|Born||William Clark Gable|
February 1, 1901
Cadiz, Ohio, USA
|Died||November 16, 1960 (aged 59)|
Los Angeles, California, USA
|Spouse(s)||Josephine Dillon (1924-1930)|
Maria "Ria" Franklin Printiss Lucas Langham (1931-1939)
Carole Lombard (1939-1942)
Sylvia Ashley (1949-1952)
Kay Williams (1955-1960)
Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an iconic American actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday. Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Cadiz is a village in Harrison County, Ohio, United States. The population was 3308 at the 2000 census. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 534 - A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Josephine Dillon ( January 26, 1884 – November 10, 1971) was an American actress who may best be remembered by history as Clark Gable Carole Lombard ( October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) born Jane Alice Peters in Fort Wayne Indiana, was an Oscar-nominated Sylvia Ashley ( April 1, 1904 &ndash June 29, 1977) was an English model, actress and Socialite Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 534 - A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. An actor, actress, player or thespian (see terminology) is a person who Acts in a Dramatic production and who works In 1999, the American Film Institute named Gable seventh among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time. The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 Part of the AFI 100 Years series, AFI's 100 Years 100 Stars is a list of the top 50 stars of American cinema
His most famous role was Rhett Butler in the 1939 epic film Gone with the Wind, in which he starred with Vivien Leigh. Rhett Butler is the antagonist of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. The Epic is a genre of film which places emphasis on human drama on a grand scale Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American dramatic - romantic - War film adapted from Margaret Mitchell 's 1936 Vivien Leigh Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 &ndash 8 July 1967 was an English actress. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for three films that include Mutiny on the Bounty (1935); he won for It Happened One Night (1934). Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to recognize Mutiny on the Bounty is a 1935 film starring Charles Laughton and Clark Gable based on the Charles Nordhoff and James Norman It Happened One Night is a 1934 screwball comedy directed by Frank Capra, in which a pampered Socialite ( Claudette Colbert Another memorable performance was his last film The Misfits (1961), co-starring Marilyn Monroe. The Misfits is a 1961 American Drama film, written by Arthur Miller, directed by John Huston, and starring Clark Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson, June 1 1926 &ndash August 5 1962 baptized Norma
Gable and Joan Crawford were together in eight films, Myrna Loy was with him seven times, and Jean Harlow was with him six times. Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; ( March 23, 1905 - May 10, 1977) Crawford was signed to a motion picture Myrna Loy ( August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American Motion picture Actress. Jean Harlow ( March 3, &ndash June 7,) was an American Film Actress and Sex symbol of the 1930s He also starred with Lana Turner in four features, with Norma Shearer in three. Lana Turner ( February 8, 1921 &ndash June 29, 1995) was an Academy Award -nominated American Film Edith Norma Shearer (August 10 1900 - June 12 1983 was an Academy Award&ndashwinning Canadian-American actress.
Gable was born in Cadiz, Ohio to William Henry "Bill" Gable, an oil-well driller, and Adeline Hershelman, both of German descent. Cadiz is a village in Harrison County, Ohio, United States. The population was 3308 at the 2000 census. Ohio ( is a Midwestern state of the United States. As part of the Great Lakes region, Ohio has long been a cultural and geographical crossroads The German people (Deutsche are an Ethnic group, in the sense of sharing a common German culture, descent and speaking the German language as He was mistakenly listed as a female on his birth certificate. His original name was probably William Clark Gable, but birth registrations, school records and other documents contradict one another. "William" would have been in honor of his father. "Clark" was the maiden name of his maternal grandmother. In childhood he was almost always called "Clark"; some friends called him "Clarkie," "Billy," or "Gabe". 
When he was six months old, his sickly mother had him baptized Roman Catholic. She died when he was ten months old, probably of an aggressive brain tumor. A brain tumor is any intracranial Tumor created by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division, normally either in the Brain itself ( Neurons Following her death, Gable's father's family refused to raise him as a Catholic, provoking enmity with his mother's side of the family. The dispute was resolved when his father's family agreed to allow Gable to spend time with his mother's Catholic brother Thomas and wife Elizabeth on their farm.
