|Location||Francorchamps, Spa, Belgium|
|Time zone||GMT +1|
|Major Events||F1, GP2, F3, 24h,|
|Circuit Length||7. Spa is a Municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Province of Liège. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Greenwich Mean Time ( GMT) is a term originally referring to mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London For the article about the Asian version of the GP2 series see GP2 Asia Series. Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or F3, is a class of open-wheel formula racing. The Total 24 Hours of Spa is an Endurance racing event held annually in Belgium at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps. The Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters ( DTM, German Touring Car Masters is a Touring car racing series based in Germany, but also with rounds elsewhere 004 km (4. The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand 352 mi)|
|Lap Record||1:45. A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States 108 (Kimi Räikkönen, McLaren, 2004)|
The Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps is the famous venue of the Formula One Belgian Grand Prix and the Spa 24 Hours endurance race. Kimi-Matias Räikkönen (ˈkimi ˈmɑtiɑs ˈræikkønen born October 17, 1979 in Espoo) is a Finnish Formula One race car driver currently McLaren, founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren (1937&ndash1970 is a Formula One team based in Woking, Surrey, UK The 2004 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One held on August 29, 2004 at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps. The Belgian Grand Prix is an Automobile race, part of the Formula One World Championship The Total 24 Hours of Spa is an Endurance racing event held annually in Belgium at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps. It is also home to the 25 Hours of Spa, run by the Uniroyal Fun Cup. It is considered to be one of the most challenging race tracks in the world, mainly due to its fast, hilly and twisty nature. A race track (or 'racetrack' or 'racing track' is a purpose-built facility for Racing of animals (eg Spa is a favourite circuit of many racing drivers and fans.
Designed by Jules de Their and Henri Langlois Van Ophem, the original 15 km (9. 3 mile) triangle-shaped course used public roads between the Belgian towns of Francorchamps, Malmedy and Stavelot. Malmedy is a Municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Province of Liege. Stavelot is a Walloon Municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège The Belgian Grand Prix was held at Spa-Francorchamps for the first time in 1924.
Back then, the Belgians took pride in having a very fast circuit, and to improve average speeds, the former slow uphill U-turn at the bottom of the Eau Rouge creek valley, called the Ancienne Douane, was cut short with a faster sweep straight up the hill, called the Raidillon. Until 2000, it was possible to travel over the race track when it was still a public road. At Eau Rouge, southbound traffic was allowed to use the famous uphill corner, while the opposite downhill traffic had to use the old road and U-turn behind the grand stands, rejoining the race track at the bottom of Eau Rouge.
The old race track continued after Les Combes towards Burnenville, passing this village in a fast right hand sweep. Near Malmedy, the Masta straight begins, which is only interrupted by the fast Masta Kink between farm houses before arriving at the town of Stavelot. Malmedy is a Municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Province of Liege. Stavelot is a Walloon Municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège
The Masta Kink was one of the most fearsome sections on any race track in the world, requiring skill and bravery in equal measure to get it right. After a long run from Malmedy, the cars would reach top speed before having to negotiate Masta, a high speed left-right chicane, and a good exit speed was vital as it is followed by another long straight run to Stavelot.
That Masta was lost to F1 racing after the 1970 race was partly its own fault. The 1970 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at Spa-Francorchamps on June 7, 1970 Classification Jackie Stewart's crusade to improve safety in racing was set in motion by his crash there in 1966, when his BRM ended upsidedown in the cellar of the farmhouse on the outside of the corner, with fuel gushing out of the tank onto Stewart, who had broken ribs to add to his misery. For other people of this name see Jackie Stewart (disambiguation. The 1966 Belgian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held at Spa-Francorchamps on June 12, 1966. "BRM" redirects here For other uses please see BRM (disambiguation.
