|Colombo crime family|
|In||New York City|
|Founded by||Joseph Profaci|
|Territory||Various neighborhoods over NYC|
|Membership||100 - 120 made members, 500 associates approx|
|Criminal activities||Racketeering,conspiracy,loansharking, money laundering, murder, extortion, gambling, hijacking and loan sharking|
|Allies||Gambino, Bonanno, Lucchese, and Genovese crime families|
|Rivals||Various gangs over NYC including their allies|
The Colombo crime family is one of the "Five Families" that controls organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). The City of New York Giuseppe "Joe" Profaci ( October 2, 1897 &ndash June 7, 1962) was a New York Mafia boss who was the founder and Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The City of New York The' Italian people' are a Southern European Ethnic group located primarily in Italy, Switzerland, France and by virtue of a wide-ranging An Italian American is an American of Italian descent and/or dual citizenship A racket is an illegal business usually run as part of Organized crime. In the Criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between Natural persons to break the law at some time in the future and in some cases with at least one overt act A loan shark is a person or body that offers illegal Unsecured loans at high Interest rates to individuals often backed by Blackmail or threats Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial Transactions in order to conceal the Identity, source and/or destination of Money, Murder is the unlawful killing of another human person with Malice aforethought, as defined in Common Law countries Extortion, outwresting, or exaction is a criminal offense, which occurs when a person Unlawfully obtains either money property or services Hijacking means to take over by force. Hijacking may refer to In property: Aircraft hijacking or 'skyjacking' A loan shark is a person or body that offers illegal Unsecured loans at high Interest rates to individuals often backed by Blackmail or threats The Gambino crime family is one of the " Five Families " that controls Organized crime activities based in New York City, United States The Bonanno crime family is one of the " Five Families " that controls Organized crime activities in New York City, United States, within The Lucchese crime family is one of the " Five Families " that controls Organized crime activities in New York City, USA, within The Genovese crime family is one of the " Five Families " that controls Organized crime activities in New York City, within the nationwide Gangsters redirects here For the computer game see Gangsters (video game. The Five Families are the five major Italian-American Mafia crime families which have dominated Organized crime in New York City since the 1930s "Crime syndicate" redirects here For the DC Comics group of villains see Crime Syndicate. The City of New York The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The American Mafia (also known as American Cosa Nostra or Italian-American Mafia) is an Italian-American criminal society and offshoot of the Sicilian The Mafia (also known as Cosa Nostra) is a Sicilian Criminal Secret society which is believed to have first developed in the mid-19th century It was formerly known as the Profaci family.
When the Castellammarese War was brought to a close with the deaths of Joe Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano in 1931, the American Mafia was restructured by Charles "Lucky" Luciano, with five major branches forming the basis of a new era of cooperation between mobsters. The Castellammarese War (1929 - 1931 was a bloody power struggle for control of the Italian-American Mafia between two factions Giuseppe "Joe The Boss" Masseria (c 1887&ndash April 15, 1931) was an early Mafia don in the United States. Salvatore Maranzano ( July 31, 1886 - September 10, 1931) was an Organized crime figure from the town of Castellammare del Charles "Lucky" Luciano (born Salvatore Lucania; November 24 1897 – January 26 1962 was a Sicilian Mobster. One of these branches, or families, formed out of the Maranzano Family, was headed up by Joe Profaci - a man hated by many of his underlings for his tight-fistedness and heavy taxation of family members. Giuseppe "Joe" Profaci ( October 2, 1897 &ndash June 7, 1962) was a New York Mafia boss who was the founder and Under Profaci, the Brooklyn-based family pursued the usual mob enterprises of labor rackets, extortion, gambling, hijacking and loan sharking.
