|Chicago Public Library, Central Building|
|U.S. National Register of Historic Places|
|Chicago Cultural Center|
|Coordinates:||41°53′2″N 87°37′30.02″W / 41.88389, -87.6250056Coordinates: 41°53′2″N 87°37′30.02″W / 41.88389, -87.6250056|
|Architect:||Coolidge,C. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A. ; Spencer,Robert C. |
|Added to NRHP:||July 31, 1972|
|NRHP Reference#:||72000449 |
Healy and Millet stained glass dome at the Chicago Cultural Center
Grand Staircase and Preston Bradley Hall, with view of the Tiffany dome
The Chicago Cultural Center, also known as the Chicago Public Library, Central Building, is a Chicago Landmark building that houses the city's official reception venue where the Mayor has welcomed Presidents and royalty, diplomats and community leaders. The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of Events 30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian 's forces but most of his army subsequently Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Mayor of Chicago is the Chief executive of Chicago, Illinois, the third largest City in the United The building is a testament to the foresight of Chicago's turn of the (20th) century cultural leadership. Originally the central library building, it was converted to an arts and culture center at the instigation of Commissioner of Cultural Affairs Lois Weisberg. Lois Weisberg (born 1925 is the Commissioner of Cultural Affairs in Chicago Illinois.
As the nation's first free municipal cultural center, the Chicago Cultural Center is one of the city's most popular attractions and is considered one of the most comprehensive arts showcases in the United States. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Each year, the Chicago Cultural Center features more than 1,000 programs and exhibitions covering a wide range of the performing, visual and literary arts.
According to Crain's Chicago Business, the Chicago Cultural Center was the fifth most-visited cultural institution in the Chicago area in 2006, with 839,000 visitors. Crain Communications Inc is a major publishing conglomerate based in Detroit Michigan. 
The building was designed by Boston architectural firm Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge for the city's central library and Grand Army of the Republic Museum, and completed in 1897 at a cost of nearly $2 million. Shepley Rutan and Coolidge was a successful Architecture firm based in Boston, Massachusetts, operating between 1886 and 1915 with extensive commissions It is organized as a 4-story north wing (77 East Randolph entrance) and a 5-story south wing (78 East Washington entrance), 104 feet tall, with 3-foot thick masonry walls faced with Bedford bluestone on a granite base, and designed in a generally neoclassical style with Romanesque revival elements. Neoclassical architecture was an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century both as a reaction against the Rococo Romanesque Revival (or Neo-Romanesque) is a style of building employed in the late 19th century inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style It is capped with two stained-glass domes, set symmetrically atop the two wings. Key points of architectural interest are as follows:
- Randolph Street entrance and stairway - Greek revival entrance with doric columns, mahogany doors, and entry hall with coffered ceiling and walls of green-veined Vermont marble. The Doric order was one of the three '''orders''' or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or Classical architecture; the other two Canonical A coffer (or coffering) in Architecture, is a sunken panel in the shape of a square rectangle or Octagon in a Ceiling, Soffit or Vermont ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The curving stairway is faced with Knoxville pink marble, and features mosaics and ornate bronze balusters.
- Washington Street entrance, lobby, and grand staircase - Arched Romanesque portal, bronze-framed doors, and a 3-story, vaulted lobby with walls of white Carrara marble and mosaics. Romanesque Revival (or Neo-Romanesque) is a style of building employed in the late 19th century inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style Carrara is a City in the Province of Massa-Carrara ( Tuscany, Italy) famous for the white or blue-gray Marble quarried there The staircase is also of white Carrara marble, set with medallions of green marble from Connemara, Ireland, and intricate mosaics of Favrile glass, stone, and mother of pearl. Connemara (in Irish: Conamara) which derives from Conmhaicne Mara (meaning descendants of Con Mhac of the sea is a district in the west of Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world Favrile iridescent glass is a type of Art glass Patented in 1894 by Louis Comfort Tiffany. The stairway to the 5th floor was inspired by Venice's Bridge of Sighs. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the The Bridge of Sighs (Italian Ponte dei Sospiri) is one of many Bridges in Venice.
- Grand Army of the Republic Memorial - A large hall and rotunda in the north wing. The hall is faced with deep green Vermont marble, broken by a series of arches for windows and mahogany doors. Vermont ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The rotunda features 30-foot walls of Knoxville pink marble, mosaic floor, and a fine, yellow-toned stained-glass dome in Renaissance pattern by the firm of Healy and Millet. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere
- Sidney R. Yates Gallery - replica of an assembly hall in the Doge's Palace, Venice, with heavily ornamented pilasters and coffered ceiling. The Doge's Palace is a gothic Palace in Venice. In Italian it is called the Palazzo Ducale di Venezia. Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the A pilaster is a slightly-projecting flattened Column built into or applied to the face of a wall
- Preston Bradley Hall - A large, ornately patterned room of curving white Carrara marble, capped with an austere 38-foot Tiffany glass dome designed by artist J. Louis Comfort Tiffany ( February 18, 1848 &ndash January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts A. Holtzer. The Cultural Center states this to be the largest Tiffany dome in the world.
Crossroads: Modernism in Ukraine, 1910-1930 was a display of art by Ukrainian artists, such as Sukher Ber Rybak, Vsevolod Maskymovych, and Oleksandr Bohomazov to name a few. Crossroads was organized by the Foundation for International Arts and Education with the National Art Museum of Ukraine. The National Art Museum of Ukraine (Національний Художній Музей України is a Museum dedicated to Ukrainian Art in Kiev, It is presented by the Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs and the Kyiv Committee of the Chicago Sister Cities International Program. The exhibition ran from July 22nd, 2006 - October 15, 2006.
- ^ National Register Information System. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service (2007-01-23). Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor
- ^ Chicago's Largest Cultural Attractions. ChicagoBusiness. Crain Communications, Inc. (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-08. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
- "Chicago's largest tourist attractions, ranked by 2004 attendance," Crain's Chicago Business, May 2, 2005
- "A Self-Guided Tour of the Chicago Cultural Center", brochure, Chicago Department of Public Affairs, February 2005
See also Events 1194 - King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The architecture of Chicago has influenced and reflected the history of American architecture.
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