In April 1903, Gable's father Will married Jennie Dunlap, whose family came from the small neighboring town of Hopedale. Hopedale is a village in Harrison County, Ohio, United States. Gable was a tall shy child with a loud voice. After his father purchased some land and built a house, the new family settled in. Jennie played the piano and gave her stepson lessons at home; later he took up brass instruments. She raised Gable to be well-dressed and well-groomed; he stood out from the other kids. Gable was very mechanically inclined and loved to strip down and repair cars with his father. At thirteen, he was the only boy in the men's town band. Even though his father insisted on Gable doing manly things, like hunting and hard physical work, Gable loved language. Among trusted company, he would recite Shakespeare, particularly the sonnets. Will Gable did agree to buy a seventy-two volume set of The World's Greatest Literature to improve his son's education, but claimed he never saw his son use it.  In 1917, when Gable was in high school, his father had financial difficulties. Will decided to settle his debts and try his hand at farming and the family moved to Ravenna, just outside of Akron. Ravenna is a city in Portage County, Ohio, United States. It was formed from portions of Ravenna Township in the Connecticut Western Reserve Akron is a city in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Summit County. Gable had trouble settling down in the very rural area. Despite his father's insistence that he work the farm, Gable soon left to work in Akron's tire factories. This article is about tires used on road Vehicles including pneumatic tires and solid tires.
At seventeen, Gable was inspired to be an actor after seeing the play The Bird of Paradise, but he was not able to make a real start until he turned 21 and inherited money. By then, his stepmother Jennie had died and his father moved to Tulsa to go back to the oil business. He toured in stock companies and worked the oil fields and as a horse manager. Gable found work with several second-class theater companies and worked his way across the Midwest to Portland, Oregon, where he found work as a necktie salesman in the Meier & Frank department store. Portland is a city located in the Northwestern United States, near the Confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers Oregon ( is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Meier & Frank was a chain of Department stores historically part of May Department Stores that operated in the Pacific Northwest from 1857 to 2005 While there, he met actress Laura Hope Crews, who encouraged him to go back to the stage and into another theater company. Laura Hope Crews ( San Francisco, December 12, 1879 — November 12, 1942 in New York City) was a Character actress His acting coach was a theater manager in Portland, Oregon, Josephine Dillon (17 years his senior). Josephine Dillon ( January 26, 1884 – November 10, 1971) was an American actress who may best be remembered by history as Clark Gable Dillon paid to have his teeth repaired and his hair styled. She guided him in building up his chronically undernourished body, and taught him better body control and posture. She spent considerable time training his naturally high-pitched voice, which Gable slowly managed to lower, and he gained better resonance and tone. As his speech habits improved, Gable's facial expressions became more natural and convincing.  After the long period of rigorous training, she eventually considered him ready to attempt a film career.
In 1924, with Dillon's financial aid, the two went to Hollywood, where she became his manager and first wife. He changed his stage name from W. C. Gable to Clark Gable.  He found work as an extra in such silent films as The Plastic Age (1925), which starred Clara Bow, and Forbidden Paradise, plus a series of two-reel comedies called The Pacemakers. The Plastic Age ( 1924) is a Novel by Percy Marks, which tells the story of Co-eds at a fictional college called Sanford Clara Gordon Bow ( July 29, 1905 &ndash September 27 1965) was an American Actress and Sex symbol, who rose to fame He also appeared as a bit player in a series of shorts. However, Gable was not offered any major roles and so he returned to the stage, becoming lifelong friends with Lionel Barrymore, who in spite of his bawling Gable out for amateurish acting at first, urged Gable to pursue a career on stage. Lionel Barrymore ( April 28, 1878 – November 15, 1954) was an American Academy Award -winning actor of stage radio  During the 1927-28 theater season, Gable acted with the Laskin Brothers Stock Company in Houston, where he played many roles, gained considerable experience and became a local matinee idol. Gable then moved to New York and Dillon sought work for him on Broadway. Broadway theater, commonly called simply Broadway, refers to theatrical performances presented in one of the 39 large professional theaters with 500 seats or more located He received good reviews in Machinal, "He's young, vigorous and brutally masculine" said the Morning Telegraph.  The start of the Great Depression and the beginning of talking pictures caused a cancellation of many plays in the 1929-30 season and acting work became harder to get.
In 1930, after his impressive appearance as the seething and desperate character Killer Mears in the play The Last Mile, Gable was offered a contract with MGM. The Last Mile is a short (15 minute comedy-drama filmed play written by Terrence McNally for Public television 's Great Performances 20th Anniversary His first role in a sound picture was as the villain in a low-budget William Boyd western called The Painted Desert (1931). William Boyd ( June 5, 1895 - September 12, 1972) was an American Actor. The Western is a fiction Genre seen in Film, Television, Radio, Literature, Painting and other Visual arts. For other uses see Painted Desert The Painted Desert ( 1931) is a film released by RKO Radio Pictures which marks He received a lot of fan mail as a result of his powerful voice and appearance; the studio took notice. See Fanmail (album for the 1999 TLC album Fan mail is Mail sent to a public figure especially a
In 1930, Gable and Josephine Dillon were divorced. A few days later, he married Texas socialite Ria Franklin Prentiss Lucas Langham. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. After moving to California, they were married again in 1931, possibly due to differences in state legal requirements. California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean.
