Johannes Brahms's Clarinet Quintet in B minor, Op. Johannes Brahms ( pronounced ˈbʁaːms (May 7 1833 &ndash April 3 1897 was a German Composer 115 was first performed in November of 1891 by the clarinettist Richard Mühlfeld. Year 1891 ( MDCCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Richard Mühlfeld ( February 28 1856 &ndash June 1 1907) was a German clarinettist who inspired Johannes Brahms and The piece is known for its dark and somber mood. It consists of a clarinet in A with a string quartet and has a duration of approximately thirty-five minutes. Brahms modeled the composition after Mozart's Clarinet Quintet. Wolfgang Mozart 's Quintet for Clarinet and Strings, K 581 was written in 1789 for the Clarinetist Anton Stadler. Only a few works between the time Mozart's Quintet was composed and this work by Brahms was completed were written for this ensemble; those being composed by Anton Reicha, Carl Maria von Weber, and Heinrich Baermann. Anton ( Antonín, Antoine) Reicha ( Rejcha) ( February 26, 1770 &ndash May 28, 1836) was a Czech -born Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber ( 18 December 1786 in Eutin, Holstein, Germany - 5 June 1826 in London Heinrich Joseph Bärmann (also spelled Baermann) (1784 &ndash June 1847 was a Clarinet Virtuoso of the Romantic era who is generally considered
The piece consists of four movements.
Clarinet Quintet - 1. Allegro
Like the Mozart, the strings play the theme at the beginning. This movement sets a dark and somber mood for the rest of the composition. One phrase, towards the middle played by the clarinet, sounds closely related to one in the first movement of Carl Maria von Weber's Clarinet Concerto No. Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber ( 18 December 1786 in Eutin, Holstein, Germany - 5 June 1826 in London 1 in F minor. This was possibly written because when Brahms listened to Richard Mühlfeld at his recital, he was playing this concerto. Richard Mühlfeld ( February 28 1856 &ndash June 1 1907) was a German clarinettist who inspired Johannes Brahms and
Clarinet Quintet - 2. Adagio
The melody is a reflective love song first introduced by the clarinet. Later, the mood changes back to the gloomy atmosphere of the first movement. The clarinet undergoes technical runs playing from all ranges. It returns back to the beginning theme and then subsides.
Clarinet Quintet - 3. Andantino
The shortest of all four, the movement begins sweetly being one of the composition's few uplifting passages. In measure twenty-three, the clarinet and violin play as if they were talking in a conversation. It modulates back from its heart-warming D major into the darken B minor. This section is highly influenced by the first part and even ends the same except being in a 2:4 meter.
Clarinet Quintet - 4. Con Moto
This movement is titled "With Motion" and contains theme and variations complying with the Mozart and Brahms's later Clarinet Sonata No. A clarinet sonata is piece of music in sonata form for Clarinet, often with Piano accompaniment 2. Tempo varies according to the musician. Another sweet song which resembles the second movement is in this part and is in the same B major key. Later, it brings back the theme from the Allegro and ends with a loud chord which eventually fades away.