|Christine Todd Whitman|
Official photo as EPA administrator, c. 2001
January 18, 1994 – January 31, 2001
|Preceded by||James Florio|
|Succeeded by||Donald DiFrancesco|
January 31, 2001 – June 27, 2003
|Preceded by||Carol Browner|
|Succeeded by||Marianne Lamont Horinko (Acting)|
|Born||September 26, 1946 |
New York City
|Spouse||John R. The Governor of New Jersey is the Chief executive of the US state of New Jersey. Events 350 - Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor Year 1994 ( MCMXCIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar) Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. James Joseph "Jim" Florio (born August 29, 1937) is a Democratic politician who served as the 49th Governor of New Donald Thomas DiFrancesco (born November 20, 1944, Scotch Plains New Jersey) was the 51st Governor of New Jersey from The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is the head of the United States federal government's Environmental Protection Agency, and is thus responsible Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Carol M Browner (born December 16 1955) served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency during the Clinton Administration in Marianne Lamont Horinko served as Acting Administrator of the U Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The City of New York Whitman|
Christine Todd "Christie" Whitman (born September 26, 1946) is an American Republican politician and author who served as the 50th Governor of New Jersey from 1994 to 2001, and was the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the administration of President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2003. Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person An author is defined both as "the person who originates or gives existence to anything" and that authorship determines responsibility for what is created This is a list of those who have served as Governor of New Jersey from 1776 to the present The Governor of New Jersey is the Chief executive of the US state of New Jersey. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is the head of the United States federal government's Environmental Protection Agency, and is thus responsible The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. She was New Jersey's first and to date only female governor. Twenty-nine women have been or are currently serving as the Governor of a U
Whitman now has an energy lobbying group called the Whitman Strategy Group, "a governmental relations consulting firm specializing in environmental and energy issues. " She is currently a director of Texas Instruments and United Technologies. Texas Instruments ( better known in the electronics industry (and popularly as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA United Technologies Corporation (UTC ( is an American multinational conglomerate based in Hartford, Connecticut and is the 20th Whitman is also co-chair of the CASEnergy Coalition, and in 2007, voiced support for a stronger future role of nuclear power in the United States. Nuclear power is any Nuclear technology designed to extract usable Energy from atomic nuclei via controlled Nuclear reactions 
Whitman was born in New York City and raised in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, the daughter of Eleanor Prentice Todd (née Schley) and Webster B. Todd, both active in New Jersey Republican politics. The City of New York Hunterdon County is a County located in the US state of New Jersey. Webster Bray Todd ( August 27, 1899 – February 8, 1989) was a prominent American businessman a Republican Party leader She attended Far Hills Country Day School and the Chapin School in Manhattan. Far Hills Country Day School (also called FHCDS is a private Nonsectarian Coeducational Day school located in Far Hills, New Jersey The Chapin School, founded by Maria Bowen Chapin is a private School for Girls located in Manhattan, New York City, USA. Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York She graduated from Wheaton College in 1968, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in government. This article is about the college in Norton Massachusetts. For the evangelical-affiliated school see Wheaton College (Illinois. After graduating, she worked on Nelson Rockefeller's presidential campaign. Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller ( July 8, 1908 January 26, 1979) was the forty-first Vice President of the United States, the forty-ninth
Whitman is a descendant of two New Jersey political families, the Todds and the Schleys, and related by marriage to New York's politically-active Whitmans. She is married to John R. Whitman, a prominent private equity investor, and they have two children. She is the granddaughter-in-law of former Governor of New York Charles S. Whitman. The Governor of New York is the head of the Executive branch of New York 's government and the Commander-in-chief of the state's military Charles S Whitman ( September 29, 1868 – March 29, 1947) served as Republican Governor of New York from January Her maternal grandfather, Reeve Schley, was a member of Wolf's Head Society at Yale.
