|Discovered by:||Luboš Kohoutek|
|Discovery date:||March 7, 1973|
|Alternate designations:||"Comet of the Century" or "Comet Watergate"|
|Orbital characteristics A|
Comet Kohoutek, formally designated C/1973 E1, 1973 XII, and 1973f, was first sighted on March 7, 1973 by Czech astronomer Luboš Kohoutek. Luboš Kohoutek ( January 29 1935, Zábřeh in Moravia) is a Czech Astronomer. Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. A provisional designation in astronomy is the naming convention applied to Astronomical objects immediately following their discovery The Watergate scandals were a series of Political scandals during the presidency of Richard Nixon that resulted in the Indictment of several of Nixon's In ancient times only the Sun and Moon, a few hundred Stars and the most easily visible Planets had names Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. The Czech Republic ( ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka short form in Česko ˈt͡ʃɛskɔ also called Czechia, Luboš Kohoutek ( January 29 1935, Zábřeh in Moravia) is a Czech Astronomer. It attained perihelion on December 26 that same year. In Celestial mechanics, an apsis, plural apsides (ˈæpsɨdɪːz is the point of greatest or least distance of the Elliptical orbit of an object from Events 1481 - Battle of Westbrook - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht.
Kohoutek is a long period comet, with an orbital period of approximately 75,000 years. A comet is a small Solar System body that orbits the Sun and when close enough to the Sun exhibits a visible coma (atmosphere or a tail — The orbital period is the time taken for a given object to make one complete Orbit about another object Kohoutek was hyped by the media as the "comet of the century" because scientists theorized that Kohoutek was an Oort Cloud Object. The Oort cloud ( ort alternatively the Öpik-Oort Cloud) is a hypothetical spherical cloud of Comets believed to lie roughly 50 000 AU, As such, it was believed likely that this was the comet's first visit to the inner solar system, which would result in a spectacular display of outgassing. However, Kohoutek's display was considered a let-down, leading some to nickname it "Comet Watergate". The Watergate scandals were a series of Political scandals during the presidency of Richard Nixon that resulted in the Indictment of several of Nixon's Infrared and visual telescopic study have led many scientists to conclude, in retrospect, that Kohoutek is actually a Kuiper belt object, which would account for its apparent rocky makeup and lack of outgassing. The Kuiper belt (ˈkaɪpɚ to rhyme with "viper" sometimes called the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, is a region of the Solar System beyond the planets extending 
However, although it failed to brighten to levels expected, it was still a naked eye object. Its best viewing was in the night sky after perihelion, when it had dimmed to fourth magnitude The comet also sported a tail up to 25° long, along with an anti-tail. In Celestial mechanics, an apsis, plural apsides (ˈæpsɨdɪːz is the point of greatest or least distance of the Elliptical orbit of an object from The apparent magnitude ( m) of a celestial body is a measure of its Brightness as seen by an observer on Earth, normalized to the value
Its greatest visual magnitude was -3, when it was at perihelion, 0. 14 au from the Sun. The astronomical unit ( AU or au or au or sometimes ua) is a unit of Length based on the distance from the Earth to the The Sun (Sol is the Star at the center of the Solar System. Its orbital inclination is 14. Inclination in general is the Angle between a Reference plane and another plane or axis of direction 3°.
C/1973 E1 should not be confused with the periodic comet 75D/Kohoutek, which can also be called "Comet Kohoutek" (as could the comets C/1969 O1 and C/1973 D1, also discovered by Luboš Kohoutek as sole discoverer). Periodic comets are defined for these purposes as those Comets having orbital periods of less than 200 years (also known as "short-period comets" or which
This comet was observed by the crew of Skylab 4 and Soyuz 13, thus becoming the first comet to be observed by a manned spacecraft. Skylab 4 (also SL-4 and SLM-3) was the fourth Skylab mission and placed the third crew on board Soyuz 13 was a second test flight of the redesigned Soyuz capsule that first flew as Soyuz 12.
Because Comet Kohoutek fell far short of expectations, its name became synonymous with spectacular duds. However, it was fairly bright as comets go and put on a respectable show in the evenings shortly after perihelion.
In 1973, David Berg, founder of the Children of God, predicted that Comet Kohoutek foretold a colossal doomsday event in the United States in January 1974. David Brandt Berg (born 18 February, 1919 in Oakland California, United States and died 1 October, 1994 in Portugal The Children of God (COG later known as the Family of Love, the Family, and now the Family International (TFI is a Christian religious group widely The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar.  Children of God members distributed Berg's messages, which warned of impending doom, across the country. The majority of U. S. -based members then fled in anticipation to existing group communes (or formed new ones) around the world. A commune is an Intentional community of people living together sharing common interests Property, possessions Resources, work and Income No such event actually occurred.
Comet Kohoutek inspired numerous musicians and other artists: