters in Boston and under the leadership of Adams became a model revolutionary organization. The meeting when establishing the committee gave it the task of stating "the rights of the colonists, and of this province in particular, as men, as Christians, and as subjects; to communicate and publish the same to the several towns in this province and to the world as the sense of this town". 
In March 1773, Dabney Carr proposed the formation of a permanent Committee of Correspondence before the Virginia House of Burgesses. Dabney Carr (April 27 1773 - January 8 1837 was born in Albemarle County Virginia (some sources say he was born in Richmond Virginia) just three weeks prior to The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first elected lower house in the legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in Virginia's own committee was formed on March 12, 1773 and consisted of Peyton Randolph, Robert Carter Nicholas, Richard Bland, Richard Henry Lee, Benjamin Harrison, Edmund Pendleton, Patrick Henry, Dudley Digges, Dabney Carr, Archibald Cary, and Thomas Jefferson. Events 538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving Year 1773 ( MDCCLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Peyton Randolph was the first President of the Continental Congress. Robert Carter Nicholas (1793 - December 24, 1857) was a United States Senator from Louisiana. This article is about the Virginia politician For the Missouri politician see Richard P Richard Henry Lee (January 20 1732 June 19 1794 was an American statesman from Virginia best known for proposing the motion in the Second Continental Benjamin Harrison V (April 5 1726 April 24 1791 was an American planter and revolutionary leader from Charles City County Virginia. Edmund Pendleton ( September 9, 1721 &ndash October 23, 1803) was a Virginia politician lawyer and judge active in the American Patrick Henry ( May 29, 1736 June 6, 1799) was a prominent figure in the American Revolution, known and remembered for his " Sir Dudley Digges ( Digges Court, Barham Kent, 19 May c 1583 &ndash 18 March 1639) of Chilham Castle Kent (which he Dabney Carr (April 27 1773 - January 8 1837 was born in Albemarle County Virginia (some sources say he was born in Richmond Virginia) just three weeks prior to Archibald Cary (January 24 1721 – February 26 1787 was a public figure from the Colony of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson (April 13 1743 – July 4 1826 was the third President of the United States (1801–1809 the principal author of the Declaration of Independence
By July, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and South Carolina had also formed committees. Rhode Island ( officially named the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States Connecticut ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America.
Within a year all of the other colonies except for Pennsylvania had such committees. 
They organized common resistance to the Tea Act and even recruited physicians who wrote drinking tea would make Americans "weak, effeminate, and valetudinarian for life. The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (13 Geo III c "
These permanent committees performed the important planning necessary for the First Continental Congress, which convened in September 1774. The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen British North American colonies that met on September 5 1774 in The Second Congress created its own committee of correspondence to communicate the American interpretation of events to foreign nations.
On December 17, 1774 John Lamb and others in New York City formed the last New York committee. John Lamb may refer to John Lambe (c1545–1628 English astrologer and adviser to George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham John Lamb (congressman The City of New York The Province of New York (1664-1776 (Provincie New York resulted from the capture of the Dutch Republic colony of Provincie Nieuw-Nederland by the This committee included Isaac Sears, Alexander McDougall, and others. Isaac Sears (1730 &ndash 1786 was an American merchant sailor and political figure who played an important role in the American Revolution. Alexander McDougall (about 1731&ndash1786 was an American seaman merchant a Sons of Liberty leader from New York City before and during the American Revolution
These committees were replaced during the revolution with Provincial Congresses. " Provincial Congress " can refer to one of several extra-legal legislative bodies established in some of the Thirteen Colonies early in the American Revolution
By 1780, committees of correspondence had been formed in England and Ireland. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world