Another particularly gruesome story comes from the 1973 24 hour touring car race during which three drivers were killed. During one of his pitstops at night, Hans-Joachim Stuck shouted to his co-driver Jochen Mass over the noise that he should "look out for body parts at the Masta Kink". Hans-Joachim "Strietzel" Stuck (born January 1, 1951) is a German racing driver who has competed in Formula One and many other Jochen Mass (born September 30, 1946 in Dorfen, Bavaria) is a former Racing driver from Germany. Mass arrived there expecting to see bits of car all over the road but was appalled to discover it was in fact bits of a marshal. 
After Masta, and at the end of the subsequent Holowell Straight, there used to be a sharp hairpin at the entrance to the town itself, which was later bypassed by a quicker, banked right hand corner. Another fast section of road in the forest leads to Blanchimont. Here, the new short Grand Prix track of 1979 joins the old layout.
18 Formula 1 World Championship Grands Prix were run on the Spa-Francorchamps circuit's original configuration, which was boycotted by F1 in 1968, before the revised circuit banished it to the history books in the late 70s. The lap record of the old triangle-shaped track is held by the French driver Henri Pescarolo, at an average speed of 262 km/h. Complete Formula One World Championship results ( key) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap See also Pescarolo Sport
Over the years, the Spa course has been modified several times. The biggest change saw the circuit being shortened from 14 km (8. 7 miles) to 7 km (4. 35 miles) in 1979. Like its predecessor the new layout still is a fast and hilly route through the Ardennes where speeds in excess of 330 km/h can be reached. For the political subdivision of France see Ardennes (department. Since inception, the place has been famous for its unpredictable weather. Frequently drivers are confronted with one part of the course being clear and bright while another stretch is rainy and slippery.
Drivers and fans alike love races at Spa-Francorchamps. A dull race at Spa is very rare, and most drivers today say that the course is one of very few challenging race tracks in the world alongside Japan's Suzuka Circuit, and Istanbul Park in Turkey. Suzuka International Racing Course ( Suzuka Circuit for short is a co-host of the Formula One Fuji Television Japanese Grand Prix, and
The circuit probably demonstrates the importance of driver skill more than any other in the world. This is largely due to the Eau Rouge and Blanchimont corners, both which need to be taken flat-out to achieve a fast run onto the straights after them, which aids a driver in both a fast lap and in over-taking.
Many of the modern great Formula 1 drivers have had memorable battles and victories at Spa, including Ayrton Senna, Michael Schumacher, Damon Hill, Mika Häkkinen and Kimi Räikkönen. Ayrton Senna da Silva ( pronounced, March 21, 1960 &ndash May 1, 1994) was a Brazilian racing driver and triple Michael Schumacher (German pronunciation;) (born January 3, 1969, in Hürth-Hermülheim, Germany) is a former Formula Damon Graham Devereux Hill OBE (born 17 September 1960 in London) is a retired World Championship winning British racing driver from England Mika Pauli Häkkinen ( (born September 28, 1968 in Helsingin maalaiskunta) is a Finnish racing driver and two-time Formula Kimi-Matias Räikkönen (ˈkimi ˈmɑtiɑs ˈræikkønen born October 17, 1979 in Espoo) is a Finnish Formula One race car driver currently
The most famous part of the circuit is the Eau Rouge / Raidillon combination. For the corner of the Spa-Francorchamps racing circuit see Eau Rouge corner The Eau Rouge is a small 15 km long Stream Having negotiated the La Source hairpin, drivers race down a straight to the point where the track crosses the Eau Rouge stream for the first time, before being launched steeply uphill into a sweeping left-right-left collection of corners with a blind summit. Haarspeldbochtjpg|thumb|Hairpin turn on the Mont Ventoux in France]]A hairpin turn (also hairpin bend hairpin corner etc For the corner of the Spa-Francorchamps racing circuit see Eau Rouge corner The Eau Rouge is a small 15 km long Stream Properly speaking, the Eau Rouge corner is only the lefthander at the bottom. The following righthander that leads steeply uphill, which was introduced in 1939 to shortcut the original hairpin "Ancienne Douane", is called "Raidillon" (fr:Raidillon de l'Eau Rouge). The corner requires a large amount of skill from the driver to negotiate well and the long straight ahead often produces good overtaking opportunities for the best drivers at the Les Combes corner. Les Combes is a commune in the Doubs department in the Franche-Comté region in eastern France.