Considering his use of charges and tributes, along the lines of the old Sicilian Mafia families, it is fairly surprising that Profaci faced no serious challenge to his leadership of the family until the late 1950s. Many of the old-style "Moustache Petes" had been killed or marginalized as Luciano reorganized the mob, but Profaci kept his head down and managed to retain his power base, thanks in part to his close ties to the leader of another of the families, Joe Bonanno. Giuseppe "Joe Bananas" Bonanno ( January 18, 1905 &ndash May 12, 2002) was a Sicilian-born American Mafioso who became
Eventually, however, the anger of a few Profaci subordinates boiled over, and the serious conflicts that would dog the family for decades began in earnest. Ever the man with an eye for an opening, Carlo Gambino began stirring up unrest in the family to try to undermine the Profaci-Bonanno alliance, and Larry Gallo, Joey Gallo and Albert Gallo proved receptive to his overtures. Carlo "Don Carlo" Gambino, ( August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who became Boss of the Joseph "Joey" Gallo, also known as "Crazy Joe" and "Joe The Blond" ( April 7, 1929 – April 7, 1972 Albert "Kid Blast" Gallo Jr (born June 6, 1930) was a New York mobster who initially belonged to the Profaci crime family, later called the Profaci had been taking a large chunk of the profits from the brothers' racketeering activities and they had had enough. The ill feeling was compounded when Profaci ordered the execution of Gallo crew member Frank Abbatemarco, simply for being disloyal and disrespectful in withholding tribute to his boss. Frank "Frankie Shots" Abbatemarco (c 1899 Red Hook Brooklyn - November 4, 1959 Park Slope Brooklyn) was a New York mobster
In February 1961, the Gallos kidnapped a number of prominent members of the family including underboss Joseph Magliocco and capo Joe Colombo. Joseph Magliocco aka " Joe Malayak " ( June 29, 1898 - December 28, 1963) was a New York mobster and the For the Italian industrial designer see Joe Cesare Colombo. Joseph "Joe" Colombo Sr In return for their release, the brothers demanded changes in the way profits were divided between crews, and at first Profaci appeared to agree, following negotiations between the captors and Profaci's consigliere, Charles "The Sidge" Locicero.
But Profaci was simply biding his time before taking revenge on the Gallos. Gallo crew member Joseph "Joe Jelly" Gioelli was murdered by Profaci's men in September, and an attempt on Larry Gallo's life was interrupted by policemen in a Brooklyn bar. The brothers set about attacking Profaci's men wherever they saw them as all-out war erupted between the two factions.
For much of 1961/62, the heads of the other families (Bonanno excepted) were pressing for Profaci to step down as boss for the good of the mob. His health was failing, and eventually June 6, 1962, he lost his battle against cancer. He was replaced as boss of the family by Magliocco, a man very much in the Profaci mould, much to the disgust of the Gallo brothers who had no intention of ending the fight simply because Profaci was out of the way.
Two of Magliocco's chief enforcers, Carmine "Junior" Persico and one of his right-hand men, Hugh McIntosh, were targeted by the Gallo brothers but survived their respective attacks. Carmine John Persico Jr (b Brooklyn August 8, 1933) also known as "Junior" "The Snake" and "Immortal" has been the Hugh "Apples" MacIntosh (or McIntosh) (1927 - 6 November 1997 was a New York mobster and a close associate of Colombo crime family boss And the Gallos were likely planning further attempts on the lives of Magliocco's crew, but the authorities had other ideas. A number of Gallo gang members were convicted on racketeering charges, two others were murdered in Magliocco reprisals, and the nominal head of the group, Joey Gallo, was himself already in prison and unable to sort out the reorganisation of his crew.
With the Gallos out of the way, Magliocco was able to consolidate his position and concentrate on the business of running the family's affairs. However, Joe Bonanno hatched a plot to murder the heads of the other three families which Magliocco decided to go along with. Joe Colombo was tasked with organising the hits but, realizing it was bad idea, talked to Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese of the plans. Carlo "Don Carlo" Gambino, ( August 24, 1902 - October 15, 1976) was a Mafioso who became Boss of the Gaetano "Tommy Gunn" Lucchese aka Three-Fingers Brown or Three Fingers and Tommy Brown ( December 1, 1899 Palermo
Bonanno and Magliocco were called to face the justice of the Commission. The National Crime Syndicate was the name given by the press to a loosely-organized multi-ethnic Organized crime Syndicate, started in the 1930s by Charlie The former boss went into hiding, but Magliocco faced up to his crimes. Understanding that he had been following Bonanno's lead he was let off with a $50,000 fine, and forced to retire as the head of the family (he died not long after, of natural causes).