"His ears are too big and he looks like an ape," said Warner Bros. executive Darryl F. Zanuck about Clark Gable after testing him for the lead in Warner's gangster drama Little Caesar (1931). Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Darryl Francis Zanuck ( September 5, 1902 &ndash December 22, 1979) was an Academy Award -winning producer, Writer  After several failed screen tests for Barrymore and Zanuck, Gable was signed in 1930 by MGM's Irving Thalberg. Irving Grant Thalberg ( May 30, 1899 – September 14, 1936) was an Academy Award -winning American Film producer He became a client of well-connected agent Minna Wallis, sister of producer Hal Wallis and very close friend of Norma Shearer. Hal B Wallis, CBE ( September 14, 1899 &ndash October 5, 1986) was an Academy Award -winning American Edith Norma Shearer (August 10 1900 - June 12 1983 was an Academy Award&ndashwinning Canadian-American actress.
Gable's timing in arriving in Hollywood was excellent as MGM was looking to expand its stable of male stars and he fit the bill. Gable then worked mainly in supporting roles, often as the villain. MGM's publicity manager Howard Strickland developed Gable's studio image, playing up his he-man experiences and his 'lumberjack in evening clothes' persona. To bolster his rocketing popularity, MGM frequently paired him with well-established female stars. Joan Crawford asked for him as her co-star in Dance, Fools, Dance (1931). Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; ( March 23, 1905 - May 10, 1977) Crawford was signed to a motion picture Dance Fools Dance ( 1931) is a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Feature film starring Joan Crawford, Clark Gable, and Lester He built his fame and public visibility in such important movies as A Free Soul (1931), in which he played a gangster who slapped Norma Shearer (Gable never played a supporting role again after that slap). A Free Soul ( 1931) is a Pre-Code film which tells the story of an alcoholic defense attorney who must defend his daughter's ex-boyfriend The Hollywood Reporter wrote "A star in the making has been made, one that, to our reckoning, will outdraw every other star. The Hollywood Reporter is a major trade publication of the Film industry in the United States. . . Never have we seen audiences work themselves into such enthusiasm as when Clark Gable walks on the screen".  He followed that with Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise) (1931) with Greta Garbo, and Possessed (1931), in which he and Joan Crawford (then married to Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.) steamed up the screen with some of the passion they shared for decades to come in real life. Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise is a 1931 film made by MGM. It was directed and produced by Robert Z Greta Garbo ( 18 September 1905 &ndash 15 April 1990) was a Swedish-American actress during Hollywood 's Possessed is a film directed by Clarence Brown, and starring Joan Crawford and Clark Gable. Douglas Elton Fairbanks Jr, KBE, DSC ( December 9, 1909 &ndash May 7, 2000) was an American Actor Adela Rogers St. John later dubbed the relationship as "the affair that nearly burned Hollywood down. Adela Rogers St Johns née Adela Nora Rogers ( May 20, 1894 Los Angeles California - August 10, 1988 Arroyo " Louis B. Mayer threatened to terminate both their contracts and for a while they kept apart and Gable shifted his attentions to Marion Davies. Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir July 4, 1884 &ndash October 29, 1957) was an early Film producer, most Marion Davies ( January 3, 1897 &ndash September 22, 1961) was an American film Actress. On the other hand, Gable and Garbo disliked each other. She thought he was a wooden actor while he considered her a snob.
Gable was considered for the role of Tarzan but lost out to Johnny Weissmuller's better physique and superior swimming prowess. Tarzan is a Fictional character, an archetypal Feral child raised in the African jungle by Apes who later returns to civilization only to Johnny Weissmuller (June 2 1904 &ndash January 20 1984 was an American swimmer and Actor who was one of the world's best swimmers in the 1920s winning Gable's unshaven lovemaking with bra-less Jean Harlow in Red Dust (1932) made him MGM's most important star. Red Dust is an American 1932 romantic Drama film directed by Victor Fleming. After the hit Hold Your Man (1933), MGM recognized the goldmine of the Gable-Harlow pairing, putting them in two more films, China Seas (1935) and Wife vs. Secretary (1936). China Seas is a 1935 Adventure film starring Clark Gable as a brave sea captain Jean Harlow as an onboard floozy and Wallace Wife vs Secretary ( 1936) is a comedy film directed by Clarence Brown and starring Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Myrna Loy An enormously popular combination, on-screen and off-screen, Gable and Jean Harlow made six films together, the most notable being Red Dust (1932) and Saratoga (1937). Jean Harlow ( March 3, &ndash June 7,) was an American Film Actress and Sex symbol of the 1930s Red Dust is an American 1932 romantic Drama film directed by Victor Fleming. Saratoga is a 1937 film written by Anita Loos and directed by Jack Conway. Harlow died of kidney failure during production of Saratoga. Renal failure or kidney Ninety percent completed, the remaining scenes were filmed with long shots or doubles; Gable would say that he felt as if he were "in the arms of a ghost". 
