Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: O Cristo Redentor), is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Portuguese ( or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain and northern Portugal. A statue is a Sculpture in the round representing a person or persons an animal or an event normally full-length as opposed to a bust, and at least close to life-size Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) Rio de Janeiro ("River of January" ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English is the second largest city of Brazil |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld  The statue stands 39. 6 metres (130 feet tall) weighs 700 tons, and is located at the peak of the 700 m (2,296 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. Corcovado, meaning " Hunchback " in Portuguese, is a mountain in central Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Tijuca Forest ( Floresta da Tijuca in Portuguese) is a mountainous hand-planted Rainforest in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
A symbol of Christianity, the statue has become an icon of Rio and Brazil. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings 
The idea for erecting a large statue atop Corcovado had been around since mid 1850s, when Catholic priest Pedro Maria Boss requested financing from Princess Isabel to build a large religious monument. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". A priest or priestess is a person having the authority or power to administer religious rites in particular rites of sacrifice to and propitiation of a deity or deities Isabel The Redeemer Princess Imperial of Brazil de jure Empress D A monument is a structure either explicitly created to commemorate a person or important event or which has become important to a social group as a part of their remembrance of past Princess Isabel did not think much of the idea, which was completely dismissed in 1889, when Brazil became a Republic, with laws mandating the separation of church and state. A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Separation of church and state is a Political and Legal Doctrine that Government and religious institutions are to be kept separate 
The second proposal for a large landmark statue on the mountain was made in 1921 by the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro. Originally a landmark literally meant a Geographic Feature used by explorers and The archdiocese organized an event called Semana do Monumento ("Monument Week") to attract donations. The donations came mostly from Brazilian Catholics. Religion in Brazil is very diversified although over seventy percent of the population declared being Roman Catholic in the last IBGE  The designs considered for the "Statue of the Christ" included a representation of the Christian cross, a statue of Jesus with a globe in his hands, and a pedestal symbolizing the world. The Christian cross is the best-known Religious symbol of Christianity. A globe is a three- Dimensional scale model of Earth ( terrestrial globe) or other spheroid celestial body such as a planet star or moon Pedestal (from French piedestal, Italian piedistallo, foot of a stall is a term generally applied to the support of a Statue or a Vase The statue of Christ the Redeemer with open arms was chosen.
Local engineer Heitor da Silva Costa designed the statue; it was sculpted by Paul Landowski, a French monument sculptor of Polish origin. An engineer is a person professionally engaged in a field of Engineering. Heitor da Silva Costa ( July 25, 1873 - April 21, 1947) was a Brazilian Civil engineer, responsible for the design and construction Paul Maximilien Landowski ( June 4, 1875 &ndash March 27, 1961) was a French monumental sculptor of Polish ancestry This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland  A group of engineers and technicians studied Landowski's submissions and the decision was made to build the structure out of reinforced concrete (designed by Albert Caquot) instead of steel, more suitable for the cross-shaped statue. Reinforced concrete is Concrete in which reinforcement bars (" Rebars quot or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be Albert Caquot ( Vouziers, July 1 1881 - Paris, November 28 1976 was considered as the "best living French engineer" during half a century Steel is an Alloy consisting mostly of Iron, with a Carbon content between 0 A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars perpendicular to each other dividing one or two of the lines in half  The outer layers are soapstone, chosen for its enduring qualities and ease of use. Soapstone (also known as steatite or soaprock) is a Metamorphic rock, a talc- Schist.  Construction took nine years, from 1922 to 1931. The monument was opened on October 12, 1931. Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  The cost of the monument was $250,000. The statue was lit by a battery of floodlights triggered remotely by shortwave radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi, stationed 5,700 miles (9,200 km) away in Rome. 
The statue was struck by lightning during a violent electrical storm on Sunday, February 10, 2008. Events 1355 - The St Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The storm caused havoc in Rio, felling trees in several neighbourhoods, but the statue was left unscathed. 
In October 2006, on the statue's 75th anniversary, Archbishop of Rio Cardinal Eusebio Oscar Scheid consecrated a chapel (named for the patron saint of Brazil - Nossa Senhora Aparecida) under the statue. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated Bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others this means that they lead A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. Eusébio Oscar Scheid, SJC (born 8 December, 1932) is a Brazilian Cardinal Priest and Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro. Our Lady of Aparecida (also written as Our Lady Aparecida is the Patron saint of Brazil, represented by a statue of the Virgin Mary located in the This allows Catholics to hold baptisms and weddings there. 
As of 7 July 2007, Christ the Redeemer was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a list compiled by the Swiss-based The New Open World Corporation. Events 1456 - A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. New Seven Wonders of the World is a project that attempts to revive the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World concept with a list of modern wonders  In Brazil there was a campaign Vote no Cristo (Vote for the Christ) which had the support of private companies, namely telecommunications operators that stopped charging voters to make telephone calls to vote. |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld  Additionally, leading corporate sponsors including Banco Bradesco and Rede Globo spent "millions" of dollars in the effort to have the statue voted into the top seven. Banco Bradesco, short for Banco Brasileiro de Descontos, that is 'Brazilian Discount Bank' is one of the Big Four Banks in Brazil, the others being Rede Globo ( English: Globo Network, better known as TV Globo, Globo TV or simply Globo) is a Brazilian television network  it also was a great tourist atraction