The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (or CDC) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services based in unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia adjacent to the campus of Emory University and east of the city of Atlanta. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States Department of Health and Human Services ( HHS) is a Cabinet department of the United States government with the goal of protecting DeKalb County is located in the US state of Georgia. In 2000 the population of the County was 686712 The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule Emory University is a Private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, It works to protect public health and safety by providing information to enhance health decisions, and it promotes health through partnerships with state health departments and other organizations. Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society organisations Safety is the state of being "safe" (from French sauf) the condition of being protected against physical social spiritual financial political The CDC focuses national attention on developing and applying disease prevention and control (especially infectious diseases), environmental health, occupational safety and health, health promotion, prevention and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States. An infectious disease is a clinically evident Disease resulting from the presence of Pathogenic microbial agents including Pathogenic viruses Pathogenic Environmental health is the branch of Public health that is concerned with all aspects of the natural and Built environment that may affect human Health Occupational safety and health is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the Safety, Health and welfare of people engaged in Health promotion, as defined by the World Health Organization, is the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health Injury prevention are efforts to prevent or reduce the severity of bodily injuries caused by external mechanisms such as Accidents before they occur Health education is defined as the principle by which individuals and groups of people learn to behave in a manner conducive to the promotion maintenance or restoration of Health
On July 1, 1946, the Communicable Disease Center was established as a small branch of the U. S. Public Health Service and was located on the sixth floor of the Volunteer Building on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia, hundreds of miles from Washington, D. C. , and other federal agencies and in what was once the heart of the malaria zone. The new agency was descended from the wartime agency, Malaria Control in War Areas.
CDC initially focused on fighting malaria by killing mosquitoes. During the first year of operations, 59 percent of its personnel were engaged in this effort. Among its 369 employees, the key jobs at CDC were originally entomology and engineering. In 1946, there were only seven medical officers on duty.
At that time CDC’s budget was about $1 million. The insecticide DDT, available since 1943, was the primary weapon in the malaria fight, and CDC’s early challenges included obtaining enough trucks, sprayers, and shovels to wage the war on mosquitoes. In CDC’s initial years, more than six and a half million homes were sprayed, and an early organization chart was drawn, somewhat fancifully, in the shape of a mosquito.
CDC founder Dr. Joseph Mountin continued to advocate for public health issues and to push for CDC to extend its responsibilities to many other communicable diseases. In 1947, CDC made a token payment of $10 to Emory University for 15 acres of land on Clifton Road in Atlanta, the home of CDC headquarters today. CDC employees collected the money to make the purchase. The benefactor behind the “gift” was Robert Woodruff, Chairman of the Board of the Coca-Cola Company. Woodruff had a long-time interest in malaria control; it had been a problem in areas where he went hunting.
While it’s still known by the initials CDC, the agency’s name today is Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
CDC has broadened its focus to include chronic diseases, disabilities, injury control, workplace hazards, environmental health threats, and terrorism preparedness. CDC combats emerging diseases and other health risks, including birth defects, West Nile virus, obesity, avian and pandemic flu, E. Note For information about the content tone and sourcing of this article please see the tags at the bottom of this page coli, auto wrecks, and bioterrorism, to name a few.
CDC operates under the Department of Health and Human Services umbrella.
The CDC has one of the few Bio-Safety Level 4 laboratories in the country, as well as one of only two "official" repositories of smallpox in the world. A Biosafety Level is the level of the biocontainment precautions required to isolate dangerous Biological agents in an enclosed facility Smallpox is an Infectious disease unique to humans caused by either of two virus variants named Variola major and Variola minor. The second smallpox store reside at the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR in the Russian Federation, though it is possible that other countries may have obtained samples during the collapse of the Soviet Union. The State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR, also known as the Vector Institute, is a highly sophisticated biological research center in Koltsovo Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991
CDC’s budget for 2008 is $8. 8 billion. Today the staff numbers nearly 15,000 (including 6,000 contractors and 840 Commissioned Corps officers) in 170 occupations. Other CDC job titles include engineer, entomologist, epidemiologist, biologist, physician, veterinarian, behaviorial scientist, nurse, medical technologist, economist, health communicator, toxicologist, chemist, computer scientist, and statistician.
CDC is headquartered in DeKalb County, Georgia, but it has 10 other locations in the United States and Puerto Rico. DeKalb County is located in the US state of Georgia. In 2000 the population of the County was 686712 Emory University is a Private university located in the metropolitan area of the city of Atlanta and in western unincorporated DeKalb County, Those locations include Anchorage, Alaska; Cincinnati, Ohio; Fort Collins, Colorado; Hyattsville, Maryland; Morgantown, West Virginia; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Research Triangle Park, North Carolina; San Juan, Puerto Rico; Spokane, Washington; and Washington, D.C. The City of Fort Collins, a Home Rule Municipality situated on the Cache la Poudre River along the Colorado Front Range, is the County seat Hyattsville is a city in Prince George's County Maryland, United States. Morgantown is a city in and the County seat of Monongalia County, West Virginia, United States, on the banks of the Monongahela River Research Triangle Park ( RTP) is the largest Research park in the United States San Juan (saŋ hwaŋ (from the Spanish San Juan Bautista, " Saint John the Baptist " is the Capital and largest municipality in Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D In addition, CDC staff are located in state and local health agencies, quarantine/border health offices at ports of entry, and 45 countries around the world, from Angola to Zimbabwe.
More than a third of CDC’s employees are members of a racial or ethnic minority group, and women account for nearly 60 percent of CDC’s workforce. Nearly 40 percent of employees have a master’s degree; 25 percent have a Ph. D. ; and 10 percent have medical degrees. The average age of a CDC worker is 46.
The CDC campus in Atlanta houses facilities for the research of extremely dangerous biological agents. This setting was featured in the Dustin Hoffman film Outbreak, although the location depicted in the film was supposed to be the United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases bio-research facility. Outbreak ( 1995) is a Suspense Film starring Dustin Hoffman, Rene Russo, Morgan Freeman and Kevin Spacey The US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID pronounced you-SAM-rid is the U The CDC labs also figure prominently in the book "The Demon in the Freezer" by Richard Preston and "Virus Hunter" by C. The Demon in the Freezer (2002 subtitled A True Story, is a non-fiction book on the Biological weapons (BW agents Smallpox and Richard Preston (b August 5, 1954) is a New Yorker writer and bestselling Author best-known for his alarming books about Infectious J. Peters, former head of the Special Pathogens Branch at the CDC.
The CDC also conducts the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the world’s largest, on-going telephone health survey system. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS is a United States national Health survey that looks at behavioral risk factors 
CDC consists of centers which include the Coordinating Center for Infectious Disease, Coordinating Center for Environmental and Occupational Health and Injury Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, and Coordinating Center for Public Health and Information Services.
The CDC Foundation operates independently from CDC as a private, nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization incorporated in the State of Georgia. Recently established as an independent agency of the European Union (EU the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC is taking up growing responsibilities The Secretary for Health Welfare and Food ( was a ministerial position in the Hong Kong Government, who headed the former Health Welfare and Food Bureau (HWFB Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts and informed choices of society organisations The creation of the Foundation was authorized by section 399F of the Public Health Service Act to support the mission of CDC in partnership with the private sector, including organizations, foundations, businesses, educational groups, and individuals.