In the following years, he acted in a succession of enormously popular pictures, earning him the undisputed title of "King of Hollywood" in 1938. The title 'King' was first offered by Spencer Tracy, probably in jest but soon Ed Sullivan started a poll in his newspaper column and more than 20 million fans voted Gable 'King' and Myrna Loy 'Queen' of Hollywood. Spencer Tracy ( April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award -winning Actor of stage and Edward Vincent "Ed" Sullivan ( September 28, 1901 – October 13, 1974) was an American Entertainment Writer Myrna Loy ( August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American Motion picture Actress. Though the honorific certainly helped his career, Gable grew tired of it and later stated, "This 'King' stuff is pure bullshit. . . I'm just a lucky slob from Ohio. I happened to be in the right place at the right time". Throughout most of the 1930s and the early 1940s, he was arguably the world's biggest movie star.
According to legend, Gable was lent to Columbia Pictures, then considered a second-rate operation, as punishment for refusing roles; however, this has been refuted by more recent biographies. Claudette Colbert ( IPA: /koʊlˈbɛɹ/ ( September 13, 1903 – July 30, 1996) was a French -born American stage It Happened One Night is a 1934 screwball comedy directed by Frank Capra, in which a pampered Socialite ( Claudette Colbert }} Columbia Pictures Industries Inc is an American Film production and distribution company MGM did not have a project ready for Gable and was paying him $2000 per week, under his contract, to do nothing. Studio head Louis B. Mayer lent him to Columbia for $2500 per week, making a $500 per week profit. Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir July 4, 1884 &ndash October 29, 1957) was an early Film producer, most 
Gable was not the first choice to play the lead role of Peter Warne. Robert Montgomery was originally offered the role, but he felt that the script was poor. Robert Montgomery ( May 21, 1904 &ndash September 27, 1981) was an American actor and director  Filming began in a tense atmosphere, but both Gable and Frank Capra enjoyed making the movie. Frank Russell Capra ( May 18, 1897 &ndash September 3, 1991) was an Academy Award winning Italian-American Film
A persistent legend has it that Gable had a profound effect on men's fashion, thanks to a scene in this movie. As he is preparing for bed, he takes off his shirt to reveal that he is bare-chested. Sales of men's undershirts across the country allegedly declined noticeably for a period following this movie. 
Gable won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his 1934 performance in the film. Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to recognize He returned to MGM a bigger star than ever. 
The unpublished memoirs of animator Friz Freleng's mention that this was one of his favorite films. Isadore "Friz" Freleng ( August 21, 1906  &ndash May 26, 1995) was an Animator, Cartoonist, director It has been claimed that it helped inspire the cartoon character Bugs Bunny. Clyde Rabbit (uncleMrs Bugs Bunny (wifePapa Bunny (fatherMama Bunny (motherRugs Bunny Four things in the film may have coalesced to create Bugs: the personality of a minor character, Oscar Shapely and his penchant for referring to Gable's character as "Doc", an imaginary character named "Bugs Dooley" that Gable's character uses to frighten Shapely, and most of all, a scene in which Clark Gable eats carrots while talking quickly with his mouth full, as Bugs does. 
Gable also earned an Academy Award nomination when he portrayed Fletcher Christian in 1935's Mutiny on the Bounty. Mutiny on the Bounty is a 1935 film starring Charles Laughton and Clark Gable based on the Charles Nordhoff and James Norman "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. Fletcher Christian ( September 25, 1764 &ndash October 3, 1793) was a Master's Mate on board the ''Bounty'' during Mutiny on the Bounty is a 1935 film starring Charles Laughton and Clark Gable based on the Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Gable once said that this was his favorite film of his own, despite the fact that he did not get along with his co-stars Charles Laughton and Franchot Tone. Charles Laughton ( 1 July, 1899 &ndash 15 December, 1962) was an English Academy Award -winning stage and Franchot Tone ( February 27, 1905 &ndash September 18, 1968) was an American Actor.
Despite his reluctance to play the role, Gable is best known for his performance in Gone with the Wind (1939), which earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American dramatic - romantic - War film adapted from Margaret Mitchell 's 1936 Carole Lombard may have been the first to suggest that he play Rhett (and she play Scarlett) when she bought him a copy of the bestseller which he refused to read. 