Whitman retains her maiden name of Todd in part to continue the connection with Republican voters. Whitman is related by marriage to the Bush family; her brother, Webster B. Originating in Orange New Jersey, the Bush family in the 20th century became an accomplished Political family in the United States, including across Todd Jr. , married Sheila O'Keefe, the stepdaughter of James Wear Walker, whose sister Dorothy Walker Bush was the mother of George H.W. Bush and grandmother of George W. Bush. Dorothy Wear Walker Bush ( July 1, 1901 &ndash November 19, 1992) was the mother of the 41st President of the United States, George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12 1924 served as the forty-first President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States.
Whitman's daughter Kate is a candidate for the 7th district congressional seat, being vacated by Mike Ferguson. New Jersey 's Seventh Congressional District is currently represented by Republican Mike Ferguson. Michael A "Mike" Ferguson (b June 22 1970, Ridgewood New Jersey) is an American Republican Party Politician 
During the Nixon administration, Whitman worked in the Office of Economic Opportunity under the leadership of Donald Rumsfeld. The Office of Economic Opportunity was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created as part of United States President Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9 1932 is a United States Businessman, Politician, the 13th Secretary of Defense under President She also conducted a national outreach tour for the Republican National Committee, was Deputy Director of the New York State Office in Washington, and worked on aging issues for the Nixon campaign and administration. The Republican National Committee (RNC provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States.
She became involved in Somerset County politics in the 1980s and was appointed to the Board of Trustees of Somerset County College (now Raritan Valley Community College). Trustee is a Legal term that refers to a holder of property on behalf of a beneficiary. Raritan Valley Community College is an accredited, Coeducational two-year public, Community college located in North Branch (within Elected to two terms as a member of the Somerset County Board of Chosen Freeholders, she served as Deputy Director and Director of the Board. In New Jersey, the Boards of Chosen Freeholders are the county legislatures of the 21 counties of the state. Among her accomplishments as freeholder was working to complete construction of a new county courthouse.
From 1988 to 1990 she served as President of the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities in the cabinet of Gov. The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU is a regulatory authority in New Jersey charged with the responsibility of seeing that "safe adequate and proper utility Thomas Kean. Thomas Howard Kean (born April 21, 1935 in New York City) is an American Republican Party Politician, who served as the
In 1990, Whitman ran for the U.S. Senate against incumbent Bill Bradley, and lost a close election. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives William Warren "Bill" Bradley (born July 28 1943 is an American hall of fame Basketball player Rhodes scholar, and former  She was considered a longshot candidate against the popular Bradley. During her campaign, Whitman criticized the income tax hike proposed by then Gov. James Florio, which Bradley did not take a stance on. James Joseph "Jim" Florio (born August 29, 1937) is a Democratic politician who served as the 49th Governor of New
Whitman ran against James Florio for governor in 1993, and defeated him by one percentage point plurality to become the first female governor in New Jersey history. Twenty-nine women have been or are currently serving as the Governor of a U Charges of suppression of minority votes were raised during this campaign. She was re-elected in 1997, and narrowly defeated Jim McGreevey (again with a one percent plurality), the mayor of Woodbridge Township. James Edward "Jim" McGreevey (born August 6, 1957) is an American Democratic politician Woodbridge Township is a Township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States.
As Governor, Whitman did not fully fund the state pension system and instead floated bonds to avoid raising taxes. A pension is a steady income given to a person upon Retirement, typically in the form of a guaranteed annuity.  Although Whitman's predecessors did not take the same approach to state pensions, recent governors from both political parties have diverted billions of dollars from the New Jersey pension fund into other government purposes over the last 15 years. 