As former F1 World Champion Fernando Alonso explains: "You come into the corner downhill, have a sudden change [of direction] at the bottom and then go very steep uphill. Fernando Alonso Díaz (born July 29, 1981 in Oviedo, Spain) is a Spanish Formula One racing driver and a two-time From the cockpit, you cannot see the exit and as you come over the crest, you don't know where you will land. It is a crucial corner for the timed lap, and also in the race, because you have a long uphill straight afterwards where you can lose a lot of time if you make a mistake. But it is also an important corner for the driver's feeling. It makes a special impression every lap, because you also have a compression in your body as you go through the bottom of the corner. It is very strange - but good fun as well. "
The challenge for drivers has always been to take Eau Rouge-Raidillon flat out. Regular touring cars can take the corner at 160–180 km/h, Formula One at over 300 km/h. A touring car was a popular Car body style in the early 20th century being a larger alternative to the runabout and the Roadster.  This is due to the huge amount of downforce on the cars. World Champion Jacques Villeneuve once spoke of the effects of the downforces (in 1996, when they were much less than they are today) saying that to get through the corner they have to go faster as the faster the car is going the more downward force there is, thus explaining the phenomenon of Eau Rouge flat out. Personal and early life Jacques Villeneuve was born in the Canadian city of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu to then soon to be Formula One driver Gilles The years between 1989 and 1993 were arguably the last period where only the most able drivers were able to take the corner flat out, with those of lesser ability having to lift. Taking the corner flat out in a Formula One car is now the norm, thanks to modifications made to the circuit, and the high downforce of modern Formula One cars. A modern Formula One car is a single-seat open cockpit open wheel race car with substantial front and rear wings and engine positioned behind the driver
Still, a loss of control in this section often leads to very heavy shunt as usually the rear-end of the car is lost and the impact is most of the times lateral. Eau Rouge has claimed several victims over the years, including Stefan Bellof in a Porsche sportscar, and also caused Alex Zanardi's in 1993 and Jacques Villeneuve's spectacular off in qualifying in 1999, which he described as "My best-ever crash", followed by his team-mate Ricardo Zonta's similar accident, leading cartoonist Jim Bamber to show BAR boss Craig Pollock telling Zonta: "Jacques is the quickest through Eau Rouge, so go out there and do exactly what Jacques does…"
Following the deaths of Roland Ratzenberger and Ayrton Senna at Imola in 1994, the following F1 races saw the introduction of chicanes made of piles of tyres. Roland Ratzenberger ( July 4, 1960 &ndash April 30, 1994) was an Austrian Racing driver who died during qualifying for the Ayrton Senna da Silva ( pronounced, March 21, 1960 &ndash May 1, 1994) was a Brazilian racing driver and triple The Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari is an auto racing circuit near the Italian town of Imola, east of Bologna and east of the Ferrari factory The entry to Eau Rouge was obstructed in such a way in 1994, although it was returned to its previous glory the following year. The corner was slightly modified for 2002, but still retains its character.
Testimony to the fame and beloved character of the Eau Rouge corner can be found in fan reaction to the Istanbul Park circuit in Istanbul, Turkey. Istanbul Park (İstanbul Park also known as the Istanbul Racing Circuit or initially Istanbul Otodrom, is a Motor sports Race track in Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other Names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches When fans first got to see the course configuration at the start of the weekend of the 2005 Turkish Grand Prix, many noted that an uphill kink on the back straight was very similar to Eau Rouge; many jokingly dubbed the kink "Faux Rouge. The 2005 Turkish Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on August 21 at the Istanbul Racing Circuit in Istanbul, Turkey. "
The Blanchimont turn is one of the most fearsome turns in Formula 1. This high-speed left-hand turn, present in both the old 14 km circuit and the new, shorter, 7 km track, is the final sweeping corner of the track before the Bus Stop chicane, which leads to the pit straight.
