|Common military ranks|
|Field Marshal||Marshal of|
the Air Force
|Admiral||General||Air Chief Marshal|
|Vice Admiral||Lt. General||Air Marshal|
|Rear Admiral||Major General||Air Vice-Marshal|
|Commander||Lt. Colonel||Wing Commander|
|Lt. Commander||Major||Squadron Leader|
|Warrant Officer||Sergeant Major||Warrant Officer|
|1 in the English-speaking world 2 also some Air Forces|
3 In many Commonwealth countries
Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. Military rank is a system of hierarchical relationships in Armed forces or civil institutions organized along military lines An Admiral of the Fleet or Fleet Admiral is a military Naval officer of the highest rank For other meanings see Field Marshal (disambiguation Field marshal is a military officer rank Marshal of the Air Force may be used as a generic term for a rank in some Air forces which use a similar title with their air force's name inserted as their most senior rank Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks of the highest Naval officers Air Chief Marshal ( Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a senior Air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force (RAF Vice Admiral is a naval rank equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority Lieutenant General is a Military rank used in many countries The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages where the title of Lieutenant General was held by the This article is about the air force rank Air marshal (or Sky marshal) is also the term given to federal security agents who travel undercover aboard commercial Rear admiral is a Naval Commissioned officer rank above that of a Commodore and Captain, and below that of a Vice Admiral. Major General or Major-General is a Military rank used in many countries Air Vice-Marshal ( AVM) is an Air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force. Commodore is a Military rank used in many navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a navy captain, but is less than This article refers to the military rank For the Doctor Who character known as the Brigadier see Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart. Air Commodore ( Air Cdre in the RAF, AIRCDRE in the RNZAF and RAAF, A/C in the former RCAF) is a rank in For information specifically on the Royal Navy rank of captain see Captain (Royal Navy. Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country Group Captain ( Gp Capt in the RAF and Indian Air Force, GPCAPT in the RNZAF and RAAF, G/C in the former Lieutenant Colonel ( Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grade 's spelling is a rank of Commissioned officer in the armies Wing Commander ( Wg Cdr in the RAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, W/C in the former RCAF) is a commissioned Lieutenant Commander ( Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy) is a Commissioned officer rank in many navies Superior Major is a Military rank the use of which varies according to country Squadron Leader is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence Lieutenant (abbreviated Lt or Lieut) is a Military, Naval, Paramilitary, Fire service, Emergency medical services Flight Lieutenant ( Flt Lt in the RAF; FLTLT in the RAAF and RNZAF, F/L in the former RCAF) is a junior Sub-Lieutenant is a military rank It is normally a junior officer rank Lieutenant (abbreviated Lt or Lieut) is a Military, Naval, Paramilitary, Fire service, Emergency medical services Flying Officer ( Fg Off in the RAF FLGOFF in the RAAF FGOFF in the RNZAF F/O in the former RCAF and frequently in the RAF is a junior commissioned A Warrant Officer ( WO) is a member of a military organization holding one of a specific group of ranks. A Sergeant Major is a rank or appointment in many militaries around the world A Warrant Officer ( WO) is a member of a military organization holding one of a specific group of ranks. A Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries police forces and other uniformed organizations around the world Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries police forces and other uniformed organizations around the world Leading Rating (or Leading Rate) is the most senior of the junior rates in the British Royal Navy. Corporal is a rank in use in some form by most militaries and also by some police forces or other uniformed organizations Corporal is a rank in use in some form by most militaries and also by some police forces or other uniformed organizations Seaman as a rate refers to one of the lowest rates in a Navy. A Private is a Soldier of the lowest Military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in Aircraftman ( AC) or Aircraftwoman ( ACW) is the lowest rank in the Royal Air Force and the Air forces of several other Commonwealth Military rank is a system of hierarchical relationships in Armed forces or civil institutions organized along military lines Commander is also used as a rank or title in some organizations outside of the military, particularly in police and law enforcement.
Commander is a military rank used in many navies and some air forces but is very rarely used as a rank in armies. Military rank is a system of hierarchical relationships in Armed forces or civil institutions organized along military lines An air force, also known in some countries as an air army or historically an army air corps, is in the broadest sense the national military or armed service An army (from Latin Armata "act of arming" via Old French armée) in the broadest sense is the land-based Armed forces The rank (originally "Master and Commander") originated in the 18th and early 19th centuries to describe lieutenants that were "captains" of smaller ships such as sloops or brigs. The Royal Navy shortened "Master and Commander" to just "Commander" in 1794. 
A commander in the British Royal Navy is above the rank of lieutenant-commander, below the rank of captain, and is equivalent in rank to a lieutenant colonel in the army. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) Lieutenant Commander ( Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Navy) is a Commissioned officer rank in many navies Superior Captain is the traditional customary title given to the person in charge in command of a Ship at sea Lieutenant Colonel ( Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grade 's spelling is a rank of Commissioned officer in the armies A commander may command a frigate, destroyer, submarine, aviation squadron or shore installation, or may serve on a staff. For the bird see Frigatebird. A frigate /ˈfrɪgɪt/ is a warship In naval terminology a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance Warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, Convoy A submarine is a Watercraft that can operate independently below water as distinct from a Submersible that has only limited underwater capability
A Commander in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is identical in description to a Commander in the British Royal Navy. The Royal Australian Navy ( RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) RAN Chaplains who are Division 1, 2 and 3 (of 5 divisions) have the equivalent rank standing of Commanders but do not wear this rank on their uniform.
