|Born||29 April 1907|
|Died||22 October 1937 (aged 30)|
Chūya Nakahara (中原 中也 Nakahara Chūya?) (29 April 1907 - 22 October 1937) was a poet active in early Showa period Japan. Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Year 1907 ( MCMVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus Year 1937 ( MCMXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The, or Shōwa era, is the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of Emperor Shōwa ( Hirohito) from December 25, 1926 to For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics.
Nakahara Chūya was born in Yamaguchi Yamaguchi Prefecture in 1907, where his father was an army doctor. is the capital city of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. It is the smallest prefectural capital in Japan WikipediaWikiProject Japanese prefectures for guidelines--> is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshū In his early life, his father was posted to Hiroshima and Kanazawa, returning to Yamaguchi in 1914. The Japanese city of ( is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshū, the largest of Japan 's is the capital city of Ishikawa Prefecture in Japan. Geography climate and population Kanazawa sits on the Sea of Japan, bordered In 1915, his younger brother died, and in sorrow he turned to composing poetry. He submitted his first three verses to a local newspaper in 1920, when he was still in elementary school. In 1923, he moved to the Ritsumeikan Middle School in Kyoto. (IPA /kʲoːto / is a city in the central part of the island of Honshū, Japan. He later graduated from the Foreign Studies Department of Tokyo Imperial University. The, abbreviated as, is a major Research university located in Tokyo, Japan.
Initially, Chūya favored poetry in the Japanese traditional tanka format, but he was later (in his teens) attracted to the modern free verse styles advocated by Dadaist poet Takahashi Shinkichi and by Tominaga Tarō. See Waka and Tanka (disambiguation for other usages Waka (和歌 or Yamato uta is a genre of Japanese poetry Free verse is a term describing various styles of Poetry that are written without using strict meter or Rhyme, but that still are recognizable as poetry For other meanings see Dada (disambiguation DaDa is a Concept album by Alice Cooper, released
After he moved to Tokyo, he met Kawakami Tetsutaro and Ooka Shohei, with whom he began publishing a poetry journal, Hakuchigun (Idiots). officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and located on the eastern side of the main island Honshū. was a Japanese novelist Literary critic, and translator of French literature active in Shōwa period Japan. He was befriended by the influential literary critic Kobayashi Hideo, who introduced him to the French symbolist poets Arthur Rimbaud and Paul Verlaine, whose poems he translated into Japanese. Literary criticism is the study discussion evaluation and interpretation of Literature. was a Japanese author, who established Literary criticism as an independent art form in Japan. Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century Art movement of French and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts "Rimbaud" redirects here For other uses see Rimbaud (disambiguation Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (ræm'boʊ or in French aʁtyʁ Paul-Marie Verlaine (vɛʁˈlɛn March 30, 1844 &ndash January 8, 1896) was a French poet associated with the Symbolist is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities The influence of Rimbaud went beyond just his poetry, and Nakahara came to be known for his "bohemian" lifestyle. The term bohemian, of French origin was first used in the English language in the nineteenth century to describe the untraditional lifestyles of marginalized and impoverished Artists
Chūya adapted the traditional counts of five and seven used in Japanese haiku and tanka, but frequently tripped these counts with variations, in order to obtain a rhythmical, musical effect. is a form of Japanese poetry. Previously called Several of his poems were used as lyrics in songs, so this musical effect may have been carefully calculated from the start.
Chūya's works were rejected by many publishers, and he found acceptance primarily with the smaller literary magazines, including Yamamayu, which he launched together with Kobayashi Hideo, (although on occasion Shiki and Bungakukai would condescend to publish one of his works). A literary magazine is a Periodical devoted to Literature in a broad sense He remained close friends with Kobayashi all of his life, despite the fact that his girlfriend left him for Kobayashi shortly after their first meeting. He eventually married and had a daughter who died in infancy, which sent him into a nervous breakdown from which he never fully recovered. Mental breakdown (also known as nervous breakdown or snapping) is a non-medical term used to describe a sudden acute attack of Mental illness such as Many of his later poems seem like remembrances and attempts to mitigate this enormous pain.
Chūya died at the age of 30 of cerebral meningitis. Meningitis is Inflammation of the protective membranes covering the Brain and Spinal cord, known collectively as the Meninges. Only one of his poetry anthologies, Yagi no Uta ("Goat Songs", 1934) appeared while he was alive (in a self-financed edition of two hundred copies). He had edited a second collection, Arishi Hi no Uta ("Songs of Bygone Days") just before his death.
During his lifetime, Chūya was not counted among the mainstream of poets, but his verses have a wide and increasing following even to this day. Chūya is now a subject of classroom study in Japanese schools, and his portrait in a hat with a vacant stare is well known. Kobayashi Hideo, to whom Chūya entrusted the manuscript for Arishi Hi no Uta on his deathbed was responsible for the posthumous promotion of his works, and Ooka Shohei for collecting and editing The Complete Works of Nakahara Chūya, a collection containing the poet's uncollected poems, his journals, and many letters.