Gable was an almost immediate favorite for the role of Rhett Butler with both the public and producer David O. Selznick. Rhett Butler is the antagonist of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers But as Selznick had no male stars under long-term contract, he needed to go through the process of negotiating to borrow an actor from another studio. Gary Cooper was Selznick's first choice. Frank James “Gary” Cooper (May 7 &ndashMay 13) was an American film actor and iconic star  When Cooper turned down the role, he was quoted as saying, "Gone With The Wind is going to be the biggest flop in Hollywood history. I’m glad it’ll be Clark Gable who’s falling flat on his nose, not me".  By then, Selznick was determined to get Gable, and eventually found a way to borrow him from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Gable was wary of potentially disappointing a public who had decided no one else could play the part. He later conceded, "I think I know now how a fly must react after being caught in a spider's web".  It was his first film in Technicolor. Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation Also appearing in Gone With The Wind in the role of "Aunt Pittypat" was Laura Hope Crews, the friend in Portland who had coaxed Gable back into the theater. Laura Hope Crews ( San Francisco, December 12, 1879 — November 12, 1942 in New York City) was a Character actress
During filming, Vivien Leigh complained about his bad breath, which was apparently caused by false teeth. Vivien Leigh Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 &ndash 8 July 1967 was an English actress. Halitosis, oral malodor, breath odor mouth odor foul breath fetor oris fetor ex ore or most commonly bad breath are terms used to describe noticeably unpleasant Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the Oral cavity. They otherwise got along well.  His famous line, "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn," caused an uproar since it was in violation of the Production Code in effect at the time. For the television broadcasting term please see Production code number. Gable didn't want to shed tears for the scene after Scarlett (Leigh) has a miscarriage. Olivia de Havilland made him cry, later commenting, ". Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award -winning actress. . . Oh, he would not do it. He would not! Victor (Fleming) tried everything with him. He tried to attack him on a professional level. We had done it without him weeping several times and then we had one last try. I said, "You can do it, I know you can do it and you will be wonderful . . . " Well, by heaven, just before the cameras rolled, you could see the tears come up at his eyes and he played the scene unforgettably well. He put his whole heart into it. "
Decades later, Gable said that whenever his career would start to fade, a re-release of Gone with the Wind would instantly revive everything, and he continued as a top leading man for the rest of his life. In addition, Gable was one of the few actors to play the lead in three films that won an Academy Award for Best Picture. The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to artists working
Gone with the Wind was given theatrical re-releases in 1947, 1954, 1961, 1967 (in a widescreen version), 1971, 1989, and 1998.
Gable's marriage in 1939 to his third wife, successful actress Carole Lombard, was the happiest period of his personal life. Carole Lombard ( October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) born Jane Alice Peters in Fort Wayne Indiana, was an Oscar-nominated As an independent actress, her annual income exceeded his studio salary until Gone with the Wind brought them to rough parity.  From their pairing, she gained personal stability and he thrived being around her youthful, charming, and blunt personality. She went hunting and fishing with him and with his cronies and he became more sociable. Most times, she tolerated his philandering. He famously stated, "You can trust that little screwball with your life or your hopes or your weaknesses, and she wouldn't even know how to think about letting you down".  They purchased a ranch at Encino and once Clark had become accustomed to her often blunt way of expressing herself, they found they had much in common, despite Gable being a conservative Republican and Lombard a liberal Democrat. Conservatism in the United States includes a variety of political ideologies including Fiscal conservatism, Supply-side economics, Social conservatism Modern liberalism in the United States, also referred to as American liberalism, is a political ideology that seeks to use the power of the state to effect change upon society The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Their efforts to have a child were unsuccessful.
On January 16, 1942, Lombard, who had just finished her 57th film, To Be or Not to Be, was on a tour to sell war bonds when the twin-engine DC-3 she was traveling in crashed into a mountain near Las Vegas, killing all aboard including Lombard's mother and MGM staff publicist Otto Winkler (best man at Gable's wedding to Lombard). Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. To Be or Not to Be is a 1942 Comedy film directed by Ernst Lubitsch, about a troupe of actors in Nazi -occupied Warsaw who War bonds are a type of Savings bond used by combatant nations to help fund a war effort and as a Monetary policy for controlling Inflation from an Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally Gable flew to the site and saw the forest fire ignited by the burning plane. Lombard was declared the first war-related female casualty the U. S. suffered in World War II and Gable received a personal condolence note from Franklin D. Roosevelt. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The CAB investigation cited 'pilot error'. Governments have played an important part in shaping air transportation 
Gable returned to their empty house and a month later to the studio to work with Lana Turner on Somewhere I'll Find You. Lana Turner ( February 8, 1921 &ndash June 29, 1995) was an Academy Award -nominated American Film Gable was devastated by the tragedy for many months and drank heavily but managed to perform professionally on the set. For a while, Joan Crawford returned to his side to offer support and friendship.