For the loyalty he had shown, and because Gambino thought he could control him from behind the scenes, Colombo was named as the head of the family in Magliocco's place. To remove the association with its despised former head, the family was rechristened the Colombo family, as though to move into a new era following Profaci's greed and mistreatment of his men, as they saw it. At the age of 41, Colombo became the youngest leader of any mob family - many questioned his experience as a result.
The doubt at his appointment became bemusement when, following the arrest of his son on charges of debasing currency, Colombo set up the Italian-American Civil Rights League to defend Italian Americans from what he saw as prejudice at the hands of the law enforcement authorities. The Italian-American Civil Rights League was formed as a political group in and around New York City in the early 1970s In an organisation that prided itself on keeping a low profile, the publicity Colombo brought on the mafia was decidedly unwelcome - through his involvement with the League, he was frequently to be found, willingly, on television and in the press, where a Mafia boss usually only finds himself when having to defend himself in court.
February 1971 saw the release of Joey Gallo from prison. Four months later, Joe Colombo had been shot and left in a vegetative state, and the suspicion fell squarely on Gallo. At a League rally in Manhattan's Columbus Circle on June 28, Colombo was shot as he pushed through the crowd to get to the stage. The shooter, a young black man called Jerome Johnson, was then himself shot and killed by a member of Colombo's entourage. Gallo was suspected of organising the hit, largely because, against the wishes of many of his colleagues in the Mafia, he had openly courted the black criminal fraternity of Harlem, believing them to be potential partners in lucrative new avenues for the mob. Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi took over a brief periode as the acting boss until the releasement of Carmine "Junior" Persico. Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi (b September 22, 1923) is a New York City mobster and a prominent member of the Colombo crime family. Carmine John Persico Jr (b Brooklyn August 8, 1933) also known as "Junior" "The Snake" and "Immortal" has been the
Gallo himself was shot and killed at Umberto's Clam House on Mulberry Street on April 7, 1972.
Following the high-profiled exploits of Colombo (and, in his own way, Joe Gallo), the Colombo family needed a period of comparative calm. Colombo was in no position to run the family and the leadership fell to Thomas DiBella, a man adept at evading the authorities since his sole bootlegging conviction in 1932. Colombo died in 1978, and DiBella stepped down due to ill health in 1977, leaving a large power-vacuum at the head of the Colombo family.
However, Carmine Persico had grown in stature in the family and was clearly in line to take over, but he had been in and out of prison so much over the previous decade that it was unclear whether he would be in a position to do so. Carmine John Persico Jr (b Brooklyn August 8, 1933) also known as "Junior" "The Snake" and "Immortal" has been the He nonetheless ran the family from prison with Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella as his street boss, until both men were indicted on massive RICO predicates during the mid 1980s and sentenced to 100 years in prison during a RICO trial in 1987, called the Mafia Commission Trial. Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella (born 1939 was a member of the Brooklyn -based Colombo crime family who eventually became Underboss and Acting boss The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO Act or RICO) is a United States federal law that provides for extended Tsalernojpg|right|thumb| Anthony Salerno]] The Mafia Commission
While serving life this time, it didn't change the fact that Persico continued to rule the Colombo family from his prison cell at Lompoc Federal Penitentiary in California, while using a various set of acting bosses, including his own cousin Vittorio "Vic" Orena, in the late 1980s. Life imprisonment or life incarceration is a sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime often for most California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Vittorio "Little Vic" Orena (b August 4, 1934) was a prominent figure as Caporegime of the Colombo crime family, and served as
Orena, however, desired the leadership on a permanent basis, and a battle for control broke out between supporters of Orena (including Gambino crime family leader John Gotti) and Persico loyalists. The Gambino crime family is one of the " Five Families " that controls Organized crime activities based in New York City, United States John Joseph Gotti Jr ( October 27, 1940 &ndash June 10, 2002) commonly known by the media as "The Dapper Don" and "The A failed hit on Orena led to the acting boss calling for the intervention of the Commission - Persico's consigliere, Carmine Sessa, who had led the attempt on Orena's life, appealed on behalf of his own boss. Consigliere (konsiʎˈʎɛːɾe is the Italian term for an adviser or counsellor Carmine Sessa was a Brooklyn-based mobster who became Consigliere of the Colombo crime family.
