The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) was established in 1987 by the Democratic and Republican parties to establish the way that debates between candidates for President of the United States are run. Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Debate ( American English) or debating ( British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational Argument. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by The Commission is a private entity, funded entirely by corporate contributions.
The Commission sponsors and produces debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and undertakes research and educational activities relating to the debates. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The organization, which is a nonprofit, bi-partisan corporation, has sponsored each of the presidential debates held since 1988. A non-profit organization ( abbreviated "NPO" also "not-for-profit" is a legally constituted Organization whose objective is to support or engage In a Two-party system (such as in the United States) bipartisan refers to any bill, act, resolution, or any other action of a Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) The Commission has moderated the 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000 and 2004 debates. Prior to this, the League of Women Voters moderated the 1976, 1980, 1984 debates. The League of Female Voters is an American political Organization founded in 1920 by Carrie Chapman Catt during the last meeting of the National
In 1988, the League of Women Voters withdrew its sponsorship of the presidential debates after the George H.W. Bush and Michael Dukakis campaigns secretly agreed to a "memorandum of understanding" that would decide which candidates could participate in the debates, which individuals would be panelists (and therefore able to ask questions), and the height of the podiums. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is an American Democratic politician former Governor of Massachusetts, and was the Democratic The League rejected the demands and released a statement saying that they were withdrawing support for the debates because "the demands of the two campaign organizations would perpetrate a fraud on the American voter".
During the 2000 election, the CPD stipulated that candidates would only be invited to debate if they had a 15 percent support level across five national polls. Ralph Nader, a presidential candidate who was not allowed to debate because of this rule, believed that the regulation was created to stifle the views of third party candidates by keeping them off the televised debates. Ralph Nader (born February 27 1934 is an American Attorney, Author, Lecturer, political activist, and independent candidate for President Nader brought a lawsuit against them in a federal court, on that basis that corporate contributions violate the Federal Election Campaign Act. The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 ( FECA,, et seq) is a United States federal law which increased disclosure of contributions for federal
In 2004, the CPD faced harsh criticism of their debate structure and technique. Citing the CPD's 32 page debate contract, citizen groups and an NPR commentator called the CPD debates "news conferences," and "a reckless endangerment of democracy. "