In 1996, Whitman rejected her Advisory Council's recommendation to permit needle exchange, an effort to reduce the incidence of HIV infections.  In 1997, she rolled back the 1 cent sales tax increase her predecessor Florio had imposed, instituted education reforms, and removed excise taxes on professional wrestling, which led the World Wrestling Federation to once again hold events in New Jersey. Professional wrestling, or pro wrestling, is a non-competitive professional Sport, where all matches are scripted by the promotion's booking staff World Wrestling Entertainment Inc ( WWE) is a publicly traded privately controlled integrated media (focusing in Television, Internet, In 1999, Governor Whitman vetoed a bill that outlawed partial birth abortion; the veto was later reversed, but also later declared unconstitutional by the courts. Intact dilation and extraction ( IDX or intact D&X) also known as intact dilation and evacuation ( intact D&E) dilation and extraction
In 2000, under Whitman's leadership, New Jersey's violations of the federal one-hour air quality standard for ground level ozone dropped to 4 from 45 in 1988. OZONE is an object oriented Operating system written in the C programming language. Beach closings reached a record low, and the state earned recognition by the Natural Resources Defense Council for instituting the most comprehensive beach monitoring system in the nation. The Natural Resource Defense Council ( NRDC) is a New York City -based Non-profit, Non-partisan international environmental Advocacy A nation is a Human Cultural and Social Community. In as much as most members never meet each other yet feel a common bond it may be considered Additionally, New Jersey implemented a new watershed management program and became the United States leader in opening shellfish beds for harvesting. Shellfish is a Culinary and Fisheries term for those aquatic Invertebrate animals that are used as Food: various species of molluscs Governor Whitman also won voter approval for the state's first stable funding source to preserve one million acres (4,000 km²) more of open space and farmland in New Jersey, the most densely populated state in the country. A state is a political association with effective Sovereignty over a geographic Area and representing a Population. In Political geography and International politics, a country is a Political division of a geographical entity
In 1996, Whitman joined a New Jersey State Police patrol in Camden, New Jersey. The New Jersey State Police ( NJSP) is the State police force for the state of New Jersey. The City of Camden is the County seat of Camden County, New Jersey, in the United States. During the patrol, the officers stopped a 16-year-old black male named Sherron Rolax for "suspicious activity" and frisked him. After the police found nothing on him, Whitman also frisked the youth while a state trooper photographed her. In 2000, the image of the smiling governor frisking Rolax was published in newspapers statewide, which drew criticism from civil rights leaders who saw the incident as a violation of Rolax's civil rights and an endorsement by Whitman of racial profiling -- especially since Rolax was not arrested nor found to be violating any law. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Whitman told the press that she regretted the incident and pointed to her 1999 efforts against the New Jersey State Police force's racial profiling practices.
In 2001 Rolax learned how his image had been used and sued Whitman in federal court, claiming that the search was illegal and an invasion of privacy. The appeals court agreed that the acts did indeed suggest "an intentional violation" of Rolax’s rights, and that he "was detained and used for political purposes by his governor," but upheld the trial court’s decision that it was too late to sue. 
On May 24, 2008, Rolax was shot dead following an argument, after several arrests involving drugs. 
Whitman was appointed by President George W. Bush as Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States.
In January 2001 the Clinton administration in its final weeks declared a new drinking water standard of 0. See also Water pollution Arsenic contamination of groundwater is a natural occurring high concentration of Arsenic in deeper levels of Groundwater William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States 01 mg/L (10 parts per billion, or ppb) arsenic to take effect January 2006. The old drinking water standard of 0. 05 mg/L (equal to 50 ppb) arsenic had been in effect since 1942, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had been studying the pros and cons of lowering the arsenic Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) since the late 1980s. Maximum Contaminant Levels are standards that are set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA for Drinking water quality in  The incoming Bush administration suspended the new regulation, but after some months of study, EPA administrator Christine Todd Whitman approved the new 10 ppb arsenic standard and its original effective date of January 2006. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. 