This turn and the approach to it have caused serious accidents over time, the most recent being in 2001, when Luciano Burti lost the front wing of his Prost due to a clash with Eddie Irvine's Jaguar, losing front downforce and steering, leaving the track at 185mph and piling into the tyre wall, the impact knocking him out and burying the car into a mound of tires. Luciano Pucci Burti (born in São Paulo, March 5, 1975) is a Brazilian racing driver who briefly raced in Formula One. Prost Grand Prix was a Formula One racing team managed by former world champion Alain Prost. Before F1 (1983–1993 Eddie Irvine's racing career began in Formula Ford, and from 1983 through 1986 he spent the championships in middle-field places finishing on the Problems have also occurred in lower classes of racing with Tom Kristensen having a very violent crash in a Formula 3000 car in 1997 after running wide on the entry to the Blanchimont turn and subsequently hitting the wall effectively throwing the monocoque back out in the middle of the track, where it was hit by numerous cars before coming to a complete halt. 
The run-off area is narrower than in other turns taken at this speed, plus the fact that behind the protective barriers there is a 7-8 meter drop. This is the first turn taken by the cars after the new track rejoins the route of the old 14 km track. Blanchimont was also the scene where in 1992 after Erik Comas had crashed heavily, Ayrton Senna stopped, disembarked his car and sprinted to help the injured driver, with other cars driving past at racing speeds.
Due to the introduction of a new legislatory order in Europe, new bans in tobacco advertising have been imposed and as of special case the Formula 1 is facing a major threat regarding this point. Due to this political and legislatorial circumstances the Grand Prix in this circuit was left out of the 2003 calendar as a response to the internal tobacco legislation in Belgium. Drivers and constructors The following teams and drivers competed in the 2003 FIA Formula One World Championship The event was tagged as a World Class event within the national senate thus it was saved for the 2004 Formula One season. Drivers and constructors The following teams and drivers competed in the 2004 FIA Formula One World Championship. The section known as the Bus Stop chicane was reprofiled for 2004 with an additional sweep to the right. Some wondered whether it was possible to overtake at the new chicane, but in racing conditions it proved possible though difficult.
Spa was dropped from Formula 1 calendar in 2006. "F1 2006" redirects here For the video games based on the 2006 Formula One season see F1 06 & F1 CE. The organiser of the event went bankrupt in late 2005, and therefore the planned improvements of the race track and the paddock had not yet been made. A race track (or 'racetrack' or 'racing track' is a purpose-built facility for Racing of animals (eg The Wallonia government stepped in and provided the necessary funds, but too late for the 2006 race to take place. Wallonia, or Wallonie, (Wallonie Wallonien Wallonië Waloneye is the Meridional part of Belgium belonging to the Romance linguistic field For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government.
As of 2007, tobacco advertising bans limited the number of sponsors from the industry finding the sport appealing to sponsor in. As of now only the Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro has tobacco branding, and it can only be legally visible at less than one-quarter of the races on the calendar. Pre-season testing The first multi-team test session started in Jerez on January 14 2008. Scuderia Ferrari is the name for the Gestione Sportiva the division of the Ferrari automobile company concerned with racing Marlboro is a brand of Cigarette made by Philip Morris USA (a branch of Altria) within the US and by Philip Morris International (now separate For comparison, in 2003, five teams -- half of the teams competing -- had tobacco branding.
With a new financial backer, the renovation started on November 6 2006 and finished in May 2007, costing around €18,85 million. Events 355 - Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with 
The F1 circus returned to Spa for 2007, with, once again, a slightly changed track layout. Pre-season testing Pre-season testing began in November 2006 at the Circuit de Catalunya, with ten of the eleven teams participating in the test sessions The Bus Stop chicane towards the end of the lap will move back towards Blanchimont and the La Source hairpin will move forwards more, to allow more space for the new pit/paddock complex. This will mean a longer start/finish straight. The new entrance to the pits has drawn almost paddock-wide criticism for being too tight for the entry speed drivers will likely approach it at, although there were no incidents during the 2007 Grand Prix. The 2007 Belgian Grand Prix was the fourteenth race of the 2007 Formula One season, returning to the F1 calendar after a year's absence