The Chicago Portage connects the watersheds (BrE: drainage basin) and the navigable waterways of the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. A drainage basin is an extent of Land where Water from Rain or Snow melt drains downhill into a body of water such as a River, British English or UK English ( BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the A body of water such as a River, Canal or Lake, is navigable if it is deep wide and slow enough for a vessel to pass and there are no obstructions like A waterway is any navigable Body of water. These include Rivers Lakes Seas Oceans and Canals In order for a waterway The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada–United States border. It crosses the continental divide that separates the Great Lakes and Atlantic Ocean watersheds from the Gulf of Mexico watershed. A continental divide is a line of elevated Terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that Water falling on one side of the line eventually The Gulf of Mexico ( Spanish: Golfo de México) is the ninth largest Body of water in the world
The St. Lawrence Seaway Divide runs less than a mile from the shores of Lake Michigan, and is at places only 17 feet higher than the water level in the lake. Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. A breach of the ridge could potentially cause the Great Lakes to flow southwards to the Gulf of Mexico.
The portage was discovered in 1673 by Europeans when the French Canadian explorers, Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette, were canoeing upstream on the Mississippi River. Portage refers to the practice of carrying a Canoe or other Boat over land to avoid an obstacle on the water route (such as Rapids or a Waterfall Louis Jolliet, also known as Louis Joliet with only one L ( September 21, 1645 &ndash 1700 was a French Canadian explorer Father Jacques Marquette ( June 1, 1637 &ndash May 18, 1675) was a French Missionary who founded Michigan A canoe is a small narrow Boat, typically human-powered though it may also be powered by sails or small electric or gas motors They received some navigational tips from native Indians and continued along the Illinois and Des Plaines Rivers. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States The Illinois River is a principal tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 273 miles (439 km long in the U The Des Plaines River flows southward for 150 miles (241 km through southern Wisconsin and northern Illinois in the U
There, according to Joliet, a canal of "half a league'' (about 2 miles, 3 km) across the Chicago Portage would allow easy navigation from Lake Erie to the Gulf of Mexico. A league is a unit of Length or Area long common in Europe and Latin America, although no longer an official unit in any nation Lake Erie (ˈɪəriː is the fourth largest Lake (by surface area of the five Great Lakes, and the tenth largest globally
The city of Chicago grew up on the portage. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States.
In 1848 Illinois and Michigan Canal was opened, breaching the water divide and enabling navigation between the two waterways. Year 1848 ( MDCCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap The Illinois and Michigan Canal ran 96 miles (155 km from the Bridgeport neighborhood in Chicago on the Chicago River to LaSalle Illinois, A drainage divide, water divide, divide or (outside North America) watershed is the line separating neighbouring Drainage basins In 1900 it was replaced by the larger Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal. Year 1900 ( MCM) was an exceptional Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, historically known as the Chicago Drainage Canal, is the only shipping link between the Great Lakes (specifically Lake After the Chicago River was diverted to the new canal, the Mississippi watershed is now separated from the Great Lakes by only a few downtown Chicago locks. The Chicago River is 156 miles (251 km long and flows through downtown Chicago. A lock is a device for raising and lowering boats between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal Waterways. The quantity of water allowed to pass (and thus diverted from the St. Lawrence River) is regulated under international treaty between the U. Saint Lawrence River (in French: fleuve Saint-Laurent; Kahnawáˀkye in Tuscarora, Kaniatarowanenneh meaning big waterway S. and Canada. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page