Under her direction as the first director of the EPA under the Bush administration, in 2001 the EPA produced a report detailing the expected effects of global warming in each of the states in the United States. The report was dismissed by President Bush who called it the work of "the bureaucracy. "
Whitman appeared twice in New York City after the September 11 attacks to inform New Yorkers that the toxins released by the attacks posed no threat to their health.  On September 18 the EPA released a report in which Whitman said, "Given the scope of the tragedy from last week, I am glad to reassure the people of New York and Washington, D. C. that their air is safe to breathe and their water is safe to drink. " She also said, "The concentrations are such that they don't pose a health hazard. . . We're going to make sure everybody is safe. " Later, a 2003 report by the EPA's inspector general determined that such assurances were misleading, because the EPA "did not have sufficient data and analyses" to justify the assertions when they were made.  A report in July 2003 from the EPA's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response gave extensive documentation supporting many of the inspector general's conclusions, and carried some of them still further.  Further, the report found that the White House had "convinced EPA to add reassuring statements and delete cautionary ones" by having the National Security Council control EPA communications after the September 11 attacks. A National Security Council (NSC is usually an Executive branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief 
On February 2, 2006, U.S. District Court Judge Deborah A. Batts issued a ruling that rejected Whitman's request for immunity in a 2004 class action lawsuit brought by a group who claimed exposure to hazardous debris from the collapse of the World Trade Center. Events 962 - Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (S The Honorable Deborah A Batts (born 13 April 1947) is a US federal judge, currently serving on the U In Law, a class action or a representative action is a form of Lawsuit where a large group of people collectively bring a claim to court The judge stated that "No reasonable person would have thought that telling thousands of people that it was safe to return to lower Manhattan, while knowing that such return could pose long-term health risks and other dire consequences, was conduct sanctioned by our laws," and called Whitman's actions "conscience-shocking. "
On June 25, 2007, Whitman testified in front of Congress about the Agency's culpability in telling rescue workers that the air was safe. Events 524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. She was repeatedly booed by rescue workers and activists who attended the hearing. She defended herself by saying her statements about the air being safe were to people living or working near the area, not to rescue workers. She also said terrorists, not the EPA, were responsible for the tragedies that befell people after September 11.  On December 10, 2007 legal proceedings began in a case on the question of responsibility of government officials in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Whitman is among the defendants in the suit; plaintiffs in the suit allege that Whitman is at fault for saying that the downtown New York air was safe in the aftermath of the attacks. 
On April 22, 2008, the Second U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that EPA head Whitman could not be held liable for saying to World Trade Center area residents that the air was safe for breathing after the buildings collapse. Events 1500 - Portuguese Navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The United States courts of appeals (or circuit courts) are the intermediate appellate courts The appeals court said that Whitman had based her information on contradictory information and statements from President Bush. The Department of Justice had argued that holding the agency liable would establish a risky legal precedent because future public officials would be afraid to make public statements. In Common law legal systems, a precedent or authority is a Legal case establishing a principle or rule that a Court or other judicial Judge Deborah Batts had previously declined to dismiss Whitman as a defendant, saying that her actions were "conscience-shocking. The Honorable Deborah A Batts (born 13 April 1947) is a US federal judge, currently serving on the U "
On June 27, 2003, after having had several public conflicts with the Bush administration, Whitman resigned from her position to spend more time with her family. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar.  In a later interview, Whitman claimed that Vice President Dick Cheney's insistence on easing air pollution controls, not the personal reasons she cited at the time, led to her resignation. 
In early 2005, Whitman released a book entitled It's My Party, Too: Taking Back the Republican Party. . . And Bringing the Country Together Again in which she criticizes the policies of the George W. Bush administration and its electoral strategy, which she views as divisive. The Presidency of George W Bush began on his inauguration on January 20, 2001 as the 43rd and current President of the United States of America She has formed a political action committee called It's My Party Too-PAC (IMP-PAC) that she intended to help elect moderate Republicans in 2006 and 2008 at all levels of government. She has allied her PAC with the Republican Main Street Partnership, The Wish List, the Republican Majority for Choice, Republicans for Choice, Republicans for Environmental Protection and The Log Cabin Republicans. The Republican Main Street Partnership ( RMSP) is a group of Moderate members of the United States Republican Party. The Republican Majority for Choice is a Republican organization in the United States dedicated to preserving legal access to a full range of reproductive health care options Republicans for Choice, an organization based in the Washington D Republicans for Environmental Protection (REP is a national organization of United States Republican Party voters formed in 1995 The Log Cabin Republicans ( LCR) is a federated gay and lesbian political organization in the United States with state chapters and a national office in Eventually, the IMP-PAC went (according to its website) under the auspices of the Republican Leadership Council.
|Governor of New Jersey|
January 18, 1994–January 31, 2001
|Administrator of the EPA|
January 31, 2001–June 27, 2003
|Party political offices|
Mary V. Mochary
|Republican Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 2) from New Jersey|
|Republican Nominee for Governor of New Jersey|