Cavalier was the name used by Parliamentarians for a Royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642–1651). " Roundheads " was the Nickname given to the Puritan supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War. Charles I, (19 November 1600 &ndash 30 January 1649 was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution. The English Civil War (1642-1651 was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists. Prince Rupert, commander of much of Charles I's cavalry, is often considered an archetypical cavalier. Rupert Count Palatine of the Rhine Duke of Bavaria (German Ruprecht Pfalzgraf bei Rhein Herzog von Bayern) commonly called Prince Rupert of the Rhine, (17
Cavalier derives from the Spanish word caballeros, itself originating in the Vulgar Latin word caballarius, meaning horseman. Vulgar Latin (in Latin sermo vulgaris, "folk speech" is a Blanket term covering the popular Dialects and Sociolects of the Latin Shakespeare used the word cavaleros to describe an overbearing swashbuckler or swaggering gallant in Henry IV, Part 2, in which Shallow says "I'll drink to Master Bardolph, and to all the cavaleros about London. Henry IV Part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed written between 1596 and 1599 " Use of the term Cavaliers during the English Civil Wars was in mocking reference to the supposed allegiance of the royal court to the customs and practices of Spanish Catholics. 
"Cavalier" is chiefly associated with the Royalist supporters of King Charles I in his struggle with Parliament in the English Civil War. The English Civil War (1642-1651 was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists. Here again it first appears as a term of reproach and contempt, applied by the opponents of the king. Charles in the Answer to the Petition June 13, 1642 speaks of cavaliers as a "word by what mistake soever it seemes much in disfavour. Events 1525 - Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the Celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for " It was soon adopted (as a title of honour) by the king's party, who in return applied Roundhead to their opponents, and at the Restoration the court party preserved the name, which survived till the rise of the term Tory. In the political tradition of some English-speaking countries, the term Tory has referred to a variety of political parties and Creeds since it was Both terms have continued to resurface in British politics up to the present day.
Cavalier was not understood at the time as primarily a term describing a style of dress, but a whole political and social attitude. However, in modern times the word has become more particularly associated with the court fashions of the period, which included long flowing hair in ringlets, brightly coloured clothes with elaborate trimmings and lace collars and cuffs, and plumed hats. This article is about human Head hair. For other uses see Longhair (disambiguation or Hair Long hair is any Hairstyle A cavalier hat is a wide-brimmed hat trimmed with an Ostrich plume This contrasted with the dress of at least the most extreme "Roundhead" supporters of Parliament, with their preference for shorter hair and plainer dress, although neither side conformed to the stereotypical images entirely. " Roundheads " was the Nickname given to the Puritan supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War. The Parliament of England was the Legislature of the Kingdom of England. A stereotype (from Greek: stereo + týpos = "solid impression" is a generalized perception of first impressions behaviors presumed by a group Most Parliamentarian generals wore their hair at much the same length as their Royalist counterparts, though Cromwell was something of an exception. In fact the best patrons in the nobility of the archetypal recorder of the Cavalier image, Charles I's court painter Sir Anthony van Dyck, all took the Parliamentary side in the Civil War. Probably the most famous image identified as of a "cavalier", Frans Hals' Laughing Cavalier, in fact shows a gentleman from the strongly Calvinist Dutch town of Haarlem, and is dated 1624. Frans Hals (c 1580– August 26, 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter especially famous for portraiture. The Laughing Cavalier ( 1624) is a famous Painting by the Dutch Baroque artist Frans Hals. in the past usually Harlem in English is a city in the Netherlands. These derogatory terms (for at the time they were so intended) also showed what the typical Parliamentarian thought of the Royalist side – capricious men who cared more for vanity than the nation at large.
The chaplain to King Charles I, Edward Simmons described a cavalier as "a Child of Honour, a Gentleman well borne and bred, that loves his king for conscience sake, of a clearer countenance, and bolder look than other men, because of a more loyal Heart. ” There were many men in the Royalist armies who fit this description since most of the Royalist field officers were typically in their early thirties, married with rural estates which had to be managed. Although they did not share the same outlook on how to worship God as the English Independents of the New Model Army, God was often central to their lives. In English Church history, Independents advocated local congregational control of religious and church matters without any wider geographical hierarchy The New Model Army was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War. This type of Cavalier was personified by Lord Jacob Astley whose prayer at the start of the Battle of Edgehill has become famous "O Lord, Thou knowest how busy I must be this day. Jacob Astley 1st Baron Astley of Reading (1579&ndashFebruary 1652 was a Royalist commander in the English Civil War. The Battle of Edgehill (or Edge Hill) was the first Pitched battle of the First English Civil War. If I forget Thee, do not forget me. " At the end of the First Civil War Astley gave his word that he would not take up arms again against Parliament and having given his word he felt duty bound to refuse to help the Royalist cause in the Second Civil War.
However, the word was coined by the Roundheads as a pejorative propaganda image of a licentious, hard drinking and frivolous man, who rarely, if ever, thought of God. It is this image which has survived and many Royalists, for example Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, fitted this description to a tee. Lieutenant-General Henry Wilmot 1st Earl of Rochester ( 26 October, 1612 &ndash 19 February, 1658) was an English Cavalier Of another cavalier, Lord Goring a general in the Royalist army, the principal advisor to Charles II, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, said that he "would, without hesitation, have broken any trust, or done any act of treachery to have satisfied an ordinary passion or appetite; and in truth wanted nothing but industry (for he had wit, and courage, and understanding and ambition, uncontrolled by any fear of God or man) to have been as eminent and successful in the highest attempt of wickedness as any man in the age he lived in or before. George Goring may refer to George Goring 1st Earl of Norwich (1585-1663 Royalist soldier George Goring Lord Goring (1608-1657 Royalist Charles II (Charles Stuart 29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685 was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Edward Hyde 1st Earl of Clarendon ( 18 February 1609 &ndash 9 December 1674) was an English Historian and statesman and Of all his qualifications dissimulation was his masterpiece; in which he so much excelled, that men were not ordinarily ashamed, or out of countenance, with being deceived but twice by him. " This sense has developed into the modern English use of "cavalier" to describe a recklessly nonchalant attitude, though still with a suggestion of stylishness.
An example of the Cavalier style can be seen in the painting "Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles" by Anthony van Dyck. Cavalier poets is a broad description of a school of English Poets of the 17th century who came from the classes that supported King Charles I during the English
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. John Cruso (~1595&ndash1655 was a writer on military matters before the English Civil War, and a supporter of the Parliamentary cause during the war The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone based on the article CAVALIER