Gable resided the rest of his life at the couple's Encino home, made 27 more movies, and married twice more. "But he was never the same," said Esther Williams. For the Fijian academic business woman see Esther Williams (academic Esther Jane Williams (born August 8 1921 is a retired "His heart sank a bit. "
In 1942, following Lombard's death, Gable joined the U.S. Army Air Forces. The United States Army Air Forces ( USAAF) was the military aviation arm of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II. With the rank of Captain, Gable trained with and accompanied the 351st Heavy Bomb Group as head of a 6-man motion picture unit making a gunnery training film. The 351st Bombardment Group (Heavy, United States Army EighthAir Force, was based at RAF Polebrook, Northamptonshire England during World War II Gable spent most of the war in the UK at Wetherby and Polebrook. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Wetherby is a Market town in the City of Leeds Metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England Polebrook is a village in East Northamptonshire, England History There is evidence that Polebrook as a settlement dates back to 4000 BC While at RAF Polebrook, England, Gable flew five combat missions, including one to Germany, as an observer-gunner in B-17 Flying Fortresses between May 4 and September 23, 1943, earning the Air Medal and the Distinguished Flying Cross for his efforts. RAF Polebrook is a former World War II Airfield located 35 miles east-south-east of Oundle, Northamptonshire, UK England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Events 1122 - Concordat of Worms. 1459 - Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Air Medal is a military decoration of the United States which was established by Executive Order 9158 signed by Franklin D The Distinguished Flying Cross is a medal awarded to any officer or enlisted member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself or herself in Adolf Hitler esteemed Gable above all other actors; during the Second World War he offered a sizable reward to anyone who could capture and bring Gable unscathed to him. Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately  Gable left the Army Air Forces with the rank of major. Please see " Major " for other countries that use this rank In the United States, Major is a Military rank denotes
Immediately after his discharge from the service, Gable returned to his ranch and rested. He resumed a pre-war relationship with Virginia Grey and dated other starlets. Virginia Grey ( March 22, 1917 - July 31, 2004) was an American actress He introduced his golf caddie Robert Wagner to MGM casting. Robert John Wagner (born February 10, 1930) is a Golden Globe - nominated prolific American Film and Television Gable's first movie after World War II was the 1945 production of Adventure, with his ill-matched co-star Greer Garson. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Adventure is a 1945 film based on the novel The Anointed by Clyde Brion Davis. Eileen Evelyn Greer Garson, CBE ( September 29, 1904 - April 6, 1996) was an English-American actress who was It was a critical and commercial failure despite the famous teaser tagline "Gable's back and Garson's got him". After this film, Gable's career as a top star in Hollywood abruptly ended.
After Joan Crawford's third divorce, she and Gable resumed their affair and lived together for a brief time. Gable was acclaimed for his performance in The Hucksters (1947), a satire of post-war Madison Avenue corruption and immorality. The Hucksters is a 1947 MGM Film directed by Jack Conway and starring Clark Gable that marked the debut of Deborah A very public and brief romance with Paulette Goddard occurred after that. Paulette Goddard ( June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990) was an Oscar -nominated American Film and Theatre In 1949, Gable married Sylvia Ashley, a British divorcée and the widow of Douglas Fairbanks. Sylvia Ashley ( April 1, 1904 &ndash June 29, 1977) was an English model, actress and Socialite Douglas Fairbanks ( May 23 1883 – December 12 1939) was an American Actor, Screenwriter, director The relationship was profoundly unsuccessful; they divorced in 1952. Soon followed Never Let Me Go (1953), opposite Gene Tierney. Never Let Me Go is a 1953 MGM romantic Adventure film directed by Delmer Daves, produced by Clarence Brown, from a screenplay Gene Tierney ( November 19, 1920 – November 6, 1991) was an American film and stage actress. Tierney was a favorite of Gable and he was very disappointed when she was replaced in Mogambo (due to her mental health problems) by Grace Kelly. Mogambo ("Passion" in Swahili) is a 1953 film directed by John Ford, featuring Clark Gable, Ava Gardner, and Grace Patricia Kelly (later Grace Princess of Monaco; November 12 1929 &ndash September 14 1982 was an Academy Award -winning American film and Mogambo (1953), directed by John Ford, was a Technicolor remake of his earlier film Red Dust, which had been an even greater success. Red Dust is an American 1932 romantic Drama film directed by Victor Fleming. Gable's on-location affair with Grace Kelly sputtered out after filming was completed.