Since the British Royal Air Force's middle-ranking officers' designations are modelled after the Royal Navy's, the term wing commander is used as a rank and is equivalent to a lieutenant colonel in the army or commander in the navy. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore known as the Senior Service) Wing Commander ( Wg Cdr in the RAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, W/C in the former RCAF) is a commissioned The rank is above Squadron Leader and below Group Captain. Squadron Leader is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence Group Captain ( Gp Capt in the RAF and Indian Air Force, GPCAPT in the RNZAF and RAAF, G/C in the former
In the now defunct Royal Naval Air Service, which amalgamated with the Royal Flying Corps to form the Royal Air Force in 1918, pilots held appointments as well as their normal Royal Navy ranks, and wore insignia appropriate to the appointment instead of the rank. The Royal Naval Air Service or RNAS was the air arm of the Royal Navy until near the end of the First World War, when it merged with the British The Royal Flying Corps (RFC was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of the First World War. Year 1918 ( MCMXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Flight commander wore a star above a lieutenant's two rank stripes, squadron commander wore two stars above two rank stripes (less than eight years' seniority) or two-and-a-half rank stripes (over eight years seniority), and wing commander wore three rank stripes. The rank stripes had the usual Royal Navy curl, and were surmounted by an eagle.
In the British Army, the term "commander" is officially applied to the non-commissioned officer in charge of a section (section commander), vehicle (vehicle commander) or gun (gun commander), to the subaltern or captain commanding a platoon (platoon commander), or to the brigadier commanding a brigade (brigade commander). In the Canadian Forces, the rank of Commander ( French: Capitaine de frégate or capf) is a Naval rank equal to a Lieutenant-Colonel In the United States, Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the branch of service The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer) also known as an NCO or Noncom, is an enlisted member of an Armed force A section is a small Infantry unit first introduced in the British Army. A subaltern is a Military term for a junior officer. Literally meaning " Subordinate," subaltern is used to describe commissioned officers A platoon is a military unit typically composed of two to four sections or Squads and containing about 30 to 50 soldiers This article refers to the military rank For the Doctor Who character known as the Brigadier see Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart. A brigade is a Military unit Echelon: is Other officers commanding units are usually referred to as the Officer Commanding (OC), Commanding Officer (CO), General Officer Commanding (GOC), or General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-C), depending on rank and position, although the term "commander" may be applied to them informally. The Officer Commanding ( OC) is the commander of a sub-unit or minor unit (smaller than Battalion size in widespread military usage The commanding officer ( CO) is the officer in command of a Military unit. General Officer Commanding ( GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of Commonwealth (and some other nations to a General officer who holds a command General Officer Commanding ( GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of Commonwealth (and some other nations to a General officer who holds a command
In the United States Army, the term "commander" is officially applied to the commanding officer of army units; hence, there are company commanders, battalion commanders, brigade commanders, and so forth. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. The commanding officer ( CO) is the officer in command of a Military unit. In the United States Army and United States Marine Corps, the Commanding officer of a company is a Company Commander. A battalion is a Military unit of around 500-1500 men usually consisting of between two and seven companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel A brigade is a Military unit Echelon: is At the highest levels of U.S. military command structure, "commander" also refers to what used to be called commander-in-chief, or CINC, until October 24, 2002, although the term CINC is still used in casual speech. The United States Armed Forces are the overall unified military forces of the United States A commander-in-chief is the Commander of a nation's Military forces or significant element of those forces Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar.
In the Air Force, the term "commander" (abbreviated "CC" in office symbols, i. e. "OG/CC" for "Operations Group Commander") is officially applied to the commanding officer of an Air Force unit; hence, there are flight commanders, squadron commanders, group commanders, wing commanders, and so forth. In rank, a flight commander is typically a Lieutanant or Captain, a squadron commander is typically a Major or Lieutenant Colonel, a group commander is typically a Colonel, and a wing commander is typically a senior Colonel or a Brigadier General. Flight is the process by which an object achieves sustained movement either through the Air (or movement beyond Earth's atmosphere, in the case of Lieutenant (abbreviated Lt or Lieut) is a Military, Naval, Paramilitary, Fire service, Emergency medical services A squadron is a small unit or formation of Cavalry, armour, Aircraft (including Balloons) or Warships Army Major is a Military rank the use of which varies according to country Lieutenant Colonel ( Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grade 's spelling is a rank of Commissioned officer in the armies Group is a term used by different Air forces for an element of Military organization. Colonel ( RP ˈkɜnəl GA ˈkɜrnəl is a Military rank of a Commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in almost every country Wing is a term used by different Air forces for a unit of command Brigadier General is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General.
