Charles Henry Goren (March 4, 1901 – April 3, 1991) was a world champion American bridge player and bestselling author who made an enormous contribution to the development and popularization of the game. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 1043 - Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. Known as the Bermuda Bowl, the World team championships in Contract bridge are named after the first edition which was held in Bermuda in 1950 The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Contract bridge, usually known simply as bridge, is a trick-taking Card game of skill and chance (the relative proportions depending
Goren was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Russian-Jewish immigrants. Philadelphia (ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ He earned a law degree at McGill University in Montreal. Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec While he was attending McGill, a girlfriend laughed at his ineptness at the game of bridge, motivating him to immerse himself in a study of existing bridge materials.
When he graduated, he briefly attempted a law career in Philadelphia. The growing fame of Ely Culbertson, however, prompted Goren to abandon his original career choice to pursue bridge competitions, where he attracted the attention of Milton Work (who had developed the Work Point Count System). Ely Culbertson ( July 22, 1891 &ndash December 27, 1955) was the most significant American Contract bridge personality Milton Cooper Work ( 1864 - June 27, 1934) was a noted American authority on whist, bridge whist, auction Goren began helping Work with his bridge articles and columns and, eventually, began ghostwriting some of his material. A ghostwriter is a professional Writer who is paid to write books articles stories reports or other content which are officially credited to another person
By 1936 Goren had begun his own bridge career and published the first of his many books on playing bridge, Winning Bridge Made Easy. Drawing on his experience with Work's system, Goren quickly became popular as an instructor and lecturer. His subsequent lifetime of contributions to the game have made him one of the most important figures in the history of bridge.
Goren became world champion at the Bermuda Bowl in 1950. Known as the Bermuda Bowl, the World team championships in Contract bridge are named after the first edition which was held in Bermuda in 1950 Goren's books have sold millions of copies (especially Winning Bridge Made Easy and Contract Bridge Complete); by 1958 his daily bridge column was appearing in 194 American newspapers. He also had a monthly column in McCall's and a weekly column in Sports Illustrated. McCall's was a monthly American women's Magazine that enjoyed great popularity through much of the 20th century peaking at a readership of six million Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner. His television program, Championship Bridge with Charles Goren, was broadcast from 1959 to 1964.
Goren's longest partnership was with Helen Sobel, but he also famously partnered actor Omar Sharif. Helen Sobel Smith (1910 – September 11, 1969) was an American bridge player arguably the best female player of all time Omar Sharif ( عمر الشريف; born April 10, 1932) is a two-time Academy Award -nominated and Golden Globe -winning Egyptian Sharif also wrote introductions to or co-authored several of Goren's bridge books.
As he continued writing, Goren began to develop his high card point count system as an improvement over the existing system of counting "honor tricks. In Contract bridge, various Bidding systems have been devised to enable partners to describe their hands to each other so that they may reach the Optimum contract. " The high card point system represented a large step forward in bridge theory and quickly gained popularity due to its simplicity. Goren and others would later refine the system to account for hand distribution, as singletons and voids can greatly increase the strength of a hand.
Goren also worked to popularize the opening of four-card suits, in contrast to the well-known five card majors approach that has become a major feature of Standard American bidding. Standard American (also Standard American Yellow Card, abbreviated SAYC) is a common Bidding system for the game of bridge in the United Opening a four-card suit can improve the chances of the partnership identifying a four-four trump fit, and the four-card approach is still used by some experts today. The drawback of the four-card approach is that the Law of Total Tricks is more difficult to apply in cases where it is used. In Contract bridge, the Law of total tricks (abbreviated as LoTT) is a guideline used to help determine how high to bid in a competitive auction
In addition to his pioneering work in bringing simple and effective bridge to everyday players, Goren also worked to popularize the Precision bidding method, which is one of many variants of so-called big club systems (which use an opening bid of one club to indicate a strong hand). In the game of Contract bridge, Precision Club is a Strong club system that was invented by C
Goren died in 1991 in Encino, California, at the age of 90. While few players "play Goren" exactly today, the point count approach he popularized remains the foundation for most bidding systems.
|NAME||Goren, Charles Henry|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Contract bridge player|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 4, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 3, 1991|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Encino, California|