Gable became increasingly unhappy with what he considered mediocre roles offered him by MGM, while the studio regarded his salary as excessive. Studio head Louis B. Mayer was fired in 1951 amid slumping Hollywood production and revenue, due primarily to the rising popularity of television. Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir July 4, 1884 &ndash October 29, 1957) was an early Film producer, most Studio chiefs struggled to cut costs. Many MGM stars were fired or not renewed, including Greer Garson and Judy Garland. Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10 1922 – June 22 1969 was an American actress and singer In 1953, Gable refused to renew his contract, and began to work independently. His first two films were Soldier of Fortune and The Tall Men, both profitable though only modest successes. Soldier of Fortune is a 1955 Adventure film about the rescue of an American held prisoner in the People's Republic of China in the 1950s The Tall Men is a 1955 Western movie directed by Raoul Walsh and starring Clark Gable, Jane Russell, and Robert In 1955, Gable married his fifth wife, Kay Spreckels (née Kathleen Williams), a thrice-married former fashion model and actress who had previously been married to sugar-refining heir Adolph B. A model is a person who is posed or displayed for the purpose of Art, Fashion, or other products and Advertising. Spreckels Jr.
In 1955, Gable formed a production company with Jane Russell and her husband Bob Waterfield, and they produced The King and Four Queens, Gable's one and only production. Jane Russell (born June 21) is an American film actress and Sex symbol. The King and Four Queens (1956 a western movie involves a middle-aged Cowboy adventurer ( Clark Gable) who learns that a stolen fortune remains buried He found producing and acting to be too taxing on his health, and he was beginning to manifest a noticeable tremor particularly in long takes. His next project was Band of Angels, with relative newcomer Sidney Poitier and Yvonne De Carlo; it was a total disaster. Band of Angels is a 1957 romantic Drama film set in the American South before and during the American Civil War. Sir Sidney Poitier, KBE (ˈpwɑːtie born February 20, 1927) is an Oscar - Golden Globe - BAFTA - and Grammy Yvonne De Carlo ( September 1, 1922 &ndash January 8, 2007) was a Canadian -born American Film and Newsweek said, "Here is a movie so bad that it must be seen to be disbelieved". Newsweek is an American weekly Newsmagazine published in New York City.  Next he paired with Doris Day in Teacher's Pet, shot in black in white to better hide his aging face and overweight body. Doris Mary Anne von Kappelhoff (born April 3, 1922) is an American Singer, actress, and animal welfare advocate known as Teacher's Pet is a 1958 Romantic comedy film starring Clark Gable and Doris Day, directed by George Seaton and written The film was good enough to bring Gable more film offers, including Run Silent, Run Deep, with co-star and producer Burt Lancaster, which featured his first on screen death since 1937, and which garnered good reviews. Run Silent Run Deep is a War Film released in 1958 based on the 1955 novel by then-Commander Edward L Burton Stephen "Burt" Lancaster ( 2 November &ndash 20 October) was an American film Actor and star noted for his athletic physique Gable started to receive television offers but rejected them outright, even though some of his peers, like his old flame Loretta Young, were flourishing in the new medium. Loretta Young ( January 6, 1913 &ndash August 12, 2000) was an American actress His next two films were for Paramount: But Not for Me with Carroll Baker and It Started in Naples with Sophia Loren. " But Not for Me " is a popular song composed by George Gershwin, with lyrics by Ira Gershwin. It Started in Naples is an American Romantic comedy film made by Paramount Pictures and released in August 1960. Sophia Loren (born September 20 1934 is an Academy Award winning Italian film actress born Sofia Villani Scicolone At 58, Gable finally acknowledged, "Now it's time I act my age". 
Gable's last film was The Misfits, written by Arthur Miller, directed by John Huston, and co-starring Marilyn Monroe, Eli Wallach, and Montgomery Clift. The Misfits is a 1961 American Drama film, written by Arthur Miller, directed by John Huston, and starring Clark Arthur Asher Miller (October 17 1915 &ndash February 10 2005 was an American Playwright and Essayist. John Marcellus Huston ( August 5 1906 &ndash August 28 1987) was an American Film director and Actor. Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson, June 1 1926 &ndash August 5 1962 baptized Norma Eli Herschel Wallach (born December 7, 1915) is an American BAFTA - Tony Award - and Emmy Award -winning and Golden Edward Montgomery Clift ( October 17, 1920 – July 23, 1966) was an American film actor This was also the final film completed by Monroe. Many critics regard Gable's performance to be his finest, and Gable, after seeing the rough cuts, agreed. 