With no sign of consensus or a decision from the Commission, Persico's captain, Gregory Scarpa Sr., was ambushed by Orena supporters on November 18, 1991, while driving with his family, but the Scarpas all got away without injury. The Commission is the governing body of the Mafia in the United States. Gregory Scarpa Sr ( May 8 1928 &ndash June 4 1994) aka The Grim Reaper, was a soldier for the Colombo crime family Orena's supporters hit back with the killing of Persico supporter Henry "Hank the Bank" Smurra. Ultimately, with men being killed on both sides, the police intervened and Orena, his capo Pasquale "Patty" Amato and large numbers of loyalists from both sides were sent to prison. In 1993, Orena and Amato were also sentenced to life in prison. With the Orena camp effectively beheaded, Persico claimed victory and continued to run the family from prison. *American Organized Crime - Colombo Crime Family - Third War - Orena v. Persico
Carmine "Junior" Persico, 73, allegedly remains in charge of the much-weakened Colombo family. Carmine John Persico Jr (b Brooklyn August 8, 1933) also known as "Junior" "The Snake" and "Immortal" has been the He currently resides in a federal prison in North Carolina but according to reports all major decisions in the family are still made by "The Snake". His son, Alphonse "Little Allie Boy" Persico, was earmarked to take over but has been repeatedly targeted by the authorities and was convicted in December 2007 along with prominent Underboss John "Jackie" DeRoss of ordering the killing of family rival William Cutolo in 1999. Alphonse T Persico ( 8 February 1954 in New York City, New York) is an American Mobster and former acting boss of the Colombo Capo Bastone or " Sotto Capo " known as the " Underboss " is second in command to the Capo Crimini. John Joseph DeRoss (b July 17, 1937 Bensonhurst Brooklyn) also known as "Jackie" "Jackie Zambooka" and "DeRoss" 
Bitter enemy John "Sonny" Franzese, 90 years old, is alleged to be Persico's Underboss. John "Sonny" Franzese (born February 6, 1917) is a longtime member and the current Underboss of the Colombo crime family. Capo Bastone or " Sotto Capo " known as the " Underboss " is second in command to the Capo Crimini. Franzese has spent large parts of his life in jail and is under tight parole restrictions but that has not stopped him from again assuming a top spot in the family. Sonny Franzense was arrested in May 2007 on parole violation charges stemming from meetings with Colombo caporegimes and high ranking members of other families. Thomas "Tommy Shots" Gioeli is running affairs on the street. Thomas "Tommy Shots" Gioeli (born 1952 is a high-ranking member of the Colombo crime family and as of 2008 the current Acting boss for the imprisoned Boss Carmine Not much is known about Gioeli but he has spent little time in jail during his career and was an ally of the Persico faction during the Colombo war. Long time and much respected Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi is said to be the Colombo family Consigliere. Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi (b September 22, 1923) is a New York City mobster and a prominent member of the Colombo crime family. Consigliere (konsiʎˈʎɛːɾe is the Italian term for an adviser or counsellor The strength of the family today is unclear but the family has avoided members flipping and major indictments the last few years and some people believe that the Colombo crime family is quietly rebuilding and regaining lost power.