A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council-manager form of city government. The term administration, as used in the context of Government, differs according to Jurisdiction. ManaGeR ( MGR) is a graphical Window system. The MGR server provides a builtin Window manager and windowed graphics Terminal emulation on color A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status In the council-manager form of government an elected city council (typically between five and 11 people is responsible for making Policy, passing Ordinances voting Appropriations Called the chief administrative officer in some municipalities. A chief administrative officer ( CAO) is responsible for administrative management of private public or governmental corporations 
Originating in the Progressive Era, the city manager form of government was created to remove city government from the power of the political parties, and place management of the city into the hands of an outside expert who was usually a business manager or engineer, with the hope that the city manager would remain neutral to city politics. The Progressive Era in the United States was a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s to the 1920s 
By the end of the era, around forty-five cities in the United States used a city manager form of government. 
For many years, every city in Virginia had a council-manager form of government. Currently, 38 of the state's 39 cities use this form, with the one exception being capital city Richmond. This article is about the city of Richmond the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Typical roles and responsibilities of a city manager include:
Typically, city managers have hire-fire authority over all city employees, though these decisions may be required to be approved by the council, and must comply with locally applicable civil service laws. This authority includes talent searches for "department heads" who are the managers of the city departments.