An "Aircraft Commander" is also designated for all flights of United States Air Force Aircraft. This individual must be a pilot and an officer that has graduated from an formal aircraft commander course and is designated on flight orders by the unit commander for that particular flight. This individual is in command of all military personnel on the aircraft regardless of rank (even individuals that out-rank the aircraft commander).
In NASA spacecraft missions since the beginning of Project Gemini, one crew member on each spacecraft is designated as Mission Commander. The Commander is the captain of the ship, and makes all real-time critical decisions on behalf of the crew and in coordination with the Mission Control Center (MCC).
Commander is also a senior police rank in the two London police forces, the City of London Police and the Metropolitan Police Service. Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The City of London Police is the Home Office Police force responsible for the City of London in England, including the Middle "Metropolitan Police" redirects here See also Metropolitan police. It is senior to Chief Superintendent in both forces and junior to Deputy Assistant Commissioner in the Metropolitan Police and Assistant Commissioner in the City of London Police. Chief Superintendent is a senior rank in Police forces organised on the British model Deputy Assistant Commissioner ( DAC) is a rank in the London Metropolitan Police Service between Assistant Commissioner and Commander Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions especially referring to a high-ranked public (administrative or Police) official or an analogous It equates to Assistant Chief Constable in other forces. Assistant Chief Constable ( ACC) is the third highest rank in all British territorial police forces (except the Metropolitan Police and City of London The Metropolitan Police introduced the rank in 1946, when they split the rank of Deputy Assistant Commissioner (with senior DACs keeping that rank title and junior DACs being regraded as Commanders). Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Metropolitan Police also had a rank of Deputy Commander, ranking just below Commander, between 1946 and 1968. Deputy Commander was a rank in the London Metropolitan Police which existed between 1946 and 1968 Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In addition, officers in charge of policing each of London's boroughs are given the title of "Borough Commander", although they hold the rank of Chief Superintendent, not Commander. The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. Chief Superintendent is a senior rank in Police forces organised on the British model
The Los Angeles Police Department is one of the few American police departments which use this rank. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West A Commander in the LAPD is equivalent to an Inspector in other US departments (such as the NYPD); the LAPD rank was originally called Inspector as well, but was changed in 1974 to Commander after senior officers voiced a preference for the more military-sounding rank. This is about the police rank/position For the use in graphical user interfaces see Inspector window. Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. A military is an Organization authorized by its Nation to use force usually including use of Weapons in defending its Country (or by attacking
Commander is also utilized by larger Sheriff's Departments in the United States. SHERIFF is a telecom fraud detection and management system originally developed by BT and MCI. The rank usually falls between Chief Deputy and Captain, which is three positions removed from the sheriff. The Clark County Sheriff's Office in southwest Washington state uses the rank of Commander. It falls between the rank of Sergeant and the rank of Assistant Chief. The insignia worn by a Clark County Sheriff's Office Commander is a gold oak leaf, the same insignia worn by a Major in the Army or Air Force.
The Washington, DC Metropolitan Police Department (MPDC) also uses the rank of Commander. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D The Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia, also known as the DC Police, MPD, and MPDC is the municipal Police The rank falls between those of Inspector and Assistant Chief.
The Rochester, NY Police Department (RPD) uses the rank of Commander. Higher than Captain and below Deputy Chief, the rank is achieved by appointment. Commander is the rank held by the two patrol division heads and other Commanders fill various administrative roles. The St. Paul Police Department (MN) is another police force that uses the rank of commander. In the St. Paul Police department, Commanders serve as the chief of the district/unit that they oversee.
Many police departments in the midwest (exception being the Chicago Police Department) use the rank of commander. The Chicago Police Department, also known as the CPD, is the principal law enforcement agency of the City of Chicago, Illinois It is equivalent to a lieutenant in most other departments, being above a sergeant and below a deputy chief or captain.
Commander is also used as a title in certain circumstances, such as the Commander of a squad of Detectives, who would usually be of the rank of Lieutenant.
In the Incident Command System the Incident Commander is in charge of the response to an emergency. The Incident Command System (ICS is a standardized on-scene all-hazard incident management concept in the United States. The title may pass from person to person as the incident develops.
The title of Commander is used in the Military Orders, such as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, for a member senior to a Knight. The Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St Knight is the English term for a social position originating in the Middle Ages. The title of Knight Commander is often used to denote an even higher rank. These conventions are also used by most of the continental orders of chivalry. The United Kingdom uses different classifications.
In most of the British Orders of Knighthood, the grade of Knight (or Dame) Commander is the lowest grade of knighthood, but is above the grade of Companion (which does not carry a knighthood). In the Royal Victorian Order and the Order of the British Empire, the grade of Commander is senior to the grade of Lieutenant or Officer respectively, but junior to that of Knight or Dame Commander. The Royal Victorian Order (RVO is a Dynastic order of knighthood and a house order of chivalry in the Commonwealth realms Created by Queen Victoria The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British Order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. In the British Order of St. John, a Commander ranks below a Knight. The Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem or Order of St John is a British -based royal order of Chivalry, and is (However, Knights of the Order of St. John are not called "Sir. ")
"Commander" may sometimes be used by laymen, usually applied to the person who is accountable for and holds authority over a group or the attempts of a group to achieve a common goal.