Gable had a daughter, Judy Lewis, the result of an affair with actress Loretta Young that began on the set of The Call of the Wild in 1934. Judy Lewis (born November 6, 1935) is an American actress, producer and therapist Loretta Young ( January 6, 1913 &ndash August 12, 2000) was an American actress The Call of the Wild is a Novel by American writer Jack London. In an elaborate scheme, Young took an extended vacation and went to Europe to hide the fact that she was pregnant. After a few months she came back to California and gave birth to their child in Venice. Venice is a district in western Los Angeles California. It is known for its Canals Beaches and Circus -like Ocean Front Walk, Nineteen months after the birth, Loretta claimed to have adopted Judy (a gambit that got less believable when the child grew to look much like her mother, with ears that stuck out like Gable's).
According to Lewis, Gable visited her home once, but he didn't tell her that he was her father. While neither Gable nor Young would ever publicly acknowledge their daughter's real parentage, this fact was so widely known that in Lewis's autobiography Uncommon Knowledge, she wrote that she was shocked to learn of it from other children at school. Loretta Young never officially acknowledged the fact, which she said would be the same as admitting to a "venial sin. " However, she finally gave her biographer permission to include it only on the condition the book not be published until after her death.
On March 20, 1961, Kay Gable gave birth to Gable's son, John Clark Gable, born four months after Clark's death. Events 1600 - The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden. Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
Gable died in Los Angeles, California on November 16, 1960, the result of a fourth heart attack. Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. Myocardial infarction ( MI or AMI for acute myocardial infarction) also known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply There was much speculation that Gable's physically demanding Misfits role, which required yanking on and being dragged by horses, contributed to his sudden death soon after filming was completed. In a widely reported quote, Gable's wife Kay blamed it on stress caused by "the endless waiting. . . waiting (for Monroe). " Monroe, on the other hand, claimed that she and Kay had become close during the filming and would refer to Clark as "Our Man. " Arthur Miller, observing Gable on location, noted that "no hint of affront ever showed on his face. "
Others have blamed Gable's crash diet before filming began. A crash diet is a diet which is extreme in its nutritional deprivations typically severely restricting Calorie intake The 6'1" (185 cm) Gable weighed about 190 pounds (86. 2 kg) at the time of Gone with the Wind, but by his late 50s, he weighed 230 pounds (104. 3 kg). To get in shape for The Misfits, he dropped to 195 lbs (88 kg). In addition, Gable was in poor health from years of heavy smoking (three packs of unfiltered cigarettes a day over thirty years, as well as cigars and at least two bowlfuls of pipe tobacco a day). Until the late 1950s he had been a heavy drinker, especially of whisky.
Gable is interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California, beside Carole Lombard. Forest Lawn Memorial Park is a privately-owned Cemetery in Glendale, Los Angeles, in the United States. Glendale ( is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Carole Lombard ( October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) born Jane Alice Peters in Fort Wayne Indiana, was an Oscar-nominated
Doris Day summed up Gable's unique personality, "He was as masculine as any man I've ever known, and as much a little boy as a grown man could be – it was this combination that had such a devastating effect on women. Doris Mary Anne von Kappelhoff (born April 3, 1922) is an American Singer, actress, and animal welfare advocate known as "
David Bret's book Clark Gable: Tormented Star (2007) claims that Gable had relationships with openly homosexual men and was "gay for pay" in his early career. David Bret (born 8 November 1954 in Paris) is a French -born Author of Showbiz Biographies. Homosexuality refers to sexual behavior with or attraction to people of the same sex or to a Homosexual orientation. Gay-for-pay is a term used more commonly with male (and less frequently female actors pornographic stars or sex workers that identify as heterosexual It claims that Gable was branded a "sissy" by his father as a child, prompting him to adopt a macho image and denounce homosexuality. Sissy (sometimes just Sis) is a relationship Nickname formed from sister, given to Girls to indicate their role in the family especially the 
Gable is known to have appeared as an extra in 13 films between 1924 and 1930. See also Clark Gable Films as an extra During the period 1924 - 1930 Clark Gable established himself as a major stage actor He then appeared in a total of 67 theatrically released motion pictures, as himself in 17 "short subject" films, and he narrated and appeared in a World War II propaganda film entitled Combat America, produced by the United States Army Air Forces. Combat America was a 1943 film produced by the United States Army Air Forces and starring Clark Gable.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Gable, William Clark|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Academy Award-winning American film actor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 1, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cadiz, Ohio, U.S.|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 16, 1960|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|